Functional Evolution of the Feeding System in Rodents
Publication Date
April 27, 2012
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Philip G. Cox, Emily J. Rayfield, Michael J. Fagan, Anthony Herrel, et al
Volume
7
Issue
4
Pages
e36299
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036299
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0036299
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22558427
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3338682
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/22558427
Web of Science
000305336000182
Scopus
84860464120
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/functional-evolution-feeding-system-rodents
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Functional evolution of the feeding system in rodents", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Philip G.", "last_name"=>"Cox", "scopus_author_id"=>"36338846600"}, {"first_name"=>"Emily J.", "last_name"=>"Rayfield", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003569471"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael J.", "last_name"=>"Fagan", "scopus_author_id"=>"34973989700"}, {"first_name"=>"Anthony", "last_name"=>"Herrel", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004374986"}, {"first_name"=>"Todd C.", "last_name"=>"Pataky", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602473491"}, {"first_name"=>"Nathan", "last_name"=>"Jeffery", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003551859"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84860464120", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0036299", "pui"=>"364720996", "pmid"=>"22558427", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84860464120", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"12b76c0b-5ba5-3154-babd-8ecc407fb709", "abstract"=>"The masticatory musculature of rodents has evolved to enable both gnawing at the incisors and chewing at the molars. In particular, the masseter muscle is highly specialised, having extended anteriorly to originate from the rostrum. All living rodents have achieved this masseteric expansion in one of three ways, known as the sciuromorph, hystricomorph and myomorph conditions. Here, we used finite element analysis (FEA) to investigate the biomechanical implications of these three morphologies, in a squirrel, guinea pig and rat. In particular, we wished to determine whether each of the three morphologies is better adapted for either gnawing or chewing. Results show that squirrels are more efficient at muscle-bite force transmission during incisor gnawing than guinea pigs, and that guinea pigs are more efficient at molar chewing than squirrels. This matches the known diet of nuts and seeds that squirrels gnaw, and of grasses that guinea pigs grind down with their molars. Surprisingly, results also indicate that rats are more efficient as well as more versatile feeders than both the squirrel and guinea pig. There seems to be no compromise in biting efficiency to accommodate the wider range of foodstuffs and the more general feeding behaviour adopted by rats. Our results show that the morphology of the skull and masticatory muscles have allowed squirrels to specialise as gnawers and guinea pigs as chewers, but that rats are high-performance generalists, which helps explain their overwhelming success as a group.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/functional-evolution-feeding-system-rodents", "reader_count"=>117, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>23, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>30, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>23, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>23, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>30, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>23, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Engineering"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>74, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>8, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>17, "Linguistics"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>8}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>17}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>74}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>6}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>5}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Argentina"=>1, "United States"=>4, "Brazil"=>2, "Mexico"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Portugal"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/647302"], "description"=>"<p>Incisor biting in squirrel (A,D,G), guinea pig (B,E,H) and rat (C,F,I), each loaded with squirrel (A–C), guinea pig (D–F) and rat muscles (G–I). Grey areas indicate von Mises stresses exceeding 10 MPa.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["von", "mises", "stresses"], "article_id"=>317799, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Developmental Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Philip G. Cox", "Emily J. Rayfield", "Michael J. Fagan", "Anthony Herrel", "Todd C. Pataky", "Nathan Jeffery"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036299.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Predicted_distribution_of_von_Mises_stresses_across_the_skull_/317799", "title"=>"Predicted distribution of von Mises stresses across the skull.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:57:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/647415"], "description"=>"<p>Unilateral biting on M1 in squirrel (A,D,G), guinea pig (B,E,H) and rat (C,F,I), each loaded with squirrel (A–C), guinea pig (D–F) and rat muscles (G–I). Grey areas indicate von Mises stresses exceeding 10 MPa.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["von", "mises", "stresses"], "article_id"=>317906, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Developmental Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Philip G. Cox", "Emily J. Rayfield", "Michael J. Fagan", "Anthony Herrel", "Todd C. Pataky", "Nathan Jeffery"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036299.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Predicted_distribution_of_von_Mises_stresses_across_the_skull_/317906", "title"=>"Predicted distribution of von Mises stresses across the skull.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:57:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/647605"], "description"=>"<p>Abbreviations: ZM, zygomatico-mandibularis.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["forces", "simulating", "proportions", "rodent"], "article_id"=>318095, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Developmental Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Philip G. Cox", "Emily J. Rayfield", "Michael J. Fagan", "Anthony Herrel", "Todd C. Pataky", "Nathan Jeffery"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036299.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Recalculated_muscle_forces_N_simulating_muscle_proportions_of_each_rodent_on_the_other_two_skulls_/318095", "title"=>"Recalculated muscle forces (N) simulating muscle proportions of each rodent on the other two skulls.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:58:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/647639"], "description"=>"<p>Abbreviations: <i>E</i>, Young's modulus (measured in MPa); <i>ν</i>, Poisson's ratio; PDL, periodontal ligament.</p>*<p>, values taken from literature <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0036299#pone.0036299-Rayfield1\" target=\"_blank\">[29]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["properties", "cranial", "dental"], "article_id"=>318130, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Developmental Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Philip G. Cox", "Emily J. Rayfield", "Michael J. Fagan", "Anthony Herrel", "Todd C. Pataky", "Nathan Jeffery"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036299.