Fish Geometry and Electric Organ Discharge Determine Functional Organization of the Electrosensory Epithelium
Publication Date
November 11, 2011
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Juan Ignacio Sanguinetti Scheck, Eduardo Federico Pedraja, Esteban Cilleruelo, Adriana Migliaro, et al
Volume
6
Issue
11
Pages
e27470
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027470
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0027470
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22096578
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3214058
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/22096578
Web of Science
000297553900048
Scopus
80855157446
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/fish-geometry-electric-organ-discharge-determine-functional-organization-electrosensory-epithelium
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Fish geometry and electric organ discharge determine functional organization of the electrosensory epithelium", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Juan Ignacio", "last_name"=>"Sanguinetti-Scheck", "scopus_author_id"=>"54386051800"}, {"first_name"=>"Eduardo Federico", "last_name"=>"Pedraja", "scopus_author_id"=>"54412983600"}, {"first_name"=>"Esteban", "last_name"=>"Cilleruelo", "scopus_author_id"=>"45661116600"}, {"first_name"=>"Adriana", "last_name"=>"Migliaro", "scopus_author_id"=>"24314512700"}, {"first_name"=>"Pedro", "last_name"=>"Aguilera", "scopus_author_id"=>"36926567500"}, {"first_name"=>"Angel Ariel", "last_name"=>"Caputi", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101701631"}, {"first_name"=>"Ruben", "last_name"=>"Budelli", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603855747"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"362904771", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0027470", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"22096578", "issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-80855157446", "sgr"=>"80855157446"}, "id"=>"3eb98916-9f8c-3167-bdc3-7778de0c8dfa", "abstract"=>"Active electroreception in Gymnotus omarorum is a sensory modality that perceives the changes that nearby objects cause in a self generated electric field. The field is emitted as repetitive stereotyped pulses that stimulate skin electroreceptors. Differently from mormyriformes electric fish, gymnotiformes have an electric organ distributed along a large portion of the body, which fires sequentially. As a consequence shape and amplitude of both, the electric field generated and the image of objects, change during the electric pulse. To study how G. omarorum constructs a perceptual representation, we developed a computational model that allows the determination of the self-generated field and the electric image. We verify and use the model as a tool to explore image formation in diverse experimental circumstances. We show how the electric images of objects change in shape as a function of time and position, relative to the fish's body. We propose a theoretical framework about the organization of the different perceptive tasks made by electroreception: 1) At the head region, where the electrosensory mosaic presents an electric fovea, the field polarizing nearby objects is coherent and collimated. This favors the high resolution sampling of images of small objects and perception of electric color. Besides, the high sensitivity of the fovea allows the detection and tracking of large faraway objects in rostral regions. 2) In the trunk and tail region a multiplicity of sources illuminate different regions of the object, allowing the characterization of the shape and position of a large object. In this region, electroreceptors are of a unique type and capacitive detection should be based in the pattern of the afferents response. 3) Far from the fish, active electroreception is not possible but the collimated field is suitable to be used for electrocommunication and detection of large objects at the sides and caudally.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/fish-geometry-electric-organ-discharge-determine-functional-organization-electrosensory-epithelium", "reader_count"=>18, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Other"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Other"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>1, "Unspecified"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/713912"], "description"=>"<p>Different positions (color coded) of equivalent, unitary, sources are compared. The inset compares how spread of transcutaneous current density depends on body conductance. The source is placed at mid-body (7 cm from the head). Medium conductance was set at 100 µS/cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["calculated", "transepithelial", "horizontal"], "article_id"=>384272, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biological Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Juan Ignacio Sanguinetti-Scheck", "Eduardo Federico Pedraja", "Esteban Cilleruelo", "Adriana Migliaro", "Pedro Aguilera", "Angel Ariel Caputi", "Ruben Budelli"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027470.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_MoGO_calculated_transepithelial_current_density_along_a_line_on_a_horizontal_plane_/384272", "title"=>"MoGO calculated transepithelial current density along a line on a horizontal plane.