Linking Foraging Decisions to Residential Yard Bird Composition
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{"title"=>"Linking foraging decisions to residential yard bird composition", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Susannah B.", "last_name"=>"Lerman", "scopus_author_id"=>"23019266200"}, {"first_name"=>"Paige S.", "last_name"=>"Warren", "scopus_author_id"=>"8416021800"}, {"first_name"=>"Hilary", "last_name"=>"Gan", "scopus_author_id"=>"55340247000"}, {"first_name"=>"Eyal", "last_name"=>"Shochat", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603823666"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"22927974", "issn"=>"19326203", "sgr"=>"84865179888", "pui"=>"365470731", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84865179888", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0043497"}, "id"=>"0f423c61-f70c-3b32-9e86-b2dc1e87d1d0", "abstract"=>"Urban bird communities have higher densities but lower diversity compared with wildlands. However, recent studies show that residential urban yards with native plantings have higher native bird diversity compared with yards with exotic vegetation. Here we tested whether landscape designs also affect bird foraging behavior. We estimated foraging decisions by measuring the giving-up densities (GUD; amount of food resources remaining when the final forager quits foraging on an artificial food patch, i.e seed trays) in residential yards in Phoenix, AZ, USA. We assessed how two yard designs (mesic: lush, exotic vegetation; xeric: drought-tolerant and native vegetation) differed in foraging costs. Further, we developed a statistical model to calculate GUDs for every species visiting the seed tray. Birds foraging in mesic yards depleted seed trays to a lower level (i.e. had lower GUDs) compared to birds foraging in xeric yards. After accounting for bird densities, the lower GUDs in mesic yards appeared largely driven by invasive and synanthropic species. Furthermore, behavioral responses of individual species were affected by yard design. Species visiting trays in both yard designs had lower GUDs in mesic yards. Differences in resource abundance (i.e., alternative resources more abundant and of higher quality in xeric yards) contributed to our results, while predation costs associated with foraging did not. By enhancing the GUD, a common method for assessing the costs associated with foraging, our statistical model provided insights into how individual species and bird densities influenced the GUD. These differences we found in foraging behavior were indicative of differences in habitat quality, and thus our study lends additional support for native landscapes to help reverse the loss of urban bird diversity.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/linking-foraging-decisions-residential-yard-bird-composition", "reader_count"=>75, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>19, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>19, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>21, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>48, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Design"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Design"=>{"Design"=>2}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>48}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>21}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "South Africa"=>1, "Australia"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "India"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/588097"], "description"=>"<p>Dark bars represent mesic yards and white bars represent xeric yards. Sample sizes for each yard type shown below species codes (mesic/xeric), standard error bars shown for four most common species (as indicated with asterisk). Species codes are as follows: ABTO = Abert’s towhee, CBTH = curve-billed Thrasher, GAQU = Gambel’s quail, HOFI = house finch, HOSP = house sparrow, INDO = Inca dove, MODO = mourning dove, RODO = rock pigeon, WCSP = white-crowned sparrow, WWDO = white-winged dove. Dark-eyed junco, northern mockingbird, orange-crowned warbler, and spotted towhee also visited the trays but GUDs were not calculated for these species.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gud", "visiting", "trays", "mesic", "xeric"], "article_id"=>258587, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Susannah B. Lerman", "Paige S. Warren", "Hilary Gan", "Eyal Shochat"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043497.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_GUD_for_each_species_visiting_seed_trays_for_mesic_and_xeric_yards_/258587", "title"=>"Mean GUD for each species visiting seed trays for mesic and xeric yards.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 00:30:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/588191"], "description"=>"<p>The interaction between bird density (minimum individuals visiting a tray) and yard type (mesic: un-dashed line, filled triangles; xeric: dashed line, filled squares) on the GUD. There was a strong interaction between bird density and yard type (ANCOVA, t Ratio = 5.03, <i>P</i><0.0001).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["densities"], "article_id"=>258692, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Susannah B. Lerman", "Paige S. Warren", "Hilary Gan", "Eyal Shochat"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043497.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_GUDs_bird_densities_and_yard_type_/258692", "title"=>"GUDs, bird densities and yard type.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 00:30:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/588362"], "description"=>"<p>Comparison of foraging rate for the four most common species visiting the seed trays for mesic and xeric yards. Dark bars represent mesic yards and white bars represent xeric yards. Species codes are as follows: ABTO = Abert’s towhee, CBTH = curve-billed Thrasher, HOFI = house finch and HOSP = house sparrow. Curve-billed thrasher had the fastest seed consumption rate for both yard types.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rates", "mesic", "xeric"], "article_id"=>258858, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Susannah B. Lerman", "Paige S. Warren", "Hilary Gan", "Eyal Shochat"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043497.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Foraging_rates_in_mesic_and_xeric_yards_/258858", "title"=>"Foraging rates in mesic and xeric yards.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 00:31:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/588019"], "description"=>"<p>Simplified GUD-peck model based on the final forager, n = 42 (a) to estimate GUDs for all foragers, n = 114 (b) visiting the seed trays. Final model included density of foragers visiting the trays and species identity, and had a strong fit (r<sup>2</sup> = 0.83). To test the accuracy of this model, we compared the observed GUD values against the predicted GUD values based on the model (Pearson Correlation = 0.91). Estimated GUDs were based on the cumulative number of pecks on the seed tray when each species quit foraging. Triangles are GUDs from mesic yards and Squares are GUDs from xeric yards.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>258514, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Susannah B. Lerman", "Paige S. Warren", "Hilary Gan", "Eyal Shochat"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043497.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_GUD_peck_Model_/258514", "title"=>"GUD-peck Model.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 00:29:53"}

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