Resting-State Functional Connectivity between Fronto-Parietal and Default Mode Networks in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Publication Date
May 03, 2012
Journal
PLoS ONE
Authors
Emily R. Stern, Kate D. Fitzgerald, Robert C. Welsh, James L. Abelson, et al
Volume
7
Issue
5
Pages
e36356
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036356
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0036356
Web of Science
000305343400021
Scopus
84860520939
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/restingstate-functional-connectivity-between-frontoparietal-default-mode-networks-obsessivecompulsiv
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Resting-state functional connectivity between fronto-parietal and default mode networks in obsessive-compulsive disorder", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Emily R.", "last_name"=>"Stern", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202429809"}, {"first_name"=>"Kate D.", "last_name"=>"Fitzgerald", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102737141"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert C.", "last_name"=>"Welsh", "scopus_author_id"=>"55215412900"}, {"first_name"=>"James L.", "last_name"=>"Abelson", "scopus_author_id"=>"35551109300"}, {"first_name"=>"Stephan F.", "last_name"=>"Taylor", "scopus_author_id"=>"7404757772"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"364730474", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0036356", "sgr"=>"84860520939", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84860520939", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\n1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"22570705"}, "id"=>"c4439360-5d85-3def-9850-f5e1283b5f8d", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by an excessive focus on upsetting or disturbing thoughts, feelings, and images that are internally-generated. Internally-focused thought processes are subserved by the \"default mode network\" (DMN), which has been found to be hyperactive in OCD during cognitive tasks. In healthy individuals, disengagement from internally-focused thought processes may rely on interactions between DMN and a fronto-parietal network (FPN) associated with external attention and task execution. Altered connectivity between FPN and DMN may contribute to the dysfunctional behavior and brain activity found in OCD. METHODS: The current study examined interactions between FPN and DMN during rest in 30 patients with OCD (17 unmedicated) and 32 control subjects (17 unmedicated). Timecourses from seven fronto-parietal seeds were correlated across the whole brain and compared between groups. RESULTS: OCD patients exhibited altered connectivity between FPN seeds (primarily anterior insula) and several regions of DMN including posterior cingulate cortex, medial frontal cortex, posterior inferior parietal lobule, and parahippocampus. These differences were driven largely by a reduction of negative correlations among patients compared to controls. Patients also showed greater positive connectivity between FPN and regions outside DMN, including thalamus, lateral frontal cortex, and somatosensory/motor regions. CONCLUSIONS: OCD is associated with abnormal intrinsic functional connectivity between large-scale brain networks. Alteration of interactions between FPN and DMN at rest may contribute to aspects of the OCD phenotype, such as patients' inability to disengage from internally-generated scenarios and thoughts when performing everyday tasks requiring external attention.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/restingstate-functional-connectivity-between-frontoparietal-default-mode-networks-obsessivecompulsiv", "reader_count"=>153, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>10, "Researcher"=>32, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>36, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>29, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>12, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>10, "Researcher"=>32, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>36, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>29, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>12, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>13, "Engineering"=>6, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>32, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>27, "Neuroscience"=>14, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Psychology"=>51, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Computer Science"=>5, "Linguistics"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>6}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>32}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>14}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>51}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>27}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>5}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>13}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Austria"=>1, "Netherlands"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Japan"=>3, "China"=>1, "Taiwan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>3, "Mexico"=>1, "France"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1, "Germany"=>2}, "group_count"=>16}

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/331632", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/331697", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/331752"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by an excessive focus on upsetting or disturbing thoughts, feelings, and images that are internally-generated. Internally-focused thought processes are subserved by the “default mode network\" (DMN), which has been found to be hyperactive in OCD during cognitive tasks. In healthy individuals, disengagement from internally-focused thought processes may rely on interactions between DMN and a fronto-parietal network (FPN) associated with external attention and task execution. Altered connectivity between FPN and DMN may contribute to the dysfunctional behavior and brain activity found in OCD.</p> <h3>Methods</h3><p>The current study examined interactions between FPN and DMN during rest in 30 patients with OCD (17 unmedicated) and 32 control subjects (17 unmedicated). Timecourses from seven fronto-parietal seeds were correlated across the whole brain and compared between groups.</p> <h3>Results</h3><p>OCD patients exhibited altered connectivity between FPN seeds (primarily anterior insula) and several regions of DMN including posterior cingulate cortex, medial frontal cortex, posterior inferior parietal lobule, and parahippocampus. These differences were driven largely by a reduction of negative correlations among patients compared to controls. Patients also showed greater positive connectivity between FPN and regions outside DMN, including thalamus, lateral frontal cortex, and somatosensory/motor regions.</p> <h3>Conclusions</h3><p>OCD is associated with abnormal intrinsic functional connectivity between large-scale brain networks. Alteration of interactions between FPN and DMN at rest may contribute to aspects of the OCD phenotype, such as patients' inability to disengage from internally-generated scenarios and thoughts when performing everyday tasks requiring external attention.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["resting-state", "connectivity", "fronto-parietal", "default", "networks", "obsessive-compulsive"], "article_id"=>125477, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Emily R. Stern", "Kate D. Fitzgerald", "Robert C. Welsh", "James L. Abelson", "Stephan F. Taylor"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036356.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036356.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036356.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Resting_State_Functional_Connectivity_between_Fronto_Parietal_and_Default_Mode_Networks_in_Obsessive_Compulsive_Disorder/125477", "title"=>"Resting-State Functional Connectivity between Fronto-Parietal and Default Mode Networks in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-05-03 01:31:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/642513"], "description"=>"<p>a) OCD patients exhibited greater connectivity than controls between the left anterior insula seed and default mode network regions including parahippocampus, posterior cingulate cortex (PCC)/precuneus, posterior inferior parietal lobule (pIPL), and dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (DMPFC). Patients also showed greater connectivity with pre-postcentral gyrus. Numbers above images represent z-coordinate (MNI format) of axial slices. Images displayed at p<.005, corrected across whole-brain gray matter at p<.05, b) Connectivity maps with left anterior insula for both groups, displayed at p<.005 with 10 contiguous voxels. Black circles represent location of seed. Color bars represent t-scores.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anterior"], "article_id"=>313004, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Emily R. Stern", "Kate D. Fitzgerald", "Robert C. Welsh", "James L. Abelson", "Stephan F. Taylor"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036356.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Connectivity_with_left_anterior_insula_/313004", "title"=>"Connectivity with left anterior insula.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-05-03 00:50:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/642640"], "description"=>"<p>a) OCD patients exhibited greater connectivity than controls between the right anterior insula seed and default mode network regions including posterior cingulate cortex (PCC)/precuneus, dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (DMPFC)/anterior medial frontal cortex (aMFC), posterior inferior parietal lobule (pIPL), and parahippocampus. Patients also showed greater connectivity with right posterior insula and bilateral thalamus. Images displayed at p<.005, corrected across whole-brain gray matter at p<.05, b) Connectivity maps with right anterior insula seed for both groups, displayed at p<.005 with 10 contiguous voxels. Black circles represent location of seed, c) Extracted connectivity values (y-axes show z-transformed correlation coefficients) in DMPFC/aMFC, rostral PCC/precuneus, right posterior insula, and right thalamus for unmedicated OCD patients (uOCD), medicated OCD patients (mOCD), unmedicated healthy controls (uHC), and medicated patient controls (mPC); uOCD>uHC and mOCD>mPC for all regions shown at p<.05 in multiple regressions controlling for generalized anxiety/depression and education (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0036356#pone.0036356.s001\" target=\"_blank\">File S1</a> and <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0036356#pone.0036356.s003\" target=\"_blank\">Table S2</a>). Error bars represent standard error of the mean. Color bars represent t-scores. Coordinates are in MNI format.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anterior"], "article_id"=>313133, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Emily R. Stern", "Kate D. Fitzgerald", "Robert C. Welsh", "James L. Abelson", "Stephan F. Taylor"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036356.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Connectivity_with_right_anterior_insula_/313133", "title"=>"Connectivity with right anterior insula.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-05-03 00:52:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/642740"], "description"=>"<p>uOCD = unmedicated OCD, mOCD = medicated OCD, uHC = unmedicated healthy controls, mPC = medicated patient controls. Group differences in age, years of education, Hamilton Anxiety Scale score (HAM-A), and Hamilton Depression Scale score (HAM-D) were evaluated with separate 2×2 ANOVAs using diagnosis (OCD, controls) and medication (unmedicated, medicated) as between-subjects factors. Chi-square tests compared gender (all groups), while independent samples t-tests were used to compare mOCD and uOCD groups on Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) scores. sd = standard deviation, D = main effect of diagnosis factor, M = main effect of medication factor, D×M = interaction between diagnosis and medication. Only those effects significant at p<.05 are shown, and followed up with post-hoc comparisons using independent-samples t-tests.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Mental health", "neuroscience"], "article_id"=>313231, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Emily R. Stern", "Kate D. Fitzgerald", "Robert C. Welsh", "James L. Abelson", "Stephan F. Taylor"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036356.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Demographic_information_/313231", "title"=>"Demographic information.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-05-03 00:53:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/642786"], "description"=>"<p>Regions shown are corrected for multiple comparisons across the whole-brain at p<.05.</p><p>BA = Brodmann's area(s); k = number of voxels; Z = maximum z-score; L = left; R = right; B = bilateral; PCC = posterior cingulate cortex; pIPL = posterior inferior parietal lobule; DMPFC = dorsomedial prefrontal cortex; aMFC = anterior medial prefrontal cortex; aI/fO = anterior insula/frontal operculum; coordinates are in MNI space. ±Coordinates represent subpeaks of cluster.</p>*<p>Group differences were driven by regions showing positive connectivity in OCD that was reduced or absent in controls (“↑ positivity\"), negative connectivity in controls that was reduced or absent in OCD (“↓ negativity\"), or positive connectivity in OCD and negative connectivity in controls (“↑ positivity/↓ negativity\").</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["connectivity", "fronto-parietal", "seeds", "was", "greater", "ocd", "patients"], "article_id"=>313273, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Emily R. Stern", "Kate D. Fitzgerald", "Robert C. Welsh", "James L. Abelson", "Stephan F. Taylor"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036356.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Regions_where_connectivity_with_fronto_parietal_seeds_was_greater_in_OCD_patients_than_control_subjects_/313273", "title"=>"Regions where connectivity with fronto-parietal seeds was greater in OCD patients than control subjects.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-05-03 00:54:33"}

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Relative Metric

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