The Likelihood of Extinction of Iconic and Dominant Herbivores and Detritivores of Coral Reefs: The Parrotfishes and Surgeonfishes
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{"title"=>"The likelihood of extinction of iconic and dominant herbivores and detritivores of coral reefs: The parrotfishes and surgeonfishes", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Mia T.", "last_name"=>"Comeros-Raynal", "scopus_author_id"=>"55958101700"}, {"first_name"=>"John Howard", "last_name"=>"Choat", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701828837"}, {"first_name"=>"Beth A.", "last_name"=>"Polidoro", "scopus_author_id"=>"16745378600"}, {"first_name"=>"Kendall D.", "last_name"=>"Clements", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005753881"}, {"first_name"=>"Rene", "last_name"=>"Abesamis", "scopus_author_id"=>"8921772200"}, {"first_name"=>"Matthew T.", "last_name"=>"Craig", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103269715"}, {"first_name"=>"Muhammad Erdi", "last_name"=>"Lazuardi", "scopus_author_id"=>"36982885100"}, {"first_name"=>"Jennifer", "last_name"=>"McIlwain", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004916250"}, {"first_name"=>"Andreas", "last_name"=>"Muljadi", "scopus_author_id"=>"6504802321"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert F.", "last_name"=>"Myers", "scopus_author_id"=>"55197247800"}, {"first_name"=>"Cleto L.", "last_name"=>"Nañola", "scopus_author_id"=>"6505929503"}, {"first_name"=>"Shinta", "last_name"=>"Pardede", "scopus_author_id"=>"13609070600"}, {"first_name"=>"Luiz A.", "last_name"=>"Rocha", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102199515"}, {"first_name"=>"Barry", "last_name"=>"Russell", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202346587"}, {"first_name"=>"Jonnell C.", "last_name"=>"Sanciangco", "scopus_author_id"=>"24482438500"}, {"first_name"=>"Brian", "last_name"=>"Stockwell", "scopus_author_id"=>"8502479500"}, {"first_name"=>"Heather", "last_name"=>"Harwell", "scopus_author_id"=>"8617813900"}, {"first_name"=>"Kent E.", "last_name"=>"Carpenter", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202705899"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0039825", "sgr"=>"84863829195", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"365242169", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"22808066", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84863829195"}, "id"=>"37afdea7-73db-385d-87b4-37dab11c49b6", "abstract"=>"Parrotfishes and surgeonfishes perform important functional roles in the dynamics of coral reef systems. This is a consequence of their varied feeding behaviors ranging from targeted consumption of living plant material (primarily surgeonfishes) to feeding on detrital aggregates that are either scraped from the reef surface or excavated from the deeper reef substratum (primarily parrotfishes). Increased fishing pressure and widespread habitat destruction have led to population declines for several species of these two groups. Species-specific data on global distribution, population status, life history characteristics, and major threats were compiled for each of the 179 known species of parrotfishes and surgeonfishes to determine the likelihood of extinction of each species under the Categories and Criteria of the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Due in part to the extensive distributions of most species and the life history traits exhibited in these two families, only three (1.7%) of the species are listed at an elevated risk of global extinction. The majority of the parrotfishes and surgeonfishes (86%) are listed as Least Concern, 10% are listed as Data Deficient and 1% are listed as Near Threatened. The risk of localized extinction, however, is higher in some areas, particularly in the Coral Triangle region. The relatively low proportion of species globally listed in threatened Categories is highly encouraging, and some conservation successes are attributed to concentrated conservation efforts. However, with the growing realization of man's profound impact on the planet, conservation actions such as improved marine reserve networks, more stringent fishing regulations, and continued monitoring of the population status at the species and community levels are imperative for the prevention of species loss in these groups of important and iconic coral reef fishes.