Emergence of a Novel Avian Pox Disease in British Tit Species
Publication Date
November 21, 2012
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Becki Lawson, Shelly Lachish, Katie M. Colvile, Chris Durrant, et al
Volume
7
Issue
11
Pages
e40176
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040176
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0040176
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23185231
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3504035
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/23185231
Web of Science
000311821000002
Scopus
84869832045
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/emergence-novel-avian-pox-disease-british-tit-species
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Emergence of a Novel Avian Pox Disease in British Tit Species", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Becki", "last_name"=>"Lawson", "scopus_author_id"=>"8944571900"}, {"first_name"=>"Shelly", "last_name"=>"Lachish", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507809645"}, {"first_name"=>"Katie M.", "last_name"=>"Colvile", "scopus_author_id"=>"47960923000"}, {"first_name"=>"Chris", "last_name"=>"Durrant", "scopus_author_id"=>"24400620100"}, {"first_name"=>"Kirsi M.", "last_name"=>"Peck", "scopus_author_id"=>"36551501200"}, {"first_name"=>"Mike P.", "last_name"=>"Toms", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602142639"}, {"first_name"=>"Ben C.", "last_name"=>"Sheldon", "scopus_author_id"=>"35481336500"}, {"first_name"=>"Andrew A.", "last_name"=>"Cunningham", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201847229"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"366113275", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0040176", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84869832045", "pmid"=>"23185231", "sgr"=>"84869832045"}, "id"=>"e1f4f8ad-4b48-30a5-9372-1fe6d9fd006a", "abstract"=>"Avian pox is a viral disease with a wide host range. In Great Britain, avian pox in birds of the Paridae family was first diagnosed in a great tit (Parus major) from south-east England in 2006. An increasing number of avian pox incidents in Paridae have been reported each year since, indicative of an emergent infection. Here, we utilise a database of opportunistic reports of garden bird mortality and morbidity to analyse spatial and temporal patterns of suspected avian pox throughout Great Britain, 2006-2010. Reports of affected Paridae (211 incidents) outnumbered reports in non-Paridae (91 incidents). The majority (90%) of Paridae incidents involved great tits. Paridae pox incidents were more likely to involve multiple individuals (77.3%) than were incidents in non-Paridae hosts (31.9%). Unlike the small wart-like lesions usually seen in non-Paridae with avian pox in Great Britain, lesions in Paridae were frequently large, often with an ulcerated surface and caseous core. Spatial analyses revealed strong clustering of suspected avian pox incidents involving Paridae hosts, but only weak, inconsistent clustering of incidents involving non-Paridae hosts. There was no spatial association between Paridae and non-Paridae incidents. We documented significant spatial spread of Paridae pox from an origin in south-east England; no spatial spread was evident for non-Paridae pox. For both host clades, there was an annual peak of reports in August/September. Sequencing of the avian poxvirus 4b core protein produced an identical viral sequence from each of 20 great tits tested from Great Britain. This sequence was identical to that from great tits from central Europe and Scandinavia. In contrast, sequence variation was evident amongst virus tested from 17 non-Paridae hosts of 5 species. Our findings show Paridae pox to be an emerging infectious disease in wild birds in Great Britain, apparently originating from viral incursion from central Europe or Scandinavia.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/emergence-novel-avian-pox-disease-british-tit-species", "reader_count"=>52, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>17, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>17, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>7, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>31, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>3, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>31}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>7}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United Kingdom"=>3}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84869832045"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84869832045?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84869832045&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84869832045&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84869832045", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84869832045", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84869832045", "dc:title"=>"Emergence of a Novel Avian Pox Disease in British Tit Species", "dc:creator"=>"Lawson B.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"7", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"11", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2012-11-21", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"21 November 2012", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0040176", "citedby-count"=>"40", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Zoological Society of London Institute of Zoology", "affiliation-city"=>"London", "affiliation-country"=>"United Kingdom"}], "pubmed-id"=>"23185231", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e40176", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true, "freetoread"=>{"value"=>[{"$"=>"all"}, {"$"=>"publisherfullgold"}, {"$"=>"repository"}, {"$"=>"repositoryvor"}, {"$"=>"repositoryam"}]}, "freetoreadLabel"=>{"value"=>[{"$"=>"All Open Access"}, {"$"=>"Gold"}, {"$"=>"Green"}]}}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0040176", "share_count"=>4, "like_count"=>2, "comment_count"=>3, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>9}

Journal Comments | Further Information

