Passerine Birds Breeding under Chronic Noise Experience Reduced Fitness
Events
Loading … Spinner

CiteULike | Further Information

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Passerine birds breeding under chronic noise experience reduced fitness", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Julia", "last_name"=>"Schroeder", "scopus_author_id"=>"23987976900"}, {"first_name"=>"Shinichi", "last_name"=>"Nakagawa", "scopus_author_id"=>"55949096500"}, {"first_name"=>"Ian R.", "last_name"=>"Cleasby", "scopus_author_id"=>"36600094600"}, {"first_name"=>"Terry", "last_name"=>"Burke", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201662030"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84863850524", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0039200", "sgr"=>"84863850524", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"22808028", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"365242164"}, "id"=>"cf1429b3-842d-3f8c-b0f3-23e211653919", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Fitness in birds has been shown to be negatively associated with anthropogenic noise, but the underlying mechanisms remain obscure. It is however crucial to understand the mechanisms of how urban noise impinges on fitness to obtain a better understanding of the role of chronic noise in urban ecology. Here, we examine three hypotheses on how noise might reduce reproductive output in passerine birds: (H1) by impairing mate choice, (H2) by reducing territory quality and (H3) by impeding chick development.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We used long-term data from an island population of house sparrows, Passer domesticus, in which we can precisely estimate fitness. We found that nests in an area affected by the noise from large generators produced fewer young, of lower body mass, and fewer recruits, even when we corrected statistically for parental genetic quality using a cross-fostering set-up, supporting H3. Also, individual females provided their young with food less often when they bred in the noisy area compared to breeding attempts by the same females elsewhere. Furthermore, we show that females reacted flexibly to increased noise levels by adjusting their provisioning rate in the short term, which suggests that noise may be a causal factor that reduces reproductive output. We rejected H1 and H2 because nestbox occupancy, parental body mass, age and reproductive investment did not differ significantly between noisy and quiet areas.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: OUR RESULTS SUGGEST A PREVIOUSLY UNDESCRIBED MECHANISM TO EXPLAIN HOW ENVIRONMENTAL NOISE CAN REDUCE FITNESS IN PASSERINE BIRDS: by acoustically masking parent-offspring communication. More importantly, using a cross-fostering set-up, our results demonstrate that birds breeding in a noisy environment experience significant fitness costs. Chronic noise is omnipresent around human habitation and may produces similar fitness consequences in a wide range of urban bird species.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/passerine-birds-breeding-under-chronic-noise-experience-reduced-fitness", "reader_count"=>185, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Researcher"=>27, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>47, "Student > Postgraduate"=>8, "Student > Master"=>34, "Other"=>10, "Student > Bachelor"=>31, "Lecturer"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Researcher"=>27, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>47, "Student > Postgraduate"=>8, "Student > Master"=>34, "Other"=>10, "Student > Bachelor"=>31, "Lecturer"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>13, "Environmental Science"=>28, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>134, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Psychology"=>3, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>3}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>134}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>13}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>28}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>2, "Netherlands"=>1, "Romania"=>1, "United States"=>3, "Brazil"=>7, "United Kingdom"=>3, "Mexico"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>6}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84863850524"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84863850524?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84863850524&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84863850524&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84863850524", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84863850524", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84863850524", "dc:title"=>"Passerine birds breeding under chronic noise experience reduced fitness", "dc:creator"=>"Schroeder J.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"7", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"7", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2012-07-11", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"11 July 2012", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0039200", "citedby-count"=>"90", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"The University of Sheffield", "affiliation-city"=>"Sheffield", "affiliation-country"=>"United Kingdom"}], "pubmed-id"=>"22808028", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e39200", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true, "freetoread"=>{"value"=>[{"$"=>"all"}, {"$"=>"publisherfullgold"}, {"$"=>"repository"}, {"$"=>"repositoryvor"}, {"$"=>"repositoryam"}]}, "freetoreadLabel"=>{"value"=>[{"$"=>"All Open Access"}, {"$"=>"Gold"}, {"$"=>"Green"}]}}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0039200", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Journal Comments | Further Information

