Strain-Dependent Differences in Bone Development, Myeloid Hyperplasia, Morbidity and Mortality in Ptpn2-Deficient Mice
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{"title"=>"Strain-dependent differences in bone development, myeloid hyperplasia, morbidity and mortality in Ptpn2-deficient mice", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Florian", "last_name"=>"Wiede", "scopus_author_id"=>"9938868200"}, {"first_name"=>"Sock Hui", "last_name"=>"Chew", "scopus_author_id"=>"37021284500"}, {"first_name"=>"Catherine", "last_name"=>"van Vliet", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005247342"}, {"first_name"=>"Ingrid J.", "last_name"=>"Poulton", "scopus_author_id"=>"25655238300"}, {"first_name"=>"Konstantinos", "last_name"=>"Kyparissoudis", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507047119"}, {"first_name"=>"Tedjo", "last_name"=>"Sasmono", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506482032"}, {"first_name"=>"Kim", "last_name"=>"Loh", "scopus_author_id"=>"35332410100"}, {"first_name"=>"Michel L.", "last_name"=>"Tremblay", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202066888"}, {"first_name"=>"Dale I.", "last_name"=>"Godfrey", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103212260"}, {"first_name"=>"Natalie A.", "last_name"=>"Sims", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005365688"}, {"first_name"=>"Tony", "last_name"=>"Tiganis", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004071683"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"364758398", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0036703", "sgr"=>"84860676102", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84860676102", "pmid"=>"22590589"}, "id"=>"b00a7f1e-a426-30a9-ac11-406ffaf5f886", "abstract"=>"Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the gene encoding the protein tyrosine phosphatase TCPTP (encoded by PTPN2) have been linked with the development of autoimmunity. Here we have used Cre/LoxP recombination to generate Ptpn2(ex2-/ex2-) mice with a global deficiency in TCPTP on a C57BL/6 background and compared the phenotype of these mice to Ptpn2(-/-) mice (BALB/c-129SJ) generated previously by homologous recombination and backcrossed onto the BALB/c background. Ptpn2(ex2-/ex2-) mice exhibited growth retardation and a median survival of 32 days, as compared to 21 days for Ptpn2(-/-) (BALB/c) mice, but the overt signs of morbidity (hunched posture, piloerection, decreased mobility and diarrhoea) evident in Ptpn2(-/-) (BALB/c) mice were not detected in Ptpn2(ex2-/ex2-) mice. At 14 days of age, bone development was delayed in Ptpn2(-/-) (BALB/c) mice. This was associated with increased trabecular bone mass and decreased bone remodeling, a phenotype that was not evident in Ptpn2(ex2-/ex2-) mice. Ptpn2(ex2-/ex2-) mice had defects in erythropoiesis and B cell development as evident in Ptpn2(-/-) (BALB/c) mice, but not splenomegaly and did not exhibit an accumulation of myeloid cells in the spleen as seen in Ptpn2(-/-) (BALB/c) mice. Moreover, thymic atrophy, another feature of Ptpn2(-/-) (BALB/c) mice, was delayed in Ptpn2(ex2-/ex2-) mice and preceded by an increase in thymocyte positive selection and a concomitant increase in lymph node T cells. Backcrossing Ptpn2(-/-) (BALB/c) mice onto the C57BL/6 background largely recapitulated the phenotype of Ptpn2(ex2-/ex2-) mice. Taken together these results reaffirm TCPTP's important role in lymphocyte development and indicate that the effects on morbidity, mortality, bone development and the myeloid compartment are strain-dependent.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/straindependent-differences-bone-development-myeloid-hyperplasia-morbidity-mortality-ptpn2deficient", "reader_count"=>9, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/643342"], "description"=>"<p>Body composition [lean, fat, bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD)] in <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (BALB/c), <i>Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup></i> (C57BL/6) and <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (C57BL/6) mice and in the corresponding wild type littermates measured by DEXA and normalised to total body weight. Results shown are means ± SEM; <i>p</i> values are for <i>Ptpn2<sup>+/+</sup></i> versus <i>Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup></i> mice and were determined using a two-tailed Mann-Whitney U Test.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["18", "day-old"], "article_id"=>313825, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Cell Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Immunology", "Biochemistry", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Florian Wiede", "Sock Hui Chew", "Catherine van Vliet", "Ingrid J. Poulton", "Konstantinos Kyparissoudis", "Tedjo Sasmono", "Kim Loh", "Michel L. Tremblay", "Dale I. Godfrey", "Natalie A. Sims", "Tony Tiganis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036703.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Body_composition_in_18_day_old_Ptpn2_sup__sup_BALB_c_Ptpn2_sup_ex2_ex2_sup_and_Ptpn2_sup__sup_C57BL_6_mice_/313825", "title"=>"Body composition in 18 day-old Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup> (BALB/c), Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup> and Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup> (C57BL/6) mice.