Transmission Dynamics of Carbapenemase-Producing Klebsiella Pneumoniae and Anticipated Impact of Infection Control Strategies in a Surgical Unit
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{"title"=>"Transmission dynamics of carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae and anticipated impact of infection control strategies in a surgical unit", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Vana", "last_name"=>"Sypsa", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603369653"}, {"first_name"=>"Mina", "last_name"=>"Psichogiou", "scopus_author_id"=>"57194563325"}, {"first_name"=>"Georgia Aikaterina", "last_name"=>"Bouzala", "scopus_author_id"=>"55325148400"}, {"first_name"=>"Linos", "last_name"=>"Hadjihannas", "scopus_author_id"=>"26647625300"}, {"first_name"=>"Angelos", "last_name"=>"Hatzakis", "scopus_author_id"=>"35371482000"}, {"first_name"=>"Georgios L.", "last_name"=>"Daikos", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005992826"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0041068", "sgr"=>"84864472124", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"365351812", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"22859965", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84864472124"}, "id"=>"db304406-1d7d-3b6c-918d-8dd19d5a2b8e", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (CPKP) has been established as important nosocomial pathogen in many geographic regions. Transmission from patient to patient via the hands of healthcare workers is the main route of spread in the acute-care setting.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Epidemiological and infection control data were recorded during a prospective observational study conducted in a surgical unit of a tertiary-care hospital in Greece. Surveillance culture for CPKP were obtained from all patients upon admission and weekly thereafter. The Ross-Macdonald model for vector-borne diseases was applied to obtain estimates for the basic reproduction number R(0) (average number of secondary cases per primary case in the absence of infection control) and assess the impact of infection control measures on CPKP containment in endemic and hyperendemic settings. Eighteen of 850 patients were colonized with CPKP on admission and 51 acquired CPKP during hospilazation. R(0) reached 2 and exceeded unity for long periods of time under the observed hand hygiene compliance (21%). The minimum hand hygiene compliance level necessary to control transmission was 50%. Reduction of 60% to 90% in colonized patients on admission, through active surveillance culture, contact precautions and isolation/cohorting, in combination with 60% compliance in hand hygiene would result in rapid decline in CPKP prevalence within 8-12 weeks. Antibiotics restrictions did not have a substantial benefit when an aggressive control strategy was implemented.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Surveillance culture on admission and isolation/cohorting of colonized patients coupled with moderate hand hygiene compliance and contact precautions may lead to rapid control of CPKP in endemic and hyperendemic healthcare settings.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/transmission-dynamics-carbapenemaseproducing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-anticipated-impact-infection-cont", "reader_count"=>54, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>16, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>16, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>2, "Mathematics"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>27, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>14, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>27}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>14}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Greece"=>1, "Italy"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "France"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/313369", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/313404"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>Carbapenemase-producing <em>Klebsiella pneumoniae</em> (CPKP) has been established as important nosocomial pathogen in many geographic regions. Transmission from patient to patient via the hands of healthcare workers is the main route of spread in the acute-care setting.</p> <h3>Methodology/Principal Findings</h3><p>Epidemiological and infection control data were recorded during a prospective observational study conducted in a surgical unit of a tertiary-care hospital in Greece. Surveillance culture for CPKP were obtained from all patients upon admission and weekly thereafter. The Ross-Macdonald model for vector-borne diseases was applied to obtain estimates for the basic reproduction number <em>R<sub>0</sub></em> (average number of secondary cases per primary case in the absence of infection control) and assess the impact of infection control measures on CPKP containment in endemic and hyperendemic settings. Eighteen of 850 patients were colonized with CPKP on admission and 51 acquired CPKP during hospilazation. <em>R<sub>0</sub></em> reached 2 and exceeded unity for long periods of time under the observed hand hygiene compliance (21%). The minimum hand hygiene compliance level necessary to control transmission was 50%. Reduction of 60% to 90% in colonized patients on admission, through active surveillance culture, contact precautions and isolation/cohorting, in combination with 60% compliance in hand hygiene would result in rapid decline in CPKP prevalence within 8–12 weeks. Antibiotics restrictions did not have a substantial benefit when an aggressive control strategy was implemented.</p> <h3>Conclusions/Significance</h3><p>Surveillance culture on admission and isolation/cohorting of colonized patients coupled with moderate hand hygiene compliance and contact precautions may lead to rapid control of CPKP in endemic and hyperendemic healthcare settings.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["carbapenemase-producing", "klebsiella", "pneumoniae", "anticipated", "strategies", "surgical"], "article_id"=>121809, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Cancer", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Vana Sypsa", "Mina Psichogiou", "Georgia-Aikaterina Bouzala", "Linos Hadjihannas", "Angelos Hatzakis", "Georgios L. Daikos"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0041068.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0041068.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Transmission_Dynamics_of_Carbapenemase_Producing_Klebsiella_Pneumoniae_and_Anticipated_Impact_of_Infection_Control_Strategies_in_a_Surgical_Unit/121809", "title"=>"Transmission Dynamics of Carbapenemase-Producing Klebsiella Pneumoniae and Anticipated Impact of Infection Control Strategies in a Surgical Unit", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-07-31 00:30:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/598896"], "description"=>"<p>A. Model of indirect transmission of CPKP between patients through health-care workers (HCWs) who act as vectors. Solid lines depict the movement to/from the four population groups and dashed lines depict the transmission between patients and HCWs B. The impact of intervention measures in the transmission process: hand washing (allows the decontamination of HCWs), staff cohorting (reduces patients mixing with contaminated HCWs), antibiotic restriction (reduces the probability of CPKP colonization per contact with contaminated HCW), screening and isolation of colonized admissions.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["indirect", "cpkp", "patients", "workers"], "article_id"=>269379, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Vana Sypsa", "Mina Psichogiou", "Georgia-Aikaterina Bouzala", "Linos Hadjihannas", "Angelos Hatzakis", "Georgios L. Daikos"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0041068.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Model_of_indirect_transmission_of_CPKP_between_patients_through_health_care_workers_HCWs_and_impact_of_intervention_measures_/269379", "title"=>"Model of indirect transmission of CPKP between patients through health-care workers (HCWs) and impact of intervention measures.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-07-31 02:36:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/598991"], "description"=>"<p>Observed cumulative number of CPKP colonized patients (admissions and colonizations within the unit), CPKP colorizations within the unit and CPKP colonized admissions (solid lines) along with the corresponding model fit (dashed lines).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["patients", "cpkp"], "article_id"=>269487, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Vana Sypsa", "Mina Psichogiou", "Georgia-Aikaterina Bouzala", "Linos Hadjihannas", "Angelos Hatzakis", "Georgios L. Daikos"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0041068.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Observed_number_of_patients_with_CPKP_and_model_fit_/269487", "title"=>"Observed number of patients with CPKP and model fit.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-07-31 02:38:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/599093"], "description"=>"<p>Bimonthly predicted effective reproduction number <i>R(p)</i> (under the observed hand hygiene compliance rate of <i>p</i> = 21% during the study period) and the corresponding basic reproduction number <i>R<sub>0</sub></i>. Values of <i>R(p)</i>>1 (dotted line) indicate the potential for an epidemic to occur. <b>B.</b> Observed occupancy within the surgical unit during the study period (monthly estimates).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["reproduction", "observed", "occupancy", "surgical"], "article_id"=>269583, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Vana Sypsa", "Mina Psichogiou", "Georgia-Aikaterina Bouzala", "Linos Hadjihannas", "Angelos Hatzakis", "Georgios L. Daikos"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0041068.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Bimonthly_predicted_effective_reproduction_number_R_p_and_observed_occupancy_within_the_surgical_unit_A_/269583", "title"=>"Bimonthly predicted effective reproduction number <i>R(p)</i> and observed occupancy within the surgical unit. A.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-07-31 02:39:43"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/599223"], "description"=>"<p>One CPKP colonized patient enters the surgical unit on day 0 and the only infection control measure applied during the first 30 days is hand hygiene compliance (<i>p</i> = 21%). The impact of various infection control strategies implemented since day 30 on CPKP colonization prevalence was simulated (the mean of 1,000 simulations is shown). The evaluated scenarios include: <b>1.</b> adopt no additional infection control measures (hand hygiene compliance <i>p</i> = 21%), <b>2.</b> increase <i>p</i> to 60%, <b>3.</b> increase <i>p</i> to 80%, <b>4.</b> increase <i>p</i> to 60% and reduce colonization prevalence on admission of CPKP by 60% (through active surveillance and subsequent isolation or strict contact precautions for positive patients), <b>5.</b> increase <i>p</i> to 60% and reduce colonization prevalence on admission of CPKP by 90%, <b>6.</b> increase <i>p</i> to 80% and reduce colonization prevalence on admission of CPKP by 90%. Dashed lines (<b>- - -</b>) correspond to the above scenarios with the addition of 50% reduction in the duration of antibiotic usage during patients' stay in the unit (assuming a relative risk associated with antibiotic use equal to 3).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["measures", "prevalence", "cpkp", "colonization", "endemic"], "article_id"=>269711, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Vana Sypsa", "Mina Psichogiou", "Georgia-Aikaterina Bouzala", "Linos Hadjihannas", "Angelos Hatzakis", "Georgios L. Daikos"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0041068.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Impact_of_infection_control_measures_on_the_prevalence_of_CPKP_colonization_in_an_endemic_setting_/269711", "title"=>"Impact of infection control measures on the prevalence of CPKP colonization in an endemic setting.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-07-31 02:41:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/599358"], "description"=>"<p>One CPKP colonized patient enters the surgical unit on day 0 and the only infection control measure applied during the first 30 days is hand hygiene compliance (<i>p</i> = 21%). Infection control measures are implemented during three months (day 30 - day 120). After day 120, only hand hygiene measures with 60% compliance are implemented. The evaluated scenarios during day 30-day 120 include: <b>1</b>. Hand hygiene compliance <i>p</i> = 60%, <b>2.... </b><i>p = </i>80%, <b>3.... </b><i>p</i> = 60% and reduce colonization prevalence on admission of CPKP by 60% (through active surveillance and subsequent isolation or strict contact precautions for positive patients), <b>4.... </b><i>p</i> = 60% and reduce colonization prevalence on admission of CPKP by 90%, <b>5.... </b><i>p</i> = 80% and reduce colonization prevalence on admission of CPKP by 90%.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["relaxing", "measures", "prevalence", "cpkp", "colonization", "endemic"], "article_id"=>269846, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Vana Sypsa", "Mina Psichogiou", "Georgia-Aikaterina Bouzala", "Linos Hadjihannas", "Angelos Hatzakis", "Georgios L. Daikos"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0041068.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Impact_of_relaxing_the_infection_control_measures_on_the_prevalence_of_CPKP_colonization_in_an_endemic_setting_/269846", "title"=>"Impact of relaxing the infection control measures on the prevalence of CPKP colonization in an endemic setting.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-07-31 02:44:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/599481"], "description"=>"<p>Infection control measures start on day 0 where a high colonization prevalence of 21% was assumed. The evaluated scenarios include: <b>1</b>. Hand hygiene compliance <i>p</i> = 60%, <b>2.... </b><i>p = </i>80%, <b>3.... </b><i>p</i> = 60% and reduce colonization prevalence on admission of CPKP by 60% (through active surveillance and subsequent isolation or strict contact precautions for positive patients), <b>4.... </b><i>p</i> = 60% and reduce colonization prevalence on admission of CPKP by 90%, <b>5.... </b><i>p</i> = 80% and reduce colonization prevalence on admission of CPKP by 90%. Dashed lines (<b>- - -</b>) correspond to the above scenarios with the addition of 50% reduction in the duration of antibiotic usage during patients' stay in the unit (assuming a relative risk associated with antibiotic use equal to 3).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["measures", "prevalence", "cpkp", "colonization", "hyperendemic"], "article_id"=>269968, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Vana Sypsa", "Mina Psichogiou", "Georgia-Aikaterina Bouzala", "Linos Hadjihannas", "Angelos Hatzakis", "Georgios L. Daikos"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0041068.g006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Impact_of_infection_control_measures_on_the_prevalence_of_CPKP_colonization_in_an_hyperendemic_setting_/269968", "title"=>"Impact of infection control measures on the prevalence of CPKP colonization in an hyperendemic setting.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-07-31 02:46:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/599624"], "description"=>"<p>Parameter estimates used in the model of CPKP transmission.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["estimates", "cpkp"], "article_id"=>270118, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Vana Sypsa", "Mina Psichogiou", "Georgia-Aikaterina Bouzala", "Linos Hadjihannas", "Angelos Hatzakis", "Georgios L. Daikos"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0041068.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Parameter_estimates_used_in_the_model_of_CPKP_transmission_/270118", "title"=>"Parameter estimates used in the model of CPKP transmission.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-07-31 00:01:58"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"14", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"39", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"32", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
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