Hand to Mouth in a Neandertal: Right-Handedness in Regourdou 1
Publication Date
August 22, 2012
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Virginie Volpato, Roberto Macchiarelli, Debbie Guatelli Steinberg, Ivana Fiore, et al
Volume
7
Issue
8
Pages
e43949
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043949
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0043949
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22937134
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3425541
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/22937134
Web of Science
000308286300099
Scopus
84865156817
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/hand-mouth-neandertal-righthandedness-regourdou-1
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Mendeley | Further Information

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/588155"], "description"=>"<p>Scratch intervals follow ref 7.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["angles", "anterior"], "article_id"=>258651, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Virginie Volpato", "Roberto Macchiarelli", "Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg", "Ivana Fiore", "Luca Bondioli", "David W. Frayer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043949.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mosaic_plot_of_scratch_angles_on_all_anterior_teeth_/258651", "title"=>"Mosaic plot of scratch angles on all anterior teeth.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-08-22 02:24:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/587799"], "description"=>"<p>Photo credit: Collections Ville de Périgueux, Musée d'Art et d'Archéologie du Périgord: Inv. 85.3.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["skeleton", "regourdou"], "article_id"=>258298, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Virginie Volpato", "Roberto Macchiarelli", "Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg", "Ivana Fiore", "Luca Bondioli", "David W. Frayer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043949.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_skeleton_of_Regourdou_1_/258298", "title"=>"The skeleton of Regourdou 1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-08-22 02:18:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/588098"], "description"=>"<p>Labial scratches on Regourdou 1′s anterior teeth.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["scratches", "regourdou", "anterior"], "article_id"=>258586, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Virginie Volpato", "Roberto Macchiarelli", "Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg", "Ivana Fiore", "Luca Bondioli", "David W. Frayer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043949.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Labial_scratches_on_Regourdou_1_8242_s_anterior_teeth_/258586", "title"=>"Labial scratches on Regourdou 1′s anterior teeth.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-08-22 02:23:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/309546", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/309587", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/309704", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/309740", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/309759", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/309788", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/309808", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/309828", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/309855", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/309873", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/310003", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/310060", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/310110"], "description"=>"<div><p>We describe and analyze a Neandertal postcranial skeleton and dentition, which together show unambiguous signs of right-handedness. Asymmetries between the left and right upper arm in Regourdou 1 were identified nearly 20 years ago, then confirmed by more detailed analyses of the inner bone structure for the clavicle, humerus, radius and ulna. The total pattern of all bones in the shoulder and arm reveals that Regourdou 1 was a right-hander. Confirmatory evidence comes from the mandibular incisors, which display a distinct pattern of right oblique scratches, typical of right-handed manipulations performed at the front of the mouth. Regourdou's right handedness is consistent with the strong pattern of manual lateralization in Neandertals and further confirms a modern pattern of left brain dominance, presumably signally linguistic competence. These observations along with cultural, genetic and morphological evidence indicate language competence in Neandertals and their European precursors.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["right-handedness", "regourdou"], "article_id"=>121071, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Virginie Volpato", "Roberto Macchiarelli", "Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg", "Ivana Fiore", "Luca Bondioli", "David W. Frayer"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043949.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043949.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043949.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043949.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043949.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043949.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043949.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043949.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043949.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043949.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043949.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043949.s012", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043949.s013"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Hand_to_Mouth_in_a_Neandertal_Right_Handedness_in_Regourdou_1/121071", "title"=>"Hand to Mouth in a Neandertal: Right-Handedness in Regourdou 1", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-08-22 00:17:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/587921"], "description"=>"<p>To emphasize differences among the different elements, the amount of original asymmetry has been doubled. Scale bar is 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["3d", "reconstruction", "regourdou", "anterior", "bilateral", "asymmetry", "assessed", "cortical", "polar", "rendered", "superimposition"], "article_id"=>258397, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Virginie Volpato", "Roberto Macchiarelli", "Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg", "Ivana Fiore", "Luca Bondioli", "David W. Frayer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043949.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Microtomographic_based_3D_reconstruction_of_the_right_upper_limb_chain_of_Regourdou_1_in_anterior_view_showing_the_average_degree_of_bilateral_asymmetry_in_assessed_for_the_cortical_area_CA_left_and_the_polar_second_moment_of_area_J_right_and_rendered_by/258397", "title"=>"Microtomographic-based 3D reconstruction of the right upper limb chain of Regourdou 1 (in anterior view) showing the average degree of bilateral asymmetry (in %) assessed for the cortical area (CA, left) and the polar second moment of area (J, right) and rendered by virtual superimposition (semi-transparency, in gray) to the original outline of each element (in gold).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-08-22 02:19:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/587988"], "description"=>"<p>The apparent malpositioning of the teeth is due to reconstruction. Photo credit: P Sémal, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["regourdou"], "article_id"=>258482, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Virginie Volpato", "Roberto Macchiarelli", "Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg", "Ivana Fiore", "Luca Bondioli", "David W. Frayer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043949.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Occlusal_view_of_Regourdou_1_mandible_/258482", "title"=>"Occlusal view of Regourdou 1 mandible.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-08-22 02:21:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/588225"], "description"=>"<p>Left: Lower medial portion of the labial aspect of the left second incisor of Regourdou 1 (left) showing (a) some V-shaped, relatively thick sub-horizontal scratches associated with a few thinner secondary striae occurring within the major striae. The medial margin of the tooth is on the left. Right: Central portion of the labial aspect of the right canine showing a network of mostly sub-vertical thin scratches (b), which we identify as an occlusal scratch. (c) is an abrasion spot associated with a major oblique scratch of taphonomic origin, most likely from a sediment particle. Scale bar is 100 µm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["striations"], "article_id"=>258719, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Virginie Volpato", "Roberto Macchiarelli", "Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg", "Ivana Fiore", "Luca Bondioli", "David W. Frayer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043949.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_SEMs_of_striations_on_left_I_2_and_right_C_/258719", "title"=>"SEMs of striations on left I<sub>2</sub> and right C.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-08-22 02:25:19"}

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Relative Metric

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