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"135", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"736"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"182"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"141"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"165"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"47", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"159"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"113"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"141"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"126"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"87"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"88"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"94"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"98"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"86"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"81"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"73"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"60"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"66"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"63"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"66"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"51", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"41", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"39", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"82"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"44", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/611114"], "description"=>"<p>The quiet environment is the reference level. Statistically significant fixed effects are indicated in bold. <i>N</i>  = 1474 chicks.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bmm", "logit", "fledging", "recruitment", "cross-fostered", "lundy", "sparrow", "chicks", "noisy"], "article_id"=>281594, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Julia Schroeder", "Shinichi Nakagawa", "Ian R. Cleasby", "Terry Burke"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039200.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_a_BMM_with_a_logit_link_function_modelling_fledging_and_recruitment_probability_of_cross_fostered_Lundy_Island_house_sparrow_chicks_as_response_to_noisy_and_quiet_environments_/281594", "title"=>"Results of a BMM with a logit link function modelling fledging and recruitment probability, of cross-fostered Lundy Island house sparrow chicks as response to noisy and quiet environments.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 02:40:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/610992"], "description"=>"<p>Provisioning frequencies were calculated for the time period during which the noise was on and off in both groups. Lines represent changes in provisioning rate within individual females.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["provisioning", "lundy", "sparrows", "breeding", "nestboxes", "affected", "intermittent"], "article_id"=>281480, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Julia Schroeder", "Shinichi Nakagawa", "Ian R. Cleasby", "Terry Burke"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039200.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequency_of_provisioning_visits_per_minute_by_female_Lundy_island_house_sparrows_breeding_in_nestboxes_affected_by_intermittent_noise_top_and_by_those_not_affected_by_noise_/281480", "title"=>"Frequency of provisioning (visits per minute) by female Lundy island house sparrows breeding in nestboxes affected by intermittent noise (top), and by those not affected by noise.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 02:39:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/610737"], "description"=>"<p>Noise levels were assessed during the breeding season and measured at five random nestboxes at each site. We used a Silverline sound level meter, with A-weighting, with a range from 50–126 dB and an accuracy of ±2 dB.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["levels"], "article_id"=>281227, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Julia Schroeder", "Shinichi Nakagawa", "Ian R. Cleasby", "Terry Burke"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039200.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_noise_levels_at_the_four_sites_/281227", "title"=>"Mean noise levels at the four sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 02:38:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/610927"], "description"=>"<p>(a) Percentage of house sparrow hatchlings that recruited to the breeding population, in relation to the environment in which they were raised (Q1–3 =  quiet, N  =  noisy). These data are not corrected for natal brood and foster area. (b) Number of Lundy house sparrow hatchlings per brood in relation to brood area (jittered). (c) Provisioning frequency (visits per minute) within individual female house sparrows that bred in quiet environments before and after they bred, or both, in the noisy environment. <i>N</i>  = 69 females switched between noisy and non-noisy locations between broods. Whiskers depict one standard error.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["provisioning", "lundy", "sparrows", "breeding", "nestboxes", "noisy"], "article_id"=>281418, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Julia Schroeder", "Shinichi Nakagawa", "Ian R. Cleasby", "Terry Burke"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039200.