Epidemiology of a Daphnia-Multiparasite System and Its Implications for the Red Queen
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{"title"=>"Epidemiology of a Daphnia-multiparasite system and its implications for the Red Queen", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Stuart K.J.R.", "last_name"=>"Auld", "scopus_author_id"=>"36571392500"}, {"first_name"=>"Spencer R.", "last_name"=>"Hall", "scopus_author_id"=>"8532479100"}, {"first_name"=>"Meghan A.", "last_name"=>"Duffy", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201789998"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"365083030", "sgr"=>"84862700956", "pmid"=>"22761826", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84862700956", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0039564", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"b9d499e1-e101-3558-9f2e-b4fc14f27f18", "abstract"=>"The Red Queen hypothesis can explain the maintenance of host and parasite diversity. However, the Red Queen requires genetic specificity for infection risk (i.e., that infection depends on the exact combination of host and parasite genotypes) and strongly virulent effects of infection on host fitness. A European crustacean (Daphnia magna)--bacterium (Pasteuria ramosa) system typifies such specificity and high virulence. We studied the North American host Daphnia dentifera and its natural parasite Pasteuria ramosa, and also found strong genetic specificity for infection success and high virulence. These results suggest that Pasteuria could promote Red Queen dynamics with D. dentifera populations as well. However, the Red Queen might be undermined in this system by selection from a more common yeast parasite (Metschnikowia bicuspidata). Resistance to the yeast did not correlate with resistance to Pasteuria among host genotypes, suggesting that selection by Metschnikowia should proceed relatively independently of selection by Pasteuria.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/epidemiology-daphniamultiparasite-system-implications-red-queen", "reader_count"=>56, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>7, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>43, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>43}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>7}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "France"=>1, "Chile"=>1, "Switzerland"=>2, "Portugal"=>1, "Peru"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/618749"], "description"=>"<p>. The matrix shows the proportion of hosts infected for each combination of host genotype (rows) and parasite isolate (columns). Cells show infectivity of the five different <i>Pasteuria</i> isolates on each of the six host genotypes. There are five shading categories: 0% infection (white), 1–20%, 21–40%, 41–60%, and 61–100% (black). See <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0039564#pone-0039564-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a> for statistical details.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genotypes", "exposed", "isolates"], "article_id"=>289230, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Microbiology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Stuart K. J. R. Auld", "Spencer R. Hall", "Meghan A. Duffy"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039564.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Infection_risk_for_six_host_genotypes_exposed_to_five_isolates_of_Pasteuria_ramosa_/289230", "title"=>"Infection risk for six host genotypes exposed to five isolates of <i>Pasteuria ramosa</i>", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 03:25:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/618824"], "description"=>"<p><i>r</i><sub>s</sub> = −0.38, <i>p</i> = 0.46. Each data point is the mean for each host genotype.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["microbiology", "ecology", "Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>289313, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Microbiology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Stuart K. J. R. Auld", "Spencer R. Hall", "Meghan A. Duffy"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039564.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spearman_rank_correlation_between_Pasteuria_and_Metschnikowia_infectivity_/289313", "title"=>"Spearman rank correlation between <i>Pasteuria</i> and <i>Metschnikowia</i> infectivity.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 03:25:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/618907"], "description"=>"<p>A: production of host offspring (fecundity) over 25 days; B: survival of hosts; and C: instantaneous rate of population growth of hosts (<i>r</i>), a composite measure of host fitness. Error bars denote one standard error. In panel B, “<i>Metsch</i>-exposed” indicates animals who were exposed to <i>Metschnikowia,</i> but who did not become infected. In all three panels, data were pooled across host genotypes and parasite isolates. Numbers of replicates are shown above bars; for <i>r,</i> the means of data for each host genotype from each infection category were used, resulting in lower sample sizes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["treatments"], "article_id"=>289394, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Microbiology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Stuart K. J. R. Auld", "Spencer R. Hall", "Meghan A. Duffy"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039564.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Measures_of_host_fitness_in_different_treatments_according_to_infection_status_/289394", "title"=>"Measures of host fitness in different treatments according to infection status.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 03:26:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/618998"], "description"=>"<p>DF: degrees of freedom; L-R χ <sup>2</sup>: likelihood-ratio χ <sup>2</sup> statistic; <i>p</i>: p-value of test. Bolded values are significant at alpha  = 0.05 level.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["models", "parasite"], "article_id"=>289487, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Microbiology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Stuart K. J. R. Auld", "Spencer R. Hall", "Meghan A. Duffy"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039564.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_statistics_of_models_testing_the_effects_of_host_genotype_parasite_species_and_Pasteuria_isolate_on_infection_risk_/289487", "title"=>"Summary statistics of models testing the effects of host genotype, parasite species and <i>Pasteuria</i> isolate on infection risk.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 03:26:32"}

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