Large-Scale Brain Networks in Board Game Experts: Insights from a Domain-Related Task and Task-Free Resting State
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{"title"=>"Large-scale brain networks in board game experts: Insights from a domain-related task and task-free resting state", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Xujun", "last_name"=>"Duan", "scopus_author_id"=>"35747997300"}, {"first_name"=>"Wei", "last_name"=>"Liao", "scopus_author_id"=>"45661583000"}, {"first_name"=>"Dongmei", "last_name"=>"Liang", "scopus_author_id"=>"54973123600"}, {"first_name"=>"Lihua", "last_name"=>"Qiu", "scopus_author_id"=>"49461609200"}, {"first_name"=>"Qing", "last_name"=>"Gao", "scopus_author_id"=>"36130123700"}, {"first_name"=>"Chengyi", "last_name"=>"Liu", "scopus_author_id"=>"57145381800"}, {"first_name"=>"Qiyong", "last_name"=>"Gong", "scopus_author_id"=>"55817409800"}, {"first_name"=>"Huafu", "last_name"=>"Chen", "scopus_author_id"=>"8876008200"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"22427852", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0032532", "sgr"=>"84863280746", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\n1932-6203 (Linking)", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84863280746", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"364412872"}, "id"=>"f3df65c5-b330-35a0-b0f1-7dc54ebd716e", "abstract"=>"Cognitive performance relies on the coordination of large-scale networks of brain regions that are not only temporally correlated during different tasks, but also networks that show highly correlated spontaneous activity during a task-free state. Both task-related and task-free network activity has been associated with individual differences in cognitive performance. Therefore, we aimed to examine the influence of cognitive expertise on four networks associated with cognitive task performance: the default mode network (DMN) and three other cognitive networks (central-executive network, dorsal attention network, and salience network). During fMRI scanning, fifteen grandmaster and master level Chinese chess players (GM/M) and fifteen novice players carried out a Chinese chess task and a task-free resting state. Modulations of network activity during task were assessed, as well as resting-state functional connectivity of those networks. Relative to novices, GM/Ms showed a broader task-induced deactivation of DMN in the chess problem-solving task, and intrinsic functional connectivity of DMN was increased with a connectivity pattern associated with the caudate nucleus in GM/Ms. The three other cognitive networks did not exhibit any difference in task-evoked activation or intrinsic functional connectivity between the two groups. These findings demonstrate the effect of long-term learning and practice in cognitive expertise on large-scale brain networks, suggesting the important role of DMN deactivation in expert performance and enhanced functional integration of spontaneous activity within widely distributed DMN-caudate circuitry, which might better support high-level cognitive control of behavior.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/largescale-brain-networks-board-game-experts-insights-domainrelated-task-taskfree-resting-state", "reader_count"=>91, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Researcher"=>22, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Researcher"=>22, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>10, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11, "Philosophy"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Computer Science"=>6, "Engineering"=>3, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>9, "Neuroscience"=>10, "Sports and Recreations"=>4, "Physics and Astronomy"=>3, "Psychology"=>30, "Social Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>9}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>4}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>3}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>30}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>10}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>3}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>10}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>6}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>2, "Japan"=>3, "China"=>3, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Germany"=>2, "Spain"=>2, "India"=>1}, "group_count"=>8}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/669688"], "description"=>"<p>Abbreviation: BA, brodmann area; R/L, right or left; CEN, central-executive network; DLPFC, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex; PPC, posterior parietal cortex; DAN, dorsal attention network; IPS, intraparietal sulcus; FEF, Frontal Eye Field; SN, salience network; FIC, fronto-insular cortex; ACC, anterior cingulate cortex; DMN, default mode network; PCC, posterior cingulate cortex; VMPFC, ventromedial prefrontal cortex; AG, angular gyrus. Regions labeled by † were used as seeds in the subsequent resting-state functional connectivity analysis to construct unbiased correlation maps for CEN, DAN, SN and DMN.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sn", "activation", "dmn", "deactivation", "chinese", "chess", "problem-solving", "alphasim"], "article_id"=>340160, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Xujun Duan", "Wei Liao", "Dongmei Liang", "Lihua Qiu", "Qing Gao", "Chengyi Liu", "Qiyong Gong", "Huafu Chen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032532.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Coordinates_of_CEN_DAN_SN_activation_and_DMN_deactivation_during_Chinese_chess_problem_solving_task_Game_condition_vs_Blank_board_condition_p_/340160", "title"=>"Coordinates of CEN, DAN, SN activation and DMN deactivation during Chinese chess problem-solving task (Game condition vs. Blank board condition) (<i>p</i><0.05, AlphaSim corrected).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-03-12 00:02:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/342402", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/342456", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/342515"], "description"=>"<div><p>Cognitive performance relies on the coordination of large-scale networks of brain regions that are not only temporally correlated during different tasks, but also networks that show highly correlated spontaneous activity during a task-free state. Both task-related and task-free network activity has been associated with individual differences in cognitive performance. Therefore, we aimed to examine the influence of cognitive expertise on four networks associated with cognitive task performance: the default mode network (DMN) and three other cognitive networks (central-executive network, dorsal attention network, and salience network). During fMRI scanning, fifteen grandmaster and master level Chinese chess players (GM/M) and fifteen novice players carried out a Chinese chess task and a task-free resting state. Modulations of network activity during task were assessed, as well as resting-state functional connectivity of those networks. Relative to novices, GM/Ms showed a broader task-induced deactivation of DMN in the chess problem-solving task, and intrinsic functional connectivity of DMN was increased with a connectivity pattern associated with the caudate nucleus in GM/Ms. The three other cognitive networks did not exhibit any difference in task-evoked activation or intrinsic functional connectivity between the two groups. These findings demonstrate the effect of long-term learning and practice in cognitive expertise on large-scale brain networks, suggesting the important role of DMN deactivation in expert performance and enhanced functional integration of spontaneous activity within widely distributed DMN-caudate circuitry, which might better support high-level cognitive control of behavior.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["large-scale", "networks", "insights", "domain-related", "task-free", "resting"], "article_id"=>127686, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Xujun Duan", "Wei Liao", "Dongmei Liang", "Lihua Qiu", "Qing Gao", "Chengyi Liu", "Qiyong Gong", "Huafu Chen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032532.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032532.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032532.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>9, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Large_Scale_Brain_Networks_in_Board_Game_Experts_Insights_from_a_Domain_Related_Task_and_Task_Free_Resting_State/127686", "title"=>"Large-Scale Brain Networks in Board Game Experts: Insights from a Domain-Related Task and Task-Free Resting State", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-03-12 02:08:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/669229"], "description"=>"<p>(A) General Linear Model (GLM) analysis revealed regional activations for GM/Ms (orange) and novices (purple) in the cognitive networks, which included bilateral DLPFC and PPC in the CEN (indicated by red arrow), FEF and IPS in DAN (yellow arrow) and FIC and ACC in the SN (light green arrow) (<i>p</i><0.05, AlphaSim corrected). (B) Deactivation map for GM/Ms (blue) and novices (light green) in PCC, MPFC and bilateral AG, which constitutes the DMN (light blue arrow) (<i>p</i><0.05, AlphaSim corrected). (C) PCC, left AG and middle temporal gyrus which located in the DMN shows significantly greater deactivation during Chinese chess problem-solving task in GM/Ms than in novices (<i>p</i><0.05, AlphaSim corrected). (D) Percent signal change at the PCC (MNI coordinate: 10, −52, 28) during game condition and blank board condition. Error bars represent standard error of the mean for each column.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["networks", "deactivation", "dmn", "chinese", "chess", "problem-solving"], "article_id"=>339700, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Xujun Duan", "Wei Liao", "Dongmei Liang", "Lihua Qiu", "Qing Gao", "Chengyi Liu", "Qiyong Gong", "Huafu Chen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032532.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Activation_in_the_cognitive_networks_and_deactivation_in_the_DMN_during_Chinese_chess_problem_solving_task_Game_condition_vs_Blank_board_condition_/339700", "title"=>"Activation in the cognitive networks and deactivation in the DMN during Chinese chess problem-solving task (Game condition vs. Blank board condition).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-03-12 02:41:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/669729"], "description"=>"<p>Deactivation differences in the DMN during Chinese chess problem-solving task (Game condition vs. Blank condition) (Two sample <i>t</i>-test, <i>p</i><0.05, AlphaSim corrected).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["differences", "dmn", "chinese", "chess", "problem-solving", "alphasim"], "article_id"=>340208, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Xujun Duan", "Wei Liao", "Dongmei Liang", "Lihua Qiu", "Qing Gao", "Chengyi Liu", "Qiyong Gong", "Huafu Chen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032532.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Deactivation_differences_in_the_DMN_during_Chinese_chess_problem_solving_task_Game_condition_vs_Blank_condition_Two_sample_t_test_p_/340208", "title"=>"Deactivation differences in the DMN during Chinese chess problem-solving task (Game condition vs. Blank condition) (Two sample <i>t</i>-test, <i>p</i><0.05, AlphaSim corrected).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-03-12 00:03:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/669388"], "description"=>"<p>Seeds for resting-state functional connectivity calculation of these three networks were labeled by † in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0032532#pone-0032532-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["population-averaged", "maps", "dan", "sn", "novices", "resting-state", "alphasim"], "article_id"=>339862, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Xujun Duan", "Wei Liao", "Dongmei Liang", "Lihua Qiu", "Qing Gao", "Chengyi Liu", "Qiyong Gong", "Huafu Chen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032532.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_population_averaged_correlation_maps_of_CEN_DAN_and_SN_in_GM_Ms_and_novices_during_resting_state_experiment_One_sample_t_test_p_/339862", "title"=>"The population-averaged correlation maps of CEN, DAN and SN in GM/Ms and novices during resting-state experiment (One-sample <i>t</i>-test, <i>p</i><0.05, AlphaSim corrected).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-03-12 02:44:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/669535"], "description"=>"<p>A and B demonstrate the population-averaged correlation maps of the DMN in GM/Ms (A) and novices (B) during resting-state experiment (One-sample <i>t</i>-test, <i>p</i><0.05, AlphaSim corrected). Seeds for resting-state functional connectivity calculation of the DMN were labeled by † in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0032532#pone-0032532-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>. (C) Between-group comparisons reveal significantly increased connectivity of DMN with the caudate nucleus in GM/Ms relative to novices (Two sample <i>t</i>-test, <i>p</i><0.05, AlphaSim corrected. Peak MNI coordinates x, y, z: left caudate −12, 8, 12; right caudate 8, 10, 10). (D) Plots of the <i>z</i>-score in the bilateral caudate in the population-averaged correlation maps of DMN in GM/Ms (purple) and novices (blue).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["resting-state", "connectivity"], "article_id"=>340019, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Xujun Duan", "Wei Liao", "Dongmei Liang", "Lihua Qiu", "Qing Gao", "Chengyi Liu", "Qiyong Gong", "Huafu Chen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032532.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_the_resting_state_functional_connectivity_in_the_DMN_/340019", "title"=>"Results of the resting-state functional connectivity in the DMN.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-03-12 00:00:19"}

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Relative Metric

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