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-11-11 01:11:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/714360"], "description"=>"<p>Two dimensional plots correspond to the images on the skin, where it was cut through the ventral intersection with the saggital plane, stretched perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis, to cover a rectangle. The horizontal scale corresponds to the distance in cm from the frontal tip along the skin through the horizontal plane. <b>Top:</b> Images generated on the skin of MoGO by a 2 by 5 cm cylinder placed almost parallel to the lateral skin at different instances of the EOD corresponding to the peaks of the four main components. Top Row: images, at the head and trunk regions, of the basal currents for each wave. Bottom Row: the electric image (at the same region) as the difference between currents with and without the cylinder. <b>Bottom Left:</b> RMS image of MoGO's body. <b>Bottom Right:</b> Longitudinal profile of the gradient of the RMS electric image showing two peaks signaling the position of the edges of the object. <b>Inset:</b> 2D mapping of the gradient of the RMS image shows the correlation between high gradient and the edges of the object.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Mental health", "physiology", "Computational biology", "neuroscience"], "article_id"=>384710, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biological Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Juan Ignacio Sanguinetti-Scheck", "Eduardo Federico Pedraja", "Esteban Cilleruelo", "Adriana Migliaro", "Pedro Aguilera", "Angel Ariel Caputi", "Ruben Budelli"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027470.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Image_of_a_large_metal_object_/384710", "title"=>"Image of a large metal object.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-11-11 01:18:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/714193"], "description"=>"<p><b>Top</b> Field time course for 3 points at 1 fish distance from the lateral skin of the fish and with the same projections along the longitudinal axis of the red, rostral green and blue points of <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0027470#pone-0027470-g005\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 5</a>. <b>Bottom</b> LEOD values for these three points: colored traces correspond to longitudinal values, while black traces correspond to transversal values. All calculated in a horizontal plane.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Mental health", "physiology", "Computational biology", "neuroscience"], "article_id"=>384547, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biological Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Juan Ignacio Sanguinetti-Scheck", "Eduardo Federico Pedraja", "Esteban Cilleruelo", "Adriana Migliaro", "Pedro Aguilera", "Angel Ariel Caputi", "Ruben Budelli"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027470.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Far_off_Electric_Field_/384547", "title"=>"Far-off Electric Field.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-11-11 01:15:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/714274"], "description"=>"<p><b>Left</b>: when the sphere is in the head region; <b>Right</b>: when it is close to the place where the field at the peak of V<sub>3</sub> is zero. <b>Top:</b> images calculated along a line through the horizontal plane by the center of the sphere. Insets show the normalized images. <b>Bottom:</b> images on the skin of the fish, indicating the position of the sphere is shown by its image. The broken line on the fish indicates the line along which top images were plotted.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Mental health", "physiology", "Computational biology", "neuroscience"], "article_id"=>384625, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biological Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Juan Ignacio Sanguinetti-Scheck", "Eduardo Federico Pedraja", "Esteban Cilleruelo", "Adriana Migliaro", "Pedro Aguilera", "Angel Ariel Caputi", "Ruben Budelli"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027470.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Images_of_a_metal_sphere_/384625", "title"=>"Images of a metal sphere.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-11-11 01:17:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/713724"], "description"=>"<p>The colormaps compare the fields of potential experimentally measured in a horizontal plane (upper half) at the peak of each component (V1 to V4, marked at the insets as a red dot in the head to tail EOD) with the same fields predicted by the model (lower half).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["predictions", "generated", "eod", "100"], "article_id"=>384080, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biological Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Juan Ignacio Sanguinetti-Scheck", "Eduardo Federico Pedraja", "Esteban Cilleruelo", "Adriana Migliaro", "Pedro Aguilera", "Angel Ariel Caputi", "Ruben Budelli"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027470.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_between_experimental_results_and_model_predictions_of_the_electric_field_generated_by_G_omarorum_s_EOD_for_a_100_S_cm_medium_conductance_/384080", "title"=>"Comparison between experimental results and model predictions of the electric field generated by <i>G. omarorum</i>'s EOD for a 100 µS/cm medium conductance.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-11-11 01:08:00"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/713992"], "description"=>"<p>Each image corresponds to the instant when the head to tail EOD reaches the peaks of the waves V<sub>1</sub>, V<sub>2</sub>, V<sub>3</sub> and V<sub>4</sub>. Black lines indicate the points where the potential is zero. Insets show the head to tail EOD, with red dots indicating the peaks of the 4 waves.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sagittal", "peaks", "rostro-caudal"], "article_id"=>384349, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biological Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Juan Ignacio Sanguinetti-Scheck", "Eduardo Federico Pedraja", "Esteban Cilleruelo", "Adriana Migliaro", "Pedro Aguilera", "Angel Ariel Caputi", "Ruben Budelli"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027470.