Symbionts as Major Modulators of Insect Health: Lactic Acid Bacteria and Honeybees
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{"title"=>"Symbionts as major modulators of insect health: Lactic acid bacteria and honeybees", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Alejandra", "last_name"=>"Vásquez", "scopus_author_id"=>"8600209800"}, {"first_name"=>"Eva", "last_name"=>"Forsgren", "scopus_author_id"=>"12787900900"}, {"first_name"=>"Ingemar", "last_name"=>"Fries", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003980287"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert J.", "last_name"=>"Paxton", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102371376"}, {"first_name"=>"Emilie", "last_name"=>"Flaberg", "scopus_author_id"=>"12808791600"}, {"first_name"=>"Laszlo", "last_name"=>"Szekely", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006491146"}, {"first_name"=>"Tobias C.", "last_name"=>"Olofsson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006225870"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84858050440", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0033188", "sgr"=>"84858050440", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"22427985", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"364413416"}, "id"=>"77aef20c-068a-3963-9b66-43143a007992", "abstract"=>"Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are well recognized beneficial host-associated members of the microbiota of humans and animals. Yet LAB-associations of invertebrates have been poorly characterized and their functions remain obscure. Here we show that honeybees possess an abundant, diverse and ancient LAB microbiota in their honey crop with beneficial effects for bee health, defending them against microbial threats. Our studies of LAB in all extant honeybee species plus related apid bees reveal one of the largest collections of novel species from the genera Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium ever discovered within a single insect and suggest a long (>80 mya) history of association. Bee associated microbiotas highlight Lactobacillus kunkeei as the dominant LAB member. Those showing potent antimicrobial properties are acquired by callow honey bee workers from nestmates and maintained within the crop in biofilms, though beekeeping management practices can negatively impact this microbiota. Prophylactic practices that enhance LAB, or supplementary feeding of LAB, may serve in integrated approaches to sustainable pollinator service provision. We anticipate this microbiota will become central to studies on honeybee health, including colony collapse disorder, and act as an exemplar case of insect-microbe symbiosis.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/symbionts-major-modulators-insect-health-lactic-acid-bacteria-honeybees", "reader_count"=>263, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Librarian"=>4, "Researcher"=>62, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>13, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>64, "Student > Postgraduate"=>11, "Student > Master"=>43, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>32, "Lecturer"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>9}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Librarian"=>4, "Researcher"=>62, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>13, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>64, "Student > Postgraduate"=>11, "Student > Master"=>43, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>32, "Lecturer"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>9}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>15, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>186, "Arts and Humanities"=>3, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>4, "Chemistry"=>4, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Engineering"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>9, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>22, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>7, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>8}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>7}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>15}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>9}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>3}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>4}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>8}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>186}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>22}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>4}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Sweden"=>2, "Puerto Rico"=>1, "Argentina"=>1, "Austria"=>1, "Belgium"=>1, "United States"=>9, "Denmark"=>2, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>5, "Mexico"=>1, "France"=>1, "Germany"=>3}, "group_count"=>11}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/670139"], "description"=>"<p>Proportion dead larvae in both replicates (total number dead after 21 days). Data presented as a mean for the three groups fed <i>M. plutonius</i> (10<sup>7</sup>, 10<sup>6</sup> and10<sup>5</sup> bacteria ml<sup>−1</sup>), and the 3 groups fed <i>M. plutonius</i> and LAB. Irrespective of infectious dose, the overall effect from the LAB supplement was a significantly reduced mortality in the treated groups. Mortality in the uninfected control groups was <7%.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["honeybee", "larvae", "european"], "article_id"=>340621, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Alejandra Vásquez", "Eva Forsgren", "Ingemar Fries", "Robert J. Paxton", "Emilie Flaberg", "Laszlo Szekely", "Tobias C. Olofsson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033188.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_LAB_rescue_of_honeybee_larvae_from_European_Foulbrood_/340621", "title"=>"LAB rescue of honeybee larvae from European Foulbrood.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-03-12 00:10:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/342813", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/342903", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/342992"], "description"=>"<div><p>Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are well recognized beneficial host-associated members of the microbiota of humans and animals. Yet LAB-associations of invertebrates have been poorly characterized and their functions remain obscure. Here we show that honeybees possess an abundant, diverse and ancient LAB microbiota in their honey crop with beneficial effects for bee health, defending them against microbial threats. Our studies of LAB in all extant honeybee species plus related apid bees reveal one of the largest collections of novel species from the genera <em>Lactobacillus</em> and <em>Bifidobacterium</em> ever discovered within a single insect and suggest a long (>80 mya) history of association. Bee associated microbiotas highlight <em>Lactobacillus kunkeei</em> as the dominant LAB member. Those showing potent antimicrobial properties are acquired by callow honey bee workers from nestmates and maintained within the crop in biofilms, though beekeeping management practices can negatively impact this microbiota. Prophylactic practices that enhance LAB, or supplementary feeding of LAB, may serve in integrated approaches to sustainable pollinator service provision. We anticipate this microbiota will become central to studies on honeybee health, including colony collapse disorder, and act as an exemplar case of insect-microbe symbiosis.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["symbionts", "modulators", "lactic", "honeybees"], "article_id"=>127765, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Alejandra Vásquez", "Eva Forsgren", "Ingemar Fries", "Robert J. Paxton", "Emilie Flaberg", "Laszlo Szekely", "Tobias C. Olofsson"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033188.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033188.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033188.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Symbionts_as_Major_Modulators_of_Insect_Health_Lactic_Acid_Bacteria_and_Honeybees/127765", "title"=>"Symbionts as Major Modulators of Insect Health: Lactic Acid Bacteria and Honeybees", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-03-12 02:09:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/670054"], "description"=>"<p>The red fluorescence shows live-stained bacteria in a LAB biofilm attached to a honey crop. The green fluorescence shows the nuclei of the honeybee crop cells. The visualized tissue shows a projection of 112 confocal z-sections (through a 37.6 µm z-depth, covering a xy-area of 246×246 µm).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["visualization"], "article_id"=>340546, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Alejandra Vásquez", "Eva Forsgren", "Ingemar Fries", "Robert J. Paxton", "Emilie Flaberg", "Laszlo Szekely", "Tobias C. Olofsson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033188.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_In_vivo_visualization_of_LAB_biofilm_/340546", "title"=>"<i>In vivo</i> visualization of LAB biofilm.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-03-12 00:09:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/669917"], "description"=>"<p><i>In vitro</i> visualization of lactobacilli attached to the wall of a honeybee crop using SEM. <b>A</b>, <b>B</b> and <b>C</b> show different areas of a honey crop at similar magnification with visible attachment structures resembling extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). <b>D</b> shows a larger part of the crop with attached bacteria. Photographer Lennart Nilsson.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["visualization"], "article_id"=>340400, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Alejandra Vásquez", "Eva Forsgren", "Ingemar Fries", "Robert J. Paxton", "Emilie Flaberg", "Laszlo Szekely", "Tobias C. Olofsson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033188.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_In_vitro_visualization_of_lactobacilli_/340400", "title"=>"<i>In vitro</i> visualization of lactobacilli.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-03-12 00:06:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/670278"], "description"=>"a<p>Displayed numbers represent randomly picked isolates.</p><p>\n <b>Legend.</b></p><p>Ten to 30 colonies were randomly picked from agar plates containing 30–300 colonies each, and re-cultivated for purity (isolates). The re-cultivation and identification of LAB were performed as previously described <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0033188#pone.0033188-Olofsson1\" target=\"_blank\">[16]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["microbiology", "ecology"], "article_id"=>340765, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Alejandra Vásquez", "Eva Forsgren", "Ingemar Fries", "Robert J. Paxton", "Emilie Flaberg", "Laszlo Szekely", "Tobias C. Olofsson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033188.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Presence_of_LAB_in_callows_/340765", "title"=>"Presence of LAB in callows.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-03-12 00:12:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/669740"], "description"=>"<p>Phylogenetic tree based on a distance matrix of positions 56–1470 (<i>Escherichia coli</i> numbering) in the 16S rRNA gene of <i>Lactobacillus</i> and <i>Bifidobacterium</i> spp. bacteria from <i>Apis</i> species (red) and the stingless bees <i>Melipona beechii</i> (turquoise), <i>Meliponula bocandeii</i> (green) and <i>Trigona</i> sp (blue). Previously characterized bacterial phylotypes from <i>Apis mellifera</i> are in bold print (red). Bacterial type strains are in bold characters (black). Phylotypes in the framework (right) represent different clusters belonging to a characterised or possibly novel species. <i>Bifidobacterium</i> group is the out-group. Bar: 5 base pair changes. 16S rRNA gene sequences deposited in GenBank HM534742–HM534842 (in parenthesis).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["microbiology", "ecology"], "article_id"=>340226, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Alejandra Vásquez", "Eva Forsgren", "Ingemar Fries", "Robert J. Paxton", "Emilie Flaberg", "Laszlo Szekely", "Tobias C. Olofsson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033188.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_tree_of_LAB_in_bee_crops_/340226", "title"=>"Phylogenetic tree of LAB in bee crops.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-03-12 00:03:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/670241"], "description"=>"a<p><i>Apis mellifera</i> bees collected in Kenya from the subspecies <i>A. m. scutellata</i> and <i>A. m. monticola</i>.</p>b<p>Wild colonies.</p>c<p>ND = Not determined.</p><p>\n <b>Legend.</b></p><p>Viable counts in colony forming units (cfu) of lactic acid bacteria cultivated from honey crops, fresh honey, bee pollen and bee bread. All samples were cultivated on LAB selective media immediately after sampling or after chilled transportation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bacterial", "counts"], "article_id"=>340727, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Alejandra Vásquez", "Eva Forsgren", "Ingemar Fries", "Robert J. Paxton", "Emilie Flaberg", "Laszlo Szekely", "Tobias C. Olofsson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033188.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Lactic_acid_bacterial_counts_in_social_bees_/340727", "title"=>"Lactic acid bacterial counts in social bees.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-03-12 00:12:07"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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