Transgenic Resistance Confers Effective Field Level Control of Bacterial Spot Disease in Tomato
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{"title"=>"Transgenic resistance confers effective field level control of bacterial spot disease in tomato", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Diana M.", "last_name"=>"Horvath", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103333602"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert E.", "last_name"=>"Stall", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103048408"}, {"first_name"=>"Jeffrey B.", "last_name"=>"Jones", "scopus_author_id"=>"26035048900"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael H.", "last_name"=>"Pauly", "scopus_author_id"=>"55330902500"}, {"first_name"=>"Gary E.", "last_name"=>"Vallad", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507247309"}, {"first_name"=>"Doug", "last_name"=>"Dahlbeck", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603390082"}, {"first_name"=>"Brian J.", "last_name"=>"Staskawicz", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006767147"}, {"first_name"=>"John W.", "last_name"=>"Scott", "scopus_author_id"=>"55330202800"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84864774608", "sgr"=>"84864774608", "pui"=>"365367045", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)$\\$r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"22870280", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0042036"}, "id"=>"418c2ce5-023f-3db0-89d7-10a28ed69e1d", "abstract"=>"We investigated whether lines of transgenic tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) expressing the Bs2 resistance gene from pepper, a close relative of tomato, demonstrate improved resistance to bacterial spot disease caused by Xanthomonas species in replicated multi-year field trials under commercial type growing conditions. We report that the presence of the Bs2 gene in the highly susceptible VF 36 background reduced disease to extremely low levels, and VF 36-Bs2 plants displayed the lowest disease severity amongst all tomato varieties tested, including commercial and breeding lines with host resistance. Yields of marketable fruit from transgenic lines were typically 2.5 times that of the non-transformed parent line, but varied between 1.5 and 11.5 fold depending on weather conditions and disease pressure. Trials were conducted without application of any copper-based bactericides, presently in wide use despite negative impacts on the environment. This is the first demonstration of effective field resistance in a transgenic genotype based on a plant R gene and provides an opportunity for control of a devastating pathogen while eliminating ineffective copper pesticides.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/transgenic-resistance-confers-effective-field-level-control-bacterial-spot-disease-tomato-3", "reader_count"=>71, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>25, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>25, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>60, "Chemical Engineering"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>60}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Chemical Engineering"=>{"Chemical Engineering"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Turkey"=>1, "United States"=>4, "Brazil"=>1, "France"=>3, "Australia"=>1, "Peru"=>1, "India"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/312668", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/312723", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/312769", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/312829", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/312880", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/312945", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/313001"], "description"=>"<div><p>We investigated whether lines of transgenic tomato (<em>Solanum lycopersicum</em>) expressing the <em>Bs2</em> resistance gene from pepper, a close relative of tomato, demonstrate improved resistance to bacterial spot disease caused by <em>Xanthomonas</em> species in replicated multi-year field trials under commercial type growing conditions. We report that the presence of the <em>Bs2</em> gene in the highly susceptible VF 36 background reduced disease to extremely low levels, and VF 36-Bs2 plants displayed the lowest disease severity amongst all tomato varieties tested, including commercial and breeding lines with host resistance. Yields of marketable fruit from transgenic lines were typically 2.5 times that of the non-transformed parent line, but varied between 1.5 and 11.5 fold depending on weather conditions and disease pressure. Trials were conducted without application of any copper-based bactericides, presently in wide use despite negative impacts on the environment. This is the first demonstration of effective field resistance in a transgenic genotype based on a plant R gene and provides an opportunity for control of a devastating pathogen while eliminating ineffective copper pesticides.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["transgenic", "confers", "bacterial"], "article_id"=>121673, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Cell Biology"], "users"=>["Diana M. Horvath", "Robert E. Stall", "Jeffrey B. Jones", "Michael H. Pauly", "Gary E. Vallad", "Doug Dahlbeck", "Brian J. Staskawicz", "John W. Scott"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036.s007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Transgenic_Resistance_Confers_Effective_Field_Level_Control_of_Bacterial_Spot_Disease_in_Tomato/121673", "title"=>"Transgenic Resistance Confers Effective Field Level Control of Bacterial Spot Disease in Tomato", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-08-01 00:27:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/597677"], "description"=>"<p>Results of field trials in Citra and Balm, FL, 2006-7. Data are overall mean disease severity scores from three field trials (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036#pone.0042036.s004\" target=\"_blank\">Table S4</a>). Panel a: VF 36 lines without <i>Bs2</i> or with one (hemi, and VF36-Bs2 x 216) or two (homo) copies of the <i>Bs2</i> gene; Panel b: tomato breeding lines with resistance to bacterial spot disease; Panel c: tomato lines susceptible to bacterial spot. Disease severity was determined by the Horsfall-Barratt defoliation scale (1 = 0%; 2 = 0–3%; 3 = 3–6%; 4 = 6–12%; 5 = 12–25%; 6 = 25–50%; 7 = 50–75%; 8 = 75–87%; 9 = 87–93%; 10 = 93–97%;11 = 97–100%; and 12 = 100% defoliation) <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036#pone.0042036-Horsfall1\" target=\"_blank\">[14]</a>. Error bars denote standard errors of the mean. Letters above bars indicate statistically significant differences in mean values.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bacterial", "severity", "transgenic", "resistant"], "article_id"=>268161, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Diana M. Horvath", "Robert E. Stall", "Jeffrey B. Jones", "Michael H. Pauly", "Gary E. Vallad", "Doug Dahlbeck", "Brian J. Staskawicz", "John W. Scott"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_bacterial_spot_disease_severity_among_transgenic_and_disease_resistant_tomato_genotypes_/268161", "title"=>"Comparison of bacterial spot disease severity among transgenic and disease resistant tomato genotypes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-08-01 02:16:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/597746"], "description"=>"<p>Results from Balm, FL, field trials, 2007–2010. Data shown are the combined analysis of five trials (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036#pone.0042036.s006\" target=\"_blank\">Table S6</a>), derived from the individual trial results given in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036#pone.0042036.s005\" target=\"_blank\">Table S5</a>. a: Bacterial spot disease severity. Disease severity was determined by the Horsfall-Barratt defoliation scale (See Fig. 1 legend) <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036#pone.0042036-Horsfall1\" target=\"_blank\">[14]</a>. Error bars denote standard errors of the mean. Letters above bars indicate statistically significant differences in mean values. b: Yield. Marketable yield (open bars) is kg per plant for medium, large, and extra large fruit. Total yield (filled bars) is kg per plant for marketable yield plus small fruit and culls. VF 36 lines have no (VF36), one (VF36-Bs2 hemi) or two (VF36-Bs2 homo) copies of the <i>Bs2</i> gene. Error bars denote standard errors of the mean. Letters above bars indicate statistically significant differences in mean values for total yield data, whereas letters below bars indicate significant differences in mean values for marketable yield data.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["severity", "transgenic"], "article_id"=>268235, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Diana M. Horvath", "Robert E. Stall", "Jeffrey B. Jones", "Michael H. Pauly", "Gary E. Vallad", "Doug Dahlbeck", "Brian J. Staskawicz", "John W. Scott"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_disease_severity_and_yield_in_transgenic_and_commercial_tomato_varieties_/268235", "title"=>"Comparison of disease severity and yield in transgenic and commercial tomato varieties.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-08-01 02:17:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/597913"], "description"=>"<p>Top. Plants of the non-transformed VF36 line. Bottom. Plants of the transgenic VF36 line containing the 35S:Bs2 gene. Balm, FL, Spring 2008 Trial.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["non-transgenic", "bs2-transgenic", "vf36", "lines"], "article_id"=>268398, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Diana M. Horvath", "Robert E. Stall", "Jeffrey B. Jones", "Michael H. Pauly", "Gary E. Vallad", "Doug Dahlbeck", "Brian J. Staskawicz", "John W. Scott"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Photographs_of_non_transgenic_and_Bs2_transgenic_VF36_lines_in_field_trials_/268398", "title"=>"Photographs of non-transgenic and Bs2-transgenic VF36 lines in field trials.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-08-01 02:19:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/598104"], "description"=>"a<p>Normal: within 5% of typical averages (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036#pone.0042036.s007\" target=\"_blank\">Table S7</a>).</p>b<p>Rainfall relative to typical monthly totals (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036#pone.0042036.s007\" target=\"_blank\">Table S7</a>).</p>c<p>Relative disease pressure based on disease ratings in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036#pone.0042036.s005\" target=\"_blank\">Table S5</a>(A). High: VF 36 ratings above 7, commercial lines above 5; Low: VF 36 ratings below 6, commercial lines below 5.</p>d<p>Relative yield summary based on marketable yields in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036#pone.0042036.s005\" target=\"_blank\">Table S5</a>(B). Low: 1–2 lbs/plant; Medium: 2.5–3.5 lbs/plant; High :4.5–6 lbs/plant. Fall 2008 estimates were approximated by doubling yield from single harvest.</p>e<p>Bs2 impact was calculated by dividing the larger of the two values for marketable yield for VF36-Bs2 homo- or hemizygous plants with the marketable yield for VF 36 plants (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036#pone.0042036.s005\" target=\"_blank\">Table S5</a>(B)).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["conditions", "bs2"], "article_id"=>268593, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Diana M. Horvath", "Robert E. Stall", "Jeffrey B. Jones", "Michael H. Pauly", "Gary E. Vallad", "Doug Dahlbeck", "Brian J. Staskawicz", "John W. Scott"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_of_field_trial_conditions_at_Balm_FL_and_Bs2_impact_factor_/268593", "title"=>"Summary of field trial conditions at Balm, FL, and Bs2 impact factor.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-08-01 02:23:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/598141"], "description"=>"a<p>Plant lines and their relevant genotypes (in parentheses) used for testing are listed in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036#pone.0042036.s003\" target=\"_blank\">Table S3</a>.</p>b<p>Race determinations were based on HR elicited by effectors listed in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036#pone.0042036.s002\" target=\"_blank\">Table S2</a>.</p>c<p>Bactericides tested were streptomcyn (St) and copper (Cu). Numbers denote resistant strains.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bacterial", "strains", "plants", "florida"], "article_id"=>268631, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Diana M. Horvath", "Robert E. Stall", "Jeffrey B. Jones", "Michael H. Pauly", "Gary E. Vallad", "Doug Dahlbeck", "Brian J. Staskawicz", "John W. Scott"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042036.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Survey_of_bacterial_spot_strains_isolated_from_tomato_plants_throughout_Florida_production_zones_/268631", "title"=>"Survey of bacterial spot strains isolated from tomato plants throughout Florida production zones.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-08-01 02:23:51"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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