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"133", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"999"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"64", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"522"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"177"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"97"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"133"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"92"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"96"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"92"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"82"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"89"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"95"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"99"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"181"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"159"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"132"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"96"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"95"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"112"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"113"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"107"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"73"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"78"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"81"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"132"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"104"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"41", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"5"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/537456"], "description"=>"<p>Transmission electron micrograph of avian pox virions from a skin lesion in a great tit (Case 4, Sussex, October 2007).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["electron", "micrograph", "avian", "pox", "virions", "lesion", "tit", "october"], "article_id"=>207936, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Becki Lawson", "Shelly Lachish", "Katie M. Colvile", "Chris Durrant", "Kirsi M. Peck", "Mike P. Toms", "Ben C. Sheldon", "Andrew A. Cunningham"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040176.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Transmission_electron_micrograph_of_avian_pox_virions_from_a_skin_lesion_in_a_great_tit_Case_4_Sussex_October_2007_/207936", "title"=>"Transmission electron micrograph of avian pox virions from a skin lesion in a great tit (Case 4, Sussex, October 2007).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-21 02:12:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/537692"], "description"=>"<p>Maps showing locations of avian pox incidents in Paridae and non-Paridae hosts in each year of the study, along with the locations and spatial extent of significant (P<0.05) spatiotemporal clusters detected by the space-time permutation scan statistic model. The temporal extent of clusters is given in the tables below the maps.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["clustering", "avian", "pox", "infections", "paridae", "non-paridae", "hosts", "2006"], "article_id"=>208176, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Becki Lawson", "Shelly Lachish", "Katie M. Colvile", "Chris Durrant", "Kirsi M. Peck", "Mike P. Toms", "Ben C. Sheldon", "Andrew A. Cunningham"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040176.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spatio_temporal_clustering_of_avian_pox_infections_in_Paridae_and_non_Paridae_hosts_from_2006_to_2010_/208176", "title"=>"Spatio-temporal clustering of avian pox infections in Paridae and non-Paridae hosts from 2006 to 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-21 02:16:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/537602"], "description"=>"<p>Maps showing the spatial distribution of avian pox in Paridae and non-Paridae hosts in each year of the study, as well as the results of K-function analysis to detect clustering of pox cases. Standardised K values (L<i>(d)</i> values, solid line) are presented as a function of increasing distance (0 to 350 km), and in relation to the 95% null simulation envelope (dotted lines). The location and spatial extent of statistically significant pox clusters accounting for heterogeneity in reporting rate (determined from SatScan spatial cluster analysis using county human household numbers as the background population) are shown by orange circles. Counties encompassed within clusters are shaded in red. Also shown are the log-likelihood ratio (LLR), the relative risk of infection (RR) and the significance (P value) of each of the identified SatScan clusters. Note that while pox cases were assigned to their county of origin for this analysis, they are plotted on these maps at their actual locations.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["clustering", "patterns", "avian", "pox", "paridae", "non-paridae"], "article_id"=>208088, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Becki Lawson", "Shelly Lachish", "Katie M. Colvile", "Chris Durrant", "Kirsi M. Peck", "Mike P. Toms", "Ben C. Sheldon", "Andrew A. Cunningham"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040176.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spatial_distribution_and_clustering_patterns_of_avian_pox_in_Paridae_and_non_Paridae_hosts_2006_8211_2010_/208088", "title"=>"Spatial distribution and clustering patterns of avian pox in Paridae and non-Paridae hosts, 2006–2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-21 02:14:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/288110", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/288193", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/288330", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/288471", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/288565", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/288705", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/288794"], "description"=>"<div><p>Avian pox is a viral disease with a wide host range. In Great Britain, avian pox in birds of the Paridae family was first diagnosed in a great tit (<em>Parus major</em>) from south-east England in 2006. An increasing number of avian pox incidents in Paridae have been reported each year since, indicative of an emergent infection. Here, we utilise a database of opportunistic reports of garden bird mortality and morbidity to analyse spatial and temporal patterns of suspected avian pox throughout Great Britain, 2006–2010. Reports of affected Paridae (211 incidents) outnumbered reports in non-Paridae (91 incidents). The majority (90%) of Paridae incidents involved great tits. Paridae pox incidents were more likely to involve multiple individuals (77.3%) than were incidents in non-Paridae hosts (31.9%). Unlike the small wart-like lesions usually seen in non-Paridae with avian pox in Great Britain, lesions in Paridae were frequently large, often with an ulcerated surface and caseous core. Spatial analyses revealed strong clustering of suspected avian pox incidents involving Paridae hosts, but only weak, inconsistent clustering of incidents involving non-Paridae hosts. There was no spatial association between Paridae and non-Paridae incidents. We documented significant spatial spread of Paridae pox from an origin in south-east England; no spatial spread was evident for non-Paridae pox. For both host clades, there was an annual peak of reports in August/September. Sequencing of the avian poxvirus 4b core protein produced an identical viral sequence from each of 20 great tits tested from Great Britain. This sequence was identical to that from great tits from central Europe and Scandinavia. In contrast, sequence variation was evident amongst virus tested from 17 non-Paridae hosts of 5 species. Our findings show Paridae pox to be an emerging infectious disease in wild birds in Great Britain, apparently originating from viral incursion from central Europe or Scandinavia.