The Effects of Rhythmic Sensory Cues on the Temporal Dynamics of Human Gait
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{"title"=>"The effects of rhythmic sensory cues on the temporal dynamics of human gait", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Ervin", "last_name"=>"Sejdić", "scopus_author_id"=>"12760262300"}, {"first_name"=>"Yingying", "last_name"=>"Fu", "scopus_author_id"=>"56281394300"}, {"first_name"=>"Alison", "last_name"=>"Pak", "scopus_author_id"=>"55339752800"}, {"first_name"=>"Jillian A.", "last_name"=>"Fairley", "scopus_author_id"=>"35754369000"}, {"first_name"=>"Tom", "last_name"=>"Chau", "scopus_author_id"=>"26643317800"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"22927946", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0043104", "pui"=>"365470382", "issn"=>"19326203", "sgr"=>"84865175029", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84865175029"}, "id"=>"24131a06-aebf-3413-bd8c-3a4cccb9216c", "abstract"=>"Walking is a complex, rhythmic task performed by the locomotor system. However, natural gait rhythms can be influenced by metronomic auditory stimuli, a phenomenon of particular interest in neurological rehabilitation. In this paper, we examined the effects of aural, visual and tactile rhythmic cues on the temporal dynamics associated with human gait. Data were collected from fifteen healthy adults in two sessions. Each session consisted of five 15-minute trials. In the first trial of each session, participants walked at their preferred walking speed. In subsequent trials, participants were asked to walk to a metronomic beat, provided through visually, aurally, tactile or all three cues (simultaneously and in sync), the pace of which was set to the preferred walking speed of the first trial. Using the collected data, we extracted several parameters including: gait speed, mean stride interval, stride interval variability, scaling exponent and maximum Lyapunov exponent. The extracted parameters showed that rhythmic sensory cues affect the temporal dynamics of human gait. The auditory rhythmic cue had the greatest influence on the gait parameters, while the visual cue had no statistically significant effect on the scaling exponent. These results demonstrate that visual rhythmic cues could be considered as an alternative cueing modality in rehabilitation without concern of adversely altering the statistical persistence of walking.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/effects-rhythmic-sensory-cues-temporal-dynamics-human-gait", "reader_count"=>69, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>20, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>20, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>14, "Unspecified"=>4, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>15, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>7, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>3, "Philosophy"=>1, "Design"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>5, "Psychology"=>14, "Computer Science"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>14}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>15}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>3}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>5}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>14}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>7}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Luxembourg"=>1, "Mexico"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>4, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>7}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/588360"], "description"=>"<p>(a) in the AP direction; (b) in the ML direction; (c) in the VT direction; (d) in the AP direction; (e) in the ML direction; and (f) in the VT direction. Error bars denote standard deviation in each case.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["lyapunov", "exponents", "conditions", "ac", "auditory", "vc", "tc", "tactile", "3c"], "article_id"=>258844, "categories"=>["Mental Health", "Biophysics", "Mathematics", "Physiology", "Biotechnology", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Ervin Sejdić", "Yingying Fu", "Alison Pak", "Jillian A. Fairley", "Tom Chau"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043104.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Long_and_short_Lyapunov_exponents_for_the_five_walking_conditions_NC_8202_8202_no_cue_AC_8202_8202_auditory_cue_VC_8202_8202_visual_cue_TC_8202_8202_tactile_cue_3C_8202_8202_three_cues_/258844", "title"=>"Long and short Lyapunov exponents for the five walking conditions (NC  =  no cue; AC  =  auditory cue; VC  =  visual cue; TC  =  tactile cue; 3C  =  three cues).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 00:31:43"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/588436"], "description"=>"<p>(a) mean residuals (ms); (b) median residuals (ms); and (c) standard error (ms). A negative value means that participants walked ahead of the metronomic beat. Error bars denote standard deviation in each case.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stepping", "was", "followed", "residuals", "cued", "conditions", "auditory", "vc", "tc", "tactile", "3c"], "article_id"=>258922, "categories"=>["Mental Health", "Biophysics", "Mathematics", "Physiology", "Biotechnology", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Ervin Sejdić", "Yingying Fu", "Alison Pak", "Jillian A. Fairley", "Tom Chau"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043104.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Examination_of_stepping_response_i_e_how_well_each_cue_was_followed_in_terms_of_mean_residuals_for_the_four_cued_conditions_AC_8202_8202_auditory_cue_VC_8202_8202_visual_cue_TC_8202_8202_tactile_cue_3C_8202_8202_three_cues_/258922", "title"=>"Examination of stepping response, i.e., how well each cue was followed in terms of mean residuals for the four cued conditions (AC  =  auditory cue; VC  =  visual cue; TC  =  tactile cue; 3C  =  three cues).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 00:32:07"}

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