A Modified Experimental Hut Design for Studying Responses of Disease-Transmitting Mosquitoes to Indoor Interventions: The Ifakara Experimental Huts
Publication Date
February 09, 2012
Journal
PLoS ONE
Authors
Fredros O. Okumu, Jason Moore, Edgar Mbeyela, Mark Sherlock, et al
Volume
7
Issue
2
Pages
e30967
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030967
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0030967
Web of Science
000302730200011
Scopus
84863407834
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/modified-experimental-hut-design-studying-responses-diseasetransmitting-mosquitoes-indoor-interventi
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"A modified experimental hut design for studying responses of disease-transmitting mosquitoes to indoor interventions: The ifakara experimental huts", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Fredros O.", "last_name"=>"Okumu", "scopus_author_id"=>"23469954500"}, {"first_name"=>"Jason", "last_name"=>"Moore", "scopus_author_id"=>"36502446100"}, {"first_name"=>"Edgar", "last_name"=>"Mbeyela", "scopus_author_id"=>"30967684100"}, {"first_name"=>"Mark", "last_name"=>"Sherlock", "scopus_author_id"=>"55290251800"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert", "last_name"=>"Sangusangu", "scopus_author_id"=>"36057155800"}, {"first_name"=>"Godfrey", "last_name"=>"Ligamba", "scopus_author_id"=>"55290356500"}, {"first_name"=>"Tanya", "last_name"=>"Russell", "scopus_author_id"=>"35293545500"}, {"first_name"=>"Sarah J.", "last_name"=>"Moore", "scopus_author_id"=>"35345151900"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84863407834", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0030967", "pui"=>"364223336", "pmid"=>"22347415", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84863407834", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"b49e64e3-1c63-3ed9-b8d1-d6b1822ad341", "abstract"=>"Differences between individual human houses can confound results of studies aimed at evaluating indoor vector control interventions such as insecticide treated nets (ITNs) and indoor residual insecticide spraying (IRS). Specially designed and standardised experimental huts have historically provided a solution to this challenge, with an added advantage that they can be fitted with special interception traps to sample entering or exiting mosquitoes. However, many of these experimental hut designs have a number of limitations, for example: 1) inability to sample mosquitoes on all sides of huts, 2) increased likelihood of live mosquitoes flying out of the huts, leaving mainly dead ones, 3) difficulties of cleaning the huts when a new insecticide is to be tested, and 4) the generally small size of the experimental huts, which can misrepresent actual local house sizes or airflow dynamics in the local houses. Here, we describe a modified experimental hut design - The Ifakara Experimental Huts- and explain how these huts can be used to more realistically monitor behavioural and physiological responses of wild, free-flying disease-transmitting mosquitoes, including the African malaria vectors of the species complexes Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles funestus, to indoor vector control-technologies including ITNs and IRS. Important characteristics of the Ifakara experimental huts include: 1) interception traps fitted onto eave spaces and windows, 2) use of eave baffles (panels that direct mosquito movement) to control exit of live mosquitoes through the eave spaces, 3) use of replaceable wall panels and ceilings, which allow safe insecticide disposal and reuse of the huts to test different insecticides in successive periods, 4) the kit format of the huts allowing portability and 5) an improved suite of entomological procedures to maximise data quality.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/modified-experimental-hut-design-studying-responses-diseasetransmitting-mosquitoes-indoor-interventi", "reader_count"=>59, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Librarian"=>3, "Researcher"=>25, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Librarian"=>3, "Researcher"=>25, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>7, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>28, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>8, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>5, "Computer Science"=>2, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>8}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>5}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>28}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>7}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Tanzania"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/683851"], "description"=>"<p>This example is from the area where the Ifakara experimental huts were first tested.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["communities"], "article_id"=>354333, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Fredros O. Okumu", "Jason Moore", "Edgar Mbeyela", "Mark Sherlock", "Robert Sangusangu", "Godfrey Ligamba", "Tanya Russell", "Sarah J. Moore"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030967.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_typical_local_house_used_by_communities_in_southern_Tanzania_/354333", "title"=>"A typical local house used by communities in southern Tanzania.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 09:09:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/684016"], "description"=>"<p>This figure shows the floor plan (panel A), the framework of the superstructure (panel B), side plans (panel C) and a complete view of the Ifakara experimental huts (panel D), showing important features.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["representations", "ifakara", "hut"], "article_id"=>354499, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Fredros O. Okumu", "Jason Moore", "Edgar Mbeyela", "Mark Sherlock", "Robert Sangusangu", "Godfrey Ligamba", "Tanya Russell", "Sarah J. Moore"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030967.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Diagrammatic_representations_of_the_Ifakara_experimental_hut_designs_/354499", "title"=>"Diagrammatic representations of the Ifakara experimental hut designs.