Additive Pressures of Elevated Sea Surface Temperatures and Herbicides on Symbiont-Bearing Foraminifera
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{"title"=>"Additive pressures of elevated sea surface temperatures and herbicides on symbiont-bearing foraminifera", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Joost W.", "last_name"=>"van Dam", "scopus_author_id"=>"55100932500"}, {"first_name"=>"Andrew P.", "last_name"=>"Negri", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101736006"}, {"first_name"=>"Jochen F.", "last_name"=>"Mueller", "scopus_author_id"=>"9238898300"}, {"first_name"=>"Rolf", "last_name"=>"Altenburger", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003822116"}, {"first_name"=>"Sven", "last_name"=>"Uthicke", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603938554"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"364461210", "sgr"=>"84858437016", "pmid"=>"22439012", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84858437016", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0033900", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"c2c9a60b-a799-36ad-82d9-db5b50e09fc0", "abstract"=>"Elevated ocean temperatures and agrochemical pollution individually threaten inshore coral reefs, but these pressures are likely to occur simultaneously. Experiments were conducted to evaluate the combined effects of elevated temperature and the photosystem II (PSII) inhibiting herbicide diuron on several types of symbiotic algae (diatom, dinoflagellate or rhodophyte) of benthic foraminifera in hospite. Diuron was shown to evoke a direct effect on photosynthetic efficiency (reduced effective PSII quantum yield ΔF/F'(m)), while elevated temperatures (>30 °C, only 2 °C above current average summer temperatures) were observed to impact photosynthesis more indirectly by causing reductions in maximum PSII quantum yield (F(v)/F(m)), interpreted as photodamage. Additionally, elevated temperatures were shown to cause bleaching through loss of chlorophyll a in foraminifera hosting either diatoms or dinoflagellates. A significant linear correlation was found between reduced F(v)/F(m) and loss of chlorophyll a. In most cases, symbionts within foraminifera proved more sensitive to thermal stress in the presence of diuron (≥ 1 µg L(-1)). The mixture toxicity model of Independent Action (IA) described the combined effects of temperature and diuron on the photosystem of species hosting diatoms or dinoflagellates convincingly and in agreement with probabilistic statistics, so a response additive joint action can be assumed. We thus demonstrate that improving water quality can improve resilience of symbiotic phototrophs to projected increases in ocean temperatures. As IA described the observed combined effects from elevated temperature and diuron stress it may therefore be employed for prediction of untested mixtures and for assessing the efficacy of management measures.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/additive-pressures-elevated-sea-surface-temperatures-herbicides-symbiontbearing-foraminifera", "reader_count"=>49, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>11, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>11, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>14, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>21, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>5, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>5}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>21}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>14}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Taiwan"=>1, "Mexico"=>1, "Malaysia"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/666703"], "description"=>"*<p>Significant factor (<i>α</i> = 0.050 or adjusted for # post-hoc tests). T = temperature, Conc = diuron concentration.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["two-factor", "anova", "chlorophyll", "96", "combinations", "diuron"], "article_id"=>337184, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Biochemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Joost W. van Dam", "Andrew P. Negri", "Jochen F. Mueller", "Rolf Altenburger", "Sven Uthicke"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033900.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_of_two_factor_ANOVA_of_chlorophyll_a_content_of_Heterostegina_depressa_and_Marginopora_vertebralis_after_96_hours_exposure_to_combinations_of_diuron_and_temperature_/337184", "title"=>"Summary of two-factor ANOVA of chlorophyll <i>a</i> content of <i>Heterostegina depressa</i> and <i>Marginopora vertebralis</i> after 96 hours exposure to combinations of diuron and temperature.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 07:39:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/666383"], "description"=>"<p><i>F<sub>v</sub></i>/<i>F<sub>m</sub></i> was measured in hospite, following 96 h exposure to low diuron concentrations at temperatures ranging from 26–34°C. Data are means (<i>x</i>) ± SE, n = 6 specimens per treatment.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["inhibition", "quantum", "psii", "symbiotic", "microalgae", "benthic"], "article_id"=>336862, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Biochemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Joost W. van Dam", "Andrew P. Negri", "Jochen F. Mueller", "Rolf Altenburger", "Sven Uthicke"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033900.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relative_inhibition_of_maximum_quantum_PSII_yield_F_v_F_m_of_symbiotic_microalgae_of_six_species_of_benthic_foraminifera_/336862", "title"=>"Relative inhibition of maximum quantum PSII yield (<i>F<sub>v</sub></i>/<i>F<sub>m</sub></i>) of symbiotic microalgae of six species of benthic foraminifera.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 07:37:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/666452"], "description"=>"<p>Specimens were exposed to combinations of diuron and temperature over 96 h. <b>A+B</b>) inhibition kinetics <i>ΔF</i>/<i>F′<sub>m</sub></i>. <b>C+D</b>) inhibition kinetics <i>F<sub>v</sub></i>/<i>F<sub>m</sub></i>. Data are means (<i>x</i>) ± SE, n = 6 specimens per treatment.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["psii", "inhibition", "kinetics", "symbiotic", "microalgae"], "article_id"=>336940, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Biochemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Joost W. van Dam", "Andrew P. Negri", "Jochen F. Mueller", "Rolf Altenburger", "Sven Uthicke"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033900.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Quantum_PSII_yield_inhibition_kinetics_of_symbiotic_microalgae_of_Heterostegina_depressa_and_Marginopora_vertebralis_/336940", "title"=>"Quantum PSII yield inhibition kinetics of symbiotic microalgae of <i>Heterostegina depressa</i> and <i>Marginopora vertebralis</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 07:37:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/666308"], "description"=>"<p>Datapoints overlapping the zero-interaction line indicate additivity; datapoints underneath the additivity line indicate sub-additivity (combined effectpredicted effects). <b>A–E</b>) Correlations for inhibition <i>ΔF</i>/<i>F′<sub>m</sub></i> after 96 h exposure. <b>F–J</b>) Correlations for inhibition <i>F<sub>v</sub></i>/<i>F<sub>m</sub></i> after 96 h exposure. Data are means (<i>x</i>) ±95% CI, n = 6 specimens per treatment.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["observed", "elevated", "diuron", "photosynthesis", "foraminiferal"], "article_id"=>336789, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Biochemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Joost W. van Dam", "Andrew P. Negri", "Jochen F. Mueller", "Rolf Altenburger", "Sven Uthicke"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033900.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Correlation_between_observed_and_predicted_IA_combined_effects_of_elevated_temperature_and_diuron_on_photosynthesis_of_foraminiferal_symbionts_/336789", "title"=>"Correlation between observed and predicted (IA) combined effects of elevated temperature and diuron on photosynthesis of foraminiferal symbionts.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 07:37:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/666579"], "description"=>"<p>Foraminifera used in this study, symbiont type and collection data.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["symbiont"], "article_id"=>337073, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Biochemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Joost W. van Dam", "Andrew P. Negri", "Jochen F. Mueller", "Rolf Altenburger", "Sven Uthicke"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033900.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Foraminifera_used_in_this_study_symbiont_type_and_collection_data_/337073", "title"=>"Foraminifera used in this study, symbiont type and collection data.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 07:38:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/666238"], "description"=>"<p><i>ΔF</i>/<i>F′<sub>m</sub></i> was measured <i>in hospite</i>, following 96 h exposure to low diuron concentrations at temperatures ranging from 26–34°C. Data are means (<i>x</i>) ± SE, n = 6 specimens per treatment.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["inhibition", "quantum", "psii", "symbiotic", "microalgae", "benthic"], "article_id"=>336714, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Biochemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Joost W. van Dam", "Andrew P. Negri", "Jochen F. Mueller", "Rolf Altenburger", "Sven Uthicke"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033900.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relative_inhibition_of_effective_quantum_PSII_yield_916_F_F_m_of_symbiotic_microalgae_of_six_species_of_benthic_foraminifera_/336714", "title"=>"Relative inhibition of effective quantum PSII yield (<i>ΔF</i>/<i>F′<sub>m</sub></i>) of symbiotic microalgae of six species of benthic foraminifera.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 07:36:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/666521"], "description"=>"<p>Chl <i>a</i> content was determined after 96 h exposures and expressed relative to wet weight. Data are means (<i>x</i>) ± SE, n = 6 (<i>M. vertebralis</i>) or 4 (<i>H. depressa</i>) specimens per treatment.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["diuron", "chl"], "article_id"=>337013, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Biochemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Joost W. van Dam", "Andrew P. Negri", "Jochen F. Mueller", "Rolf Altenburger", "Sven Uthicke"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033900.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Combined_effects_of_diuron_and_temperature_on_Chl_a_content_of_Heterostegina_depressa_and_Marginopora_vertebralis_/337013", "title"=>"Combined effects of diuron and temperature on Chl <i>a</i> content of <i>Heterostegina depressa</i> and <i>Marginopora vertebralis</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 07:38:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/666659"], "description"=>"a<p>Data incorporated in the analysis limited to 26–32°C treatments as excessive mortality occurred in the 34°C treatments.</p>*<p>Significant factor (<i>α</i> = 0.050 or adjusted for # post-hoc tests). Some photosynthetic yield data were arcsine or rank transformed prior to analysis. T = temperature, Conc = diuron concentration.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["two-factor", "anova", "foraminiferal", "96", "exposures", "combinations", "elevated"], "article_id"=>337139, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Biochemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Joost W. van Dam", "Andrew P. Negri", "Jochen F. Mueller", "Rolf Altenburger", "Sven Uthicke"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033900.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_of_two_factor_ANOVA_of_916_F_F_m_and_F_v_F_m_of_different_foraminiferal_symbionts_measured_in_hospite_in_response_to_96_h_exposures_to_combinations_of_elevated_temperature_and_diuron_/337139", "title"=>"Summary of two-factor ANOVA of <i>ΔF</i>/<i>F′<sub>m</sub></i> and <i>F<sub>v</sub></i>/<i>F<sub>m</sub></i> of different foraminiferal symbionts, measured <i>in hospite</i>, in response to 96 h exposures to combinations of elevated temperature and diuron.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 07:38:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/666621"], "description"=>"<p>Inclusion of a second order polynomial term for concentration (Conc<sup>2</sup>) did not improve fit for any of the models (ANOVA test for model comparison) and was excluded from the model. Equations linking temperature and diuron concentration were fitted to the inhibition data and solved to obtain temperatures where 10 and 25% inhibition <i>ΔF</i>/<i>F′<sub>m</sub></i> and <i>F<sub>v</sub></i>/<i>F<sub>m</sub></i> occurred (IT<sub>10</sub> and IT<sub>25</sub>, respectively). The adjusted R<sup>2</sup> indicates which part of the variance in the dataset is explained by the model. Empty fields signify diuron concentrations at which >10 or 25% inhibition PSII yield was observed, irrespective of temperature. T = temperature (°C), Conc = diuron concentration (µg L<sup>−1</sup>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["polynomial", "curves", "describing", "psii-inhibiting", "elevated", "changed", "diuron"], "article_id"=>337106, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Biochemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Joost W. van Dam", "Andrew P. Negri", "Jochen F. Mueller", "Rolf Altenburger", "Sven Uthicke"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033900.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Two_predictor_polynomial_curves_describing_how_the_PSII_inhibiting_effect_of_elevated_temperature_changed_with_increasing_diuron_concentrations_/337106", "title"=>"Two-predictor polynomial curves describing how the PSII-inhibiting effect of elevated temperature changed with increasing diuron concentrations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 07:38:43"}

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Relative Metric

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