Prior and Present Evidence: How Prior Experience Interacts with Present Information in a Perceptual Decision Making Task
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Prior and present evidence: How prior experience interacts with present information in a perceptual decision making task", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Muhsin", "last_name"=>"Karim", "scopus_author_id"=>"56243693400"}, {"first_name"=>"Justin A.", "last_name"=>"Harris", "scopus_author_id"=>"7407315187"}, {"first_name"=>"John W.", "last_name"=>"Morley", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403144235"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael", "last_name"=>"Breakspear", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603702151"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"364900963", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0037580", "sgr"=>"84861536030", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84861536030", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"22701521"}, "id"=>"f376c74a-0eb9-33a5-a735-53a0778d3868", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Vibrotactile discrimination tasks have been used to examine decision making processes in the presence of perceptual uncertainty, induced by barely discernible frequency differences between paired stimuli or by the presence of embedded noise. One lesser known property of such tasks is that decisions made on a single trial may be biased by information from prior trials. An example is the time-order effect whereby the presentation order of paired stimuli may introduce differences in accuracy. Subjects perform better when the first stimulus lies between the second stimulus and the global mean of all stimuli on the judged dimension (\"preferred\" time-orders) compared to the alternative presentation order (\"nonpreferred\" time-orders). This has been conceptualised as a \"drift\" of the first stimulus representation towards the global mean of the stimulus-set (an internal standard). We describe the influence of prior information in relation to the more traditionally studied factors of interest in a classic discrimination task.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY: Sixty subjects performed a vibrotactile discrimination task with different levels of uncertainty parametrically induced by increasing task difficulty, aperiodic stimulus noise, and changing the task instructions whilst maintaining identical stimulus properties (the \"context\").\\n\\nPRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The time-order effect had a greater influence on task performance than two of the explicit factors-task difficulty and noise-but not context. The influence of prior information increased with the distance of the first stimulus from the global mean, suggesting that the \"drift\" velocity of the first stimulus towards the global mean representation was greater for these trials.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Awareness of the time-order effect and prior information in general is essential when studying perceptual decision making tasks. Implicit mechanisms may have a greater influence than the explicit factors under study. It also affords valuable insights into basic mechanisms of information accumulation, storage, sensory weighting, and processing in neural circuits.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/prior-present-evidence-prior-experience-interacts-present-information-perceptual-decision-making-tas", "reader_count"=>32, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Engineering"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Psychology"=>12, "Computer Science"=>3, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>12}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>3}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>4, "Japan"=>1, "France"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84861536030"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84861536030?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84861536030&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84861536030&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84861536030", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84861536030", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84861536030", "dc:title"=>"Prior and present evidence: How prior experience interacts with present information in a perceptual decision making task", "dc:creator"=>"Karim M.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"7", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"5", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2012-05-29", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"29 May 2012", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0037580", "citedby-count"=>"13", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Black Dog Institute", "affiliation-city"=>"Sydney", "affiliation-country"=>"Australia"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"UNSW Sydney", "affiliation-city"=>"Sydney", "affiliation-country"=>"Australia"}], "pubmed-id"=>"22701521", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e37580", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true, "freetoread"=>{"value"=>[{"$"=>"all"}, {"$"=>"publisherfullgold"}, {"$"=>"repository"}, {"$"=>"repositoryvor"}, {"$"=>"repositoryam"}]}, "freetoreadLabel"=>{"value"=>[{"$"=>"All Open