Cooperation between Referees and Authors Increases Peer Review Accuracy
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{"title"=>"Cooperation between referees and authors increases Peer review accuracy", "type"=>"generic", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Jeffrey T.", "last_name"=>"Leek", "scopus_author_id"=>"8558142900"}, {"first_name"=>"Margaret A.", "last_name"=>"Taub", "scopus_author_id"=>"36835617000"}, {"first_name"=>"Fernando J.", "last_name"=>"Pineda", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003594022"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"362888184", "sgr"=>"80655139027", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"22096506", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-80655139027", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0026895", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"86cb463e-010e-30ba-999e-183ef24c564d", "abstract"=>"Peer review is fundamentally a cooperative process between scientists in a community who agree to review each other's work in an unbiased fashion. Peer review is the foundation for decisions concerning publication in journals, awarding of grants, and academic promotion. Here we perform a laboratory study of open and closed peer review based on an online game. We show that when reviewer behavior was made public under open review, reviewers were rewarded for refereeing and formed significantly more cooperative interactions (13% increase in cooperation, P = 0.018). We also show that referees and authors who participated in cooperative interactions had an 11% higher reviewing accuracy rate (P = 0.016). Our results suggest that increasing cooperation in the peer review process can lead to a decreased risk of reviewing errors.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/cooperation-between-referees-authors-increases-peer-review-accuracy", "reader_count"=>140, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>10, "Librarian"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>43, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>35, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>14, "Student > Master"=>10, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>10, "Librarian"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>43, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>35, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>14, "Student > Master"=>10, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>42, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Philosophy"=>2, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>9, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>16, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>4, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>4, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Materials Science"=>2, "Mathematics"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>11, "Design"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>3, "Psychology"=>9, "Social Sciences"=>18}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>2}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>11}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>18}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>3}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>9}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>4}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>2}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>4}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>42}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>16}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>9}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Colombia"=>1, "Argentina"=>2, "United States"=>13, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>5, "Kenya"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Spain"=>5, "Canada"=>3, "Netherlands"=>2, "Finland"=>1, "Brazil"=>3, "Mexico"=>1, "France"=>3, "Peru"=>1, "Germany"=>4, "Nepal"=>1, "Croatia"=>1}, "group_count"=>10}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/714399"], "description"=>"<p>Task selection under the (<b>a</b>) closed and (<b>b</b>) open modes. In each case a player may elect to solve or review a problem. In the open peer review mode, players know the identity of the players reviewing their solutions.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["screens"], "article_id"=>384771, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Jeffrey T. Leek", "Margaret A. Taub", "Fernando J. Pineda"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026895.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_task_selection_screens_for_the_Peer_Review_Game_/384771", "title"=>"The task selection screens for the Peer Review Game.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 11:50:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/714262"], "description"=>"<p>Each panel shows the cooperation network for one of the peer review experiments. The thickness of the line indicates the amount of interaction and color indicates the type of interaction. Cooperation (blue) is defined as above average probability of both players accepting each others solutions. Obstruction (red) is defined as below average probability of both players accepting each others solutions. Under closed review (top row) there is less cooperation between players than under open review (bottom row).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["reviewers"], "article_id"=>384630, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Jeffrey T. Leek", "Margaret A. Taub", "Fernando J. Pineda"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026895.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Open_reviewers_are_more_cooperative_than_closed_reviewers_/384630", "title"=>"Open reviewers are more cooperative than closed reviewers.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 11:49:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/714157"], "description"=>"<p>Each panel is a plot of the cumulative proportion of time each individual spends solving problems during the experiment over the course of the game. Under closed peer review, individuals spend a greater proportion of their time solving (top row). In two experiments (Closed Experiment 1, Closed Experiment 2), an individual spent almost 100% of their time solving problems. Under open peer review, individuals spent a smaller proportion of their time solving problems and a greater proportion of their time reviewing problems (bottom row).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["reviewers", "greater"], "article_id"=>384518, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Jeffrey T. Leek", "Margaret A. Taub", "Fernando J. Pineda"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026895.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Open_peer_reviewers_spend_a_greater_proportion_of_their_time_reviewing_/384518", "title"=>"Open peer reviewers spend a greater proportion of their time reviewing.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 11:49:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/714025"], "description"=>"<p>Under the closed system of peer review (left column), reviewers know the identity of problem solvers, but problem solvers do not know the identity of the reviewers. Public information is limited to the number of accepted solutions for each player. Under the open system of peer review (right column) solvers and reviewers are known to each other, and both the number of accepted solutions and accepted reviews for each player are known publicly.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["systems"], "article_id"=>384387, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Jeffrey T. Leek", "Margaret A. Taub", "Fernando J. Pineda"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026895.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Open_versus_closed_peer_review_systems_for_the_peer_review_game_/384387", "title"=>"Open versus closed peer review systems for the peer review game.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 11:48:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/714579"], "description"=>"<p>The problem solving screen is the same for both versions of the game.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["solving"], "article_id"=>384947, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Jeffrey T. Leek", "Margaret A. Taub", "Fernando J. Pineda"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026895.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_problem_solving_screen_for_the_Peer_Review_Game_/384947", "title"=>"The problem solving screen for the Peer Review Game.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 11:51:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/714894"], "description"=>"<p>Public information under the (<b>a</b>) closed and (<b>b</b>) open modes. In each case the number of solutions each player has had accepted are displayed. In the open review system, the number of solutions reviewed and accepted by each player is also displayed.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["screens"], "article_id"=>385262, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Jeffrey T. Leek", "Margaret A. Taub", "Fernando J. Pineda"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026895.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_public_information_screens_for_the_Peer_Review_Game_/385262", "title"=>"The public information screens for the Peer Review Game.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 11:53:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/714717"], "description"=>"<p>The reviewing screen is the same for both versions of the game.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["reviewing"], "article_id"=>385085, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Jeffrey T. Leek", "Margaret A. Taub", "Fernando J. Pineda"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026895.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_reviewing_screen_for_the_Peer_Review_Game_/385085", "title"=>"The reviewing screen for the Peer Review Game.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 11:52:39"}

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Relative Metric

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