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["emergence", "avian", "pox", "british", "tit", "species"], "article_id"=>116758, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Becki Lawson", "Shelly Lachish", "Katie M. Colvile", "Chris Durrant", "Kirsi M. Peck", "Mike P. Toms", "Ben C. Sheldon", "Andrew A. Cunningham"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040176.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040176.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040176.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040176.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040176.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040176.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040176.s007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>57, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Emergence_of_a_Novel_Avian_Pox_Disease_in_British_Tit_Species__/116758", "title"=>"Emergence of a Novel Avian Pox Disease in British Tit Species", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-11-21 01:52:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/537810"], "description"=>"<p>Neighbor-joining phylogram with bootstrap values (1000 replicates) of >90% shown. Sequences derived in this study are indicated with an asterisk. Details of avian pox isolates from UK non-Paridae species are in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0040176#pone.0040176.s006\" target=\"_blank\">Table S2</a>. Details of Genbank listed avian pox isolates are in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0040176#pone.0040176.s007\" target=\"_blank\">Table S3</a>. The evolutionary distances were computed using the Maximum Composite Likelihood method and are in the units of the number of base substitutions per site.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["avipoxvirus", "british", "birds", "4b"], "article_id"=>208292, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Becki Lawson", "Shelly Lachish", "Katie M. Colvile", "Chris Durrant", "Kirsi M. Peck", "Mike P. Toms", "Ben C. Sheldon", "Andrew A. Cunningham"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040176.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_analysis_of_avipoxvirus_from_British_birds_based_on_the_4b_core_protein_/208292", "title"=>"Phylogenetic analysis of avipoxvirus from British birds based on the 4b core protein.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-21 02:18:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/537190"], "description"=>"<p>In 2006, a single suspect Paridae incident was reported in January and a second in August; all five non-Paridae incidents were reported from July to September inclusive.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["avian", "pox", "incidents", "paridae", "non-paridae"], "article_id"=>207670, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Becki Lawson", "Shelly Lachish", "Katie M. Colvile", "Chris Durrant", "Kirsi M. Peck", "Mike P. Toms", "Ben C. Sheldon", "Andrew A. Cunningham"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040176.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Seasonality_of_avian_pox_incidents_in_Paridae_and_non_Paridae_species_2007_8211_2010_/207670", "title"=>"Seasonality of avian pox incidents in Paridae and non-Paridae species, 2007–2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-21 02:07:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/537319"], "description"=>"<p>Typical avian pox lesions in a great tit at a garden feeding station (Sussex, September 2007).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["avian", "pox", "lesions", "tit", "feeding", "september"], "article_id"=>207807, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Becki Lawson", "Shelly Lachish", "Katie M. Colvile", "Chris Durrant", "Kirsi M. Peck", "Mike P. Toms", "Ben C. Sheldon", "Andrew A. Cunningham"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040176.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Typical_avian_pox_lesions_in_a_great_tit_at_a_garden_feeding_station_Sussex_September_2007_/207807", "title"=>"Typical avian pox lesions in a great tit at a garden feeding station (Sussex, September 2007).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-21 02:10:07"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"19", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"26", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"14", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"46", "full-text"=>"58", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"76", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"1478", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"112", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"77", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"48", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"67", "full-text"=>"75", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"42", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"49", "full-text"=>"52", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"13", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"65", "full-text"=>"69", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"42", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2021", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2021", "month"=>"2"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2012-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2012-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Evolutionary biology", "average_usage"=>[366, 574, 695, 795, 885, 973, 1063, 1148, 1233, 1319, 1389, 1459, 1533, 1611, 1685, 1754, 1820, 1882, 1937, 2001, 2071, 2129, 2219, 2273, 2335]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Molecular biology", "average_usage"=>[324, 551, 679, 782, 879, 971, 1064, 1154, 1245, 1328, 1406, 1476, 1541, 1617, 1683, 1754, 1818, 1893, 1962, 2025, 2092, 2164, 2227, 2294, 2355]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[312, 547, 668, 769, 861, 953, 1046, 1135, 1224, 1307, 1388, 1464, 1536, 1606, 1676, 1744, 1812, 1882, 1954, 2020, 2089, 2155, 2218, 2282, 2344]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences", "average_usage"=>[304, 506, 616, 712, 799, 879, 968, 1052, 1134, 1212, 1284, 1357, 1427, 1494, 1557, 1621, 1689, 1756, 1823, 1883, 1944, 1997, 2056, 2118, 2171]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Mathematics", "average_usage"=>[325, 522, 627, 718, 804, 884, 969, 1052, 1131, 1207, 1277, 1346, 1415, 1478, 1542, 1605, 1663, 1723, 1776, 1839, 1895, 1955, 2008, 2066, 2123]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts