Comparison of Marine Spatial Planning Methods in Madagascar Demonstrates Value of Alternative Approaches
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{"title"=>"Comparison of marine spatial planning methods in madagascar demonstrates value of alternative approaches", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Thomas F.", "last_name"=>"Allnutt", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603540108"}, {"first_name"=>"Timothy R.", "last_name"=>"McClanahan", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005454038"}, {"first_name"=>"Serge", "last_name"=>"Andréfouët", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003455970"}, {"first_name"=>"Merrill", "last_name"=>"Baker", "scopus_author_id"=>"54997079100"}, {"first_name"=>"Erwann", "last_name"=>"Lagabrielle", "scopus_author_id"=>"17434366000"}, {"first_name"=>"Caleb", "last_name"=>"McClennen", "scopus_author_id"=>"15077351300"}, {"first_name"=>"Andry J.M.", "last_name"=>"Rakotomanjaka", "scopus_author_id"=>"54997966200"}, {"first_name"=>"Tantely F.", "last_name"=>"Tianarisoa", "scopus_author_id"=>"54997966300"}, {"first_name"=>"Reg", "last_name"=>"Watson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403653519"}, {"first_name"=>"Claire", "last_name"=>"Kremen", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701709530"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84857127192", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"364271705", "sgr"=>"84857127192", "isbn"=>"0789630001", "pmid"=>"22359534", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0028969"}, "id"=>"649127f1-390c-392e-b013-efe81d0a67f1", "abstract"=>"The Government of Madagascar plans to increase marine protected area coverage by over one million hectares. To assist this process, we compare four methods for marine spatial planning of Madagascar's west coast. Input data for each method was drawn from the same variables: fishing pressure, exposure to climate change, and biodiversity (habitats, species distributions, biological richness, and biodiversity value). The first method compares visual color classifications of primary variables, the second uses binary combinations of these variables to produce a categorical classification of management actions, the third is a target-based optimization using Marxan, and the fourth is conservation ranking with Zonation. We present results from each method, and compare the latter three approaches for spatial coverage, biodiversity representation, fishing cost and persistence probability. All results included large areas in the north, central, and southern parts of western Madagascar. Achieving 30% representation targets with Marxan required twice the fish catch loss than the categorical method. The categorical classification and Zonation do not consider targets for conservation features. However, when we reduced Marxan targets to 16.3%, matching the representation level of the \"strict protection\" class of the categorical result, the methods show similar catch losses. The management category portfolio has complete coverage, and presents several management recommendations including strict protection. Zonation produces rapid conservation rankings across large, diverse datasets. Marxan is useful for identifying strict protected areas that meet representation targets, and minimize exposure probabilities for conservation features at low economic cost. We show that methods based on Zonation and a simple combination of variables can produce results comparable to Marxan for species representation and catch losses, demonstrating the value of comparing alternative approaches during initial stages of the planning process. Choosing an appropriate approach ultimately depends on scientific and political factors including representation targets, likelihood of adoption, and persistence goals.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/comparison-marine-spatial-planning-methods-madagascar-demonstrates-value-alternative-approaches", "reader_count"=>178, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>52, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>37, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>41, "Other"=>19, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>52, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>37, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>41, "Other"=>19, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>11, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>75, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>67, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>6, "Computer Science"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>12}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>6}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>12}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>67}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>11}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>75}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Republic of Singapore"=>1, "United States"=>4, "United Kingdom"=>3, "Madagascar"=>1, "Kenya"=>1, "Portugal"=>2, "Canada"=>1, "Mozambique"=>1, "Finland"=>1, "Brazil"=>2, "Denmark"=>1, "South Africa"=>1, "Mexico"=>1, "Israel"=>1, "Jersey"=>1, "Australia"=>2, "France"=>3, "Indonesia"=>1}, "group_count"=>17}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/681711"], "description"=>"<p>Comparison of results.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "marine and aquatic sciences"], "article_id"=>352194, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Thomas F. Allnutt", "Timothy R. McClanahan", "Serge Andréfouët", "Merrill Baker", "Erwann Lagabrielle", "Caleb McClennen", "Andry J. M. Rakotomanjaka", "Tantely F. Tianarisoa", "Reg Watson", "Claire Kremen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028969.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_results_/352194", "title"=>"Comparison of results.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-02-16 00:36:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/681135"], "description"=>"<p>A: Biodiversity value expressed as fish species richness; B: Biodiversity value measured using the Zonation algorithm. Key shows classification in 3-dimensional RGB color cube, with biodiversity (letter B in the key) assigned to Red (z-axis), fishing (F) assigned to Green (y-axis), and exposure (E) assigned to Blue (x-axis). Only the colors formed on the inner and outer planes of the cube are visible. On the inner planes, one variable is always 0. On the outer planes, one variable is always 255. The inner corner (black) has 0 values for all variables. The outer corner (white) has values of 255 for all variables.