Earliest Mexican Turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) in the Maya Region: Implications for Pre-Hispanic Animal Trade and the Timing of Turkey Domestication
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{"title"=>"Earliest Mexican Turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) in the Maya region: Implications for pre-hispanic animal trade and the timing of Turkey domestication", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Erin Kennedy", "last_name"=>"Thornton", "scopus_author_id"=>"36160742200"}, {"first_name"=>"Kitty F.", "last_name"=>"Emery", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006858702"}, {"first_name"=>"David W.", "last_name"=>"Steadman", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005337409"}, {"first_name"=>"Camilla", "last_name"=>"Speller", "scopus_author_id"=>"8637795100"}, {"first_name"=>"Ray", "last_name"=>"Matheny", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701348903"}, {"first_name"=>"Dongya", "last_name"=>"Yang", "scopus_author_id"=>"55805102800"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84864721318", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0042630", "pui"=>"365400270", "pmid"=>"22905156", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84864721318", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"412e4580-096f-3ae1-acbf-fbfdc0792a91", "abstract"=>"Late Preclassic (300 BC–AD 100) turkey remains identified at the archaeological site of El Mirador (Pete ´n, Guatemala) represent the earliest evidence of the Mexican turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) in the ancient Maya world. Archaeological, zooarchaeological, and ancient DNA evidence combine to confirm the identification and context. The natural pre-Hispanic range of the Mexican turkey does not extend south of central Mexico, making the species non-local to the Maya area where another species, the ocellated turkey (Meleagris ocellata), is indigenous. Prior to this discovery, the earliest evidence of M. gallopavo in the Maya area dated to approximately one thousand years later. The El Mirador specimens therefore represent previously unrecorded Preclassic exchange of animals from northern Mesoamerica to the Maya cultural region. As the earliest evidence of M. gallopavo found outside its natural geographic range, the El Mirador turkeys also represent the earliest indirect evidence for Mesoamerican turkey rearing or domestication. The presence of male, female and sub-adult turkeys, and reduced flight morphology further suggests that the El Mirador turkeys were raised in captivity. This supports an argument for the origins of turkey husbandry or at least captive rearing in the Preclassic.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/earliest-mexican-turkeys-meleagris-gallopavo-maya-region-implications-prehispanic-animal-trade-timin", "reader_count"=>58, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>11, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>16, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>17, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>11, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>16, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>17, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>4, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>19, "Arts and Humanities"=>6, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>21, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>21}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>19}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>4}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>6}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "France"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/594745"], "description"=>"<p>Archaeological turkey specimens compared with modern <i>M. gallopavo</i> and <i>M. ocellata</i>: A) right ulnae, and B) left tarsometatarsi.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["specimens", "compared"], "article_id"=>265234, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Erin Kennedy Thornton", "Kitty F. Emery", "David W. Steadman", "Camilla Speller", "Ray Matheny", "Dongya Yang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042630.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Archaeological_turkey_specimens_compared_with_modern_M_gallopavo_and_M_ocellata_A_right_ulnae_and_B_left_tarsometatarsi_/265234", "title"=>"Archaeological turkey specimens compared with modern <i>M. gallopavo</i> and <i>M. ocellata</i>: A) right ulnae, and B) left tarsometatarsi.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-08-08 01:27:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/594915"], "description"=>"<p>Archaeological turkey (•) osteometrics compared with mean (±2 standard deviations) <i>M. gallopavo</i> (male ▪, female ▴); and <i>M. ocellata</i> (male □, female ▵) <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0042630#pone.0042630-Steadman1\" target=\"_blank\">[<b>6</b>]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["osteometrics", "compared"], "article_id"=>265412, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Erin Kennedy Thornton", "Kitty F. Emery", "David W. Steadman", "Camilla Speller", "Ray Matheny", "Dongya Yang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042630.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Archaeological_turkey_osteometrics_compared_with_mean_2_standard_deviations_M_gallopavo_male_female_and_M_ocellata_male_female__6_/265412", "title"=>"Archaeological turkey (•) osteometrics compared with mean (±2 standard deviations) <i>M. gallopavo</i> (male ▪, female ▴); and <i>M. ocellata</i> (male □, female ▵) [<b>6</b>].", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-08-08 01:30:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/594428"], "description"=>"<p>Pre-Hispanic range of <i>M. ocellata</i> and <i>M. gallopavo</i><a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0042630#pone.0042630-Schorger1\" target=\"_blank\">[<b>2]</b></a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0042630#pone.0042630-Steadman1\" target=\"_blank\">[6]</a> in Mesoamerica, and location of discussed archaeological sites.