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Normalized_electric_potentials_on_the_sagittal_plane_at_the_peaks_of_the_rostro_caudal_potential_difference_/384349", "title"=>"Normalized electric potentials, on the sagittal plane, at the peaks of the rostro-caudal potential difference.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-11-11 01:12:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/714069"], "description"=>"<p><b>Top:</b> The time course of the electric field along the EOD, at different points on a horizontal plane, near the lateral skin of the fish. The colored dots indicate schematically the position in space where the field was calculated. <b>Bottom:</b> LEOD components at the same positions of the electric field. Colored traces correspond to longitudinal values and black traces to transversal values.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Mental health", "physiology", "Computational biology", "neuroscience"], "article_id"=>384430, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biological Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Juan Ignacio Sanguinetti-Scheck", "Eduardo Federico Pedraja", "Esteban Cilleruelo", "Adriana Migliaro", "Pedro Aguilera", "Angel Ariel Caputi", "Ruben Budelli"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027470.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pericorporal_Local_Electric_Field_/384430", "title"=>"Pericorporal Local Electric Field.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-11-11 01:13:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/361652", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/361700"], "description"=>"<div><p>Active electroreception in <em>Gymnotus omarorum</em> is a sensory modality that perceives the changes that nearby objects cause in a self generated electric field. The field is emitted as repetitive stereotyped pulses that stimulate skin electroreceptors. Differently from mormyriformes electric fish, gymnotiformes have an electric organ distributed along a large portion of the body, which fires sequentially. As a consequence shape and amplitude of both, the electric field generated and the image of objects, change during the electric pulse. To study how <em>G. omarorum</em> constructs a perceptual representation, we developed a computational model that allows the determination of the self-generated field and the electric image. We verify and use the model as a tool to explore image formation in diverse experimental circumstances. We show how the electric images of objects change in shape as a function of time and position, relative to the fish's body. We propose a theoretical framework about the organization of the different perceptive tasks made by electroreception: 1) At the head region, where the electrosensory mosaic presents an electric fovea, the field polarizing nearby objects is coherent and collimated. This favors the high resolution sampling of images of small objects and perception of electric color. Besides, the high sensitivity of the fovea allows the detection and tracking of large faraway objects in rostral regions. 2) In the trunk and tail region a multiplicity of sources illuminate different regions of the object, allowing the characterization of the shape and position of a large object. In this region, electroreceptors are of a unique type and capacitive detection should be based in the pattern of the afferents response. 3) Far from the fish, active electroreception is not possible but the collimated field is suitable to be used for electrocommunication and detection of large objects at the sides and caudally.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["geometry", "discharge", "electrosensory", "epithelium"], "article_id"=>131493, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biological Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Juan Ignacio Sanguinetti-Scheck", "Eduardo Federico Pedraja", "Esteban Cilleruelo", "Adriana Migliaro", "Pedro Aguilera", "Angel Ariel Caputi", "Ruben Budelli"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027470.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027470.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Fish_Geometry_and_Electric_Organ_Discharge_Determine_Functional_Organization_of_the_Electrosensory_Epithelium/131493", "title"=>"Fish Geometry and Electric Organ Discharge Determine Functional Organization of the Electrosensory Epithelium", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2011-11-11 00:24:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/713823"], "description"=>"<p>The upper pictures show the experimental results for V3 (left) and V4 (right) using two medium conductances, 150 µ/cm (upper halves) and 50 µS/cm (lower halves). The two lower pictures were the same results determined by the MoGO.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fields", "generated", "mogo", "conductances", "150", "50"], "article_id"=>384178, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biological Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Juan Ignacio Sanguinetti-Scheck", "Eduardo Federico Pedraja", "Esteban Cilleruelo", "Adriana Migliaro", "Pedro Aguilera", "Angel Ariel Caputi", "Ruben Budelli"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027470.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_between_the_fields_of_the_electric_potential_generated_by_G_omarorum_and_MoGO_at_two_different_conductances_of_150_and_50_S_cm_/384178", "title"=>"Comparison between the fields of the electric potential generated by <i>G. omarorum</i> and MoGO at two different conductances of 150 and 50 µS/cm.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-11-11 01:09:38"}

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