Travel to School and Physical Activity Levels in 9–10 Year-Old UK Children of Different Ethnic Origin; Child Heart and Health Study in England (CHASE)
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{"title"=>"Travel to school and physical activity levels in 9-10 year-old UK children of different ethnic origin; child heart and health study in England (CHASE)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Christopher G.", "last_name"=>"Owen", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202893034"}, {"first_name"=>"Claire M.", "last_name"=>"Nightingale", "scopus_author_id"=>"35085224700"}, {"first_name"=>"Alicja R.", "last_name"=>"Rudnicka", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603711082"}, {"first_name"=>"Esther M.F.", "last_name"=>"van Sluijs", "scopus_author_id"=>"8570650800"}, {"first_name"=>"Ulf", "last_name"=>"Ekelund", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004141339"}, {"first_name"=>"Derek G.", "last_name"=>"Cook", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403472903"}, {"first_name"=>"Peter H.", "last_name"=>"Whincup", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006237290"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84856545981", "sgr"=>"84856545981", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"22319596", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0030932", "pui"=>"364189182"}, "id"=>"ebab87be-1da2-3462-98fc-3cc766fd8090", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Travel to school may offer a convenient way to increase physical activity levels in childhood. We examined the association between method of travel to school and physical activity levels in urban multi-ethnic children. METHODS AND FINDINGS: 2035 children (aged 9-10 years in 2006-7) provided data on their usual method of travel to school and wore an Actigraph-GT1M activity monitor during waking hours. Associations between method of travel and mean level of physical activity (counts per minute [CPM], steps, time spent in light, moderate or vigorous activity per day) were examined in models adjusted for confounding variables. 1393 children (69%) walked or cycled to school; 161 (8%) used public transport and 481 (24%) travelled by car. White European children were more likely to walk/cycle, black African Caribbeans to travel by public transport and South Asian children to travel by car. Children travelling by car spent less time in moderate to vigorous physical activity (-7 mins, 95%CI-9,-5), and had lower CPM (-32 CPM, 95%CI-44,-19) and steps per day (-813 steps, 95%CI,-1043,-582) than walkers/cyclists. Pupils travelling by public transport had similar activity levels to walkers/cyclists. Lower physical activity levels amongst car travellers' were especially marked at travelling times (school days between 8-9 am, 3-5 pm), but were also evident on weekdays at other times and at weekends; they did not differ by gender or ethnic group. CONCLUSION: Active travel to school is associated with higher levels of objectively measured physical activity, particularly during periods of travel but also at other times. If children travelling by car were to achieve physical activity levels (steps) similar to children using active travel, they would increase their physical activity levels by 9%. However, the population increase would be a modest 2%, because of the low proportion of car travellers in this urban population.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/travel-school-physical-activity-levels-910-yearold-uk-children-different-ethnic-origin-child-heart-h", "reader_count"=>63, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>16, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>16, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Decision Sciences"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>18, "Sports and Recreations"=>8, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>13}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>18}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>13}, "Decision Sciences"=>{"Decision Sciences"=>1}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>8}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>9}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>5}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Iran"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Tunisia"=>1, "Spain"=>1, "India"=>1}, "group_count"=>6}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/686581"], "description"=>"<p>Median weekday physical activity levels (CPM) from 7 am to midnight by mode of travel to school.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["weekday", "levels", "am"], "article_id"=>357068, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Christopher G. Owen", "Claire M. Nightingale", "Alicja R. Rudnicka", "Esther M. F. van Sluijs", "Ulf Ekelund", "Derek G. Cook", "Peter H. Whincup"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030932.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Median_weekday_physical_activity_levels_CPM_from_7_am_to_midnight_by_mode_of_travel_to_school_/357068", "title"=>"Median weekday physical activity levels (CPM) from 7 am to midnight by mode of travel to school.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-02-03 01:57:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/686646"], "description"=>"<p>Mean (95% CI) weekday physical activity levels (steps) by median distance to school between 8 to 9 am and 3 to 5 pm on weekdays in walkers only (no other forms of transport used).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["weekday", "levels", "median", "am", "pm", "weekdays", "walkers", "forms"], "article_id"=>357129, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Christopher G. Owen", "Claire M. Nightingale", "Alicja R. Rudnicka", "Esther M. F. van Sluijs", "Ulf Ekelund", "Derek G. Cook", "Peter H. Whincup"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030932.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_95_CI_weekday_physical_activity_levels_steps_by_median_distance_to_school_between_8_to_9_am_and_3_to_5_pm_on_weekdays_in_walkers_only_no_other_forms_of_transport_used_/357129", "title"=>"Mean (95% CI) weekday physical activity levels (steps) by median distance to school between 8 to 9 am and 3 to 5 pm on weekdays in walkers only (no other forms of transport used).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-02-03 01:58:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/686835"], "description"=>"<p>WE = white Europeans, SA = South Asians, BAC = black African Caribbeans, row %s = row percentages, col %s = column percentages.</p>†<p>Pearson Chi<sup>2</sup> test for difference between categories.</p>‡<p>Fisher's Exact test for difference between categories.</p>§<p>‘Other’ ethnic group has been removed from the ethnic group analysis.</p><p>*Distance to school in tertiles – number of subjects with missing data = 36.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["public health and epidemiology", "pediatrics and child health", "Non-clinical medicine"], "article_id"=>357321, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Christopher G. Owen", "Claire M. Nightingale", "Alicja R. Rudnicka", "Esther M. F. van Sluijs", "Ulf Ekelund", "Derek G. Cook", "Peter H. Whincup"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030932.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mode_of_transport_to_school_by_gender_ethnic_group_and_distance_from_home_to_school_/357321", "title"=>"Mode of transport to school by gender, ethnic group, and distance from home to school.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-02-03 02:02:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/686721"], "description"=>"†<p>Distances from home to school in tertiles.</p><p>Analyses are adjusted for sex, age quartiles, day order, day of week, month, ethnicity, distance to school in tertiles and random effects for child and school.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["levels", "children", "am", "pm", "weekdays", "excluding", "periods"], "article_id"=>357199, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Christopher G. Owen", "Claire M. Nightingale", "Alicja R. Rudnicka", "Esther M. F. van Sluijs", "Ulf Ekelund", "Derek G. Cook", "Peter H. Whincup"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030932.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Adjusted_activity_levels_in_children_who_walk_cycle_to_school_by_distance_to_school_i_between_8_to_9_am_and_3_to_5_pm_on_weekdays_ii_on_weekdays_excluding_periods_of_active_travel_/357199", "title"=>"Adjusted activity levels in children who walk/cycle to school by distance to school (i) between 8 to 9 am and 3 to 5 pm on weekdays, (ii) on weekdays excluding periods of active travel.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-02-03 01:59:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/686793"], "description"=>"<p>Mean differences compare level of physical activity in children who travel by public transport or car, to those who walk or cycle to and from school.</p><p>Analyses are adjusted for gender, age quartiles, day order, day of week, month, ethnicity and random effects for child and school.</p><p>Due to rounding and adjustment for other factors the numbers in parts (ii) and (iii) do not add up exactly to equal part (i).</p><p>MVPA = moderate to vigorous physical activity.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["weekday", "levels", "am", "pm", "weekdays", "excluding", "periods"], "article_id"=>357276, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Christopher G. Owen", "Claire M. Nightingale", "Alicja R. Rudnicka", "Esther M. F. van Sluijs", "Ulf Ekelund", "Derek G. Cook", "Peter H. Whincup"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030932.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Adjusted_mean_weekday_levels_of_physical_activity_by_mode_of_transport_to_school_i_on_weekdays_ii_between_8_to_9_am_and_3_to_5_pm_on_weekdays_iii_on_weekdays_excluding_periods_of_active_travel_/357276", "title"=>"Adjusted mean weekday levels of physical activity by mode of transport to school (i) on weekdays, (ii) between 8 to 9 am and 3 to 5 pm on weekdays, (iii) on weekdays excluding periods of active travel.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-02-03 02:01:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/349592", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/349621"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>Travel to school may offer a convenient way to increase physical activity levels in childhood. We examined the association between method of travel to school and physical activity levels in urban multi-ethnic children.</p> <h3>Methods and Findings</h3><p>2035 children (aged 9–10 years in 2006–7) provided data on their usual method of travel to school and wore an Actigraph-GT1M activity monitor during waking hours. Associations between method of travel and mean level of physical activity (counts per minute [CPM], steps, time spent in light, moderate or vigorous activity per day) were examined in models adjusted for confounding variables. 1393 children (69%) walked or cycled to school; 161 (8%) used public transport and 481 (24%) travelled by car. White European children were more likely to walk/cycle, black African Caribbeans to travel by public transport and South Asian children to travel by car. Children travelling by car spent less time in moderate to vigorous physical activity (−7 mins, 95%CI-9,-5), and had lower CPM (−32 CPM, 95%CI-44,-19) and steps per day (−813 steps, 95%CI,-1043,-582) than walkers/cyclists. Pupils travelling by public transport had similar activity levels to walkers/cyclists. Lower physical activity levels amongst car travellers' were especially marked at travelling times (school days between 8–9 am, 3–5 pm), but were also evident on weekdays at other times and at weekends; they did not differ by gender or ethnic group.</p> <h3>Conclusion</h3><p>Active travel to school is associated with higher levels of objectively measured physical activity, particularly during periods of travel but also at other times. If children travelling by car were to achieve physical activity levels (steps) similar to children using active travel, they would increase their physical activity levels by 9%. However, the population increase would be a modest 2%, because of the low proportion of car travellers in this urban population.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["levels", "year-old", "uk", "children", "england"], "article_id"=>129119, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Christopher G. Owen", "Claire M. Nightingale", "Alicja R. Rudnicka", "Esther M. F. van Sluijs", "Ulf Ekelund", "Derek G. Cook", "Peter H. Whincup"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030932.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030932.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Travel_to_School_and_Physical_Activity_Levels_in_9_10_Year_Old_UK_Children_of_Different_Ethnic_Origin_Child_Heart_and_Health_Study_in_England_CHASE_/129119", "title"=>"Travel to School and Physical Activity Levels in 9–10 Year-Old UK Children of Different Ethnic Origin; Child Heart and Health Study in England (CHASE)", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-02-03 02:31:59"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2012-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2012-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy and physiology", "average_usage"=>[308, 539, 659, 759, 852, 941, 1028, 1113, 1197, 1275, 1353, 1423]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Pediatrics", "average_usage"=>[300, 544, 655, 754, 851, 952, 1048, 1105, 1224, 1296, 1390, 1469, 1524, 1594, 1666, 1742, 1805, 1852, 1936, 2002, 2069, 2153, 2222, 2309, 2373]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[354, 585, 710, 810, 904, 998, 1090, 1181, 1268, 1361, 1435, 1525, 1594, 1657, 1731, 1813, 1878, 1948, 2016, 2094, 2158, 2219, 2294, 2347, 2410]}]}
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