Impact of Meat Consumption, Preparation, and Mutagens on Aggressive Prostate Cancer
Publication Date
November 23, 2011
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Sanoj Punnen, Jill Hardin, Iona Cheng, Eric A. Klein, et al
Volume
6
Issue
11
Pages
e27711
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027711
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0027711
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22132129
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3223211
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/22132129
Web of Science
000298162000037
Scopus
81755171929
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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/709264"], "description"=>"a<p>Some totals do not add to 100 percent due to missing data.</p>b<p>From T-test comparing means, or chi-square tests comparing counts.</p>c<p>SD, standard deviation.</p>d<p>Positive family history of prostate cancer was defined as prostate cancer in a first degree relative.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["case-control", "prostate"], "article_id"=>379629, "categories"=>["Cancer", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Sanoj Punnen", "Jill Hardin", "Iona Cheng", "Eric A. Klein", "John S. Witte"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027711.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Characteristics_of_case_control_study_population_of_aggressive_prostate_cancer_/379629", "title"=>"Characteristics of case-control study population of aggressive prostate cancer.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-11-23 02:40:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/709233"], "description"=>"a<p>Groupings defined so sufficient numbers are in each group given categorical nature of questionnaire.</p>b<p>Median of category, servings per week for cases and controls.</p>c<p>Odds ratios adjusted for age, race, institution, and energy intake.</p>d<p>P-trend values from continuous model across categories.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["prostate"], "article_id"=>379596, "categories"=>["Cancer", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Sanoj Punnen", "Jill Hardin", "Iona Cheng", "Eric A. Klein", "John S. Witte"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027711.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Association_between_meat_consumption_and_risk_of_aggressive_prostate_cancer_/379596", "title"=>"Association between meat consumption and risk of aggressive prostate cancer.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-11-23 02:39:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/709336"], "description"=>"a<p>Groupings defined so sufficient numbers are in each group given categorical nature of questionnaire.</p>b<p>Median of category, servings per week for cases and controls.</p>c<p>Odds ratios adjusted for age, race, institution, and energy intake.</p>d<p>P-trend values from continuous model across categories.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["intake", "grilled", "barbecued", "prostate"], "article_id"=>379700, "categories"=>["Cancer", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Sanoj Punnen", "Jill Hardin", "Iona Cheng", "Eric A. Klein", "John S. Witte"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027711.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationship_between_intake_of_grilled_and_barbecued_meat_and_risk_of_aggressive_prostate_cancer_/379700", "title"=>"Relationship between intake of grilled and barbecued meat and risk of aggressive prostate cancer.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-11-23 02:41:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/359928"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>The association between meat consumption and prostate cancer remains unclear, perhaps reflecting heterogeneity in the types of tumors studied and the method of meat preparation—which can impact the production of carcinogens.</p> <h3>Methods</h3><p>We address both issues in this case-control study focused on aggressive prostate cancer (470 cases and 512 controls), where men reported not only their meat intake but also their meat preparation and doneness level on a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire. Associations between overall and grilled meat consumption, doneness level, ensuing carcinogens and aggressive prostate cancer were assessed using multivariate logistic regression.</p> <h3>Results</h3><p>Higher consumption of any ground beef or processed meats were positively associated with aggressive prostate cancer, with ground beef showing the strongest association (OR = 2.30, 95% CI:1.39–3.81; P-trend = 0.002). This association primarily reflected intake of grilled or barbequed meat, with more well-done meat conferring a higher risk of aggressive prostate cancer. Comparing high and low consumptions of well/very well cooked ground beef to no consumption gave OR's of 2.04 (95% CI:1.41–2.96) and 1.51 (95% CI:1.06–2.14), respectively. In contrast, consumption of rare/medium cooked ground beef was not associated with aggressive prostate cancer. Looking at meat mutagens produced by cooking at high temperatures, we detected an increased risk with 2-amino-3,8-Dimethylimidazo-[4,5-f]Quinolaxine (MelQx) and 2-amino-3,4,8-trimethylimidazo(4,5-f)qunioxaline (DiMelQx), when comparing the highest to lowest quartiles of intake: OR = 1.69 (95% CI:1.08–2.64;P-trend = 0.02) and OR = 1.53 (95% CI:1.00–2.35; P-trend = 0.005), respectively.</p> <h3>Discussion</h3><p>Higher intake of well-done grilled or barbequed red meat and ensuing carcinogens could increase the risk of aggressive prostate cancer.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mutagens", "prostate", "cancer"], "article_id"=>131133, "categories"=>["Cancer", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Sanoj Punnen", "Jill Hardin", "Iona Cheng", "Eric A. Klein", "John S. Witte"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027711", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Impact_of_Meat_Consumption_Preparation_and_Mutagens_on_Aggressive_Prostate_Cancer/131133", "title"=>"Impact of Meat Consumption, Preparation, and Mutagens on Aggressive Prostate Cancer", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-11-23 00:18:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/709370"], "description"=>"a<p>Groupings defined so sufficient numbers are in each group given categorical nature of questionnaire.</p>b<p>Median of category, servings per week for cases and controls.</p>c<p>Odds ratios adjusted for age, race, institution, and energy intake.</p>d<p>P-trend values from continuous model across categories.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["doneness", "grilled", "barbecued", "hamburger", "prostate"], "article_id"=>379726, "categories"=>["Cancer", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Sanoj Punnen", "Jill Hardin", "Iona Cheng", "Eric A. Klein", "John S. Witte"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027711.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Association_between_consumption_and_doneness_of_grilled_and_barbecued_beef_and_hamburger_and_aggressive_prostate_cancer_/379726", "title"=>"Association between consumption and doneness of grilled and barbecued beef and hamburger and aggressive prostate cancer.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-11-23 02:42:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/709310"], "description"=>"a<p>Mutagens are:</p><p>MelQx: 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo(4,5-f)quinoxaline;</p><p>DiMelQx: 2-amino-3,4,8-trimethylimidazo(4,5-f)quinoxaline (analyzed using 4 categories);</p><p>PhIP: 2-amino-1-methyl-6-pheylimidazol(4,5-b)pyridine;</p>b<p>P-trend values across quartiles.</p>c<p>Medians given in ng per week for cases and controls.</p>d<p>Odds Ratios adjusted for age, sex, race, institution, and energy intake.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mutagens", "prostate", "cancer", "men", "consumed", "barbecued", "grilled"], "article_id"=>379660, "categories"=>["Cancer", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Sanoj Punnen", "Jill Hardin", "Iona Cheng", "Eric A. Klein", "John S. Witte"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027711.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Association_between_meat_mutagens_and_aggressive_prostate_cancer_among_men_who_consumed_barbecued_or_grilled_meat_/379660", "title"=>"Association between meat mutagens and aggressive prostate cancer among men who consumed barbecued or grilled meat.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-11-23 02:41:00"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/709204"], "description"=>"a<p>SD, standard deviation.</p>b<p>From T-test comparing means.</p>c<p>Means given in servings per week or ng/week for mutagens.</p>d<p>N = 469 cases and 508 controls due to missing values.</p>e<p>MelQx: 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo(4,5-f)quinoxaline;</p><p>DiMelQx: 2-amino-3,4,8-trimethylimidazo(4,5-f)quinoxaline;</p><p>PhIP: 2-amino-1-methyl-6-pheylimidazol(4,5-b)pyridine;</p><p>BaP: benzo(a)pyrene.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["meats", "prepared", "grilling", "mutagens", "prostate", "cancer", "case-control"], "article_id"=>379556, "categories"=>["Cancer", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Sanoj Punnen", "Jill Hardin", "Iona Cheng", "Eric A. Klein", "John S. Witte"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027711.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Intake_of_calories_total_meats_meats_prepared_by_grilling_or_barbecue_and_meat_mutagens_in_aggressive_prostate_cancer_case_control_study_population_/379556", "title"=>"Intake of calories, total meats, meats prepared by grilling or barbecue, and meat mutagens in aggressive prostate cancer case-control study population.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-11-23 02:39:16"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"month"=>"12", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"82", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"25", "unique-ip"=>"67", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"7"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"58", "unique-ip"=>"53", "pdf"=>"29", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"44", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"15", "unique-ip"=>"31", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"58", "unique-ip"=>"50", "pdf"=>"30", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"74", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"28", "unique-ip"=>"61", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"25", "unique-ip"=>"24", "pdf"=>"19", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"23", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"15", "unique-ip"=>"24", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"37", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"58", "pdf"=>"16", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"41", "full-text"=>"51", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
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Relative Metric

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