Base-Pairing Versatility Determines Wobble Sites in tRNA Anticodons of Vertebrate Mitogenomes
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{"title"=>"Base-pairing versatility determines wobble sites in tRNA anticodons of vertebrate mitogenomes", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Miguel M.", "last_name"=>"Fonseca", "scopus_author_id"=>"15131137100"}, {"first_name"=>"Sara", "last_name"=>"Rocha", "scopus_author_id"=>"16246479500"}, {"first_name"=>"David", "last_name"=>"Posada", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701851414"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0036605", "pui"=>"364774416", "sgr"=>"84860752371", "pmid"=>"22590575", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84860752371"}, "id"=>"f8d779eb-a603-3daa-8312-08a672c11be0", "abstract"=>"<sec><title>Background</title><p>Vertebrate mitochondrial genomes typically have one transfer RNA (tRNA) for each synonymous codon family. This limited anticodon repertoire implies that each tRNA anticodon needs to wobble (establish a non-Watson-Crick base pairing between two nucleotides in RNA molecules) to recognize one or more synonymous codons. Different hypotheses have been proposed to explain the factors that determine the nucleotide composition of wobble sites in vertebrate mitochondrial tRNA anticodons. Until now, the two major postulates – the “codon-anticodon adaptation hypothesis” and the “wobble versatility hypothesis” – have not been formally tested in vertebrate mitochondria because both make the same predictions regarding the composition of anticodon wobble sites. The same is true for the more recent “wobble cost hypothesis”.</p></sec><sec><title>Principal Findings</title><p>In this study we have analyzed the occurrence of synonymous codons and tRNA anticodon wobble sites in 1553 complete vertebrate mitochondrial genomes, focusing on three fish species with mtDNA codon usage bias reversal (L-strand is GT-rich). These mitogenomes constitute an excellent opportunity to study the evolution of the wobble nucleotide composition of tRNA anticodons because due to the reversal the predictions for the anticodon wobble sites differ between the existing hypotheses. We observed that none of the wobble sites of tRNA anticodons in these unusual mitochondrial genomes coevolved to match the new overall codon usage bias, suggesting that nucleotides at the wobble sites of tRNA anticodons in vertebrate mitochondrial genomes are determined by wobble versatility.</p></sec><sec><title>Conclusions/Significance</title><p>Our results suggest that, at wobble sites of tRNA anticodons in vertebrate mitogenomes, selection favors the most versatile nucleotide in terms of wobble base-pairing stability and that wobble site composition is not influenced by codon usage. These results are in agreement with the “wobble versatility hypothesis”.</p></sec>", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/basepairing-versatility-determines-wobble-sites-trna-anticodons-vertebrate-mitogenomes", "reader_count"=>14, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/641099"], "description"=>"<p>If for a given amino acid there was more than one most abundant codon in a mitogenome, then we considered that there was no most abundant codon (“none”). The mitogenomes of the three fish species with codon usage reversal are indicated in numbers below their respective exhibited codon: 1-<i>Albula glossodonta</i> (NC_005800), 2-<i>Bathygadus antrodes</i> (NC_008222), and 3-<i>Tetrabrachium occelatum</i> (NC_013879).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["abundant", "codons", "amino", "vertebrate"], "article_id"=>311587, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Miguel M. Fonseca", "Sara Rocha", "David Posada"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036605.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Most_abundant_codons_found_in_each_amino_acid_of_vertebrate_mitogenomes_/311587", "title"=>"Most abundant codons found in each amino acid of vertebrate mitogenomes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:25:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/641201"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Histogram with the distribution of log<sub>10</sub>(A/G) ration in NNR codon families. (B) Histogram with the distribution of log<sub>10</sub>(C/U) ration in NNR codon families. Dashed line indicates log<sub>10</sub>(ratio) = 0. Negative log<sub>10</sub>(ratio) values mean that for a given codon family in a given genome G is more frequent than A (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0036605#pone-0036605-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2A</a>) and U are more frequent than C (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0036605#pone-0036605-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2B</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rations", "vertebrate"], "article_id"=>311697, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Miguel M. Fonseca", "Sara Rocha", "David Posada"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036605.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distribution_of_the_A_G_and_C_U_rations_in_vertebrate_mitogenomes_/311697", "title"=>"Distribution of the A/G and C/U rations in vertebrate mitogenomes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:25:43"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/641288"], "description"=>"a<p>Wobble nucleotide in all remaining vertebrate mitogenomes for the given tRNA;</p>b<p>Codon usage measured in the RefSeq mitogenome for the specified amino acid synonymous codon family (first column);</p>c<p>Codon usage % values (mean, lowest, highest) measured across all vertebrate mitogenomes for the specified amino acid synonymous codon family (first column);</p>d<p>NCBI accession number.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wobble", "nucleotide", "trna"], "article_id"=>311785, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Miguel M. Fonseca", "Sara Rocha", "David Posada"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036605.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Exceptions_found_for_the_wobble_nucleotide_of_tRNA_anticodons_/311785", "title"=>"Exceptions found for the wobble nucleotide of tRNA anticodons.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 05:26:10"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
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Relative Metric

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