Temporal Properties of Liquid Crystal Displays: Implications for Vision Science Experiments
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Temporal Properties of Liquid Crystal Displays: Implications for Vision Science Experiments", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Tobias", "last_name"=>"Elze", "scopus_author_id"=>"35114796500"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas G.", "last_name"=>"Tanner", "scopus_author_id"=>"36025867500"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84866283865", "pui"=>"365646210", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0044048", "sgr"=>"84866283865", "pmid"=>"22984458"}, "id"=>"a03789e0-9b25-3e6b-ae79-ebdd1fde3874", "abstract"=>"Liquid crystal displays (LCD) are currently replacing the previously dominant cathode ray tubes (CRT) in most vision science applications. While the properties of the CRT technology are widely known among vision scientists, the photometric and temporal properties of LCDs are unfamiliar to many practitioners. We provide the essential theory, present measurements to assess the temporal properties of different LCD panel types, and identify the main determinants of the photometric output. Our measurements demonstrate that the specifications of the manufacturers are insufficient for proper display selection and control for most purposes. Furthermore, we show how several novel display technologies developed to improve fast transitions or the appearance of moving objects may be accompanied by side-effects in some areas of vision research. Finally, we unveil a number of surprising technical deficiencies. The use of LCDs may cause problems in several areas in vision science. Aside from the well-known issue of motion blur, the main problems are the lack of reliable and precise onsets and offsets of displayed stimuli, several undesirable and uncontrolled components of the photometric output, and input lags which make LCDs problematic for real-time applications. As a result, LCDs require extensive individual measurements prior to applications in vision science.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/temporal-properties-liquid-crystal-displays-implications-vision-science-experiments", "reader_count"=>69, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>18, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>18, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Engineering"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Neuroscience"=>6, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>2, "Chemical Engineering"=>1, "Psychology"=>32, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>5, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>6}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>32}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>5}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Chemical Engineering"=>{"Chemical Engineering"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>2, "Netherlands"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>3, "Italy"=>1, "France"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84866283865"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84866283865?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84866283865&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84866283865&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84866283865", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84866283865", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84866283865", "dc:title"=>"Temporal Properties of Liquid Crystal Displays: Implications for Vision Science Experiments", "dc:creator"=>"Elze T.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"7", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"9", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2012-09-11", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"11 September 2012", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0044048", "citedby-count"=>"30", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Schepens Eye Research Institute", "affiliation-city"=>"Boston", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences", "affiliation-city"=>"Leipzig", "affiliation-country"=>"Germany"}], "pubmed-id"=>"22984458", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e44048", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0044048", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"339"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"68"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"96"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"100"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"185"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"104"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"99"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"92"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"115"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"92"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"149"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"177"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"114"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"102"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"113"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"87"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"192"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"213"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"207"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"204"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"104"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"146"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"138"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"223"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"430"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"313"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"326"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"347"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"389"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"433"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"348"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"372"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"265"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"313"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"264"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"317"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"187"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"181"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"208"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"150"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"94"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"95"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/304757", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/304781", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/304791", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/304841", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/304865"], "description"=>"<div><p>Liquid crystal displays (LCD) are currently replacing the previously dominant cathode ray tubes (CRT) in most vision science applications. While the properties of the CRT technology are widely known among vision scientists, the