Cyanobacteria and Cyanotoxins: The Influence of Nitrogen versus Phosphorus
Publication Date
June 15, 2012
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Andrew M. Dolman, Jacqueline Rücker, Frances R. Pick, Jutta Fastner, et al
Volume
7
Issue
6
Pages
e38757
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0038757
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0038757
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22719937
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3376147
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/22719937
Web of Science
000305350000022
Scopus
84862502854
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/cyanobacteria-cyanotoxins-influence-nitrogen-versus-phosphorus
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins: The influence of nitrogen versus phosphorus", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Andrew M.", "last_name"=>"Dolman", "scopus_author_id"=>"24381862900"}, {"first_name"=>"Jacqueline", "last_name"=>"Rücker", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005352505"}, {"first_name"=>"Frances R.", "last_name"=>"Pick", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003337218"}, {"first_name"=>"Jutta", "last_name"=>"Fastner", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701844472"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas", "last_name"=>"Rohrlack", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602567234"}, {"first_name"=>"Ute", "last_name"=>"Mischke", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602861688"}, {"first_name"=>"Claudia", "last_name"=>"Wiedner", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003498408"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"22719937", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84862502854", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0038757", "issn"=>"19326203", "sgr"=>"84862502854", "pui"=>"365023663"}, "id"=>"f9771cf4-7130-3bb3-83ae-ddbdb8e384d2", "abstract"=>"The importance of nitrogen (N) versus phosphorus (P) in explaining total cyanobacterial biovolume, the biovolume of specific cyanobacterial taxa, and the incidence of cyanotoxins was determined for 102 north German lakes, using methods to separate the effects of joint variation in N and P concentration from those of differential variation in N versus P. While the positive relationship between total cyanobacteria biovolume and P concentration disappeared at high P concentrations, cyanobacteria biovolume increased continually with N concentration, indicating potential N limitation in highly P enriched lakes. The biovolumes of all cyanobacterial taxa were higher in lakes with above average joint NP concentrations, although the relative biovolumes of some Nostocales were higher in less enriched lakes. Taxa were found to have diverse responses to differential N versus P concentration, and the differences between taxa were not consistent with the hypothesis that potentially N(2)-fixing Nostocales taxa would be favoured in low N relative to P conditions. In particular Aphanizomenon gracile and the subtropical invasive species Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii often reached their highest biovolumes in lakes with high nitrogen relative to phosphorus concentration. Concentrations of all cyanotoxin groups increased with increasing TP and TN, congruent with the biovolumes of their likely producers. Microcystin concentration was strongly correlated with the biovolume of Planktothrix agardhii but concentrations of anatoxin, cylindrospermopsin and paralytic shellfish poison were not strongly related to any individual taxa. Cyanobacteria should not be treated as a single group when considering the potential effects of changes in nutrient loading on phytoplankton community structure and neither should the N(2)-fixing Nostocales. This is of particular importance when considering the occurrence of cyanotoxins, as the two most abundant potentially toxin producing Nostocales in our study were found in lakes with high N relative to P enrichment.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/cyanobacteria-cyanotoxins-influence-nitrogen-versus-phosphorus", "reader_count"=>219, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>11, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>12, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>24, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>18, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>46, "Student > Postgraduate"=>10, "Student > Master"=>45, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>34, "Lecturer"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>9}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>11, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>12, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>24, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>18, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>46, "Student > Postgraduate"=>10, "Student > Master"=>45, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>34, "Lecturer"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>9}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>16, "Unspecified"=>16, "Environmental Science"=>67, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>8, "Mathematics"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>96, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Chemical Engineering"=>1, "Chemistry"=>7, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>16}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>7}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>96}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>8}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>16}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>67}, "Chemical Engineering"=>{"Chemical Engineering"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Argentina"=>1, "United States"=>3, "Uruguay"=>1, "Malaysia"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1, "Portugal"=>2, "Spain"=>1, "Greece"=>1, "Canada"=>1, "Netherlands"=>1, "Ireland"=>1, "Brazil"=>2, "France"=>1, "Peru"=>2, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>6}

