The Evolution of the Multicoloured Face of Mandrills: Insights from the Perceptual Space of Colour Vision
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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/700352"], "description"=>"<p>The hue of the ‘blue’ patch is given by the angle separating it to the fixed red hue. Information accuracy is either associated to the saturation of each colour perceived individually (blue and red horizontal lines), to the intra-signal colour contrast (continuous black line), or to the mean between the intra-signal colour contrast and the contrast between the colour with varying hue and the foliage background colouration. The range of hues where the black continuous line is above both the red and the blue lines describes bicoloured displays for which information is more accurately assessed from the perception of the ‘blue’-red contrast than from the perception of ‘blue’ or red saturation. The blue arrow indicates the mean blue hue effectively observed in the mandrill face.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hue"], "article_id"=>370744, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Julien P. Renoult", "H. Martin Schaefer", "Bettina Sallé", "Marie J. E. Charpentier"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029117.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationship_between_information_accuracy_and_the_hue_of_the_8216_blue_8217_patch_/370744", "title"=>"Relationship between information accuracy and the hue of the ‘blue’ patch.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-12-21 00:12:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/355539"], "description"=>"<div><p>Multicomponent signals consist of several traits that are perceived as a whole. Although many animals rely on multicomponent signals to communicate, the selective pressures shaping these signals are still poorly understood. Previous work has mainly investigated the evolution of multicomponent signals by studying each trait individually, which may not accurately reflect the selective pressures exerted by the holistic perception of signal receivers. Here, we study the design of the multicoloured face of an Old World primate, the mandrill (<em>Mandrillus sphinx</em>), in relation to two aspects of signalling that are expected to be selected by receivers: conspicuousness and information. Using reflectance data on the blue and red colours of the faces of 34 males and a new method of hue vectorisation in a perceptual space of colour vision, we show that the blue hue maximises contrasts to both the red hue and the foliage background colouration, thereby increasing the conspicuousness of the whole display. We further show that although blue saturation, red saturation and the contrast between blue and red colours are all correlated with dominance, dominance is most accurately indicated by the blue-red contrast. Taken together our results suggest that the evolution of blue and red facial colours in male mandrills are not independent and are likely driven by the holistic perception of conspecifics. In this view, we propose that the multicoloured face of mandrills acts as a multicomponent signal. Last, we show that information accuracy increases with the conspicuousness of the whole display, indicating that both aspects of signalling can evolve in concert.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["multicoloured", "insights", "perceptual", "colour"], "article_id"=>130257, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Julien P. Renoult", "H. Martin Schaefer", "Bettina Sallé", "Marie J. E. Charpentier"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029117", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/The_Evolution_of_the_Multicoloured_Face_of_Mandrills_Insights_from_the_Perceptual_Space_of_Colour_Vision/130257", "title"=>"The Evolution of the Multicoloured Face of Mandrills: Insights from the Perceptual Space of Colour Vision", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-12-21 00:04:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/700407"], "description"=>"<p>*Except for Hr (df: 1, 31).</p><p>Significant relationships (<i>p<0.05</i>) are shown in bold.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["regression"], "article_id"=>370792, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Julien P. Renoult", "H. Martin Schaefer", "Bettina Sallé", "Marie J. E. Charpentier"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029117.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_obtained_from_the_regression_analyses_/370792", "title"=>"Results obtained from the regression analyses.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-12-21 00:13:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/700274"], "description"=>"<p>Green points represent the colours of leaves, blue and red points represent blue and red facial colours, respectively, in the <i>a*b*</i> plane of CIELAB. Leaves with outlying <i>a*b*</i> values are not represented (min <i>a*</i> = −18.4; max <i>b*</i> = 56.1). In CIELAB, one unit corresponds to one just noticeable colour difference. Grey shadings indicate 95% confidence interval of hues. Coloured shadings indicate predicted hues of maximal disparity against the other facial colour and the background. For example, the blue shading indicates the predicted blue hues of maximal contrast against both leaves and red colours. The construction of the blue shading is illustrated with blue lines and marks of equal angles. Top-ranked males are the most saturated for both blue and red colours as indicated by the arrows.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["colour", "stimuli", "diagram", "reconstructed", "cielab"], "article_id"=>370649, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Julien P. Renoult", "H. Martin Schaefer", "Bettina Sallé", "Marie J. E. Charpentier"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029117.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Loci_of_colour_stimuli_in_the_colour_diagram_reconstructed_with_the_CIELAB_model_of_colour_vision_/370649", "title"=>"Loci of colour stimuli in the colour diagram reconstructed with the CIELAB model of colour vision.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-12-21 00:10:49"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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