photometric and temporal properties of LCDs are unfamiliar to many practitioners. We provide the essential theory, present measurements to assess the temporal properties of different LCD panel types, and identify the main determinants of the photometric output. Our measurements demonstrate that the specifications of the manufacturers are insufficient for proper display selection and control for most purposes. Furthermore, we show how several novel display technologies developed to improve fast transitions or the appearance of moving objects may be accompanied by side–effects in some areas of vision research. Finally, we unveil a number of surprising technical deficiencies. The use of LCDs may cause problems in several areas in vision science. Aside from the well–known issue of motion blur, the main problems are the lack of reliable and precise onsets and offsets of displayed stimuli, several undesirable and uncontrolled components of the photometric output, and input lags which make LCDs problematic for real–time applications. As a result, LCDs require extensive individual measurements prior to applications in vision science.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["temporal", "properties", "implications", "experiments"], "article_id"=>120116, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Tobias Elze", "Thomas G. Tanner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.s005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Temporal_Properties_of_Liquid_Crystal_Displays_Implications_for_Vision_Science_Experiments/120116", "title"=>"Temporal Properties of Liquid Crystal Displays: Implications for Vision Science Experiments", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-09-11 00:01:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/578383"], "description"=>"<p>When no electric field is applied (a), the helical structure of the LC molecules rotates the vertically polarized light so that it can pass the second, horizontal polarizer. When an electric field is applied (b), the molecules tend to align with the electrical field, distort and finally break the helical structure so that the backlight is blocked by the horizontal polarizer and the respective subpixel appears opaque.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["tn", "lcd"], "article_id"=>248882, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Tobias Elze", "Thomas G. Tanner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Principle_of_operation_of_a_normally_white_TN_LCD_panel_/248882", "title"=>"Principle of operation of a normally white TN LCD panel.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-09-11 02:28:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/578528"], "description"=>"<p>(a) shows the recording of a luminance transition from 127 to 255 (maximal luminance of the monitor) for 10 frames and then back to 127 on a Dell 2709 LCD panel. (b) shows the pure transition signal which was generated from (a) by filtering the backlight modulation. (c) shows the backlight modulation signal. Note that (a) is composed of the product of (b) and (c).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["components", "lcd", "luminance"], "article_id"=>249025, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Tobias Elze", "Thomas G. Tanner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Main_components_of_the_LCD_luminance_transition_signal_/249025", "title"=>"Main components of the LCD luminance transition signal.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-09-11 02:30:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/578624"], "description"=>"<p>For a single frame presentation of a white object on black background, the CRT signal reaches its maximum rapidly after frame start and decays to nearly zero a few milliseconds later. In the subsequent frame there is still a small phosphor activation at frame start although the frame is supposed to be black. Such a ground activation occurs inevitably when the electron beam traverses the pixel. In contrast, the LCD signal rises considerably slower and holds at maximum until the end of the frame. In the subsequent frame it falls back to its black level.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crt", "lcd", "luminance"], "article_id"=>249126, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Tobias Elze", "Thomas G. Tanner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Schematic_comparison_of_CRT_and_LCD_luminance_signals_/249126", "title"=>"Schematic comparison of CRT and LCD luminance signals.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-09-11 02:32:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/578667"], "description"=>"<p>Schematic of the different types of dynamic capacitance compensation (DCC).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["types", "capacitance"], "article_id"=>249176, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Tobias Elze", "Thomas G. Tanner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Schematic_of_the_different_types_of_dynamic_capacitance_compensation_DCC_/249176", "title"=>"Schematic of the different types of dynamic capacitance compensation (DCC).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-09-11 02:32:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/578727"], "description"=>"<p>The plots combine the recordings of (<b>a</b>) two rising or (<b>b</b>) falling transitions which start at different phases of the backlight signal. Obviously, the resulting transition signals differ substantially.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["modulations", "locked", "refresh"], "article_id"=>249222, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Tobias Elze", "Thomas G. Tanner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Backlight_modulations_are_usually_not_phase_locked_to_the_refresh_rate_/249222", "title"=>"Backlight modulations are usually not phase locked to the refresh rate.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-09-11 02:33:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/578783"], "description"=>"<p>The uncalibrated 0% 100% transition shown in (<b>a</b>) has a response time of ms. Calib not only increases the amplitude of the backlight ripple a lot but also shifts the target signal from rgb to rgb. The resulting transition signal shown in (<b>b</b>) has the considerably longer response time of ms.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["prolong"], "article_id"=>249289, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Tobias Elze", "Thomas G. Tanner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.g006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Calibration_can_prolong_response_times_/249289", "title"=>"Calibration can prolong response times.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-09-11 02:34:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/578888"], "description"=>"<p>The small red bars on the top of each bar denote the standard deviation over the five independent measurements. Below the RT bar plots RT mean and standard deviation over the different luminance levels, the coefficient of variation, means over all rising and falling transitions, the transition times from black to white and vice versa, and the manufacturer’s RT specifications are shown.