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Reproductive_success_and_provisioning_frequency_of_Lundy_island_house_sparrows_breeding_in_nestboxes_in_the_noisy_area_and_elsewhere_/281418", "title"=>"Reproductive success and provisioning frequency of Lundy island house sparrows breeding in nestboxes in the noisy area and elsewhere.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 02:39:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/611038"], "description"=>"<p>Females: <i>N</i>  = 422, with observations on 147 individuals; males: <i>N</i>  = 420, with observations on 138 individuals.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bmm", "lundy", "sparrow", "provisioning", "frequencies", "noisy", "indicated"], "article_id"=>281527, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Julia Schroeder", "Shinichi Nakagawa", "Ian R. Cleasby", "Terry Burke"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039200.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_a_BMM_modelling_Lundy_island_house_sparrow_provisioning_frequencies_visits_hour_on_day_7_in_quiet_and_noisy_environments_Statistically_significant_fixed_effects_are_indicated_in_bold_/281527", "title"=>"Results of a BMM modelling Lundy island house sparrow provisioning frequencies (visits/hour) on day 7 in quiet and noisy environments. Statistically significant fixed effects are indicated in bold.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 02:39:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/610778"], "description"=>"<p>Grey boxes depict buildings.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sparrow", "nestboxes", "lundy"], "article_id"=>281272, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Julia Schroeder", "Shinichi Nakagawa", "Ian R. Cleasby", "Terry Burke"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039200.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>23, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Locations_of_house_sparrow_nestboxes_on_Lundy_Island_/281272", "title"=>"Locations of house sparrow nestboxes on Lundy Island.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 02:38:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/611077"], "description"=>"<p><i>N</i><sub>noise</sub>  = 22 observation periods on five females, N<sub>quiet</sub>  = 20 observation periods on nine females.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bmm", "lundy", "sparrow", "provisioning", "frequencies", "intermittently", "affected", "nestboxes", "periods", "indicated"], "article_id"=>281558, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Julia Schroeder", "Shinichi Nakagawa", "Ian R. Cleasby", "Terry Burke"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039200.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_a_BMM_modelling_Lundy_island_house_sparrow_female_provisioning_frequencies_visits_hour_at_a_location_intermittently_affected_by_noise_and_at_control_nestboxes_during_the_same_time_periods_two_level_factor_with_noise_off_as_the_reference_level_/281558", "title"=>"Results of a BMM modelling Lundy island house sparrow female provisioning frequencies (visits/hour) at a location intermittently affected by noise and at control nestboxes during the same time periods (two-level factor with noise off as the reference level). Statistically significant fixed effects are indicated in bold.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 02:40:00"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"14", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"14", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"44", "full-text"=>"58", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"49", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"16", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2021", "month"=>"1"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2012-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2012-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Organisms", "average_usage"=>[331, 557, 677, 777, 868, 960, 1050, 1136, 1223, 1307, 1390, 1466, 1536, 1603, 1673, 1741, 1814, 1889, 1954, 2028, 2096, 2164, 2233, 2305, 2362]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology/Signal processing", "average_usage"=>[341, 489, 598, 671, 741, 816, 898, 982, 1061, 1123, 1200, 1254, 1296, 1355, 1407, 1476, 1535, 1589, 1642, 1705, 1754, 1802, 1837, 1884, 1925]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[312, 547, 668, 769, 861, 953, 1046, 1135, 1224, 1307, 1388, 1464, 1536, 1606, 1676, 1744, 1812, 1882, 1954, 2020, 2089, 2155, 2218, 2282, 2344]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy and physiology", "average_usage"=>[308, 539, 659, 759, 852, 941, 1028, 1113, 1197, 1275, 1353, 1423]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Physiology", "average_usage"=>[308, 535, 653, 754, 847, 930, 1020, 1103, 1188, 1268, 1351, 1420, 1487, 1550, 1614, 1679, 1757, 1830, 1898, 1961, 2024, 2086, 2150, 2216, 2266]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places", "average_usage"=>[330, 562, 680, 783, 875, 964, 1062, 1152, 1240, 1327, 1406, 1483, 1561, 1632, 1701, 1770, 1849, 1922, 1993, 2059, 2131, 2197, 2271, 2335, 2403]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences", "average_usage"=>[304, 506, 616, 712, 799, 879, 968, 1052, 1134, 1212, 1284, 1357, 1427, 1494, 1557, 1621, 1689, 1756, 1823, 1883, 1944, 1997, 2056, 2118, 2171]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Physics", "average_usage"=>[298, 476, 578, 665, 743, 821, 891, 962, 1036, 1108, 1174, 1240, 1312, 1371, 1430, 1494, 1551, 1609, 1673, 1736, 1795, 1857, 1913, 1976, 2035]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts