Fresh Waters and Fish Diversity: Distribution, Protection and Disturbance in Tropical Australia
Publication Date
October 06, 2011
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Stephanie R. Januchowski Hartley, Richard G. Pearson, Robert Puschendorf & Thomas Rayner
Volume
6
Issue
10
Pages
e25846
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025846
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0025846
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21998708
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3188569
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/21998708
Web of Science
000295968700022
Scopus
80053595678
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/fresh-waters-fish-diversity-distribution-protection-disturbance-tropical-australia
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Fresh waters and fish diversity: Distribution, protection and disturbance in tropical Australia", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Stephanie R.", "last_name"=>"Januchowski-Hartley", "scopus_author_id"=>"36952950900"}, {"first_name"=>"Richard G.", "last_name"=>"Pearson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7401904911"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert", "last_name"=>"Puschendorf", "scopus_author_id"=>"14420580800"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas", "last_name"=>"Rayner", "scopus_author_id"=>"8965082500"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-80053595678", "pui"=>"362707306", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0025846", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\n1932-6203 (Linking)", "sgr"=>"80053595678", "pmid"=>"21998708"}, "id"=>"48c659b6-ee5e-3505-a513-cd5960e6deb5", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Given the globally poor protection of fresh waters for their intrinsic ecological values, assessments are needed to determine how well fresh waters and supported fish species are incidentally protected within existing terrestrial protected-area networks, and to identify their vulnerability to human-induced disturbances. To date, gaps in data have severely constrained any attempt to explore the representation of fresh waters in tropical regions.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY AND RESULTS: We determined the distribution of fresh waters and fish diversity in the Wet Tropics of Queensland, Australia. We then used distribution data of fresh waters, fish species, human-induced disturbances, and the terrestrial protected-area network to assess the effectiveness of terrestrial protected areas for fresh waters and fish species. We also identified human-induced disturbances likely to influence the effectiveness of freshwater protection and evaluated the vulnerability of fresh waters to these disturbances within and outside protected areas. The representation of fresh waters and fish species in the protected areas of the Wet Tropics is poor: 83% of stream types defined by order, 75% of wetland types, and 89% of fish species have less than 20% of their total Wet Tropics length, area or distribution completely within IUCN category II protected areas. Numerous disturbances affect fresh waters both within and outside of protected areas despite the high level of protection afforded to terrestrial areas in the Wet Tropics (>60% of the region). High-order streams and associated wetlands are influenced by the greatest number of human-induced disturbances and are also the least protected. Thirty-two percent of stream length upstream of protected areas has at least one human-induced disturbance present.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: We demonstrate the need for greater consideration of explicit protection and off-reserve management for fresh waters and supported biodiversity by showing that, even in a region where terrestrial protection is high, it does not adequately capture fresh waters.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/fresh-waters-fish-diversity-distribution-protection-disturbance-tropical-australia", "reader_count"=>67, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>2, "Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>14, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>42, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>42}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>14}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Brazil"=>1, "Malaysia"=>2, "Australia"=>1, "India"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/727225"], "description"=>"<p>The total: a) length (grey bars) and area (black bars) of each Strahler stream order and adjacent sub-catchment; b) area of each wetland type; c) total area of the four wetland types in adjacent sub-catchments for each Strahler stream order; d) length of each Strahler stream order, with IUCN categories indicated; and e) area of each wetland type represented within IUCN categories II, III and VI.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sub-catchments", "wetlands"], "article_id"=>397584, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stephanie R. Januchowski-Hartley", "Richard G. Pearson", "Robert Puschendorf", "Thomas Rayner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025846.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Statistics_for_stream_reaches_sub_catchments_and_wetlands_in_the_Wet_Tropics_/397584", "title"=>"Statistics for stream reaches, sub-catchments and wetlands in the Wet Tropics.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-06 02:06:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/727097"], "description"=>"<p>The Wet Tropics study area in north Queensland, Australia, showing the spatial distribution of: a) wetland types; b) stream reaches and sites sampled for fish; c) IUCN protected area categories; d) land uses and e) aquatic invasive species.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["protected", "invasive"], "article_id"=>397452, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stephanie R. Januchowski-Hartley", "Richard G. Pearson", "Robert Puschendorf", "Thomas Rayner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025846.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distribution_of_wetlands_fish_occurrences_protected_areas_land_use_and_invasive_species_/397452", "title"=>"Distribution of wetlands, fish occurrences, protected areas, land use and invasive species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-06 02:04:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/727574"], "description"=>"<p>The percent of sub-catchment area adjacent to each Strahler streamorder 1–6 that is: a) covered with each of the seven land uses or b) covered with an invasive macrophyte: olive hymenachne (<i>Hymenachne amplexicaulis</i>), pond apple (<i>Annona glabra</i>) and/or salvinia (<i>Salvinia molesta</i>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["invasive"], "article_id"=>397936, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stephanie R. Januchowski-Hartley", "Richard G. Pearson", "Robert Puschendorf", "Thomas Rayner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025846.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Human_induced_disturbances_land_use_and_invasive_species_/397936", "title"=>"Human-induced disturbances: land use and invasive species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-06 02:12:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/367590", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/367666"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>Given the globally poor protection of fresh waters for their intrinsic ecological values, assessments are needed to determine how well fresh waters and supported fish species are incidentally protected within existing terrestrial protected-area networks, and to identify their vulnerability to human-induced disturbances. To date, gaps in data have severely constrained any attempt to explore the representation of fresh waters in tropical regions.