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rgb", "overlay", "variables"], "article_id"=>351619, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Thomas F. Allnutt", "Timothy R. McClanahan", "Serge Andréfouët", "Merrill Baker", "Erwann Lagabrielle", "Caleb McClennen", "Andry J. M. Rakotomanjaka", "Tantely F. Tianarisoa", "Reg Watson", "Claire Kremen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028969.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Two_results_of_RGB_visual_overlay_of_primary_variables_biodiversity_fishing_pressure_exposure_/351619", "title"=>"Two results of RGB visual overlay of primary variables (biodiversity, fishing pressure, exposure).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-02-16 00:26:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/681389"], "description"=>"<p>This map shows a continuous ranking of conservation value by the Zonation algorithm. Higher ranked cells are more important for species representation, and tend to have lower fishing pressure and exposure values.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["zonation"], "article_id"=>351876, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Thomas F. Allnutt", "Timothy R. McClanahan", "Serge Andréfouët", "Merrill Baker", "Erwann Lagabrielle", "Caleb McClennen", "Andry J. M. Rakotomanjaka", "Tantely F. Tianarisoa", "Reg Watson", "Claire Kremen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028969.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Weighted_Zonation_result_/351876", "title"=>"Weighted Zonation result.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-02-16 00:31:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/680757"], "description"=>"<p>A: Fishing pressure from fish catch model <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0028969#pone.0028969-Lagabrielle1\" target=\"_blank\">[54]</a>, units are metric tons/km<sup>2</sup>/yr.; B: Environmental exposure probability <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0028969#pone.0028969-Maina1\" target=\"_blank\">[33]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["inputs"], "article_id"=>351241, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Thomas F. Allnutt", "Timothy R. McClanahan", "Serge Andréfouët", "Merrill Baker", "Erwann Lagabrielle", "Caleb McClennen", "Andry J. M. Rakotomanjaka", "Tantely F. Tianarisoa", "Reg Watson", "Claire Kremen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028969.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Non_biological_inputs_to_the_analysis_/351241", "title"=>"Non-biological inputs to the analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-02-16 00:20:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/681467"], "description"=>"<p>A: Strict protection class of the categorical classification; B: Marxan 30% solution; C: Marxan 16% solution; D: Zonation 16% solution.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "marine and aquatic sciences"], "article_id"=>351947, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Thomas F. Allnutt", "Timothy R. McClanahan", "Serge Andréfouët", "Merrill Baker", "Erwann Lagabrielle", "Caleb McClennen", "Andry J. M. Rakotomanjaka", "Tantely F. Tianarisoa", "Reg Watson", "Claire Kremen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028969.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_results_/351947", "title"=>"Comparison of results.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-02-16 00:32:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/680867"], "description"=>"<p>Mangroves, reef geomorphology and bioregions.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["reef", "Geomorphology"], "article_id"=>351346, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Thomas F. Allnutt", "Timothy R. McClanahan", "Serge Andréfouët", "Merrill Baker", "Erwann Lagabrielle", "Caleb McClennen", "Andry J. M. Rakotomanjaka", "Tantely F. Tianarisoa", "Reg Watson", "Claire Kremen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028969.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mangroves_reef_geomorphology_and_bioregions_/351346", "title"=>"Mangroves, reef geomorphology and bioregions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-02-16 00:22:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/680957"], "description"=>"<p>A: Biological richness showing number of fish species per 25 km<sup>2</sup> grid cell; B: Biodiversity value measured using Zonation algorithm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["inputs"], "article_id"=>351439, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Thomas F. Allnutt", "Timothy R. McClanahan", "Serge Andréfouët", "Merrill Baker", "Erwann Lagabrielle", "Caleb McClennen", "Andry J. M. Rakotomanjaka", "Tantely F. Tianarisoa", "Reg Watson", "Claire Kremen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028969.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Additional_biological_inputs_into_the_analysis_/351439", "title"=>"Additional biological inputs into the analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-02-16 00:23:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/681243"], "description"=>"<p>A: results of the categorical classification (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0028969#pone-0028969-t003\" target=\"_blank\">Table 3</a> for class descriptions); B: target-based priority-setting with Marxan.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["views"], "article_id"=>351728, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Thomas F. Allnutt", "Timothy R. McClanahan", "Serge Andréfouët", "Merrill Baker", "Erwann Lagabrielle", "Caleb McClennen", "Andry J. M. Rakotomanjaka", "Tantely F. Tianarisoa", "Reg Watson", "Claire Kremen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028969.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Two_views_of_conservation_and_management_priorities_/351728", "title"=>"Two views of conservation and management priorities.