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/likelihood-extinction-iconic-dominant-herbivores-detritivores-coral-reefs-parrotfishes-surgeonfishes", "reader_count"=>171, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>45, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>28, "Student > Postgraduate"=>12, "Student > Master"=>40, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>17, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>45, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>28, "Student > Postgraduate"=>12, "Student > Master"=>40, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>17, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Engineering"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>41, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>110, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>3, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>5}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>110}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>6}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>41}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>4, "Philippines"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "American Samoa"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "India"=>1, "Canada"=>1, "Brazil"=>5, "Italy"=>1, "Mexico"=>2, "France"=>2, "Australia"=>1, "Jamaica"=>1}, "group_count"=>13}

Scopus | Further Information

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/610272"], "description"=>"<p>Center line = median value, box boundaries = 25<sup>th</sup> and 75<sup>th</sup> percentiles, whiskers = 10<sup>th</sup> and 90<sup>th</sup> percentiles, black dots = outliers.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["destroyed", "declining", "reef"], "article_id"=>280747, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Mia T. Comeros-Raynal", "John Howard Choat", "Beth A. Polidoro", "Kendall D. Clements", "Rene Abesamis", "Matthew T. Craig", "Muhammad Erdi Lazuardi", "Jennifer McIlwain", "Andreas Muljadi", "Robert F. Myers", "Cleto L. Nañola Jr.", "Shinta Pardede", "Luiz A. Rocha", "Barry Russell", "Jonnell C. Sanciangco", "Brian Stockwell", "Heather Harwell", "Kent E. Carpenter"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039825.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Percentage_of_destroyed_and_declining_reef_in_each_species_range_vs_Red_List_Category_/280747", "title"=>"Percentage of destroyed and declining reef in each species' range vs Red List Category.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-07-11 00:12:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/610381"], "description"=>"<p>Feeding classification of parrotfishes and surgeonfishes based on dietary targets and post-digestive processes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["classification", "parrotfishes", "surgeonfishes", "dietary", "targets", "post-digestive"], "article_id"=>280849, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Mia T. Comeros-Raynal", "John Howard Choat", "Beth A. Polidoro", "Kendall D. Clements", "Rene Abesamis", "Matthew T. Craig", "Muhammad Erdi Lazuardi", "Jennifer McIlwain", "Andreas Muljadi", "Robert F. Myers", "Cleto L. Nañola Jr.", "Shinta Pardede", "Luiz A. Rocha", "Barry Russell", "Jonnell C. Sanciangco", "Brian Stockwell", "Heather Harwell", "Kent E. Carpenter"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039825.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>23, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Feeding_classification_of_parrotfishes_and_surgeonfishes_based_on_dietary_targets_and_post_digestive_processes_/280849", "title"=>"Feeding classification of parrotfishes and surgeonfishes based on dietary targets and post-digestive processes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-07-11 00:14:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/610605"], "description"=>"<p>Summary of IUCN criteria for listing in a threat category (Vulnerable, Endangered, or Critically Endangered) (Sadovy et al. 2012).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["iucn", "listing", "critically", "et"], "article_id"=>281078, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Mia T. Comeros-Raynal", "John Howard Choat", "Beth A. Polidoro", "Kendall D. Clements", "Rene Abesamis", "Matthew T. Craig", "Muhammad Erdi Lazuardi", "Jennifer McIlwain", "Andreas Muljadi", "Robert F. Myers", "Cleto L. Nañola Jr.", "Shinta Pardede", "Luiz A. Rocha", "Barry Russell", "Jonnell C. Sanciangco", "Brian Stockwell", "Heather Harwell", "Kent E. Carpenter"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039825.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Summary_of_IUCN_criteria_for_listing_in_a_threat_category_Vulnerable_Endangered_or_Critically_Endangered_Sadovy_et_al_2012_/281078", "title"=>"Summary of IUCN criteria for listing in a threat category (Vulnerable, Endangered, or Critically Endangered) (Sadovy et al. 2012).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-07-11 00:17:58"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/318583", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/318710", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/318802"], "description"=>"<div><p>Parrotfishes and surgeonfishes perform important functional roles in the dynamics of coral reef systems. This is a consequence of their varied feeding behaviors ranging from targeted consumption of living plant material (primarily surgeonfishes) to feeding on detrital aggregates that are either scraped from the reef surface or excavated from the deeper reef substratum (primarily parrotfishes). Increased fishing pressure and widespread habitat destruction have led to population declines for several species of these two groups. Species-specific data on global distribution, population status, life history characteristics, and major threats were compiled for each of the 179 known species of parrotfishes and surgeonfishes to determine the likelihood of extinction of each species under the Categories and Criteria of the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Due in part to the extensive distributions of most species and the life history traits exhibited in these two families, only three (1.7%) of the species are listed at an elevated risk of global extinction. The majority of the parrotfishes and surgeonfishes (86%) are listed as Least Concern, 10% are listed as Data Deficient and 1% are listed as Near Threatened. The risk of localized extinction, however, is higher in some areas, particularly in the Coral Triangle region. The relatively low proportion of species globally listed in threatened Categories is highly encouraging, and some conservation successes are attributed to concentrated conservation efforts. However, with the growing realization of man's profound impact on the planet, conservation actions such as improved marine reserve networks, more stringent fishing regulations, and continued monitoring of the population status at the species and community levels are imperative for the prevention of species loss in these groups of important and iconic coral reef fishes.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["extinction", "iconic", "herbivores", "detritivores", "coral", "parrotfishes", "surgeonfishes"], "article_id"=>122873, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Mia T. Comeros-Raynal", "John Howard Choat", "Beth A. Polidoro", "Kendall D. Clements", "Rene Abesamis", "Matthew T. Craig", "Muhammad Erdi Lazuardi", "Jennifer McIlwain", "Andreas Muljadi", "Robert F. Myers", "Cleto L. Nañola Jr.", "Shinta Pardede", "Luiz A. Rocha", "Barry Russell", "Jonnell C. Sanciangco", "Brian Stockwell", "Heather Harwell", "Kent E. Carpenter"], "doi"=>[nil, nil, nil], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>19, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/The_Likelihood_of_Extinction_of_Iconic_and_Dominant_Herbivores_and_Detritivores_of_Coral_Reefs_The_Parrotfishes_and_Surgeonfishes/122873", "title"=>"The Likelihood of Extinction of Iconic and Dominant Herbivores and Detritivores of Coral Reefs: The Parrotfishes and Surgeonfishes", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-07-11 00:47:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/610059"], "description"=>"<p>a. Species richness of parrotfishes of the world. b. Species richness of surgeonfishes of the world.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["richness"], "article_id"=>280538, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Mia T. Comeros-Raynal", "John Howard Choat", "Beth A. Polidoro", "Kendall D. Clements", "Rene Abesamis", "Matthew T. Craig", "Muhammad Erdi Lazuardi", "Jennifer McIlwain", "Andreas Muljadi", "Robert F. Myers", "Cleto L. Nañola Jr.", "Shinta Pardede", "Luiz A. Rocha", "Barry Russell", "Jonnell C. Sanciangco", "Brian Stockwell", "Heather Harwell", "Kent E. Carpenter"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039825.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Global_species_richness_patterns_/280538", "title"=>"Global species richness patterns.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-07-11 00:08:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/610164"], "description"=>"<p>Percentage of parrotfishes and surgeonfishes in each habitat type.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parrotfishes", "surgeonfishes"], "article_id"=>280636, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Mia T. Comeros-Raynal", "John Howard Choat", "Beth A. Polidoro", "Kendall D. Clements", "Rene Abesamis", "Matthew T. Craig", "Muhammad Erdi Lazuardi", "Jennifer McIlwain", "Andreas Muljadi", "Robert F. Myers", "Cleto L. Nañola Jr.", "Shinta Pardede", "Luiz A. Rocha", "Barry Russell", "Jonnell C. Sanciangco", "Brian Stockwell", "Heather Harwell", "Kent E. Carpenter"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039825.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Percentage_of_parrotfishes_and_surgeonfishes_in_each_habitat_type_/280636", "title"=>"Percentage of parrotfishes and surgeonfishes in each habitat type.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-07-11 00:10:36"}

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Relative Metric

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