Animal or Plant: Which Is the Better Fog Water Collector?
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{"title"=>"Animal or plant: Which is the better fog water collector?", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Thomas", "last_name"=>"Nørgaard", "scopus_author_id"=>"15834875500"}, {"first_name"=>"Martin", "last_name"=>"Ebner", "scopus_author_id"=>"36970937900"}, {"first_name"=>"Marie", "last_name"=>"Dacke", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602783291"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"364556657", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0034603", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84859244113", "pmid"=>"22509331", "sgr"=>"84859244113"}, "id"=>"a706cd1e-493d-3826-bd04-50ca8996f4bf", "abstract"=>"Occasional fog is a critical water source utilised by plants and animals in the Namib Desert. Fog basking beetles (Onymacris unguicularis, Tenebrionidae) and Namib dune bushman grass (Stipagrostris sabulicola, Poaceae) collect water directly from the fog. While the beetles position themselves optimally for fog water collection on dune ridges, the grass occurs predominantly at the dune base where less fog water is available. Differences in the fog-water collecting abilities in animals and plants have never been addressed. Here we place beetles and grass side-by-side in a fog chamber and measure the amount of water they collect over time. Based on the accumulated amount of water over a two hour period, grass is the better fog collector. However, in contrast to the episodic cascading water run-off from the grass, the beetles obtain water in a steady flow from their elytra. This steady trickle from the beetles' elytra to their mouth could ensure that even short periods of fog basking--while exposed to predators--will yield water. Up to now there is no indication of specialised surface properties on the grass leafs, but the steady run-off from the beetles could point to specific property adaptations of their elytra surface.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/animal-plant-better-fog-water-collector", "reader_count"=>43, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Master"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Master"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>7, "Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>12, "Materials Science"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Chemical Engineering"=>1, "Chemistry"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>7}, "Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>2}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>2}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>12}, "Chemical Engineering"=>{"Chemical Engineering"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"South Africa"=>2, "Spain"=>1, "India"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/659275"], "description"=>"<p>The Namib Desert fog basking beetle <i>Onymacris unguicularis</i> (beetle length ca. 2 cm).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["basking"], "article_id"=>329760, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Thomas Nørgaard", "Martin Ebner", "Marie Dacke"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0034603.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fog_basking_beetle_/329760", "title"=>"Fog basking beetle.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 07:00:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/659441"], "description"=>"<p>A Namib dune bushman grass <i>Stipagrostris sabulicola</i> hummock in the fog. (plant height ca. 1 m).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["dune", "bushman"], "article_id"=>329931, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Thomas Nørgaard", "Martin Ebner", "Marie Dacke"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0034603.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>75, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Namib_dune_bushman_grass_/329931", "title"=>"Namib dune bushman grass.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 07:01:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/659608"], "description"=>"<p>Amount of water collected by beetles (black line, N = 12) and grass (green line, N = 12) exposed to fog in intervals from zero to 120 minutes with 20 minute increments (mean ± SD). The water run-off in the beetles is a steady flow, in plants it is in cascades.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["run-off", "beetle"], "article_id"=>330097, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Thomas Nørgaard", "Martin Ebner", "Marie Dacke"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0034603.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Water_run_off_dynamics_of_beetle_and_grass_/330097", "title"=>"Water run-off dynamics of beetle and grass.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 07:02:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/659540"], "description"=>"<p>Fog water collection (mean plus standard deviation) per mm<sup>2</sup> of the experimental objects upper surface area. The fog basking beetles were found to harvest significantly less fog water than the grass straws and metal wires. One-way ANOVA, significance codes: ** p<0.01; n.s., not significant.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["plant biology", "biotechnology", "ecology", "Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>330027, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Thomas Nørgaard", "Martin Ebner", "Marie Dacke"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0034603.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fog_water_collection_/330027", "title"=>"Fog water collection.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 07:01:42"}

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Relative Metric

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