Access"}, {"$"=>"Gold"}, {"$"=>"Green"}]}}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0037580", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"203"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"116"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"6"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"2"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"3"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"6"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"6"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"6"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"2"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"5"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"2"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"3"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"2"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"3"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"5"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"5"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"2"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"5"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"5"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"3"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/631167"], "description"=>"<p>The reversed presentation order of the same stimuli are in panel pairs: A with B, C with D, E with F and G with H. Each box shows the first vibration (Stim1) followed by an arrow indicting the second vibration (Stim2) to the right. The horizontal dashed line is the global mean of 34 Hz. Green dots (panels C and E) indicate where Stim1 “drifts” towards the global mean, and thus away from the Stim2 representation, classified as a preferred time-order trial. Red dots (panels A, B, D, F, G, H) indicate where Stim1 “drifts” towards both the global mean and the Stim2 representation, classified as a nonpreferred time-order trial. The vertical position of the red and green dots is used here to approximate the perceived frequency of Stim1 after it has drifted towards the global mean. Thus the slope of the dotted green and red lines reflects the difficulty in discriminating between Stim2 and the perceived Stim1. The distance between Stim1 and global mean are shown as blue numbered values referred to in Analysis 4 (panels B, D, F, H). In this subset of nonpreferred trials, some trials are “closer” to the global mean (i.e. 8 Hz) and other trials are “further” from the global mean (i.e. 12 Hz).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["time-order", "trials"], "article_id"=>301659, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Muhsin Karim", "Justin A. Harris", "John W. Morley", "Michael Breakspear"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037580.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Classification_of_time_order_trials_based_on_the_orientation_of_stimuli_/301659", "title"=>"Classification of time-order trials based on the orientation of stimuli.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-05-29 00:27:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/631687"], "description"=>"<p>D-prime (d′) was used to assess accuracy and response time (RT) was used to assess speed.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience"], "article_id"=>302188, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Muhsin Karim", "Justin A. Harris", "John W. Morley", "Michael Breakspear"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037580.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Statistics_for_task_difficulty_easy_medium_hard_and_distance_closer_further_/302188", "title"=>"Statistics for task difficulty (easy, medium, hard) and distance (closer, further).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-05-29 00:36:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/631655"], "description"=>"<p>D-prime (d′) was used to assess accuracy and response time (RT) was used to assess speed.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience"], "article_id"=>302152, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Muhsin Karim", "Justin A. Harris", "John W. Morley", "Michael Breakspear"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037580.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Statistics_for_task_difficulty_easy_medium_noise_regular_noisy_and_distance_closer_further_/302152", "title"=>"Statistics for task difficulty (easy, medium), noise (regular, noisy) and distance (closer, further).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-05-29 00:35:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/631495"], "description"=>"<p>Vertical bars represent within-subject SEM. <b>A.</b> Top figure shows d′ values significantly decreased for with increasing task difficulty, presence of noise, and for the further distance trials. There was an interaction between noise and distance. <b>B.</b> Lower figure shows there were no significant main effects for response time.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["factors", "implicit"], "article_id"=>301990, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Muhsin Karim", "Justin A. Harris", "John W. Morley", "Michael Breakspear"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037580.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Accuracy_d_8242_and_response_time_for_factors_task_difficulty_noise_and_implicit_factor_distance_/301990", "title"=>"Accuracy (d′) and response time for factors task difficulty, noise and implicit factor distance.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-05-29 00:33:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/631397"], "description"=>"<p>Vertical bars represent within-subject SEM. <b>A.</b> Top figure shows d′ values significantly decreased with increasing task difficulty and for the further distance trials. <b>B.</b> Lower figure shows significantly longer response times for the further distance trials.