Reading Faces: Differential Lateral Gaze Bias in Processing Canine and Human Facial Expressions in Dogs and 4-Year-Old Children
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{"title"=>"Reading faces: Differential lateral gaze bias in processing canine and human facial expressions in dogs and 4-year-old children", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Anaïs", "last_name"=>"Racca", "scopus_author_id"=>"35222073200"}, {"first_name"=>"Kun", "last_name"=>"Guo", "scopus_author_id"=>"36190721100"}, {"first_name"=>"Kerstin", "last_name"=>"Meints", "scopus_author_id"=>"7801503503"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniel S.", "last_name"=>"Mills", "scopus_author_id"=>"55963188300"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84860463099", "sgr"=>"84860463099", "pui"=>"364720851", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"22558335", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0036076"}, "id"=>"d06de24c-50f4-3eaa-bb95-568798faa1f9", "abstract"=>"Sensitivity to the emotions of others provides clear biological advantages. However, in the case of heterospecific relationships, such as that existing between dogs and humans, there are additional challenges since some elements of the expression of emotions are species-specific. Given that faces provide important visual cues for communicating emotional state in both humans and dogs, and that processing of emotions is subject to brain lateralisation, we investigated lateral gaze bias in adult dogs when presented with pictures of expressive human and dog faces. Our analysis revealed clear differences in laterality of eye movements in dogs towards conspecific faces according to the emotional valence of the expressions. Differences were also found towards human faces, but to a lesser extent. For comparative purpose, a similar experiment was also run with 4-year-old children and it was observed that they showed differential processing of facial expressions compared to dogs, suggesting a species-dependent engagement of the right or left hemisphere in processing emotions.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/reading-faces-differential-lateral-gaze-bias-processing-canine-human-facial-expressions-dogs-4yearol", "reader_count"=>144, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Librarian"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Researcher"=>25, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>35, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>24, "Other"=>10, "Student > Bachelor"=>13, "Lecturer"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Librarian"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Researcher"=>25, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>35, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>24, "Other"=>10, "Student > Bachelor"=>13, "Lecturer"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>11, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>54, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>7, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Computer Science"=>6, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>41, "Social Sciences"=>8, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1, "Linguistics"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>8}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>41}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>11}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>54}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>6}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>2}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>7}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Austria"=>4, "Hungary"=>3, "United States"=>3, "Luxembourg"=>1, "China"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>6, "Italy"=>2, "France"=>2, "Australia"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1, "India"=>1}, "group_count"=>10}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/645647"], "description"=>"<p>Mean Lateralisation Index (LI) and standard error (SE) of children's <i>Total look</i> for each image category (dog faces, human faces, and objects) and each emotional valence (negative, neutral, positive). *Significant deviation from chance (0) (2-tailed 1-sample <i>t</i>-test, *<i>p</i><0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>316141, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Anaïs Racca", "Kun Guo", "Kerstin Meints", "Daniel S. Mills"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036076.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Children_s_total_look_/316141", "title"=>"Children's total look.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:48:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/645826"], "description"=>"<p>Dogs' scores (mean±SE) and difference (P value) between standard and mirror sessions regarding both LI (First look) (2-tailed Wilcoxon Signed Rank tests) and LI (Total Look) (2-tailed paired <i>t</i>-tests), for each image category.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>316318, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Anaïs Racca", "Kun Guo", "Kerstin Meints", "Daniel S. Mills"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036076.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Dogs_standard_and_mirror_sessions_/316318", "title"=>"Dogs' standard and mirror sessions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:49:43"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/645576"], "description"=>"<p>Mean Lateralisation Index (LI) and standard error (SE) of children's <i>First look</i> for each image category (dog faces, human faces, and objects) and each emotional valence (negative, neutral, positive). *Significant deviation from chance (0) (2-tailed Wilcoxon signed rank tests, * <i>p</i><0.05; ** <i>p</i><0.01).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>316073, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Anaïs Racca", "Kun Guo", "Kerstin Meints", "Daniel S. Mills"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036076.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Children_first_look_/316073", "title"=>"Children' first look.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:48:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/645495"], "description"=>"<p>Mean Lateralisation Index (LI) and standard error (SE) of dogs' <i>Total look</i> for each image category (dog faces, human faces, objects) and each emotional valence (negative, neutral, positive) *Significant deviation from chance (0) (2-tailed 1-sample <i>t</i>-test, *<i>p</i><0.05; **<i>p</i><0.01; ***<i>p</i><0.001). <sup>#</sup> Significant differences between valence of emotions (Post-hoc tests within ANOVA; <sup># </sup><i>p</i><0.05; <sup>## </sup><i>p</i><0.01; <sup>### </sup><i>p</i><0.001).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>315989, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Anaïs Racca", "Kun Guo", "Kerstin Meints", "Daniel S. Mills"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036076.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Dogs_total_look_/315989", "title"=>"Dogs' total look.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:48:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/645860"], "description"=>"<p>Mean time and standard error (mean±SE), in seconds, children spent looking on the ‘left’, ‘right’, ‘central’ and ‘out’ of the pictures for each image category.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>316355, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Anaïs Racca", "Kun Guo", "Kerstin Meints", "Daniel S. Mills"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036076.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Children_s_viewing_time_/316355", "title"=>"Children's viewing time.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:49:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/645742"], "description"=>"<p>Mean Lateralisation Index (LI) and standard error (SE) of both dogs and children's <i>Total look</i> regarding each emotional valence (negative, neutral and positive). *Significant differences between variables (ANOVA; * <i>p</i><0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>316235, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Anaïs Racca", "Kun Guo", "Kerstin Meints", "Daniel S. Mills"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036076.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Dogs_and_children_s_total_look_/316235", "title"=>"Dogs' and children's total look.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:49:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/645312"], "description"=>"<p>Example of the used stimuli.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>315804, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Anaïs Racca", "Kun Guo", "Kerstin Meints", "Daniel S. Mills"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036076.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Example_of_the_used_stimuli_/315804", "title"=>"Example of the used stimuli.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:47:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/645388"], "description"=>"<p>E: experimenter, P: participant, A: accompanying person.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>315882, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Anaïs Racca", "Kun Guo", "Kerstin Meints", "Daniel S. Mills"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036076.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Schematic_apparatus_/315882", "title"=>"Schematic apparatus.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:47:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/645920"], "description"=>"<p>Children' scores (mean±SE) and difference (P value) between standard and mirror sessions regarding both LI (First look) (2-tailed Wilcoxon Signed Rank tests) and LI (Total Look) (2-tailed paired <i>t</i>-tests), for each image category.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>316415, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Anaïs Racca", "Kun Guo", "Kerstin Meints", "Daniel S. Mills"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036076.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Children_s_standard_and_mirror_sessions_/316415", "title"=>"Children's standard and mirror sessions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:50:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/645437"], "description"=>"<p>Mean Lateralisation Index (LI) and standard error (SE) of dogs' <i>First look</i> for each image category (dog faces, human faces, and objects) and each emotional valence (negative, neutral and positive). *Significant deviation from chance (0) (2-tailed Wilcoxon signed rank tests, * <i>p</i><0.05; ** <i>p</i><0.01). <sup>#</sup> Significant differences between valence of emotions (Wilcoxon signed rank tests, <i>p</i><0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>315935, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Anaïs Racca", "Kun Guo", "Kerstin Meints", "Daniel S. Mills"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036076.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>31, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Dogs_first_look_/315935", "title"=>"Dogs' first look.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:47:55"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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