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-02-16 00:28:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/347549", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/347658"], "description"=>"<div><p>The Government of Madagascar plans to increase marine protected area coverage by over one million hectares. To assist this process, we compare four methods for marine spatial planning of Madagascar's west coast. Input data for each method was drawn from the same variables: fishing pressure, exposure to climate change, and biodiversity (habitats, species distributions, biological richness, and biodiversity value). The first method compares visual color classifications of primary variables, the second uses binary combinations of these variables to produce a categorical classification of management actions, the third is a target-based optimization using Marxan, and the fourth is conservation ranking with Zonation. We present results from each method, and compare the latter three approaches for spatial coverage, biodiversity representation, fishing cost and persistence probability. All results included large areas in the north, central, and southern parts of western Madagascar. Achieving 30% representation targets with Marxan required twice the fish catch loss than the categorical method. The categorical classification and Zonation do not consider targets for conservation features. However, when we reduced Marxan targets to 16.3%, matching the representation level of the “strict protection” class of the categorical result, the methods show similar catch losses. The management category portfolio has complete coverage, and presents several management recommendations including strict protection. Zonation produces rapid conservation rankings across large, diverse datasets. Marxan is useful for identifying strict protected areas that meet representation targets, and minimize exposure probabilities for conservation features at low economic cost. We show that methods based on Zonation and a simple combination of variables can produce results comparable to Marxan for species representation and catch losses, demonstrating the value of comparing alternative approaches during initial stages of the planning process. Choosing an appropriate approach ultimately depends on scientific and political factors including representation targets, likelihood of adoption, and persistence goals.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["spatial", "methods", "Madagascar", "demonstrates", "approaches"], "article_id"=>128722, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Thomas F. Allnutt", "Timothy R. McClanahan", "Serge Andréfouët", "Merrill Baker", "Erwann Lagabrielle", "Caleb McClennen", "Andry J. M. Rakotomanjaka", "Tantely F. Tianarisoa", "Reg Watson", "Claire Kremen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028969.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028969.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Comparison_of_Marine_Spatial_Planning_Methods_in_Madagascar_Demonstrates_Value_of_Alternative_Approaches/128722", "title"=>"Comparison of Marine Spatial Planning Methods in Madagascar Demonstrates Value of Alternative Approaches", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-02-16 02:25:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/681675"], "description"=>"<p>Total area sums to less than the study area (86%) because of the extension of the study area by 0.25 degrees inland.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["categories", "actions", "assigned", "combinations", "variables", "conceptual", "mcclanahan", "et"], "article_id"=>352147, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Thomas F. Allnutt", "Timothy R. McClanahan", "Serge Andréfouët", "Merrill Baker", "Erwann Lagabrielle", "Caleb McClennen", "Andry J. M. Rakotomanjaka", "Tantely F. Tianarisoa", "Reg Watson", "Claire Kremen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028969.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Management_categories_for_management_actions_assigned_to_combinations_of_high_and_low_variables_based_on_the_conceptual_model_of_McClanahan_et_al_68_/352147", "title"=>"Management categories for management actions assigned to combinations of high and low variables based on the conceptual model of McClanahan et al. [68].", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-02-16 00:35:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/681545"], "description"=>"<p>The number (one, two or three) indicates the number of 16% solutions represented; in other words, the number of times a planning unit has been selected by either the strict protection, Marxan 16% or Zonation 16% result.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "marine and aquatic sciences"], "article_id"=>352026, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Thomas F. Allnutt", "Timothy R. McClanahan", "Serge Andréfouët", "Merrill Baker", "Erwann Lagabrielle", "Caleb McClennen", "Andry J. M. Rakotomanjaka", "Tantely F. Tianarisoa", "Reg Watson", "Claire Kremen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028969.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Overlap_between_results_/352026", "title"=>"Overlap between results.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-02-16 00:33:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/681613"], "description"=>"<p>Data used in the study (I), sources, methods (M), and an overview of the comparisons (C).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["methods", "overview", "comparisons"], "article_id"=>352091, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Thomas F. Allnutt", "Timothy R. McClanahan", "Serge Andréfouët", "Merrill Baker", "Erwann Lagabrielle", "Caleb McClennen", "Andry J. M. Rakotomanjaka", "Tantely F. Tianarisoa", "Reg Watson", "Claire Kremen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028969.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Data_used_in_the_study_I_sources_methods_M_and_an_overview_of_the_comparisons_C_/352091", "title"=>"Data used in the study (I), sources, methods (M), and an overview of the comparisons (C).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-02-16 00:34:51"}

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Relative Metric

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