Climate and Weather Impact Timing of Emergence of Bats
Publication Date
August 02, 2012
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Winifred F. Frick, Phillip M. Stepanian, Jeffrey F. Kelly, Kenneth W. Howard, et al
Volume
7
Issue
8
Pages
e42737
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042737
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0042737
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22876331
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3411708
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/22876331
Web of Science
000307184700059
Scopus
84864443777
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/climate-weather-impact-timing-emergence-bats
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Climate and weather impact timing of emergence of bats", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Winifred F.", "last_name"=>"Frick", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005669251"}, {"first_name"=>"Phillip M.", "last_name"=>"Stepanian", "scopus_author_id"=>"55325339200"}, {"first_name"=>"Jeffrey F.", "last_name"=>"Kelly", "scopus_author_id"=>"7404901997"}, {"first_name"=>"Kenneth W.", "last_name"=>"Howard", "scopus_author_id"=>"56211942600"}, {"first_name"=>"Charles M.", "last_name"=>"Kuster", "scopus_author_id"=>"55324823200"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas H.", "last_name"=>"Kunz", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005472327"}, {"first_name"=>"Phillip B.", "last_name"=>"Chilson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004730494"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84864443777", "sgr"=>"84864443777", "pui"=>"365352171", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"22876331", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0042737"}, "id"=>"e7424cc9-54df-341a-a592-f6aeef97b78e", "abstract"=>"Interest in forecasting impacts of climate change have heightened attention in recent decades to how animals respond to variation in climate and weather patterns. One difficulty in determining animal response to climate variation is lack of long-term datasets that record animal behaviors over decadal scales. We used radar observations from the national NEXRAD network of Doppler weather radars to measure how group behavior in a colonially-roosting bat species responded to annual variation in climate and daily variation in weather over the past 11 years. Brazilian free-tailed bats (Tadarida brasiliensis) form dense aggregations in cave roosts in Texas. These bats emerge from caves daily to forage at high altitudes, which makes them detectable with Doppler weather radars. Timing of emergence in bats is often viewed as an adaptive trade-off between emerging early and risking predation or increased competition and emerging late which restricts foraging opportunities. We used timing of emergence from five maternity colonies of Brazilian free-tailed bats in south-central Texas during the peak lactation period (15 June-15 July) to determine whether emergence behavior was associated with summer drought conditions and daily temperatures. Bats emerged significantly earlier during years with extreme drought conditions than during moist years. Bats emerged later on days with high surface temperatures in both dry and moist years, but there was no relationship between surface temperatures and timing of emergence in summers with normal moisture levels. We conclude that emergence behavior is a flexible animal response to climate and weather conditions and may be a useful indicator for monitoring animal response to long-term shifts in climate.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/climate-weather-impact-timing-emergence-bats", "reader_count"=>116, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>23, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>27, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>23, "Other"=>9, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>23, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>27, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>23, "Other"=>9, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Environmental Science"=>24, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>77, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>77}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>8}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>24}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>3, "United States"=>4, "Brazil"=>1, "South Africa"=>1, "Portugal"=>2, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>4}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/598064"], "description"=>"<p>Means shown with ± standard deviation. Samples sizes of days given below in parentheses. Missing values were due to days obscured by weather or missing radar data for a given date.</p><p>No emergences were visible on radar at Rucker cave during 2002–2004.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["emergence", "offset", "brazilian", "free-tailed", "bats", "maternity", "colonies", "south-central", "texas", "averaged", "june"], "article_id"=>268547, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Winifred F. Frick", "Phillip M. Stepanian", "Jeffrey F. Kelly", "Kenneth W. Howard", "Charles M. Kuster", "Thomas H. Kunz", "Phillip B. Chilson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042737.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Time_of_emergence_offset_minutes_from_sunset_of_Brazilian_free_tailed_bats_Tadarida_brasiliensis_at_five_maternity_colonies_in_south_central_Texas_averaged_from_June_15_July_15_/268547", "title"=>"Time of emergence offset (minutes from sunset) of Brazilian free-tailed bats (<i>Tadarida brasiliensis</i>) at five maternity colonies in south-central Texas averaged from June 15–July 15.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 01:26:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/597930"], "description"=>"<p>Relationship of timing of emergence (offset in minutes from local sunset) of maternity colonies of Brazilian free tailed bats (<i>Tadarida brasiliensis</i>) and daily surface temperature (°Celsius). Predicted lines correspond to the best-fit varying slopes model with different intercepts for dry, normal and wet years and different slopes for the relationship of emergence time offset and daily temperature.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["emergence"], "article_id"=>268421, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Winifred F. Frick", "Phillip M. Stepanian", "Jeffrey F. Kelly", "Kenneth W. Howard", "Charles M. Kuster", "Thomas H. Kunz", "Phillip B. Chilson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042737.