Differential Effects of Two Fermentable Carbohydrates on Central Appetite Regulation and Body Composition
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{"title"=>"Differential Effects of Two Fermentable Carbohydrates on Central Appetite Regulation and Body Composition", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Tulika", "last_name"=>"Arora", "scopus_author_id"=>"36930128200"}, {"first_name"=>"Ruey Leng", "last_name"=>"Loo", "scopus_author_id"=>"16230470900"}, {"first_name"=>"Jelena", "last_name"=>"Anastasovska", "scopus_author_id"=>"40261003000"}, {"first_name"=>"Glenn R.", "last_name"=>"Gibson", "scopus_author_id"=>"34770705300"}, {"first_name"=>"Kieran M.", "last_name"=>"Tuohy", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602574090"}, {"first_name"=>"Raj Kumar", "last_name"=>"Sharma", "scopus_author_id"=>"55685412700"}, {"first_name"=>"Jonathan R.", "last_name"=>"Swann", "scopus_author_id"=>"26021560700"}, {"first_name"=>"Eddie R.", "last_name"=>"Deaville", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602441331"}, {"first_name"=>"Michele L.", "last_name"=>"Sleeth", "scopus_author_id"=>"36026997300"}, {"first_name"=>"E. Louise", "last_name"=>"Thomas", "scopus_author_id"=>"14120515900"}, {"first_name"=>"Elaine", "last_name"=>"Holmes", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201667063"}, {"first_name"=>"Jimmy D.", "last_name"=>"Bell", "scopus_author_id"=>"7404446013"}, {"first_name"=>"Gary", "last_name"=>"Frost", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101778601"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84865583191", "pui"=>"365542815", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0043263", "isbn"=>"2009241592", "sgr"=>"84865583191", "pmid"=>"22952656"}, "id"=>"860a78ce-e33b-39c8-bd5b-8dedc5e821d6", "abstract"=>"Obesity is rising at an alarming rate globally. Different fermentable carbohydrates have been shown to reduce obesity. The aim of the present study was to investigate if two different fermentable carbohydrates (inulin and β-glucan) exert similar effects on body composition and central appetite regulation in high fat fed mice.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/differential-effects-two-fermentable-carbohydrates-central-appetite-regulation-body-composition", "reader_count"=>73, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>20, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>20, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>22, "Chemistry"=>2, "Computer Science"=>1, "Engineering"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>16, "Neuroscience"=>5, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>3, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>16}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>7}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>5}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>22}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>3}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Colombia"=>1, "United States"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>3, "Spain"=>1, "India"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/584607"], "description"=>"<p>OPLS-DA cross validated scores plots for mice fed with (a) HFD-C and HDF-BG; and (b) HFD-C and HFD-I. The corresponding coefficient plots indicated fecal metabolic differences for (c) HFD-C and HFD-BG; and (d) HFD-C and HFD-I. Insets show an expansion of the aromatic region. HFD-C, high fat diet control; HFD-I, high fat diet+inulin; HFD-BG, high fat diet+β-glucan. 1, Bile acids; 2, Butyrate; 3, Isoleucine, leucine and valine; 4, Propionate (tentative); 5, Unknown at δ 1.17 (doublets) ; 6, Lactate; 7, Alanine; 8, Acetate; 9 Glutamate (tentative); 10, Succinate; 11, Aspartate; 12, Citrate; 13, Lysine; 14, Glycine; 15, Glucose and amino acids; 16, Glucose; 17, Uracil; 18, Fumarate; 19, Thyrosine; 20, Phenylalanine; 21, Histidine; 22, Unknown at δ7.84 (doublets); 23, Unknown at δ8.02 (doublets); 24, Unknown at δ8.20 (doublets); 25, Amine related compounds.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fecal", "nmr"], "article_id"=>255085, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Biochemistry", "Chemistry", "Genetics", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Tulika Arora", "Ruey Leng Loo", "Jelena Anastasovska", "Glenn R. Gibson", "Kieran M. Tuohy", "Raj Kumar Sharma", "Jonathan R. Swann", "Eddie R. Deaville", "Michele L. Sleeth", "E. Louise Thomas", "Elaine Holmes", "Jimmy D. Bell", "Gary Frost"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043263.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Multivariate_statistical_analysis_of_the_fecal_1_H_NMR_spectra_/255085", "title"=>"Multivariate statistical analysis of the fecal <sup>1</sup>H NMR spectra.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-08-29 01:24:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/584479"], "description"=>"<p>Time course of changes in SI (as a percentage of baseline) before and at various times after IV manganese chloride infusion in the (a) ARC, (b) VMH (c) PVN (d) PE (e) NTS. Data are presented as means of four consecutive image acquisitions±SEM. * = p<0.05, ** = p<0.01, *** = p<0.001 Key: ARC, arcuate nucleus; VMH, ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus; PVN, paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus; PE, periventricular nucleus; NTS, nucleus of solitaries tractus; HFD-C, high fat diet control; HFD-I, high fat diet+inulin; HFD-BG, high fat diet+β-glucan.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["baseline", "mri", "images", "regions", "areas", "intensities"], "article_id"=>254942, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Biochemistry", "Chemistry", "Genetics", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Tulika Arora", "Ruey Leng Loo", "Jelena Anastasovska", "Glenn R. Gibson", "Kieran M. Tuohy", "Raj Kumar Sharma", "Jonathan R. Swann", "Eddie R. Deaville", "Michele L. Sleeth", "E. Louise Thomas", "Elaine Holmes", "Jimmy D. Bell", "Gary Frost"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043263.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Representative_baseline_pre_contrast_MRI_images_of_the_mouse_brain_showing_assignment_of_regions_of_interest_ROIs_in_various_brain_areas_from_which_signal_intensities_SI_were_obtained_/254942", "title"=>"Representative baseline (pre-contrast) MRI images of the mouse brain showing assignment of regions of interest (ROIs) in various brain areas from which signal intensities (SI) were obtained.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-08-29 01:22:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/584145"], "description"=>"<p>Key: HFD-C, high fat diet control; HFD-I, high fat diet+inulin; HFD-BG, high fat diet+β-glucan.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["inulin", "supplementation", "8-week", "dietary", "interventional", "cumulative", "intake"], "article_id"=>254607, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Biochemistry", "Chemistry", "Genetics", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Tulika Arora", "Ruey Leng Loo", "Jelena Anastasovska", "Glenn R. Gibson", "Kieran M. Tuohy", "Raj Kumar Sharma", "Jonathan R. Swann", "Eddie R. Deaville", "Michele L. Sleeth", "E. Louise Thomas", "Elaine Holmes", "Jimmy D. Bell", "Gary Frost"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043263.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_effect_of_inulin_and_946_glucan_supplementation_over_the_8_week_dietary_interventional_period_a_weekly_cumulative_body_weight_gain_n_8202_8202_12_per_group_b_weekly_cumulative_food_intake_over_the_8_week_dietary_intervention_period_n_8202_8202_12_per/254607", "title"=>"The effect of inulin and β-glucan supplementation over the 8-week dietary interventional period (a) weekly cumulative body weight gain, n = 12 per group (b) weekly cumulative food intake over the 8 week dietary intervention period, n = 12 per group. * = p<0.05, ** = p<0.01, *** = p<0.001.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-08-29 01:16:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/583975"], "description"=>"<p>Flowchart showing the study design.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics and genomics", "chemistry", "microbiology", "Biochemistry", "radiology and medical imaging"], "article_id"=>254448, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Biochemistry", "Chemistry", "Genetics", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Tulika Arora", "Ruey Leng Loo", "Jelena Anastasovska", "Glenn R. Gibson", "Kieran M. Tuohy", "Raj Kumar Sharma", "Jonathan R. Swann", "Eddie R. Deaville", "Michele L. Sleeth", "E. Louise Thomas", "Elaine Holmes", "Jimmy D. Bell", "Gary Frost"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043263.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Flowchart_showing_the_study_design_/254448", "title"=>"Flowchart showing the study design.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-08-29 01:14:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/308065", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/308161", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/308216", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/308273", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/308311"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>Obesity is rising at an alarming rate globally. Different fermentable carbohydrates have been shown to reduce obesity. The aim of the present study was to investigate if two different fermentable carbohydrates (inulin and β-glucan) exert similar effects on body composition and central appetite regulation in high fat fed mice.</p> <h3>Methodology/Principal Findings</h3><p>Thirty six C57BL/6 male mice were randomized and maintained for 8 weeks on a high fat diet containing 0% (w/w) fermentable carbohydrate, 10% (w/w) inulin or 10% (w/w) β-glucan individually. Fecal and cecal microbial changes were measured using fluorescent <em>in situ</em> hybridization, fecal metabolic profiling was obtained by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (<sup>1</sup>H NMR), colonic short chain fatty acids were measured by gas chromatography, body composition and hypothalamic neuronal activation were measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and manganese enhanced MRI (MEMRI), respectively, PYY (peptide YY) concentration was determined by radioimmunoassay, adipocyte cell size and number were also measured. Both inulin and β-glucan fed groups revealed significantly lower cumulative body weight gain compared with high fat controls. Energy intake was significantly lower in β-glucan than inulin fed mice, with the latter having the greatest effect on total adipose tissue content. Both groups also showed an increase in the numbers of <em>Bifidobacterium</em> and <em>Lactobacillus</em>-<em>Enterococcus</em> in cecal contents as well as feces. β- glucan appeared to have marked effects on suppressing MEMRI associated neuronal signals in the arcuate nucleus, ventromedial hypothalamus, paraventricular nucleus, periventricular nucleus and the nucleus of the tractus solitarius, suggesting a satiated state.</p> <h3>Conclusions/Significance</h3><p>Although both fermentable carbohydrates are protective against increased body weight gain, the lower body fat content induced by inulin may be metabolically advantageous. β-glucan appears to suppress neuronal activity in the hypothalamic appetite centers. Differential effects of fermentable carbohydrates open new possibilities for nutritionally targeting appetite regulation and body composition.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["differential", "effects", "fermentable", "carbohydrates", "appetite"], "article_id"=>120779, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Biochemistry", "Chemistry", "Genetics", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Tulika Arora", "Ruey Leng Loo", "Jelena Anastasovska", "Glenn R. Gibson", "Kieran M. Tuohy", "Raj Kumar Sharma", "Jonathan R. Swann", "Eddie R. Deaville", "Michele L. Sleeth", "E. Louise Thomas", "Elaine Holmes", "Jimmy D. Bell", "Gary Frost"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043263.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043263.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043263.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043263.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043263.s005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Differential_Effects_of_Two_Fermentable_Carbohydrates_on_Central_Appetite_Regulation_and_Body_Composition/120779", "title"=>"Differential Effects of Two Fermentable Carbohydrates on Central Appetite Regulation and Body Composition", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-08-29 00:12:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/584757"], "description"=>"<p>Superscipt (*) shows the significant difference between HFD-I or HFD-BG vs. HFD-C.</p>*<p> = P<0.05,</p>**<p> = P<0.01,</p>***<p> = P<0.001.</p><p>Superscipt (#) shows the significant difference between HFD-I vs. HFD-BG.</p>#<p> = P<0.05,</p>##<p> = P<0.01.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["inulin", "supplementation", "adiposity", "parameters", "weights", "fed", "mice"], "article_id"=>255224, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Biochemistry", "Chemistry", "Genetics", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Tulika Arora", "Ruey Leng Loo", "Jelena Anastasovska", "Glenn R. Gibson", "Kieran M. Tuohy", "Raj Kumar Sharma", "Jonathan R. Swann", "Eddie R. Deaville", "Michele L. Sleeth", "E. Louise Thomas", "Elaine Holmes", "Jimmy D. Bell", "Gary Frost"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043263.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effect_of_inulin_and_946_glucan_supplementation_on_adiposity_parameters_and_tissue_weights_in_high_fat_fed_mice_n_8202_8202_6_/255224", "title"=>"Effect of inulin and β-glucan supplementation on adiposity parameters and tissue weights in high fat fed mice (n = 6).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-08-29 01:27:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/584294"], "description"=>"<p>Key: HFD-C, high fat diet control; HFD-I, high fat diet+inulin; HFD-BG, high fat diet+β-glucan.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["inulin", "supplementation", "cecal", "fecal", "microbial", "contents", "8-week", "dietary", "interventional", "microflora", "intestinal", "rectal-clostridium"], "article_id"=>254738, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Biochemistry", "Chemistry", "Genetics", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Tulika Arora", "Ruey Leng Loo", "Jelena Anastasovska", "Glenn R. Gibson", "Kieran M. Tuohy", "Raj Kumar Sharma", "Jonathan R. Swann", "Eddie R. Deaville", "Michele L. Sleeth", "E. Louise Thomas", "Elaine Holmes", "Jimmy D. Bell", "Gary Frost"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043263.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_effect_of_inulin_and_glucan_supplementation_on_cecal_and_fecal_microbial_contents_over_the_8_week_dietary_interventional_period_a_cecal_microflora_groups_n_6_per_group_b_fecal_total_bacteria_microflora_at_week_0_4_and_8_n_6_per_group_c_fecal_mouse_in/254738", "title"=>"The effect of inulin and β-glucan supplementation on cecal and fecal microbial contents over the 8-week dietary interventional period (a) cecal microflora groups, n = 6 per group (b) fecal total bacteria microflora at week 0, 4 and 8, n = 6 per group: (c) fecal mouse intestinal bacteria, (d) fecal <i>Eubacterium rectal-Clostridium coccoides</i>; (e) fecal Lactobacilli; and (f) fecal Bifidobacteria. * = p<0.05, ** = p<0.01, *** = p<0.001.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-08-29 01:18:58"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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