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-05-08 01:03:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/642230"], "description"=>"<p>Representative longitudinal sections of tibiae from (<b>a</b>) 14 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (BALB/c), <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (C57BL/6) and <i>Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup></i> mice, or (<b>b</b>) 21 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (BALB/c) and <i>Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup></i> mice and their corresponding littermate wild type controls stained with the <i>von Kossa</i> technique (mineralized bone stained black). In a) safranin O staining [only shown for 14 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>+</sup></i><sup>/<i>+</i></sup> (BALB/c) and <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (BALB/c)] highlights the delayed cartilage (in orange) destruction; scale bar = 100 micron.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics and genomics", "immunology", "molecular biology", "cell biology", "hematology", "Biochemistry"], "article_id"=>312707, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Cell Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Immunology", "Biochemistry", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Florian Wiede", "Sock Hui Chew", "Catherine van Vliet", "Ingrid J. Poulton", "Konstantinos Kyparissoudis", "Tedjo Sasmono", "Kim Loh", "Michel L. Tremblay", "Dale I. Godfrey", "Natalie A. Sims", "Tony Tiganis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036703.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Bone_development_in_Ptpn2_sup__sup_BALB_c_mice_/312707", "title"=>"Bone development in Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup> (BALB/c) mice.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-05-08 00:45:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/641890"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>a</b>) Images of representative 18 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (BALB/c), 28 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup></i> and 28 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (C57BL/6) mice along with corresponding littermate wild type control mice. (<b>b</b>) Kaplan-Meier survival curves for <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (BALB/c), <i>Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup></i> and <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (C57BL/6) mice. Statistical analyses were performed using a Log Rank (Mantel-Cox) test with one degree of freedom.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics and genomics", "immunology", "molecular biology", "cell biology", "hematology", "Biochemistry"], "article_id"=>312360, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Cell Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Immunology", "Biochemistry", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Florian Wiede", "Sock Hui Chew", "Catherine van Vliet", "Ingrid J. Poulton", "Konstantinos Kyparissoudis", "Tedjo Sasmono", "Kim Loh", "Michel L. Tremblay", "Dale I. Godfrey", "Natalie A. Sims", "Tony Tiganis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036703.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Runtiness_and_mortality_in_Ptpn2_sup__sup_BALB_c_Ptpn2_sup_ex2_ex2_sup_and_Ptpn2_sup__sup_C57BL_6_mice_/312360", "title"=>"Runtiness and mortality in Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup> (BALB/c), Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup> and Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup> (C57BL/6) mice.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-05-08 00:39:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/642426"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>a</b>) Thymi from the indicated 18 day-old littermates were weighed using an analytical balance and normalised to body weight. Thymocytes were stained with fluorochrome-conjugated antibodies against CD4 and CD8 and analyzed by flow cytometry. Cells were gated for the DP, SP and DN stages and absolute numbers and the indicated ratios determined. (<b>b</b>) Thymocytes from <i>Ptpn2<sup>+/+</sup></i> and <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (BALB/c) littermates were stained with fluorochrome-conjugated antibodies against CD4, CD8, TCR-Vβ3, -5, -6 and -8 and analyzed by flow cytometry. Cells were gated for the CD4 and CD8 SP stages and the percentages of TCR-Vβ3, -5, -6 and -8 T cells determined. (<b>c</b>) Thymocytes from the indicated 18 day-old mice were stained with fluorochrome-conjugated antibodies against CD4, CD8, TCRβ and CD69 and analyzed by flow cytometry. Cells were gated for the different developmental stages according to the expression of the positive selection markers TCRβ and CD69. Results in (<b>a–c</b>) are means ± SEM for the indicated number of mice and are representative of at least two independent experiments; significance determined using a two-tailed Mann-Whitney U Test; *p&lt;0.05 ** p&lt;0.01 *** p&lt;0.001.