Pervasiveness of Parasites in Pollinators
Publication Date
January 26, 2012
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Sophie E. F. Evison, Katherine E. Roberts, Lynn Laurenson, Stéphane Pietravalle, et al
Volume
7
Issue
1
Pages
e30641
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030641
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0030641
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22347356
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3273957
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/22347356
Web of Science
000301703800022
Scopus
84861818510
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/pervasiveness-parasites-pollinators
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Mendeley | Further Information

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Parasites are known to be an important factor in the some of the population declines of honey bees and bumblebees, but little is known about the parasites afflicting most other pollinators, or the extent of interspecific transmission or vectoring of parasites. Here we carry out a preliminary screening of pollinators (honey bees, five species of bumblebee, three species of wasp, four species of hoverfly and three genera of other bees) in the UK for parasites. We used molecular methods to screen for six honey bee viruses, Ascosphaera fungi, Microsporidia, and Wolbachia intracellular bacteria. We aimed simply to detect the presence of the parasites, encompassing vectoring as well as actual infections. Many pollinators of all types were positive for Ascosphaera fungi, while Microsporidia were rarer, being most frequently found in bumblebees. 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CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/687840"], "description"=>"1<p><a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0030641#pone.0030641-Chantawannakul1\" target=\"_blank\">[74]</a>.</p>2<p><a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0030641#pone.0030641-Blanchard1\" target=\"_blank\">[75]</a>.</p>3<p><a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0030641#pone.0030641-Kajobe1\" target=\"_blank\">[76]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["taqman", "pcr", "primers", "probes", "acute", "paralysis", "deformed", "israeli", "sacbrood"], "article_id"=>358313, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Sophie E. F. Evison", "Katherine E. Roberts", "Lynn Laurenson", "Stéphane Pietravalle", "Jeffrey Hui", "Jacobus C. Biesmeijer", "Judith E. Smith", "Giles Budge", "William O. H. Hughes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030641.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>94, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Real_time_Taqman_PCR_primers_and_probes_used_to_detect_acute_bee_paralysis_virus_ABPV_black_queen_cell_virus_BQCV_chronic_bee_paralysis_virus_CBPV_deformed_wing_virus_DWV_Israeli_acute_paralysis_virus_IAPV_and_sacbrood_virus_SBV_/358313", "title"=>"Real-time Taqman PCR primers and probes used to detect acute bee paralysis virus (ABPV), black queen cell virus (BQCV), chronic bee paralysis virus (CBPV), deformed wing virus (DWV), Israeli acute paralysis virus (IAPV) and sacbrood virus (SBV).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-01-26 02:18:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/350529"], "description"=>"<div><p>Many pollinator populations are declining, with large economic and ecological implications. Parasites are known to be an important factor in the some of the population declines of honey bees and bumblebees, but little is known about the parasites afflicting most other pollinators, or the extent of interspecific transmission or vectoring of parasites. Here we carry out a preliminary screening of pollinators (honey bees, five species of bumblebee, three species of wasp, four species of hoverfly and three genera of other bees) in the UK for parasites. We used molecular methods to screen for six honey bee viruses, <em>Ascosphaera</em> fungi, Microsporidia, and <em>Wolbachia</em> intracellular bacteria. We aimed simply to detect the presence of the parasites, encompassing vectoring as well as actual infections. Many pollinators of all types were positive for <em>Ascosphaera</em> fungi, while Microsporidia were rarer, being most frequently found in bumblebees. We also detected that most pollinators were positive for <em>Wolbachia</em>, most probably indicating infection with this intracellular symbiont, and raising the possibility that it may be an important factor in influencing host sex ratios or fitness in a diversity of pollinators. Importantly, we found that about a third of bumblebees (<em>Bombus pascuorum</em> and <em>Bombus terrestris</em>) and a third of wasps (<em>Vespula vulgaris</em>), as well as all honey bees, were positive for deformed wing virus, but that this virus was not present in other pollinators. Deformed wing virus therefore does not appear to be a general parasite of pollinators, but does interact significantly with at least three species of bumblebee and wasp. Further work is needed to establish the identity of some of the parasites, their spatiotemporal variation, and whether they are infecting the various pollinator species or being vectored. However, these results provide a first insight into the diversity, and potential exchange, of parasites in pollinator communities.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pervasiveness", "parasites", "pollinators"], "article_id"=>129284, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Sophie E. F. Evison", "Katherine E. Roberts", "Lynn Laurenson", "Stéphane Pietravalle", "Jeffrey Hui", "Jacobus C. Biesmeijer", "Judith E. Smith", "Giles Budge", "William O. H. Hughes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030641", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Pervasiveness_of_Parasites_in_Pollinators/129284", "title"=>"Pervasiveness of Parasites in Pollinators", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-01-26 02:34:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/687644"], "description"=>"<p>Overall proportions of honey bees (<i>Apis mellifera</i>), five species of bumblebees (<i>Bombus</i> spp.), three species of wasps (<i>Vespula vulgaris</i>, <i>V. germanica</i>, <i>Dolichovespula sylvestris</i>), three genera of other bees (<i>Andrena</i>, <i>Halcitus</i>, <i>Lasioglossum</i>; there were also some that could not be identified) and four species of hoverflies (<i>Eristalis arbustorum</i>, <i>E. tenax</i>, <i>Episyrphus balteatus</i>, <i>Rhingia campestris</i>) which were positive (coloured) or negative (white) for the deformed wing virus (DWV), <i>Ascosphaera</i> fungus, Microsporidia and <i>Wolbachia</i> parasites. Sample sizes for each host are given in parentheses. Significant differences in incidence between species within each of the five host types (honey bees, bumblebees, wasps, other bees, hoverflies) are indicated to the right of the relevant bars (* = <i>P</i><0.05; ns = <i>P</i>>0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parasites"], "article_id"=>358129, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Sophie E. F. Evison", "Katherine E. Roberts", "Lynn Laurenson", "Stéphane Pietravalle", "Jeffrey Hui", "Jacobus C. Biesmeijer", "Judith E. Smith", "Giles Budge", "William O. H. Hughes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030641.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Incidence_of_parasites_in_pollinators_/358129", "title"=>"Incidence of parasites in pollinators.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-01-26 02:15:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/687764"], "description"=>"<p>Samples were collected within a 5 km area at each site. See <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0030641#pone-0030641-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a> for the precise location of each of the numbered sites and the numbers of pollinators collected at each.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sites", "pollinator", "samples"], "article_id"=>358247, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Sophie E. F. Evison", "Katherine E. Roberts", "Lynn Laurenson", "Stéphane Pietravalle", "Jeffrey Hui", "Jacobus C. Biesmeijer", "Judith E. Smith", "Giles Budge", "William O. H. Hughes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030641.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Locations_of_the_sites_at_which_pollinator_samples_were_collected_/358247", "title"=>"Locations of the sites at which pollinator samples were collected.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-01-26 02:17:27"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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