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Material_properties_of_cranial_and_dental_components_/318130", "title"=>"Material properties of cranial and dental components.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:59:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/647704"], "description"=>"<p>Abbreviations: I, incisor; M1, first molar; M2, second molar; M3, third molar; PM, premolar.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biting"], "article_id"=>318195, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Developmental Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Philip G. Cox", "Emily J. Rayfield", "Michael J. Fagan", "Anthony Herrel", "Todd C. Pataky", "Nathan Jeffery"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036299.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Average_predicted_bite_force_N_and_mechanical_efficiency_of_biting_at_each_tooth_/318195", "title"=>"Average predicted bite force (N) and mechanical efficiency of biting at each tooth.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:59:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/647006"], "description"=>"<p>Topology based on Blanga-Kanfi <i>et al </i><a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0036299#pone.0036299-Adkins1\" target=\"_blank\">[15]</a>. Silhouettes indicate the position of the rat, guinea pig and squirrel within the Muroidea, Ctenohystrica and Sciuridae respectively.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cladogram", "extant", "rodents", "masticatory"], "article_id"=>317492, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Developmental Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Philip G. Cox", "Emily J. Rayfield", "Michael J. Fagan", "Anthony Herrel", "Todd C. Pataky", "Nathan Jeffery"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036299.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>136, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Simplified_cladogram_of_the_extant_rodents_showing_the_distribution_of_masticatory_muscle_morphologies_/317492", "title"=>"Simplified cladogram of the extant rodents showing the distribution of masticatory muscle morphologies.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:55:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/647070"], "description"=>"<p>Arrows indicate the biting tooth: (A–C) incisor bites; (D–F) unilateral bites on M1; (G–I) unilateral bites on M3; (J–L) maximum von Mises stress experienced by each element across unilateral and bilateral bites on every tooth. (A,D,G,J) squirrel; (B,E,H,K) guinea pig; and (C,F,I,L) rat. Grey areas indicate von Mises stresses exceeding 10 MPa.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["von", "mises", "stresses"], "article_id"=>317559, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Developmental Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Philip G. Cox", "Emily J. Rayfield", "Michael J. Fagan", "Anthony Herrel", "Todd C. Pataky", "Nathan Jeffery"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036299.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Predicted_distribution_of_von_Mises_stresses_across_the_skull_/317559", "title"=>"Predicted distribution of von Mises stresses across the skull.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:56:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/647669"], "description"=>"<p>Abbreviations: ZM, zygomatico-mandibularis.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["forces", "applied"], "article_id"=>318162, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Developmental Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Philip G. Cox", "Emily J. Rayfield", "Michael J. Fagan", "Anthony Herrel", "Todd C. Pataky", "Nathan Jeffery"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036299.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Muscle_forces_N_applied_to_each_side_of_each_model_/318162", "title"=>"Muscle forces (N) applied to each side of each model.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:59:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/647192"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Median von Mises stresses on the skull and (B) mechanical efficiency of biting (predicted bite force divided by total applied muscle force) in squirrels, guinea pigs and rats. (C) Median von Mises stresses and (D) mechanical efficiency of biting of each of the three models with the squirrel, guinea pig and rat muscle configurations applied in turn. I, incisor; PM, premolar (absent in rats); M, Molar.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rodents"], "article_id"=>317683, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Developmental Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Philip G. Cox", "Emily J. Rayfield", "Michael J. Fagan", "Anthony Herrel", "Todd C. Pataky", "Nathan Jeffery"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036299.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Biting_performance_of_rodents_at_each_tooth_/317683", "title"=>"Biting performance of rodents at each tooth.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:56:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/647526"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Stress generated by guinea pig muscles subtracted from stress generated by squirrel muscles. (B) Stress generated by rat muscles subtracted from stress generated by squirrel muscles. (C) Stress generated by rat muscles subtracted from stress generated by guinea pig muscles. Positive results represented by hot colours, negative results by cool colours. Dotted pattern in temporal region of the rat (B and C) indicates the nodes from which the temporalis muscle originates and is a result of the large temporalis of the rat. Arrows indicate the biting tooth.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["maps", "von", "mises", "stresses", "loaded"], "article_id"=>318013, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Developmental Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Philip G. Cox", "Emily J. Rayfield", "Michael J. Fagan", "Anthony Herrel", "Todd C. Pataky", "Nathan Jeffery"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036299.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Contour_maps_showing_the_difference_in_von_Mises_stresses_experienced_by_each_model_when_loaded_with_different_muscle_configurations_/318013", "title"=>"Contour maps showing the difference in von Mises stresses experienced by each model when loaded with different muscle configurations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:58:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/646915"], "description"=>"<p>(A) sciuromorph (squirrel); (B) hystricomorph (guinea pig); (C) myomorph (rat). adm, anterior deep masseter; iozm, infraorbital part of the zygomatico-mandibularis; pdm, posterior deep masseter. Scale bars = 5 mm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["reconstructions", "masseter", "zygomatico-mandibularis"], "article_id"=>317395, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Developmental Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Philip G. Cox", "Emily J. Rayfield", "Michael J. Fagan", "Anthony Herrel", "Todd C. Pataky", "Nathan Jeffery"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036299.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>271, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Three_dimensional_reconstructions_of_the_skull_mandible_deep_masseter_and_zygomatico_mandibularis_of_three_rodents_/317395", "title"=>"Three-dimensional reconstructions of the skull, mandible, deep masseter and zygomatico-mandibularis of three rodents.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:55:16"}

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Relative Metric

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