A Low-Cost Microfluidic Chip for Rapid Genotyping of Malaria-Transmitting Mosquitoes
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"A low-cost microfluidic chip for rapid genotyping of malaria-transmitting mosquitoes", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Changchun", "last_name"=>"Liu", "scopus_author_id"=>"35220301200"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael G.", "last_name"=>"Mauk", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005813496"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert", "last_name"=>"Hart", "scopus_author_id"=>"53986251600"}, {"first_name"=>"Mariangela", "last_name"=>"Bonizzoni", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603421673"}, {"first_name"=>"Guiyun", "last_name"=>"Yan", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202089824"}, {"first_name"=>"Haim H.", "last_name"=>"Bau", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006286911"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"365375598", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic) 1932-6203 (Linking)", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0042222", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84864556582", "pmid"=>"22879919", "sgr"=>"84864556582"}, "id"=>"da8ed287-9259-3775-99e7-cb351b7aa188", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Vector control is one of the most effective measures to prevent the transmission of malaria, a disease that causes over 600,000 deaths annually. Around 30-40 Anopheles mosquito species are natural vectors of malaria parasites. Some of these species cannot be morphologically distinguished, but have behavioral and ecological differences. Emblematic of this is the Anopheles gambiae species complex. The correct identification of vector species is fundamental to the development of control strategies and epidemiological studies of disease transmission. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: An inexpensive, disposable, field-deployable, sample-to-answer, microfluidic chip was designed, constructed, and tested for rapid molecular identification of Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles arabiensis. The chip contains three isothermal amplification reactors. One test reactor operates with specific primers to amplify Anopheles gambiae DNA, another with specific primers for Anopheles arabiensis DNA, and the third serves as a negative control. A mosquito leg was crushed on an isolation membrane. Two discs, laden with mosquito tissue, were punched out of the membrane and inserted into the two test chambers. The isolated, disc-bound DNA served as a template in the amplification processes. The amplification products were detected with intercalating fluorescent dye that was excited with a blue light-emitting diode. The emitted light was observed by eye and recorded with a cell-phone camera. When the target consisted of Anopheles gambiae, the reactor containing primers specific to An. gambiae lit up while the other two reactors remained dark. When the target consisted of Anopheles arabiensis, the reactor containing primers specific to An. arabiensis lit up while the other two reactors remained dark. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The microfluidic chip provides a means to identify mosquito type through molecular analysis. It is suitable for field work, allowing one to track the geographical distribution of mosquito populations and community structure alterations due to environmental changes and malaria intervention measures.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/lowcost-microfluidic-chip-rapid-genotyping-malariatransmitting-mosquitoes", "reader_count"=>70, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Researcher"=>17, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>5, "Student > Master"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Researcher"=>17, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>5, "Student > Master"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>26, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Chemical Engineering"=>2, "Chemistry"=>4, "Computer Science"=>2, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Engineering"=>20, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4, "Materials Science"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Design"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Chemical Engineering"=>{"Chemical Engineering"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>20}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>4}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>26}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Bangladesh"=>1, "United States"=>1, "China"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>7}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/596250"], "description"=>"<p>Lane M is DNA marker VIII. (A) <i>An. gambiae</i> identification. Lanes 1, 2, and 3 correspond, respectively, to LAMP products from reactors G, A, and C when the sample consists of <i>An. Gambiae</i>. (B) <i>An. arabiensis</i> identification. Lanes 1, 2, and 3 correspond, respectively, to LAMP products from reactors A, G, and C when the sample consists of <i>An. arabiensis</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["products", "agarose"], "article_id"=>266737, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Genetics", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Changchun Liu", "Michael G. Mauk", "Robert Hart", "Mariangela Bonizzoni", "Guiyun Yan", "Haim H. Bau"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042222.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Electropherograms_of_LAMP_products_in_a_2_agarose_gel_/266737", "title"=>"Electropherograms of LAMP products in a 2% agarose gel.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 01:15:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/596078"], "description"=>"<p>Real-time monitoring of LAMP amplification products in reactors G, A, and C as functions of time when the sample consists of <i>An. gambiae</i> (A) and <i>An. arabiensis</i> (B).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fluorescence", "amplification"], "article_id"=>266562, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Genetics", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Changchun Liu", "Michael G. Mauk", "Robert Hart", "Mariangela Bonizzoni", "Guiyun Yan", "Haim H. Bau"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042222.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Real_time_fluorescence_amplification_curves_/266562", "title"=>"Real-time fluorescence amplification curves.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 01:14:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/595903"], "description"=>"<p>(A) A mosquito leg was placed on the FTA® card. (B) The leg was crushed with a blunt object. Witness the resulting gray spot on the FTA® card. (C) A 1.5-mm diameter FTA disc was punched out from the spotted area with a Harris punch cutter.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics and genomics", "public health and epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "biotechnology"], "article_id"=>266383, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Genetics", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Changchun Liu", "Michael G. Mauk", "Robert Hart", "Mariangela Bonizzoni", "Guiyun Yan", "Haim H. Bau"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042222.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_sample_preparation_process_/266383", "title"=>"The sample preparation process.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 01:13:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/596154"], "description"=>"<p>(A) An enlarged image of the illuminated chip. Reactor G emits visible light while reactors A and C stay dark. (B) Photograph of iPhone 4 with mosquito-on-a-chip fluorescence image. A minute, reusable, light-emitting diode (inset) excites the fluorescence emission.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["detection", "dna", "recorded", "iphone"], "article_id"=>266640, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Genetics", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Changchun Liu", "Michael G. Mauk", "Robert Hart", "Mariangela Bonizzoni", "Guiyun Yan", "Haim H. Bau"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042222.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_End_point_detection_of_An_gambiae_DNA_recorded_with_iPhone_4_/266640", "title"=>"End-point detection of <i>An. gambiae</i> DNA recorded with iPhone 4.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 01:14:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/596012"], "description"=>"<p>The chip was heated by a thin-film heater to maintain the reactors at 63±0.5°C. At the conclusion of the LAMP amplification process, the chip was illuminated from the side with a blue LED and the photo of the fluorescent image was taken with a cell phone camera (iPhone 4).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["schematic", "set-up", "amplification", "end-point"], "article_id"=>266497, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Genetics", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Changchun Liu", "Michael G. Mauk", "Robert Hart", "Mariangela Bonizzoni", "Guiyun Yan", "Haim H. Bau"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042222.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_schematic_illustration_of_the_experimental_set_up_for_LAMP_amplification_and_end_point_detection_/266497", "title"=>"A schematic illustration of the experimental set-up for LAMP amplification and end-point detection.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 01:13:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/595783"], "description"=>"<p>(A) An exploded view of the chip used for genotyping of malaria-transmitting mosquitoes. The chip consists of three layers: a top PMMA film; a PMMA chip body, and a PCR Sealers™ tape bottom. The various features of the chip body were milled with a CNC machine. (B) Cross-sectional view of the assembled, inverted chip loaded with a FTA disc. In the test chambers, the disks carry pieces of a mosquito leg. (C) A photograph of the chip.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["amplification"], "article_id"=>266258, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Genetics", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Changchun Liu", "Michael G. Mauk", "Robert Hart", "Mariangela Bonizzoni", "Guiyun Yan", "Haim H. Bau"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042222.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Microfluidic_Chip_housing_three_amplification_chambers_/266258", "title"=>"Microfluidic Chip housing three amplification chambers.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 01:12:33"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
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Relative Metric

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