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/623212"], "description"=>"<p>The relationship between annual maximum concentration of four cyanotoxins and mean summer TP concentration for lakes in Berlin and Brandenburg, Germany. The fitted line indicates the 90% quantile of toxin concentration as an estimate of the maximum expected concentration of toxin for a given TP concentration. Each point represents the mean TP and maximum toxin concentration for one lake–summer.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["concentrations", "cyanotoxin", "groups", "tp"], "article_id"=>293697, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Andrew M. Dolman", "Jacqueline Rücker", "Frances R. Pick", "Jutta Fastner", "Thomas Rohrlack", "Ute Mischke", "Claudia Wiedner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0038757.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Maximum_annual_concentrations_of_four_cyanotoxin_groups_against_mean_summer_TP_concentration_/293697", "title"=>"Maximum annual concentrations of four cyanotoxin groups against mean summer TP concentration.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 03:50:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/622938"], "description"=>"<p>Filled contour plots showing, for 9 taxonomic groups of cyanobacteria, the fitted 90% quantile of biovolume as an estimate of the maximum expected biovolume of each taxa for a range of TN and TP concentrations.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["contour", "plots", "biovolumes", "cyanobacterial", "taxa", "tn", "tp"], "article_id"=>293418, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Andrew M. Dolman", "Jacqueline Rücker", "Frances R. Pick", "Jutta Fastner", "Thomas Rohrlack", "Ute Mischke", "Claudia Wiedner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0038757.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Filled_contour_plots_of_maximum_biovolumes_of_nine_cyanobacterial_taxa_on_TN_and_TP_axes_/293418", "title"=>"Filled contour plots of maximum biovolumes of nine cyanobacterial taxa on TN and TP axes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 03:48:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/623631"], "description"=>"<p>Frequency of occurrence and contribution to total cyanobacteria biovolume of cyanobacterial taxa.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["occurrence", "cyanobacteria", "biovolume", "cyanobacterial"], "article_id"=>294116, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Andrew M. Dolman", "Jacqueline Rücker", "Frances R. Pick", "Jutta Fastner", "Thomas Rohrlack", "Ute Mischke", "Claudia Wiedner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0038757.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequency_of_occurrence_and_contribution_to_total_cyanobacteria_biovolume_of_cyanobacterial_taxa_/294116", "title"=>"Frequency of occurrence and contribution to total cyanobacteria biovolume of cyanobacterial taxa.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 03:52:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/623503"], "description"=>"<p>Correlations between four cyanotoxin groups and previously identified potential producing cyanobacterial taxa. Correlations are between the particulate fractions of the toxin groups and biovolumes from individual sampling dates. For each subplot, points come from multiple years and lakes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["concentrations", "cyanotoxin", "groups", "producing"], "article_id"=>293993, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Andrew M. Dolman", "Jacqueline Rücker", "Frances R. Pick", "Jutta Fastner", "Thomas Rohrlack", "Ute Mischke", "Claudia Wiedner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0038757.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Correlations_between_the_concentrations_of_four_cyanotoxin_groups_and_their_potential_producing_taxa_/293993", "title"=>"Correlations between the concentrations of four cyanotoxin groups and their potential producing taxa.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 03:51:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/623662"], "description"=>"<p>Occurrence and maximum concentrations of four cyanotoxins in Berlin and Brandenburg lakes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["concentrations", "cyanotoxins", "berlin", "brandenburg"], "article_id"=>294154, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Andrew M. Dolman", "Jacqueline Rücker", "Frances R. Pick", "Jutta Fastner", "Thomas Rohrlack", "Ute Mischke", "Claudia Wiedner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0038757.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Occurrence_and_maximum_concentrations_of_four_cyanotoxins_in_Berlin_and_Brandenburg_lakes_/294154", "title"=>"Occurrence and maximum concentrations of four cyanotoxins in Berlin and Brandenburg lakes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 03:52:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/623023"], "description"=>"<p>The location along axes of joint NP enrichment (A) and relative N vs. P enrichment (B) of the expected centre of the distribution of the biovolume of 9 cyanobacteria taxa (points) plus the 95% confidence interval of this location (solid lines) plus the range in which 95% of the total biovolume is expected to be found. Names of N<sub>2</sub> fixing taxa are in black, non-fixing taxa in blue. (C, D) as above except calculated for relative abundance. Points can be interpreted as the axis location where a taxon attains its highest relative abundance.