Comparing Biological Motion Perception in Two Distinct Human Societies
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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/356613"], "description"=>"<div><p>Cross cultural studies have played a pivotal role in elucidating the extent to which behavioral and mental characteristics depend on specific environmental influences. Surprisingly, little field research has been carried out on a fundamentally important perceptual ability, namely the perception of biological motion. In this report, we present details of studies carried out with the help of volunteers from the Mundurucu indigene, a group of people native to Amazonian territories in Brazil. We employed standard biological motion perception tasks inspired by over 30 years of laboratory research, in which observers attempt to decipher the walking direction of point-light (PL) humans and animals. Do our effortless skills at perceiving biological activity from PL animations, as revealed in laboratory settings, generalize to people who have never before seen representational depictions of human and animal activity? The results of our studies provide a clear answer to this important, previously unanswered question. Mundurucu observers readily perceived the coherent, global shape depicted in PL walkers, and experienced the classic inversion effects that are typically found when such stimuli are turned upside down. In addition, their performance was in accord with important recent findings in the literature, in the abundant ease with which they extracted direction information from local motion invariants alone. We conclude that the effortless, veridical perception of PL biological motion is a spontaneous and universal perceptual ability, occurring both inside and outside traditional laboratory environments.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["comparing", "societies"], "article_id"=>130465, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biological Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Pierre Pica", "Stuart Jackson", "Randolph Blake", "Nikolaus F. Troje"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028391", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Comparing_Biological_Motion_Perception_in_Two_Distinct_Human_Societies/130465", "title"=>"Comparing Biological Motion Perception in Two Distinct Human Societies", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-12-14 00:07:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/701836"], "description"=>"<p>Mundurucu observers viewed stimuli that were presented on a solar-powered laptop computer. Most observers came from the isolated village of Muissu, located south of Jacareacanga along Rio Cururu, in the Para region of Amazonia. Photo taken in Muissu, copyright Pierre Pica/CNRS.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Mental health", "Computational biology", "physiology", "neuroscience", "Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>372210, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biological Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Pierre Pica", "Stuart Jackson", "Randolph Blake", "Nikolaus F. Troje"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028391.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Experimental_set_up_/372210", "title"=>"Experimental set-up.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-12-14 00:36:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/701975"], "description"=>"<p>The upper barplot depicts the mean direction discrimination scores for American observers (<i>n</i> = 18) in Experiment 2, presented separately for each animate motion type and coherence level (upright stimuli only). The lower barplot depicts the same data for Mundurucu observers (<i>n</i> = 18). Error bars represent +1 SE.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Mental health", "Computational biology", "physiology", "neuroscience", "Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>372349, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biological Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Pierre Pica", "Stuart Jackson", "Randolph Blake", "Nikolaus F. Troje"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028391.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Direction_discrimination_accuracy_in_Experiment_2_/372349", "title"=>"Direction discrimination accuracy in Experiment 2.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-12-14 00:39:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/701908"], "description"=>"<p>Barplots depict the mean direction discrimination scores (<i>n</i> = 18 each group) for each of the four main conditions, presented separately for American and Mundurucu observers. Both global and local inversion effects are apparent for each group, with direction discrimination performance on upright trials significantly greater than for inverted trials. Notably, direction is readily retrieved from upright scrambled walker trials. Error bars represent +1 SE.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Mental health", "Computational biology", "physiology", "neuroscience", "Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>372286, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biological Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Pierre Pica", "Stuart Jackson", "Randolph Blake", "Nikolaus F. Troje"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028391.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Direction_discrimination_accuracy_in_Experiment_1_/372286", "title"=>"Direction discrimination accuracy in Experiment 1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-12-14 00:38:06"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2011-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2011-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[304, 568, 702, 818, 927, 1027, 1118, 1206, 1285, 1357, 1427, 1500, 1564, 1636, 1705, 1773, 1840, 1909, 1974, 2039, 2106, 2170, 2234, 2296, 2358, 2423, 2484, 2546, 2606, 2673, 2734, 2795, 2857, 2921, 2984, 3046, 3100]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Anatomy", "average_usage"=>[301, 558, 690, 806, 916, 1018, 1112, 1197, 1275, 1349, 1421, 1495, 1561, 1631, 1697, 1762, 1835, 1895, 1954, 2020, 2078, 2142, 2197, 2258, 2313, 2376, 2437, 2494, 2557, 2618, 2682, 2744, 2818, 2880, 2940, 3000, 3056]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Behavior", "average_usage"=>[321, 534, 647, 753, 850, 938, 1018, 1091, 1168, 1231, 1299, 1357, 1420, 1473, 1538, 1604, 1670, 1737, 1800, 1864, 1928, 1985, 2051, 2102, 2169, 2240, 2298, 2361, 2435, 2484, 2550, 2606, 2651, 2718, 2792, 2830, 2875]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Biomechanics", "average_usage"=>[288, 482, 605, 705, 797, 910, 969, 1039, 1122, 1194, 1256, 1315, 1381, 1425, 1484, 1548, 1600, 1685, 1741, 1814, 1874, 1941, 2016, 2075, 2173, 2250, 2295, 2350, 2412, 2484, 2536, 2587, 2639, 2704, 2762, 2819, 2865]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences", "average_usage"=>[303, 547, 667, 770, 875, 974, 1062, 1140, 1210, 1276, 1344, 1408, 1473, 1534, 1602, 1665, 1732, 1800, 1863, 1920, 1984, 2048, 2099, 2161, 2222, 2285, 2341, 2404, 2473, 2528, 2595, 2650, 2713, 2772, 2835, 2886, 2938]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[340, 584, 708, 809, 915, 1005, 1089, 1174, 1254, 1334, 1408, 1478, 1563, 1648, 1716, 1791, 1847, 1915, 1979, 2044, 2105, 2163, 2218, 2297, 2382, 2436, 2493, 2553, 2618, 2682, 2741, 2786, 2847, 2937, 2989, 3039, 3102]}]}
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