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["implicit"], "article_id"=>301891, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Muhsin Karim", "Justin A. Harris", "John W. Morley", "Michael Breakspear"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037580.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Accuracy_d_8242_and_response_time_for_factor_task_difficulty_and_implicit_factor_distance_/301891", "title"=>"Accuracy (d′) and response time for factor task difficulty and implicit factor distance.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-05-29 00:31:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/328475"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>Vibrotactile discrimination tasks have been used to examine decision making processes in the presence of perceptual uncertainty, induced by barely discernible frequency differences between paired stimuli or by the presence of embedded noise. One lesser known property of such tasks is that decisions made on a single trial may be biased by information from prior trials. An example is the time-order effect whereby the presentation order of paired stimuli may introduce differences in accuracy. Subjects perform better when the first stimulus lies between the second stimulus and the global mean of all stimuli on the judged dimension (“preferred” time-orders) compared to the alternative presentation order (“nonpreferred” time-orders). This has been conceptualised as a “drift” of the first stimulus representation towards the global mean of the stimulus-set (an internal standard). We describe the influence of prior information in relation to the more traditionally studied factors of interest in a classic discrimination task.</p> <h3>Methodology</h3><p>Sixty subjects performed a vibrotactile discrimination task with different levels of uncertainty parametrically induced by increasing task difficulty, aperiodic stimulus noise, and changing the task instructions whilst maintaining identical stimulus properties (the “context”).</p> <h3>Principal Findings</h3><p>The time-order effect had a greater influence on task performance than two of the explicit factors–task difficulty and noise–but not context. The influence of prior information increased with the distance of the first stimulus from the global mean, suggesting that the “drift” velocity of the first stimulus towards the global mean representation was greater for these trials.</p> <h3>Conclusions/Significance</h3><p>Awareness of the time-order effect and prior information in general is essential when studying perceptual decision making tasks. Implicit mechanisms may have a greater influence than the explicit factors under study. It also affords valuable insights into basic mechanisms of information accumulation, storage, sensory weighting, and processing in neural circuits.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interacts", "perceptual", "making"], "article_id"=>124852, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Muhsin Karim", "Justin A. Harris", "John W. Morley", "Michael Breakspear"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037580", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>9, "page_views"=>37, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Prior_and_Present_Evidence_How_Prior_Experience_Interacts_with_Present_Information_in_a_Perceptual_Decision_Making_Task/124852", "title"=>"Prior and Present Evidence: How Prior Experience Interacts with Present Information in a Perceptual Decision Making Task", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-05-29 01:20:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/631630"], "description"=>"<p>D-prime (d′) was used to assess accuracy and response time (RT) was used to assess speed.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["time-order"], "article_id"=>302128, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Muhsin Karim", "Justin A. Harris", "John W. Morley", "Michael Breakspear"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037580.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Statistics_for_task_difficulty_easy_medium_noise_regular_noisy_and_time_order_preferred_nonpreferred_/302128", "title"=>"Statistics for task difficulty (easy, medium), noise (regular, noisy) and time-order (preferred, nonpreferred).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-05-29 00:35:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/631238"], "description"=>"<p>Vertical bars represent within-subject SEM. <b>A.</b> Top figure shows d′ values significantly decreased for the nonpreferred time-order trials, as it did for the explicit factors of task difficulty and noise. <b>B.</b> Lower figure shows significantly longer response times for nonpreferred time-order trials. There were no significant differences in response time across task difficulty and noise levels.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["factors", "implicit"], "article_id"=>301736, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Muhsin Karim", "Justin A. Harris", "John W. Morley", "Michael Breakspear"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037580.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Accuracy_d_8242_and_response_time_for_explicit_factors_task_difficulty_noise_and_implicit_factor_time_order_/301736", "title"=>"Accuracy (d′) and response time for explicit factors task difficulty, noise and implicit factor time-order.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-05-29 00:28:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/631601"], "description"=>"<p>Proportion correct (PC) was used to assess accuracy and response time (RT) was used to assess speed. Note that in these contrasts, the same trials that make up half of the same-diff context has been excluded from analysis.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["time-order"], "article_id"=>302094, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Muhsin Karim", "Justin A. Harris", "John W. Morley", "Michael Breakspear"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037580.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Statistics_for_task_difficulty_easy_medium_context_fast_slow_same_diff_and_time_order_preferred_nonpreferred_/302094", "title"=>"Statistics for task difficulty (easy, medium), context (fast-slow, same-diff) and time-order (preferred, nonpreferred).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-05-29 00:34:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/631100"], "description"=>"<p>Vertical bars represent within-subject SEM. <b>A.</b> Top figure shows d′ values significantly decreased for the same-diff context trials compared to the fast-slow context trials. <b>B.</b> Lower figure shows significantly longer response times for same-diff trials.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["factors"], "article_id"=>301595, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Muhsin Karim", "Justin A. Harris", "John W. Morley", "Michael Breakspear"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037580.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Accuracy_d_8242_and_response_time_for_explicit_factors_task_difficulty_and_context_/301595", "title"=>"Accuracy (d′) and response time for explicit factors task difficulty and context.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-05-29 00:26:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/631318"], "description"=>"<p>Vertical bars represent within-subject SEM. <b>A.</b> Top figure shows a significant super-additive interaction between the task difficulty and context for proportion correct. <b>B.</b> Lower figure shows a significant increase in response time for the same-diff context compared to the fast-slow context trials. There was a significant interaction between context and time-order.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["factors", "implicit"], "article_id"=>301816, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Muhsin Karim", "Justin A. Harris", "John W. Morley", "Michael Breakspear"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037580.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>45, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Accuracy_proportion_correct_and_response_time_for_factors_task_difficulty_context_and_implicit_factor_time_order_/301816", "title"=>"Accuracy (proportion correct) and response time for factors task difficulty, context and implicit factor time-order.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-05-29 00:30:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/631577"], "description"=>"<p>The trial-types are determined by task difficulty (easy, medium, hard), noise (regular, noisy) and context (fast-slow, same-diff). There were 24 trials for each trial-type presented pseudorandomly across four sessions; two for the fast-slow context, and two for the same-diff context. Boxes with NA (not applicable) indicate possible trial-types that were not used in the study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["vibrotactile"], "article_id"=>302070, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Muhsin Karim", "Justin A. Harris", "John W. Morley", "Michael Breakspear"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037580.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Trial_types_of_the_vibrotactile_discrimination_task_/302070", "title"=>"Trial-types of the vibrotactile discrimination task.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-05-29 00:34:30"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"3", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2021", "month"=>"1"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2012-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2012-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[322, 550, 671, 773, 864, 955, 1048, 1135, 1223, 1308, 1387, 1465, 1534, 1602, 1673, 1744, 1813, 1885, 1955, 2026, 2093, 2160, 2228, 2290, 2349]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Neuroscience", "average_usage"=>[325, 542, 658, 757, 836, 925, 1015, 1095, 1177, 1263, 1338, 1411, 1477, 1537, 1599, 1663, 1726, 1795, 1857, 1921, 1979, 2041, 2099, 2150, 2205]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Psychology", "average_usage"=>[328, 561, 679, 772, 852, 944, 1035, 1122, 1197, 1277, 1354, 1416, 1479, 1549, 1615, 1679, 1740, 1807, 1870, 1937, 1996, 2059, 2118, 2179, 2244]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology", "average_usage"=>[308, 500, 607, 700, 782, 876, 957, 1039, 1128, 1214, 1290, 1365, 1431, 1496, 1560, 1634, 1695, 1772, 1839, 1908, 1972, 2043, 2106, 2179, 2246]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[312, 547, 668, 769, 861, 953, 1046, 1135, 1224, 1307, 1388, 1464, 1536, 1606, 1676, 1744, 1812, 1882, 1954, 2020, 2089, 2155, 2218, 2282, 2344]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Physics", "average_usage"=>[298, 476, 578, 665, 743, 821, 891, 962, 1036, 1108, 1174, 1240, 1312, 1371, 1430, 1494, 1551, 1609, 1673, 1736, 1795, 1857, 1913, 1976, 2035]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[354, 585, 710, 810, 904, 998, 1090, 1181, 1268, 1361, 1435, 1525, 1594, 1657, 1731, 1813, 1878, 1948, 2016, 2094, 2158, 2219, 2294, 2347, 2410]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts