Differential Roles for Parietal and Occipital Cortices in Visual Working Memory
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{"title"=>"Differential roles for parietal and occipital cortices in visual working memory", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Daisuke", "last_name"=>"Matsuyoshi", "scopus_author_id"=>"23009295100"}, {"first_name"=>"Takashi", "last_name"=>"Ikeda", "scopus_author_id"=>"55696931300"}, {"first_name"=>"Nobukatsu", "last_name"=>"Sawamoto", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603015250"}, {"first_name"=>"Ryusuke", "last_name"=>"Kakigi", "scopus_author_id"=>"21534283900"}, {"first_name"=>"Hidenao", "last_name"=>"Fukuyama", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201621156"}, {"first_name"=>"Naoyuki", "last_name"=>"Osaka", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006571700"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"364955432", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0038623", "sgr"=>"84861845317", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"22679514", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84861845317"}, "id"=>"1e19438c-99a9-317c-b1d7-9ee2adb011d4", "abstract"=>"Visual working memory (VWM) is known as a highly capacity-limited cognitive system that can hold 3-4 items. Recent studies have demonstrated that activity in the intraparietal sulcus (IPS) and occipital cortices correlates with the number of representations held in VWM. However, differences among those regions are poorly understood, particularly when task-irrelevant items are to be ignored. The present fMRI-based study investigated whether memory load-sensitive regions such as the IPS and occipital cortices respond differently to task-relevant information. Using a change detection task in which participants are required to remember pre-specified targets, here we show that while the IPS exhibited comparable responses to both targets and distractors, the dorsal occipital cortex manifested significantly weaker responses to an array containing distractors than to an array containing only targets, despite that the number of objects presented was the same for the two arrays. These results suggest that parietal and occipital cortices engage differently in distractor processing and that the dorsal occipital, rather than parietal, activity appears to reflect output of stimulus filtering and selection based on behavioral relevance.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/differential-roles-parietal-occipital-cortices-visual-working-memory", "reader_count"=>40, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Master"=>4, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Master"=>4, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>3, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>24, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>3}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>24}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>2, "Turkey"=>1, "United States"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Italy"=>1, "France"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/627954"], "description"=>"<p><b><i>A.</i></b> Coronal views of the IPS (left, Bonferroni <i>p</i><.05; y = −55), lateral occipital regions (middle, Bonferroni <i>p</i><.05; y = −78), and the dorsal occipital cortex (right, the threshold was ten-fold relaxed from Bonferroni <i>p</i><.05 for the purpose of displaying activation of the left; y = −91). <b><i>B.</i></b> BOLD signal magnitude as a function of trial types in each ROI. Error bars reflect ±1 SEM.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["roi"], "article_id"=>298448, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cell Biology"], "users"=>["Daisuke Matsuyoshi", "Takashi Ikeda", "Nobukatsu Sawamoto", "Ryusuke Kakigi", "Hidenao Fukuyama", "Naoyuki Osaka"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0038623.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_the_ROI_analysis_/298448", "title"=>"Results of the ROI analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 04:15:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/627909"], "description"=>"<p><b><i>A.</i></b> An example trial. A trial type with two targets and two distractors (distractor condition) is shown. Participants had to indicate whether a red rectangle changed its orientation, while ignoring blue rectangles as distractors. Stimuli are not drawn to scale. <b><i>B.</i></b> Behavioral results. The behavioral VWM estimate <i>K</i> (open circles) and accuracy (filled circles) are shown as a function of trial types. Error bars reflect ±1 SEM.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "radiology and medical imaging"], "article_id"=>298398, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cell Biology"], "users"=>["Daisuke Matsuyoshi", "Takashi Ikeda", "Nobukatsu Sawamoto", "Ryusuke Kakigi", "Hidenao Fukuyama", "Naoyuki Osaka"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0038623.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Experimental_protocol_and_behavioral_results_/298398", "title"=>"Experimental protocol and behavioral results.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 04:15:09"}

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