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["18", "day-old"], "article_id"=>312906, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Cell Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Immunology", "Biochemistry", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Florian Wiede", "Sock Hui Chew", "Catherine van Vliet", "Ingrid J. Poulton", "Konstantinos Kyparissoudis", "Tedjo Sasmono", "Kim Loh", "Michel L. Tremblay", "Dale I. Godfrey", "Natalie A. Sims", "Tony Tiganis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036703.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Thymocyte_development_in_18_day_old_Ptpn2_sup__sup_BALB_c_and_Ptpn2_sup_ex2_ex2_sup_mice_/312906", "title"=>"Thymocyte development in 18 day-old Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup> (BALB/c) and Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup> mice.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-05-08 00:48:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/643383"], "description"=>"<p>Bone volume/Trabecular bone volume (BV/TV), trabecular number (TbN), trabecular thickness (TbTh) and trabecular separation (TbSp) in 14 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>ex2+/ex2+</sup></i> (C57BL/6) and <i>Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup></i> (C57BL/6) mice. Results shown are means ± SEM; <i>p</i> values are for <i>Ptpn2<sup>+/+</sup></i> versus <i>Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup></i> mice and were determined using a two-tailed Mann-Whitney U Test.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["histomorphometry"], "article_id"=>313868, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Cell Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Immunology", "Biochemistry", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Florian Wiede", "Sock Hui Chew", "Catherine van Vliet", "Ingrid J. Poulton", "Konstantinos Kyparissoudis", "Tedjo Sasmono", "Kim Loh", "Michel L. Tremblay", "Dale I. Godfrey", "Natalie A. Sims", "Tony Tiganis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036703.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Bone_histomorphometry_in_Ptpn2_sup_ex2_ex2_sup_C57BL_6_mice_/313868", "title"=>"Bone histomorphometry in Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup> (C57BL/6) mice.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-05-08 01:04:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/643159"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>a</b>) Bone marrow cells (pooled from one tibia and one femur) from 18 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (BALB/c) and 28 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup></i> and <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (C57BL/6) mice and corresponding littermate wild type control mice were stained with fluorochrome-conjugated antibodies to CD117 and Ter119 and analysed by flow cytometry. Absolute numbers of progenitor (CD117<sup>+</sup> Ter119<sup>−</sup>) and erythroid (CD117<sup>−</sup>Ter119<sup>+</sup>) cells were determined. (<b>b</b>) Red blood cells were quantified (identified in the forward and side scatter according to size and granularity) by flow cytometry. Results shown are means ± SEM for the indicated number of mice and are representative of two independent experiments; significance determined using a two-tailed Mann-Whitney U Test; *p&lt;0.05 ** p&lt;0.01 *** p&lt;0.001.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ptpn2-deficient"], "article_id"=>313645, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Cell Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Immunology", "Biochemistry", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Florian Wiede", "Sock Hui Chew", "Catherine van Vliet", "Ingrid J. Poulton", "Konstantinos Kyparissoudis", "Tedjo Sasmono", "Kim Loh", "Michel L. Tremblay", "Dale I. Godfrey", "Natalie A. Sims", "Tony Tiganis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036703.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Erythrocyte_development_in_Ptpn2_deficient_mice_/313645", "title"=>"Erythrocyte development in Ptpn2-deficient mice.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-05-08 01:00:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/642717"], "description"=>"<p>Thymi from the indicated littermate mice were weighed using an analytical balance and normalised to body weight. Thymocytes were stained with fluorochrome-conjugated antibodies against CD4 and CD8 and analyzed by flow cytometry. Cells were gated for the DP, SP and DN stages and absolute numbers and the indicated ratios determined. Results shown are means ± SEM for the indicated number of mice and are representative of at least two independent experiments; significance determined using a two-tailed Mann-Whitney U Test; *p&lt;0.05 *** p&lt;0.001.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["28", "day-old"], "article_id"=>313200, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Cell Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Immunology", "Biochemistry", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Florian Wiede", "Sock Hui Chew", "Catherine van Vliet", "Ingrid J. Poulton", "Konstantinos Kyparissoudis", "Tedjo Sasmono", "Kim Loh", "Michel L. Tremblay", "Dale I. Godfrey", "Natalie A. Sims", "Tony Tiganis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036703.