Eco-Label Conveys Reliable Information on Fish Stock Health to Seafood Consumers
Publication Date
August 21, 2012
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Nicolás L. Gutiérrez, Sarah R. Valencia, Trevor A. Branch, David J. Agnew, et al
Volume
7
Issue
8
Pages
e43765
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043765
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0043765
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22928029
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3424161
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/22928029
Web of Science
000307789700051
Scopus
84865172648
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/ecolabel-conveys-reliable-information-fish-stock-health-seafood-consumers
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Mendeley | Further Information

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One increasingly popular market-based instrument for ecological stewardship is the use of certification and eco-labeling programs to highlight sustainable fisheries with low environmental impacts. The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) is the most prominent of these programs. Despite widespread discussions about the rigor of the MSC standards, no comprehensive analysis of the performance of MSC-certified fish stocks has yet been conducted. We compared status and abundance trends of 45 certified stocks with those of 179 uncertified stocks, finding that 74% of certified fisheries were above biomass levels that would produce maximum sustainable yield, compared with only 44% of uncertified fisheries. On average, the biomass of certified stocks increased by 46% over the past 10 years, whereas uncertified fisheries increased by just 9%. As part of the MSC process, fisheries initially go through a confidential pre-assessment process. When certified fisheries are compared with those that decline to pursue full certification after pre-assessment, certified stocks had much lower mean exploitation rates (67% of the rate producing maximum sustainable yield vs. 92% for those declining to pursue certification), allowing for more sustainable harvesting and in many cases biomass rebuilding. From a consumer's point of view this means that MSC-certified seafood is 3-5 times less likely to be subject to harmful fishing than uncertified seafood. Thus, MSC-certification accurately identifies healthy fish stocks and conveys reliable information on stock status to seafood consumers.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/ecolabel-conveys-reliable-information-fish-stock-health-seafood-consumers", "reader_count"=>183, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>35, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. 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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/589270"], "description"=>"<p>Long term trends (1970–2009) of biomass relative to their targets levels (i.e., estimated biomass at which the maximum sustainable yield should be obtained: <i>B</i><sub>MSY</sub>; median ±S.E.). <i>B</i><sub>MSY</sub> is set to 1 (broken line).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["msc-certified", "uncertified"], "article_id"=>259725, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Nicolás L. Gutiérrez", "Sarah R. Valencia", "Trevor A. Branch", "David J. Agnew", "Julia K. Baum", "Patricia L. Bianchi", "Jorge Cornejo-Donoso", "Christopher Costello", "Omar Defeo", "Timothy E. Essington", "Ray Hilborn", "Daniel D. Hoggarth", "Ashley E. Larsen", "Chris Ninnes", "Keith Sainsbury", "Rebecca L. Selden", "Seeta Sistla", "Anthony D. M. Smith", "Amanda Stern-Pirlot", "Sarah J. Teck", "James T. Thorson", "Nicholas E. Williams"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043765.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Performance_of_MSC_certified_and_uncertified_fisheries_/259725", "title"=>"Performance of MSC-certified and uncertified fisheries.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-08-21 02:42:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/588975"], "description"=>"<p>Current (i.e., most recent year with available information) biomass and exploitation rate for (<b>A</b>) individual certified (<i>n</i> = 45); (<b>B</b>) all uncertified (<i>n</i> = 179); and (<b>C</b>) uncertified stocks that went through pre-assessment and were not recommended for certification (<i>n</i> = 25). Data are scaled relative to <i>B</i>MSY and <i>u</i>MSY or <i>F</i>MSY (the biomass and exploitation rates or fishing mortality rates that produce maximum sustainable yield). Contour colors show probability of occurrence (red indicates the highest probability and blue the lowest). Vertical and horizontal solid lines represent reference points common to all fisheries (<i>B/B</i>MSY = 1 and <i>u/u</i>MSY or <i>F/F</i>MSY = 1). Dotted lined represents <i>B</i> = 1.3<i>B</i>MSY and dashed line <i>B</i> = 0.5<i>B</i>MSY. Footnote: New assessments for some fish stocks were released while this paper was in press, but this figure was not updated to maintain consistency in year of release.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["certified", "uncertified"], "article_id"=>259430, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Nicolás L. Gutiérrez", "Sarah R. Valencia", "Trevor A. Branch", "David J. Agnew", "Julia K. Baum", "Patricia L. Bianchi", "Jorge Cornejo-Donoso", "Christopher Costello", "Omar Defeo", "Timothy E. Essington", "Ray Hilborn", "Daniel D. Hoggarth", "Ashley E. Larsen", "Chris Ninnes", "Keith Sainsbury", "Rebecca L. Selden", "Seeta Sistla", "Anthony D. M. Smith", "Amanda Stern-Pirlot", "Sarah J. Teck", "James T. Thorson", "Nicholas E. Williams"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043765.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sustainability_of_certified_and_uncertified_seafood_/259430", "title"=>"Sustainability of certified and uncertified seafood.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-08-21 02:37:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/589416"], "description"=>"<p>Biomass status and exploitation rate in relation to MSY reference points for the 10 largest certified and uncertified stocks by landings (metric tons, in 2010). Rows in <b><i>bold italics</i></b> represent median values for certified and uncertified stocks.