Interbasin Water Transfer, Riverine Connectivity, and Spatial Controls on Fish Biodiversity
Publication Date
March 28, 2012
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Evan H. Campbell Grant, Heather J. Lynch, Rachata Muneepeerakul, Muthukumarasamy Arunachalam, et al
Volume
7
Issue
3
Pages
e34170
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0034170
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0034170
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22470533
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3314595
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/22470533
Web of Science
000304489000072
Scopus
84859042550
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/interbasin-water-transfer-riverine-connectivity-spatial-controls-fish-biodiversity
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Mendeley | Further Information

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/339423"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>Large-scale inter-basin water transfer (IBWT) projects are commonly proposed as solutions to water distribution and supply problems. These problems are likely to intensify under future population growth and climate change scenarios. Scarce data on the distribution of freshwater fishes frequently limits the ability to assess the potential implications of an IBWT project on freshwater fish communities. Because connectivity in habitat networks is expected to be critical to species' biogeography, consideration of changes in the relative isolation of riverine networks may provide a strategy for controlling impacts of IBWTs on freshwater fish communities.</p> <h3>Methods/Principal Findings</h3><p>Using empirical data on the current patterns of freshwater fish biodiversity for rivers of peninsular India, we show here how the spatial changes alone under an archetypal IBWT project will (1) reduce freshwater fish biodiversity system-wide, (2) alter patterns of local species richness, (3) expand distributions of widespread species throughout peninsular rivers, and (4) decrease community richness by increasing inter-basin similarity (a mechanism for the observed decrease in biodiversity). Given the complexity of the IBWT, many paths to partial or full completion of the project are possible. We evaluate two strategies for step-wise implementation of the 11 canals, based on economic or ecological considerations. We find that for each step in the project, the impacts on freshwater fish communities are sensitive to which canal is added to the network.</p> <h3>Conclusions/Significance</h3><p>Importantly, ecological impacts can be reduced by associating the sequence in which canals are added to characteristics of the links, except for the case when all 11 canals are implemented simultaneously (at which point the sequence of canal addition is inconsequential). By identifying the fundamental relationship between the geometry of riverine networks and freshwater fish biodiversity, our results will aid in assessing impacts of IBWT projects and balancing ecosystem and societal demands for freshwater, even in cases where biodiversity data are limited.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interbasin", "riverine", "spatial", "controls", "biodiversity"], "article_id"=>127104, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Evan H. Campbell Grant", "Heather J. Lynch", "Rachata Muneepeerakul", "Muthukumarasamy Arunachalam", "Ignacio Rodríguez-Iturbe", "William F. Fagan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0034170", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>18, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Interbasin_Water_Transfer_Riverine_Connectivity_and_Spatial_Controls_on_Fish_Biodiversity/127104", "title"=>"Interbasin Water Transfer, Riverine Connectivity, and Spatial Controls on Fish Biodiversity", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-03-28 01:58:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/662388"], "description"=>"<p>This relationship holds for different measures of connectivity. Average degree (panel A; size of circles relative to the average number of connected sub-basins of the peninsular river networks, which increase as unconnected rivers are linked via canals), largest network size (panel B; size of circles relative to the average degree), decrease in the number of river networks (panel C; size of circles relative to the average degree), and number of networks consisting of a single sub-basin (panel D; size of circles relative to the average degree).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["connectivity", "underlies", "linking"], "article_id"=>332873, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Evan H. Campbell Grant", "Heather J. Lynch", "Rachata Muneepeerakul", "Muthukumarasamy Arunachalam", "Ignacio Rodríguez-Iturbe", "William F. Fagan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0034170.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_System_connectivity_underlies_the_loss_of_species_TSR_total_species_richness_for_both_the_economic_open_red_circles_and_the_ecological_closed_blue_circles_linking_strategies_/332873", "title"=>"System connectivity underlies the loss of species (TSR, total species richness) for both the economic (open red circles) and the ecological (closed blue circles) linking strategies.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-03-28 00:47:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/662293"], "description"=>"<p>Panel A: rank-occupancy for the empirical freshwater fish data (dotted line), neutral model (dashed line; averaged over 120 simulation runs of the rank-occupancy after 130 generations), and the MAXENT-derived rank-occupancy distribution data (solid line). Panel B: relationship between the local species richness (LSR) from the neutral model (y-axis) and the MAXENT-derived distribution data (x-axes). The solid line is the 1∶1 line.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fits"], "article_id"=>332778, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Evan H. Campbell Grant", "Heather J. Lynch", "Rachata Muneepeerakul", "Muthukumarasamy Arunachalam", "Ignacio Rodríguez-Iturbe", "William F. Fagan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0034170.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Plots_of_the_model_fits_to_the_data_used_for_the_analysis_/332778", "title"=>"Plots of the model fits to the data used for the analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-03-28 00:46:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/662556"], "description"=>"<p>We show results from both the the economic (A) and ecological (B) linking strategies. Sub-basins are outlined in gray, major rivers in blue, and canals are indicated in red; the link added in each step is in yellow. Darker shades indicate greater increase in LSR (relative to the LSR after 130 generations with no canal links implemented). All other symbols follow <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0034170#pone-0034170-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. 1</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["richness", "31", "sub-basins", "canal"], "article_id"=>333038, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Evan H. Campbell Grant", "Heather J. Lynch", "Rachata Muneepeerakul", "Muthukumarasamy Arunachalam", "Ignacio Rodríguez-Iturbe", "William F. Fagan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0034170.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Change_in_local_species_richness_LSR_for_each_of_the_31_river_sub_basins_as_each_canal_is_implemented_/333038", "title"=>"Change in local species richness (LSR) for each of the 31 river sub-basins as each canal is implemented.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-03-28 00:50:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/662803"], "description"=>"<p>From the Watershed Atlas of India, Central Groundwater Board, Ministry of Water Resources; cgwb.gov.in/watershed/basinsindia.html (accessed 22 October 2008); see also <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0034170#pone-0034170-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. 1</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sub-basins"], "article_id"=>333295, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Evan H. Campbell Grant", "Heather J. Lynch", "Rachata Muneepeerakul", "Muthukumarasamy Arunachalam", "Ignacio Rodríguez-Iturbe", "William F. Fagan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0034170.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Number_of_sub_basins_in_each_river_basin_/333295", "title"=>"Number of sub-basins in each river basin.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-03-28 00:54:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/662748"], "description"=>"<p>The change in between-community diversity (i.e., β diversity) at each linking step is generally smaller for the ecological than the economic linking strategies. Note that the canal added at steps 1–9 (but not 10 or 11) differ between strategies (compare canal implementation in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0034170#pone-0034170-g003\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. 3</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["linking"], "article_id"=>333235, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Evan H. Campbell Grant", "Heather J. Lynch", "Rachata Muneepeerakul", "Muthukumarasamy Arunachalam", "Ignacio Rodríguez-Iturbe", "William F. Fagan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0034170.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Between_community_diversity_for_each_linking_strategy_/333235", "title"=>"Between-community diversity for each linking strategy.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-03-28 00:53:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/662664"], "description"=>"<p>Note log scale of the y axis. Each of the 11 linking steps is represented by one plot. The lower, black line is the rank-occupancy under the no linking step; the solid red line is the resulting occupancy after each link is added under the ‘economic’ linking strategy, and the blue dotted line is the resulting occupancy after each link is added under the ‘ecological’ linking strategy. Each panel is an implementation step, where the canal added under the ecological strategy at a given step is not the same as the canal added in the economic strategy (compare canal implementation in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0034170#pone-0034170-g003\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. 3</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["130", "occupancy", "canal"], "article_id"=>333144, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Evan H. Campbell Grant", "Heather J. Lynch", "Rachata Muneepeerakul", "Muthukumarasamy Arunachalam", "Ignacio Rodríguez-Iturbe", "William F. Fagan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0034170.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Average_rank_of_130_generations_versus_occupancy_after_each_canal_link_is_implemented_/333144", "title"=>"Average rank (of 130 generations) versus occupancy after each canal link is implemented.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-03-28 00:52:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/662183"], "description"=>"<p>Showing the 8 major river basins (thick black lines), 31 sub-basins (thin black or gray lines), major rivers (blue lines), 11 proposed canals under India's Interlinking of Rivers Programme interbasin water transfer plan (IBWT; red lines), and the initial local species richness (LSR; grey shading).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["peninsular"], "article_id"=>332671, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Evan H. Campbell Grant", "Heather J. Lynch", "Rachata Muneepeerakul", "Muthukumarasamy Arunachalam", "Ignacio Rodríguez-Iturbe", "William F. Fagan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0034170.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_of_peninsular_India_/332671", "title"=>"Map of peninsular India.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-03-28 00:44:31"}

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Relative Metric

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