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Thymoycte_development_in_28_day_old_Ptpn2_sup_ex2_ex2_sup_and_Ptpn2_sup__sup_C57BL_6_mice_/313200", "title"=>"Thymoycte development in 28 day-old Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup> and Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup> (C57BL/6) mice.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-05-08 00:53:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/643295"], "description"=>"<p>Body composition [lean, fat, bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD)] in 28 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup></i> (C57BL/6) and <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (C57BL/6) mice and in the corresponding wild type littermates measured by DEXA and normalised to total body weight. Results shown are means ± SEM; <i>p</i> values are for <i>Ptpn2<sup>+/+</sup></i> versus <i>Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup></i> mice and were determined using a two-tailed Mann-Whitney U Test.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["28", "day-old"], "article_id"=>313777, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Cell Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Immunology", "Biochemistry", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Florian Wiede", "Sock Hui Chew", "Catherine van Vliet", "Ingrid J. Poulton", "Konstantinos Kyparissoudis", "Tedjo Sasmono", "Kim Loh", "Michel L. Tremblay", "Dale I. Godfrey", "Natalie A. Sims", "Tony Tiganis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036703.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Body_composition_in_28_day_old_Ptpn2_sup_ex2_ex2_sup_and_Ptpn2_sup__sup_C57BL_6_mice_/313777", "title"=>"Body composition in 28 day-old Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup> and Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup> (C57BL/6) mice.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-05-08 01:02:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/642567"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>a</b>) Splenocytes or peripheral lymph node cells from 18 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (BALB/c) mice, 18 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup></i> mice and their corresponding littermates were stained with fluorochrome-conjugated antibodies against CD4, CD8 and TCRβ and analysed by flow cytometry and absolute numbers determined. (<b>b</b>) Splenocytes or peripheral lymph node cells from 28 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup></i> mice, 29 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup></i> (C57BL/6) mice and their corresponding littermates were stained with fluorochrome-conjugated antibodies against CD4, CD8 and TCRβ and analysed by flow cytometry and absolute numbers determined. Results shown in (<b>a–b</b>) are means ± SEM for the indicated number of mice and are representative of at least two independent experiments; significance determined using a two-tailed Mann-Whitney U Test; *p&lt;0.05 ** p&lt;0.01 *** p&lt;0.001.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cells", "ptpn2-deficient"], "article_id"=>313045, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Cell Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Immunology", "Biochemistry", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Florian Wiede", "Sock Hui Chew", "Catherine van Vliet", "Ingrid J. Poulton", "Konstantinos Kyparissoudis", "Tedjo Sasmono", "Kim Loh", "Michel L. Tremblay", "Dale I. Godfrey", "Natalie A. Sims", "Tony Tiganis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036703.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Peripheral_T_cells_in_Ptpn2_deficient_mice_/313045", "title"=>"Peripheral T cells in Ptpn2-deficient mice.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-05-08 00:50:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/643012"], "description"=>"<p>Bone marrow cells (pooled from one tibia and one femur), splenocytes or pooled peripheral lymph node cells from 18 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (BALB/c), 28 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup></i> and 29 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (C57BL/6) mice and their corresponding littermates (<b>a–c</b>) were stained with fluorochrome-conjugated antibodies to CD45R(B220), IgM and IgD and analysed by flow cytometry. Absolute numbers of progenitor (B220<sup>lo</sup>IgM<sup>lo</sup>IgD<sup>lo</sup>), immature (B220<sup>lo</sup>IgM<sup>hi</sup> IgD<sup>lo</sup>), mature (B220<sup>hi</sup>IgM<sup>int</sup>IgD<sup>hi</sup>) B cells and B1 (B220<sup>lo</sup> IgM<sup>hi</sup>IgD<sup>lo</sup>), follicular (B220<sup>hi</sup>IgM<sup>lo</sup>IgD<sup>hi</sup>) and marginal zone (B220<sup>hi</sup>IgM<sup>hi</sup>IgD<sup>lo</sup>) B cells were determined. Results shown are means ± SEM for the indicated number; significance determined using a two-tailed Mann-Whitney U Test; *p&lt;0.05 ** p&lt;0.01 *** p&lt;0.001.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ptpn2-deficient"], "article_id"=>313498, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Cell Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Immunology", "Biochemistry", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Florian Wiede", "Sock Hui Chew", "Catherine van Vliet", "Ingrid J. Poulton", "Konstantinos Kyparissoudis", "Tedjo Sasmono", "Kim Loh", "Michel L. Tremblay", "Dale I. Godfrey", "Natalie A. Sims", "Tony Tiganis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036703.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/B_cell_development_in_Ptpn2_deficient_mice_/313498", "title"=>"B cell development in Ptpn2-deficient mice.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-05-08 00:58:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/643428"], "description"=>"<p>Bone volume/Trabecular bone volume (BV/TV), trabecular number (TbN), trabecular thickness (TbTh) and trabecular separation (TbSp) in 14 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>+/+</sup></i> (BALB/c), <i>Ptpn2<sup>+/−</sup></i> (BALB/c) and <i>Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup></i> (BALB/c) mice. Osteoid surface/bone surface (OS/BS), osteoid thickness, osteoid volume/bone volume (OV/BV), osteoblast surface/bone surface (ObS/BS), osteoclast surface/bone surface (OcS/BS), number of osteoblasts/bone perimeter (Nob/BPm) and number of osteoclasts/bone perimeter (Noc/BPm) are also shown. Results shown are means ± SEM; <i>p</i> values are for <i>Ptpn2<sup>+/+</sup></i> versus <i>Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup></i> mice and were determined using a two-tailed Mann-Whitney U Test.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["histomorphometry"], "article_id"=>313911, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Cell Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Immunology", "Biochemistry", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Florian Wiede", "Sock Hui Chew", "Catherine van Vliet", "Ingrid J. Poulton", "Konstantinos Kyparissoudis", "Tedjo Sasmono", "Kim Loh", "Michel L. Tremblay", "Dale I. Godfrey", "Natalie A. Sims", "Tony Tiganis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036703.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>38, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Bone_histomorphometry_in_Ptpn2_sup__sup_BALB_c_mice_/313911", "title"=>"Bone histomorphometry in Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup> (BALB/c) mice.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-05-08 01:05:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/641646"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>a</b>) <i>Ptpn2</i> genomic locus and targeting design. (<b>b–c</b>) Southern blot analysis of <i>Ptpn2<sup>ex2+/ex2+</sup></i> (+/+) and <i>Ptpn2<sup>ex2+/ex2</sup></i><sup>−</sup> (+/−) mice. (<b>b</b>) Exon (Ex) 2 floxed mice mated with Oz-Cre mice for the germline deletion of exon 2 and removal of the Neomycin (Neo) resistance cassette. (<b>c</b>) Ex2-deleted mice were subsequently mated with C57BL/6 mice for the elimination of the Cre transgene. (<b>d</b>) PCR analysis of <i>Ptpn2<sup>ex2+/ex2+</sup></i> (+/+), <i>Ptpn2<sup>ex2+/ex2</sup></i><sup>−</sup> (+/−) and <i>Ptpn2<sup>ex2</sup></i><sup>−<i>/ex2</i>−</sup> (−/−) mice. (<b>e–f</b>) Immunoblot analysis of TCPTP expression in lymphoid and non-lymphoid tissues detected with antibodies to the TCPTP non-catalytic C-terminus (6F3) and TCPTP N-terminus (6F7; raised against the first 38 residues of TCPTP); a non-specific (n.s.) protein detected by 6F7 is indicated. Results are representative of three independent experiments.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics and genomics", "immunology", "molecular biology", "cell biology", "hematology", "Biochemistry"], "article_id"=>312122, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Cell Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Immunology", "Biochemistry", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Florian Wiede", "Sock Hui Chew", "Catherine van Vliet", "Ingrid J. Poulton", "Konstantinos Kyparissoudis", "Tedjo Sasmono", "Kim Loh", "Michel L. Tremblay", "Dale I. Godfrey", "Natalie A. Sims", "Tony Tiganis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036703.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Generation_of_Ptpn2_sup_ex2_ex2_sup_mice_/312122", "title"=>"Generation of Ptpn2<sup>ex2+/ex2−</sup> mice.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-05-08 00:35:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/642858"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>a</b>) Spleen weights from 18 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (BALB/c) and 28 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup></i> and <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (C57BL/6) mice and corresponding wild type littermate mice. (<b>b</b>) Splenocytes or (<b>c</b>) bone marrow (tibia and femur) cells were stained with fluorochrome-conjugated antibodies to CD11b and Gr1 and analysed by flow cytometry; absolute numbers of CD11b<sup>+</sup>, CD11b<sup>+</sup>Gr1<sup>+</sup> and CD11b<sup>+</sup>Gr1<sup>−</sup> were determined (<b>d</b>) Weights of pooled peripheral lymph nodes from 18 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (BALB/c) and 28 day-old <i>Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup></i> and <i>Ptpn2<sup>−</sup></i><sup>/<i>−</i></sup> (C57BL/6) mice and corresponding wild type littermate mice. Results shown in (<b>a–d</b>) are means ± SEM for the indicated number of mice and are representative of at least two independent experiments; significance determined using a two-tailed Mann-Whitney U Test; *p&lt;0.05 ** p&lt;0.01 *** p&lt;0.001.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["myeloid", "lymphadenopathy", "ptpn2-deficient"], "article_id"=>313340, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Cell Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Immunology", "Biochemistry", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Florian Wiede", "Sock Hui Chew", "Catherine van Vliet", "Ingrid J. Poulton", "Konstantinos Kyparissoudis", "Tedjo Sasmono", "Kim Loh", "Michel L. Tremblay", "Dale I. Godfrey", "Natalie A. Sims", "Tony Tiganis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036703.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Splenomegaly_myeloid_development_and_lymphadenopathy_in_Ptpn2_deficient_mice_/313340", "title"=>"Splenomegaly, myeloid development and lymphadenopathy in Ptpn2-deficient mice.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-05-08 00:55:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/331230", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/331358"], "description"=>"<div><p>Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the gene encoding the protein tyrosine phosphatase TCPTP (encoded by <em>PTPN2</em>) have been linked with the development of autoimmunity. Here we have used Cre/LoxP recombination to generate <em>Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup></em> mice with a global deficiency in TCPTP on a C57BL/6 background and compared the phenotype of these mice to <em>Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup></em> mice (BALB/c-129SJ) generated previously by homologous recombination and backcrossed onto the BALB/c background. <em>Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup></em> mice exhibited growth retardation and a median survival of 32 days, as compared to 21 days for <em>Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup></em> (BALB/c) mice, but the overt signs of morbidity (hunched posture, piloerection, decreased mobility and diarrhoea) evident in <em>Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup></em> (BALB/c) mice were not detected in <em>Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup></em> mice. At 14 days of age, bone development was delayed in <em>Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup></em> (BALB/c) mice. This was associated with increased trabecular bone mass and decreased bone remodeling, a phenotype that was not evident in <em>Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup></em> mice. <em>Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup></em> mice had defects in erythropoiesis and B cell development as evident in <em>Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup></em> (BALB/c) mice, but not splenomegaly and did not exhibit an accumulation of myeloid cells in the spleen as seen in <em>Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup></em> (BALB/c) mice. Moreover, thymic atrophy, another feature of <em>Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup></em> (BALB/c) mice, was delayed in <em>Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup></em> mice and preceded by an increase in thymocyte positive selection and a concomitant increase in lymph node T cells. Backcrossing <em>Ptpn2<sup>−/−</sup></em> (BALB/c) mice onto the C57BL/6 background largely recapitulated the phenotype of <em>Ptpn2<sup>ex2−/ex2−</sup></em> mice. Taken together these results reaffirm TCPTP's important role in lymphocyte development and indicate that the effects on morbidity, mortality, bone development and the myeloid compartment are strain-dependent.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["strain-dependent", "differences", "myeloid", "morbidity", "ptpn2-deficient", "mice"], "article_id"=>125386, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Cell Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Immunology", "Biochemistry", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Florian Wiede", "Sock Hui Chew", "Catherine van Vliet", "Ingrid J. Poulton", "Konstantinos Kyparissoudis", "Tedjo Sasmono", "Kim Loh", "Michel L. Tremblay", "Dale I. Godfrey", "Natalie A. Sims", "Tony Tiganis"], "doi"=>[nil, nil], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Strain_Dependent_Differences_in_Bone_Development_Myeloid_Hyperplasia_Morbidity_and_Mortality_in_Ptpn2_Deficient_Mice/125386", "title"=>"Strain-Dependent Differences in Bone Development, Myeloid Hyperplasia, Morbidity and Mortality in Ptpn2-Deficient Mice", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-05-08 01:29:46"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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