</p>*<p>MSC certificate currently suspended.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["marine and aquatic sciences"], "article_id"=>259871, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Nicolás L. Gutiérrez", "Sarah R. Valencia", "Trevor A. Branch", "David J. Agnew", "Julia K. Baum", "Patricia L. Bianchi", "Jorge Cornejo-Donoso", "Christopher Costello", "Omar Defeo", "Timothy E. Essington", "Ray Hilborn", "Daniel D. Hoggarth", "Ashley E. Larsen", "Chris Ninnes", "Keith Sainsbury", "Rebecca L. Selden", "Seeta Sistla", "Anthony D. M. Smith", "Amanda Stern-Pirlot", "Sarah J. Teck", "James T. Thorson", "Nicholas E. Williams"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043765.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Stock_status_by_landings_/259871", "title"=>"Stock status by landings.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-08-21 02:44:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/310312", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/310420", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/310582", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/310646", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/310710", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/310757"], "description"=>"<div><p>Concerns over fishing impacts on marine populations and ecosystems have intensified the need to improve ocean management. One increasingly popular market-based instrument for ecological stewardship is the use of certification and eco-labeling programs to highlight sustainable fisheries with low environmental impacts. The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) is the most prominent of these programs. Despite widespread discussions about the rigor of the MSC standards, no comprehensive analysis of the performance of MSC-certified fish stocks has yet been conducted. We compared status and abundance trends of 45 certified stocks with those of 179 uncertified stocks, finding that 74% of certified fisheries were above biomass levels that would produce maximum sustainable yield, compared with only 44% of uncertified fisheries. On average, the biomass of certified stocks increased by 46% over the past 10 years, whereas uncertified fisheries increased by just 9%. As part of the MSC process, fisheries initially go through a confidential pre-assessment process. When certified fisheries are compared with those that decline to pursue full certification after pre-assessment, certified stocks had much lower mean exploitation rates (67% of the rate producing maximum sustainable yield vs. 92% for those declining to pursue certification), allowing for more sustainable harvesting and in many cases biomass rebuilding. From a consumer’s point of view this means that MSC-certified seafood is 3–5 times less likely to be subject to harmful fishing than uncertified seafood. Thus, MSC-certification accurately identifies healthy fish stocks and conveys reliable information on stock status to seafood consumers.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["eco-label", "conveys", "seafood", "consumers"], "article_id"=>121201, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Nicolás L. Gutiérrez", "Sarah R. Valencia", "Trevor A. Branch", "David J. Agnew", "Julia K. Baum", "Patricia L. Bianchi", "Jorge Cornejo-Donoso", "Christopher Costello", "Omar Defeo", "Timothy E. Essington", "Ray Hilborn", "Daniel D. Hoggarth", "Ashley E. Larsen", "Chris Ninnes", "Keith Sainsbury", "Rebecca L. Selden", "Seeta Sistla", "Anthony D. M. Smith", "Amanda Stern-Pirlot", "Sarah J. Teck", "James T. Thorson", "Nicholas E. Williams"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043765.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043765.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043765.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043765.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043765.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043765.s006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>18, "page_views"=>50, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Eco_Label_Conveys_Reliable_Information_on_Fish_Stock_Health_to_Seafood_Consumers/121201", "title"=>"Eco-Label Conveys Reliable Information on Fish Stock Health to Seafood Consumers", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-08-21 00:20:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/589122"], "description"=>"<p>Colors represent current stock status (green to yellow: <i>B</i>><i>B</i>MSY; orange to red: <i>B</i><<i>B</i>MSY) and dots represent most recent year of available information (as per <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0043765#pone.0043765.s001\" target=\"_blank\">Table S1</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["trends", "biomass", "levels", "msc", "stocks", "years"], "article_id"=>259559, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Nicolás L. Gutiérrez", "Sarah R. Valencia", "Trevor A. Branch", "David J. Agnew", "Julia K. Baum", "Patricia L. Bianchi", "Jorge Cornejo-Donoso", "Christopher Costello", "Omar Defeo", "Timothy E. Essington", "Ray Hilborn", "Daniel D. Hoggarth", "Ashley E. Larsen", "Chris Ninnes", "Keith Sainsbury", "Rebecca L. Selden", "Seeta Sistla", "Anthony D. M. Smith", "Amanda Stern-Pirlot", "Sarah J. Teck", "James T. Thorson", "Nicholas E. Williams"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043765.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Time_trends_of_current_biomass_total_or_spawning_relative_to_biomass_levels_at_the_time_of_MSC_assessment_for_stocks_with_available_information_and_more_than_5_years_of_certification_/259559", "title"=>"Time trends of current biomass (total or spawning) relative to biomass levels at the time of MSC assessment for stocks with available information and more than 5 years of certification.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-08-21 02:39:19"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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