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["discussed", "archaeological"], "article_id"=>264916, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Erin Kennedy Thornton", "Kitty F. Emery", "David W. Steadman", "Camilla Speller", "Ray Matheny", "Dongya Yang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042630.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pre_Hispanic_range_of_M_ocellata_and_M_gallopavo_2_6_in_Mesoamerica_and_location_of_discussed_archaeological_sites_/264916", "title"=>"Pre-Hispanic range of <i>M. ocellata</i> and <i>M. gallopavo</i>[<b>2]</b>, [6] in Mesoamerica, and location of discussed archaeological sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-08-08 01:21:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/313357", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/313428", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/313496", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/313564", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/313624", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/313697", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/313746", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/313811", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/313865", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/313925"], "description"=>"<div><p>Late Preclassic (300 BC–AD 100) turkey remains identified at the archaeological site of El Mirador (Petén, Guatemala) represent the earliest evidence of the Mexican turkey (<em>Meleagris gallopavo</em>) in the ancient Maya world. Archaeological, zooarchaeological, and ancient DNA evidence combine to confirm the identification and context. The natural pre-Hispanic range of the Mexican turkey does not extend south of central Mexico, making the species non-local to the Maya area where another species, the ocellated turkey (<em>Meleagris ocellata</em>), is indigenous. Prior to this discovery, the earliest evidence of <em>M. gallopavo</em> in the Maya area dated to approximately one thousand years later. The El Mirador specimens therefore represent previously unrecorded Preclassic exchange of animals from northern Mesoamerica to the Maya cultural region. As the earliest evidence of <em>M. gallopavo</em> found outside its natural geographic range, the El Mirador turkeys also represent the earliest indirect evidence for Mesoamerican turkey rearing or domestication. The presence of male, female and sub-adult turkeys, and reduced flight morphology further suggests that the El Mirador turkeys were raised in captivity. This supports an argument for the origins of turkey husbandry or at least captive rearing in the Preclassic.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["earliest", "mexican", "turkeys", "maya", "implications", "pre-hispanic", "domestication"], "article_id"=>121803, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Erin Kennedy Thornton", "Kitty F. Emery", "David W. Steadman", "Camilla Speller", "Ray Matheny", "Dongya Yang"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042630.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042630.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042630.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042630.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042630.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042630.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042630.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042630.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042630.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042630.s010"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>37, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Earliest_Mexican_Turkeys_Meleagris_gallopavo_in_the_Maya_Region_Implications_for_Pre_Hispanic_Animal_Trade_and_the_Timing_of_Turkey_Domestication/121803", "title"=>"Earliest Mexican Turkeys (<em>Meleagris gallopavo</em>) in the Maya Region: Implications for Pre-Hispanic Animal Trade and the Timing of Turkey Domestication", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-08-08 00:30:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/595000"], "description"=>"a<p>AMS dates from zooarchaeological specimens found in association with the turkey bones (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0042630#pone.0042630.s007\" target=\"_blank\">Table S2</a>).</p>b<p>aDNA identification was confirmed through repeat extractions and amplification.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["dates", "adna", "osteometric", "identifications", "el", "mirador"], "article_id"=>265486, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Erin Kennedy Thornton", "Kitty F. Emery", "David W. Steadman", "Camilla Speller", "Ray Matheny", "Dongya Yang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042630.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Provenience_dates_and_zooarchaeological_aDNA_and_osteometric_identifications_of_the_El_Mirador_turkey_specimens_/265486", "title"=>"Provenience dates and zooarchaeological, aDNA and osteometric identifications of the El Mirador turkey specimens.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-08-08 01:31:26"}

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Relative Metric

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