Repeat Tracking of Individual Songbirds Reveals Consistent Migration Timing but Flexibility in Route
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{"title"=>"Repeat tracking of individual songbirds reveals consistent migration timing but flexibility in route", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Calandra Q.", "last_name"=>"Stanley", "scopus_author_id"=>"55322408800"}, {"first_name"=>"Maggie", "last_name"=>"MacPherson", "scopus_author_id"=>"37054211800"}, {"first_name"=>"Kevin C.", "last_name"=>"Fraser", "scopus_author_id"=>"24166210400"}, {"first_name"=>"Emily A.", "last_name"=>"McKinnon", "scopus_author_id"=>"55322964000"}, {"first_name"=>"Bridget J M", "last_name"=>"Stutchbury", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004212289"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"365330330", "sgr"=>"84864338612", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"22848395", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84864338612", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0040688", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"03e288ba-8246-3473-a415-b9381ba270b9", "abstract"=>"Tracking repeat migratory journeys of individual animals is required to assess phenotypic plasticity of individual migration behaviour in space and time. We used light-level geolocators to track the long-distance journeys of migratory songbirds (wood thrush, Hylocichla mustelina), and, for the first time, repeat journeys of individuals. We compare between- and within-individual variation in migration to examine flexibility of timing and route in spring and autumn. Date of departure from wintering sites in Central America, along with sex and age factors, explained most of the variation (71%) in arrival date at North American breeding sites. Spring migration showed high within-individual repeatability in timing, but not in route. In particular, spring departure dates of individuals were highly repeatable, with a mean difference between years of just 3 days. Autumn migration timing and routes were not repeatable. Our results provide novel evidence of low phenotypic plasticity in timing of spring migration, which may limit the ability of individuals to adjust migration schedules in response to climate change.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/repeat-tracking-individual-songbirds-reveals-consistent-migration-timing-flexibility-route", "reader_count"=>161, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>42, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>34, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>27, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>28, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>42, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>34, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>27, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>28, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>11, "Environmental Science"=>17, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>123, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Physics and Astronomy"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>3, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>2}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>123}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>11}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>17}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>4, "Czech Republic"=>1, "Sweden"=>1, "Netherlands"=>1, "United States"=>5, "Brazil"=>3, "United Kingdom"=>3, "Mexico"=>1, "Italy"=>1, "South Africa"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/315275"], "description"=>"<div><p>Tracking repeat migratory journeys of individual animals is required to assess phenotypic plasticity of individual migration behaviour in space and time. We used light-level geolocators to track the long-distance journeys of migratory songbirds (wood thrush, <em>Hylocichla mustelina</em>), and, for the first time, repeat journeys of individuals. We compare between- and within-individual variation in migration to examine flexibility of timing and route in spring and autumn. Date of departure from wintering sites in Central America, along with sex and age factors, explained most of the variation (71%) in arrival date at North American breeding sites. Spring migration showed high within-individual repeatability in timing, but not in route. In particular, spring departure dates of individuals were highly repeatable, with a mean difference between years of just 3 days. Autumn migration timing and routes were not repeatable. Our results provide novel evidence of low phenotypic plasticity in timing of spring migration, which may limit the ability of individuals to adjust migration schedules in response to climate change.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["tracking", "songbirds", "reveals"], "article_id"=>122216, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Calandra Q. Stanley", "Maggie MacPherson", "Kevin C. Fraser", "Emily A. McKinnon", "Bridget J. M. Stutchbury"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040688", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Repeat_Tracking_of_Individual_Songbirds_Reveals_Consistent_Migration_Timing_but_Flexibility_in_Route/122216", "title"=>"Repeat Tracking of Individual Songbirds Reveals Consistent Migration Timing but Flexibility in Route", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-07-25 00:36:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/603242"], "description"=>"<p>Total of 56 individual fall and spring migrations tracked, including 9 individuals tracked twice and one individual tracked three times. Significance level indicated by asterisks: *<i>p</i><0.05; **<i>p</i><0.01, ***<i>p</i><0.001.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["one-way", "anova", "variables"], "article_id"=>273733, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Calandra Q. Stanley", "Maggie MacPherson", "Kevin C. Fraser", "Emily A. McKinnon", "Bridget J. M. Stutchbury"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040688.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_p_values_of_one_way_ANOVA_testing_the_effects_of_individual_on_migration_variables_of_wood_thrushes_/273733", "title"=>"<i>p</i>-values of one-way ANOVA testing the effects of individual on migration variables of wood thrushes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-07-25 01:02:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/603212"], "description"=>"<p>Repeatability (<i>r</i>) of migration timing and route variables for wood thrushes tracked in two consecutive years (*<i>p</i><0.05; **<i>p</i><0.01, ***<i>p</i><0.001).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["variables", "thrushes", "tracked", "years"], "article_id"=>273702, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Calandra Q. Stanley", "Maggie MacPherson", "Kevin C. Fraser", "Emily Mckinnon", "Bridget J. M. Stutchbury"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040688.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Repeatability_r_of_migration_timing_and_route_variables_for_wood_thrushes_tracked_in_two_consecutive_years_p_p_p_/273702", "title"=>"Repeatability (<i>r</i>) of migration timing and route variables for wood thrushes tracked in two consecutive years (*<i>p</i><0.05; **<i>p</i><0.01, ***<i>p</i><0.001).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-07-25 01:01:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/602699"], "description"=>"<p>(a) Spring departure date versus breeding arrival date of 56 migration tracks of 45 different individual wood thrushes (line shows least-squares regression). Black data points indicate female, grey male. Migration timing for individuals tracked in two consecutive years: (b) winter arrival date, (c) spring departure date, (d) breeding arrival date. For b–d, lines show 1∶1 relationship.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["schedules"], "article_id"=>273195, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Calandra Q. Stanley", "Maggie MacPherson", "Kevin C. Fraser", "Emily Mckinnon", "Bridget J. M. Stutchbury"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040688.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Migration_schedules_of_wood_thrush_/273195", "title"=>"Migration schedules of wood thrush.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-07-25 00:53:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/603082"], "description"=>"<p>Birds were tracked from (a) Pennsylvania (b) Costa Rica. Yellow  =  spring migration, pink, pink  =  fall migration. Orange circle  =  breeding site, blue  =  winter site. Short-dashed lines indicate migration tracks in the second year and long-dashed lines a third year. Dotted lines indicate where migration route was unknown due to poor-quality light data, or geolocator battery failure.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["routes", "individuals", "tracked", "years", "geolocator"], "article_id"=>273572, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Calandra Q. Stanley", "Maggie MacPherson", "Kevin C. Fraser", "Emily A. McKinnon", "Bridget J. M. Stutchbury"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040688.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Repeat_migration_routes_of_individuals_tracked_in_consecutive_years_by_geolocator_deployment_/273572", "title"=>"Repeat migration routes of individuals tracked in consecutive years by geolocator deployment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-07-25 00:59:32"}

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Relative Metric

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