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 09:10:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/684119"], "description"=>"<p>Panel A shows the main framework of the Ifakara experimental huts under construction at the workshop. Panel B shows technicians fitting the wall panels, (which are made of chicken wire on wooden frames), onto the inside walls of the Ifakara experimental huts. Panel C shows the inside surfaces of the huts after fitting the chicken wire wall panels and also the palm woven (<i>mikeka</i>) ceiling on the underside of the roof, but before the inside walls are covered with mud, and Panel D shows a completed and functional Ifakara experimental hut, fitted with interception traps on windows and eave spaces. It should be noted that the overall shape and dimensions are set to match the typical local houses, shown in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0030967#pone-0030967-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 1</a>. The hut is suspended on water-filled metal bowls to prevent predator ants, which would otherwise prey on the trapped mosquitoes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["representations", "steps", "ifakara"], "article_id"=>354604, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Fredros O. Okumu", "Jason Moore", "Edgar Mbeyela", "Mark Sherlock", "Robert Sangusangu", "Godfrey Ligamba", "Tanya Russell", "Sarah J. Moore"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030967.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pictorial_representations_of_selected_steps_in_the_construction_of_the_Ifakara_experimental_huts_/354604", "title"=>"Pictorial representations of selected steps in the construction of the Ifakara experimental huts.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 09:10:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/684247"], "description"=>"<p>Panel A and B shows the dimensions and materials used to construct these traps, while panel C and D shows the eave and window traps fitted onto an Ifakara experimental hut during collection.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["eave"], "article_id"=>354732, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Fredros O. Okumu", "Jason Moore", "Edgar Mbeyela", "Mark Sherlock", "Robert Sangusangu", "Godfrey Ligamba", "Tanya Russell", "Sarah J. Moore"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030967.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Diagrammatic_illustration_of_eave_trap_and_window_trap_/354732", "title"=>"Diagrammatic illustration of eave trap and window trap.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 09:11:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/684407"], "description"=>"<p>Panel A shows the design and dimensions of the different baffles used on front, back and gable sides, panel B and C are pictures showing two baffles fitted inside the huts and panel D shows the general layout of the baffles as interspaced with exit traps. Note that even though this diagram shows no <i>mikeka</i> ceiling under the roofs, the ceiling is an essential feature of all completed Ifakara experimental huts as shown in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0030967#pone-0030967-g003\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 3</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["baffles", "ifakara"], "article_id"=>354887, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Fredros O. Okumu", "Jason Moore", "Edgar Mbeyela", "Mark Sherlock", "Robert Sangusangu", "Godfrey Ligamba", "Tanya Russell", "Sarah J. Moore"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030967.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Netting_baffles_used_in_the_Ifakara_experimental_huts_/354887", "title"=>"Netting baffles used in the Ifakara experimental huts.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 09:12:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/684546"], "description"=>"<p>A map of the study area showing two sites at the edge of the village where Ifakara experimental huts are currently located. Site A has 9 huts while site B has 4.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["positioning", "ifakara"], "article_id"=>355029, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Fredros O. Okumu", "Jason Moore", "Edgar Mbeyela", "Mark Sherlock", "Robert Sangusangu", "Godfrey Ligamba", "Tanya Russell", "Sarah J. Moore"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030967.g006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Geographical_positioning_of_the_Ifakara_experimental_huts_/355029", "title"=>"Geographical positioning of the Ifakara experimental huts.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 09:12:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/684680"], "description"=>"<p>Picture of a fully suited spray person applying PMD onto inside walls of the Ifakara experimental huts using standard Expert Hudson™ sprayers.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["public health and epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "microbiology", "ecology", "science policy", "Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>355158, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Fredros O. Okumu", "Jason Moore", "Edgar Mbeyela", "Mark Sherlock", "Robert Sangusangu", "Godfrey Ligamba", "Tanya Russell", "Sarah J. Moore"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030967.g007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spraying_inside_the_experimental_huts_/355158", "title"=>"Spraying inside the experimental huts.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 09:13:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/684815"], "description"=>"a<p>Values in parenthesis represent interquartile ranges. Percentage reduction of mosquito catches due to PMD, was calculated based on the median mosquito catches.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["median", "mosquitoes", "caught", "ifakara", "huts", "sprayed", "pmd"], "article_id"=>355290, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Fredros O. Okumu", "Jason Moore", "Edgar Mbeyela", "Mark Sherlock", "Robert Sangusangu", "Godfrey Ligamba", "Tanya Russell", "Sarah J. Moore"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030967.t005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_a_Median_number_of_mosquitoes_of_different_species_caught_in_Ifakara_experimental_huts_that_were_either_sprayed_with_PMD_or_left_unsprayed_/355290", "title"=>"<sup>a</sup> Median number of mosquitoes of different species caught in Ifakara experimental huts that were either sprayed with PMD or left unsprayed.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 09:14:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/684849"], "description"=>"a<p>The Relative Rate (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of the mosquito counts were calculated from Generalized Linear Models.</p><p>*N.S refers to, ‘not significantly different’.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["geometric", "intervals", "mosquitoes", "caught", "ifakara", "baffles", "compared"], "article_id"=>355327, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Fredros O. Okumu", "Jason Moore", "Edgar Mbeyela", "Mark Sherlock", "Robert Sangusangu", "Godfrey Ligamba", "Tanya Russell", "Sarah J. Moore"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030967.t004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_a_Geometric_Mean_GM_number_and_the_95_confidence_intervals_CI_of_mosquitoes_caught_in_the_Ifakara_experimental_huts_whenever_baffles_were_used_compared_to_when_no_baffles_were_used_/355327", "title"=>"<sup>a</sup> Geometric Mean (GM) number and the 95% confidence intervals (CI) of mosquitoes caught in the Ifakara experimental huts. whenever baffles were used compared to when no baffles were used.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 09:14:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/684886"], "description"=>"a<p>Values in parentheses represent interquartile ranges. For <i>An. arabiensis</i> letters that differ denote statistical significance.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["median", "mosquitoes"], "article_id"=>355375, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Fredros O. Okumu", "Jason Moore", "Edgar Mbeyela", "Mark Sherlock", "Robert Sangusangu", "Godfrey Ligamba", "Tanya Russell", "Sarah J. Moore"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030967.t007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_a_Median_number_of_mosquitoes_collected_per_night_in_individual_experimental_huts_/355375", "title"=>"<sup>a</sup> Median number of mosquitoes collected per night in individual experimental huts.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 09:14:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/684933"], "description"=>"a<p>The median values shown here were calculated per hut per night. Values in parenthesis represent interquartile ranges.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["median", "mosquitoes", "caught", "entering", "exiting", "huts", "fitted", "arrangements", "traps"], "article_id"=>355410, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Fredros O. Okumu", "Jason Moore", "Edgar Mbeyela", "Mark Sherlock", "Robert Sangusangu", "Godfrey Ligamba", "Tanya Russell", "Sarah J. Moore"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030967.t006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_a_Median_number_of_mosquitoes_caught_entering_or_exiting_huts_fitted_with_different_trap_arrangements_namely_1_entry_traps_only_2_exit_traps_only_or_3_a_mixture_of_entry_traps_and_exit_traps_/355410", "title"=>"<sup>a</sup> Median number of mosquitoes caught entering or exiting huts fitted with different trap arrangements namely: 1) entry traps only, 2) exit traps only or 3) a mixture of entry traps and exit traps.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 09:14:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/684989"], "description"=>"<p>Mean and standard deviations (SD) of daily temperatures and relative humidity (%) inside Ifakara experimental huts, as compared to local huts that have either grass thatched roofing or iron-sheet roofing. Data collected for 20 consecutive days in February 20011.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["deviations", "temperatures", "humidity", "ifakara", "compared", "huts", "thatched", "roofing", "iron-sheet", "20", "days", "february"], "article_id"=>355458, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Fredros O. Okumu", "Jason Moore", "Edgar Mbeyela", "Mark Sherlock", "Robert Sangusangu", "Godfrey Ligamba", "Tanya Russell", "Sarah J. Moore"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030967.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_and_standard_deviations_SD_of_daily_temperatures_and_relative_humidity_inside_Ifakara_experimental_huts_as_compared_to_local_huts_that_have_either_grass_thatched_roofing_or_iron_sheet_roofing_Data_collected_for_20_consecutive_days_in_February_20011_/355458", "title"=>"Mean and standard deviations (SD) of daily temperatures and relative humidity (%) inside Ifakara experimental huts, as compared to local huts that have either grass thatched roofing or iron-sheet roofing. Data collected for 20 consecutive days in February 20011.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 09:15:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/685044"], "description"=>"<p>Mean daily wind speeds and cumulative rainfall outside Ifakara experimental huts between May and October 2010.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["speeds", "cumulative", "rainfall", "ifakara", "huts", "october"], "article_id"=>355514, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Fredros O. Okumu", "Jason Moore", "Edgar Mbeyela", "Mark Sherlock", "Robert Sangusangu", "Godfrey Ligamba", "Tanya Russell", "Sarah J. Moore"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030967.t003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_daily_wind_speeds_and_cumulative_rainfall_outside_Ifakara_experimental_huts_between_May_and_October_2010_/355514", "title"=>"Mean daily wind speeds and cumulative rainfall outside Ifakara experimental huts between May and October 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 09:15:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/685081"], "description"=>"<p>Mean and standard deviations (SD) of daily temperatures and humidity inside and outside Ifakara experimental huts. Data collected between May and October 2010.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["deviations", "temperatures", "humidity", "ifakara", "october"], "article_id"=>355563, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Fredros O. Okumu", "Jason Moore", "Edgar Mbeyela", "Mark Sherlock", "Robert Sangusangu", "Godfrey Ligamba", "Tanya Russell", "Sarah J. Moore"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030967.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_and_standard_deviations_SD_of_daily_temperatures_and_humidity_inside_and_outside_Ifakara_experimental_huts_Data_collected_between_May_and_October_2010_/355563", "title"=>"Mean and standard deviations (SD) of daily temperatures and humidity inside and outside Ifakara experimental huts. Data collected between May and October 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 09:15:39"}

PMC Usage Stats

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Relative Metric

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