</p> <h3>Methodology and Results</h3><p>We determined the distribution of fresh waters and fish diversity in the Wet Tropics of Queensland, Australia. We then used distribution data of fresh waters, fish species, human-induced disturbances, and the terrestrial protected-area network to assess the effectiveness of terrestrial protected areas for fresh waters and fish species. We also identified human-induced disturbances likely to influence the effectiveness of freshwater protection and evaluated the vulnerability of fresh waters to these disturbances within and outside protected areas. The representation of fresh waters and fish species in the protected areas of the Wet Tropics is poor: 83% of stream types defined by order, 75% of wetland types, and 89% of fish species have less than 20% of their total Wet Tropics length, area or distribution completely within IUCN category II protected areas. Numerous disturbances affect fresh waters both within and outside of protected areas despite the high level of protection afforded to terrestrial areas in the Wet Tropics (>60% of the region). High-order streams and associated wetlands are influenced by the greatest number of human-induced disturbances and are also the least protected. Thirty-two percent of stream length upstream of protected areas has at least one human-induced disturbance present.</p> <h3>Conclusions/Significance</h3><p>We demonstrate the need for greater consideration of explicit protection and off-reserve management for fresh waters and supported biodiversity by showing that, even in a region where terrestrial protection is high, it does not adequately capture fresh waters.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["waters", "disturbance", "australia"], "article_id"=>132625, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stephanie R. Januchowski-Hartley", "Richard G. Pearson", "Robert Puschendorf", "Thomas Rayner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025846.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025846.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Fresh_Waters_and_Fish_Diversity_Distribution_Protection_and_Disturbance_in_Tropical_Australia/132625", "title"=>"Fresh Waters and Fish Diversity: Distribution, Protection and Disturbance in Tropical Australia", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2011-10-06 00:43:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/727392"], "description"=>"<p>The percent representation of: a) sub-catchment area adjacent to streams in Strahler stream orders 1–6; b) wetland types; and c) each fish species distribution occurring completely within an IUCN category II protected area. *  =  species that are endemic to the Wet Tropics. The dashed lines indicate 20% representation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["strahler", "wetlands", "iucn", "ii", "protected"], "article_id"=>397747, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stephanie R. Januchowski-Hartley", "Richard G. Pearson", "Robert Puschendorf", "Thomas Rayner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025846.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Representation_of_Strahler_stream_order_sub_catchments_wetlands_and_fish_in_IUCN_category_II_protected_areas_/397747", "title"=>"Representation of Strahler stream order sub-catchments, wetlands and fish in IUCN category II protected areas.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-06 02:09:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/727842"], "description"=>"<p>The distribution and prevalence of human-induced disturbances upstream of protected areas by: a) the number of stream reaches with 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4 human-induced disturbances; b) the total stream length (grey bars) and sub-catchment area (black bars) with one or more human-induced disturbance; and c) the number of sub-catchments with one or more human-induced disturbance.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["human-induced", "disturbances", "upstream", "protected"], "article_id"=>398198, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stephanie R. Januchowski-Hartley", "Richard G. Pearson", "Robert Puschendorf", "Thomas Rayner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025846.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Multiple_human_induced_disturbances_upstream_of_protected_areas_/398198", "title"=>"Multiple human-induced disturbances upstream of protected areas.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-06 02:16:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/727707"], "description"=>"<p>The percent of: a) sub-catchments adjacent to Strahler stream orders 1-6; b) sub-catchments supporting each of the four wetland types; and c) sub-catchments adjacent to each Strahler stream order 1–6 that support at least 10 fish species, that have 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4 human-induced disturbances present.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["human-induced"], "article_id"=>398067, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stephanie R. Januchowski-Hartley", "Richard G. Pearson", "Robert Puschendorf", "Thomas Rayner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025846.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Multiple_human_induced_disturbances_/398067", "title"=>"Multiple human-induced disturbances.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-06 02:14:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/727942"], "description"=>"<p>The total stream reach length (km) and wetland area (km<sup>2</sup>) protected in IUCN protected area management categories (IUCN category) and the State of Queensland's protected area classification in the Wet Tropics.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["queensland", "protected"], "article_id"=>398296, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stephanie R. Januchowski-Hartley", "Richard G. Pearson", "Robert Puschendorf", "Thomas Rayner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025846.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_IUCN_and_State_of_Queensland_protected_areas_/398296", "title"=>"IUCN and State of Queensland protected areas.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-10-06 02:18:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/727979"], "description"=>"<p>Environmental variables and human-induced disturbances as well as their attributed features used for fish species distribution modeling.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["variables", "human-induced", "disturbances", "respective", "attributed", "freshwater"], "article_id"=>398332, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stephanie R. Januchowski-Hartley", "Richard G. Pearson", "Robert Puschendorf", "Thomas Rayner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025846.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Environmental_variables_and_human_induced_disturbances_and_respective_attributed_freshwater_feature_/398332", "title"=>"Environmental variables and human-induced disturbances and respective attributed freshwater feature.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-10-06 02:18:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/728010"], "description"=>"<p>Wetland definitions and conservation status from Queensland Department of Environmental Resource Management.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wetland", "types"], "article_id"=>398365, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stephanie R. Januchowski-Hartley", "Richard G. Pearson", "Robert Puschendorf", "Thomas Rayner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025846.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Definitions_of_wetland_types_and_conservation_status_/398365", "title"=>"Definitions of wetland types and conservation status.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-10-06 02:19:25"}

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Relative Metric

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