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cyanobacterial", "taxa", "np", "enrichment"], "article_id"=>293515, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Andrew M. Dolman", "Jacqueline Rücker", "Frances R. Pick", "Jutta Fastner", "Thomas Rohrlack", "Ute Mischke", "Claudia Wiedner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0038757.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Location_of_nine_cyanobacterial_taxa_on_joint_NP_and_relative_N_vs_P_enrichment_axes_/293515", "title"=>"Location of nine cyanobacterial taxa on joint NP and relative N vs. P enrichment axes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 03:49:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/622820"], "description"=>"<p>(A) the relationship between total phosphorus and total nitrogen, with a fitted standardised-major-axis (solid red line), the corresponding minor axis (solid blue line), and an isoline (dotted black) indicating points where the TN:TP ratio is equal to the average for the data set. The red arrows illustrate how a point’s joint NP enrichment score is defined as its position on the standardised-major-axis between TN and TP, while the blue arrow shows how its relative TN vs. TP enrichment score is defined as its position on the minor axis. (B) a filled contour plot indicating the fitted 90% quantile of total cyanobacteria biovolume as an estimate of the maximum expected biovolume at combinations of TN and TP concentration. (C) the relationship between cyanobacterial biovolume and total phosphorus and (D) total nitrogen concentration. Fitted lines are natural splines with 4 degrees of freedom showing the 90% and 50% quantiles of observations as a function of TP and TN. Splines were forced through the origin corresponding to an assumption of zero biovolume at zero nutrient concentrations.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["tp", "cyanobacterial"], "article_id"=>293300, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Andrew M. Dolman", "Jacqueline Rücker", "Frances R. Pick", "Jutta Fastner", "Thomas Rohrlack", "Ute Mischke", "Claudia Wiedner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0038757.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationships_between_TN_TP_and_total_cyanobacterial_biovolume_/293300", "title"=>"Relationships between TN, TP and total cyanobacterial biovolume.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 03:48:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/623583"], "description"=>"<p>Physical and chemical characteristics of sampled lakes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["characteristics", "sampled"], "article_id"=>294071, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Andrew M. Dolman", "Jacqueline Rücker", "Frances R. Pick", "Jutta Fastner", "Thomas Rohrlack", "Ute Mischke", "Claudia Wiedner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0038757.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Physical_and_chemical_characteristics_of_sampled_lakes_/294071", "title"=>"Physical and chemical characteristics of sampled lakes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 03:52:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/623393"], "description"=>"<p>The relationship between annual maximum concentration of four cyanotoxins and mean summer TN concentration for lakes in Berlin and Brandenburg, Germany. The fitted line indicates the 90% quantile of toxin concentration as an estimate of the maximum expected concentration of toxin for a given TN concentration. Each point represents the mean TN and maximum toxin concentration for one lake–summer.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["concentrations", "cyanotoxin", "groups", "tn"], "article_id"=>293882, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Andrew M. Dolman", "Jacqueline Rücker", "Frances R. Pick", "Jutta Fastner", "Thomas Rohrlack", "Ute Mischke", "Claudia Wiedner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0038757.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Maximum_annual_concentrations_of_four_cyanotoxin_groups_against_mean_summer_TN_concentration_/293882", "title"=>"Maximum annual concentrations of four cyanotoxin groups against mean summer TN concentration.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 03:51:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/623141"], "description"=>"<p>Boxplots of the maximum annual concentrations of four cyanotoxins sampled from north German lakes. MC concentrations come from 29 lake–summers at 13 lakes; CYN 56 lake–summers at 30 lakes; ATX 38 lake–summers at 14 lakes; and PSP 25 lake–summers at 13 lakes. Microcystin concentrations above 20 µg L<sup>−1</sup> were all measured in 1995–96 and the samples were taken with a plankton net; all concentrations measured in subsequent years were lower than this.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["concentrations", "cyanotoxin"], "article_id"=>293629, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Andrew M. Dolman", "Jacqueline Rücker", "Frances R. Pick", "Jutta Fastner", "Thomas Rohrlack", "Ute Mischke", "Claudia Wiedner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0038757.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Maximum_annual_concentrations_of_four_cyanotoxin_groups_/293629", "title"=>"Maximum annual concentrations of four cyanotoxin groups.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 03:49:55"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
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Relative Metric

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