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Daily_Temperature_and_Emergence_Behavior_/268421", "title"=>"Daily Temperature and Emergence Behavior.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 01:25:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/597540"], "description"=>"<p>(A) The study domain outlined in black in south-central Texas and showing locations of five maternity colonies of Brazilian free-tailed bats (<i>Tadarida brasiliensis</i>) and four NEXRAD radar installations that were used in mosaicking radar reflectivity data. (B) Sample image from mosaicked radar reflectivity across the spatial domain. False color scale in dBZ shows characteristic emergence ring signatures (warmer colors of yellow to red) at the five maternity sites for July 11<sup>th</sup>, 2009 at 01:40:34 UTC, corresponding to 20:40:34 local time on July 10<sup>th</sup>, 2009.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "neuroscience", "computer science"], "article_id"=>268024, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Winifred F. Frick", "Phillip M. Stepanian", "Jeffrey F. Kelly", "Kenneth W. Howard", "Charles M. Kuster", "Thomas H. Kunz", "Phillip B. Chilson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042737.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Study_Region_and_Radar_Imagery_/268024", "title"=>"Study Region and Radar Imagery.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 01:23:00"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/598106"], "description"=>"<p>Model selection results from 5 a priori models of how timing of emergence by Brazilian free-tailed bats (<i>Tadarida brasiliensis</i>) responds to variation in daily surface temperature in south-central Texas in different summer climate conditions.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["priori", "models", "emergence", "brazilian", "free-tailed", "bats", "responds", "south-central", "texas"], "article_id"=>268588, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Winifred F. Frick", "Phillip M. Stepanian", "Jeffrey F. Kelly", "Kenneth W. Howard", "Charles M. Kuster", "Thomas H. Kunz", "Phillip B. Chilson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042737.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Model_selection_results_from_5_a_priori_models_of_how_timing_of_emergence_by_Brazilian_free_tailed_bats_Tadarida_brasiliensis_responds_to_variation_in_daily_surface_temperature_in_south_central_Texas_in_different_summer_climate_conditions_/268588", "title"=>"Model selection results from 5 a priori models of how timing of emergence by Brazilian free-tailed bats (<i>Tadarida brasiliensis</i>) responds to variation in daily surface temperature in south-central Texas in different summer climate conditions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 01:26:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/597651"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Brazilian free-tailed bats (<i>Tadarida brasiliensis</i>) emerging from Frio Cave on July 11<sup>th</sup>, 2009 at 01:40:34 UTC shown in radar imagery in dBZ. The spatial bounding box (40×40 pixels) used to calculate the index of total airborne biological density over the cave is outlined in yellow. (B) A normalized time series of summed linear Z values was used to determine the steepest slope (maximum dZ/dt) to determine the peak time of emergence used in statistical analyses (solid vertical line). The vertical dotted line marks the time associated with image shown in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0042737#pone-0042737-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Figs. 1</a> and <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0042737#pone-0042737-g002\" target=\"_blank\">2a</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["methods", "determining"], "article_id"=>268140, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Winifred F. Frick", "Phillip M. Stepanian", "Jeffrey F. Kelly", "Kenneth W. Howard", "Charles M. Kuster", "Thomas H. Kunz", "Phillip B. Chilson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042737.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Radar_Based_Methods_for_Determining_Timing_of_Emergence_/268140", "title"=>"Radar-Based Methods for Determining Timing of Emergence.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 01:23:43"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/597761"], "description"=>"<p>Mean time of emergence (offset in minutes from local sunset) of Brazilian free-tailed bats (<i>Tadarida brasiliensis</i>) from five maternity colonies in south-central Texas was significantly earlier in the evening during years with extreme drought (R<sup>2</sup> = 0.62, df = 9). Data were averaged across 30 days from June 15–July 15 during peak lactation from 2001–2011 from 5 maternity colonies. Error bars show standard errors around means for both drought severity (x-bars) and emergence time offset (y-bars) for each year.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["emergence"], "article_id"=>268253, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Winifred F. Frick", "Phillip M. Stepanian", "Jeffrey F. Kelly", "Kenneth W. Howard", "Charles M. Kuster", "Thomas H. Kunz", "Phillip B. Chilson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042737.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Climate_and_Emergence_Behavior_/268253", "title"=>"Climate and Emergence Behavior.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 01:24:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/598164"], "description"=>"<p>Year type designates grouping labels assigned for analysis of covariance models.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["drought", "severity", "scores", "maternity", "colonies", "brazilian", "free-tailed", "bats", "south-central", "texas", "averaged", "june", "15-july"], "article_id"=>268637, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Winifred F. Frick", "Phillip M. Stepanian", "Jeffrey F. Kelly", "Kenneth W. Howard", "Charles M. Kuster", "Thomas H. Kunz", "Phillip B. Chilson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042737.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Palmer_Drought_Severity_Index_scores_associated_with_five_maternity_colonies_of_Brazilian_free_tailed_bats_Tadarida_brasiliensis_in_south_central_Texas_averaged_from_June_15_July_15_/268637", "title"=>"Palmer Drought Severity Index scores associated with five maternity colonies of Brazilian free-tailed bats (<i>Tadarida brasiliensis</i>) in south-central Texas averaged from June 15-July 15.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 01:26:35"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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