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["times", "luminance", "transitions", "differenc"], "article_id"=>249380, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Tobias Elze", "Thomas G. Tanner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.g007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Examples_of_the_variation_of_response_times_RTs_over_different_luminance_transitions_for_four_differenc_monitors_/249380", "title"=>"Examples of the variation of response times (RTs) over different luminance transitions for four differenc monitors.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-09-11 02:36:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/578970"], "description"=>"<p>The plot shows a periodically blinking gray patch between 128 rgb and 191 rgb for 10 frames per luminance level on a HP LP2480 ZX monitor. Two subsequent falling response times differ substantially.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["times", "variability", "repeated", "luminance"], "article_id"=>249470, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Tobias Elze", "Thomas G. Tanner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.g008"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Response_times_RT_variability_over_repeated_measurements_of_the_same_luminance_transition_/249470", "title"=>"Response times (RT) variability over repeated measurements of the same luminance transition.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-09-11 02:37:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/579028"], "description"=>"<p>For illustrative purposes, we specified the time in frames instead of milliseconds. The raw signal was recorded from a gray (25% luminance, calib) patch displayed for 10 frames on a Samsung XL 30 monitor. The response time measured between the 10% level and the 110% level is ten times greater than the 10%/90% response time according to the ISO standard.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["overshoot", "improper"], "article_id"=>249527, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Tobias Elze", "Thomas G. Tanner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.g009"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Substantial_overshoot_due_to_improper_DCC_/249527", "title"=>"Substantial overshoot due to improper DCC.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-09-11 02:38:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/579079"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>a</b>): part of the PSD of 10 different LCD monitors. (<b>b</b>): Constant signal (50% of the monitor’s luminance maximum) of the monitor with the maximal power at the refresh rate.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["static"], "article_id"=>249581, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Tobias Elze", "Thomas G. Tanner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.g010"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frame_response_for_static_presentations_/249581", "title"=>"Frame response for static presentations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-09-11 02:39:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/579128"], "description"=>"<p>The measurement of a transition 63 rgb 127 rgb (10 frames) 63 rgb of a BenQ V2400W monitor (uncalibrated) is shown. The target level is not reached in the first two frames of each transition. In addition, the frame response is noticeable at the upper luminance level in absence of any controlled luminance transition.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stepping", "leads", "saturations", "luminance"], "article_id"=>249627, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Tobias Elze", "Thomas G. Tanner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.g011"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Luminance_stepping_leads_to_saturations_of_the_luminance_signal_before_the_target_level_is_reached_/249627", "title"=>"Luminance stepping leads to saturations of the luminance signal before the target level is reached.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-09-11 02:40:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/579231"], "description"=>"<p>See Methods section for details about the motion blur model and respective calculations. The summarizing numbers below each subplot are analogous to those of Fig. 7.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["blur", "units", "noticeable", "differences", "calculated", "luminance", "transitions", "shown"], "article_id"=>249721, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Tobias Elze", "Thomas G. Tanner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.g012"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Visible_motion_blur_in_units_of_just_noticeable_differences_JNDs_calculated_from_the_luminance_transitions_shown_in_Fig_7_/249721", "title"=>"Visible motion blur in units of just noticeable differences (JNDs) calculated from the luminance transitions shown in Fig. 7.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-09-11 02:42:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/579343"], "description"=>"<p>With the MP mode disabled (a), the motion blur profile is similar to the typical profiles of other monitors shown in Fig. 12. With the MP mode set to its strongest level (b), the visible motion blur had decreased by about 50% on average.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["nec", "24wmgx"], "article_id"=>249844, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Tobias Elze", "Thomas G. Tanner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.g013"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Impact_of_the_Motion_Picture_MP_mode_of_the_NEC_24WMGX_monitor_on_visible_motion_blur_/249844", "title"=>"Impact of the Motion Picture (MP) mode of the NEC 24WMGX monitor on visible motion blur.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-09-11 02:44:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/579416"], "description"=>"<p>The left hand side plots show luminance signal measurements of a green patch which appears for 10 subsequent frames, followed by 10 black frames, periodically. In the upper row, MP is switched off, in the lower row it is switched to the highest possible level for this monitor. The plots on the right hand side show the respective power spectral densities (PSD) of frequencies between 20 Hz and 200 Hz for the constant level signals (100% green). Obviously, if MP mode is enabled, the dominant backlight frequency of 89 Hz is so weak relative to the strong MP amplitude that it disguised in the PSD.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["nec", "24wmgx"], "article_id"=>249911, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Tobias Elze", "Thomas G. Tanner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.g014"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Motion_Picture_MP_mode_of_a_NEC_24WMGX_monitor_/249911", "title"=>"Motion Picture (MP) mode of a NEC 24WMGX monitor.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-09-11 02:45:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/579492"], "description"=>"<p>Frame boundaries are indicated by the vertical dotted lines. The target luminance was white. Obviously, the luminance distribution of the three color primaries changes over time, as the primaries have different response times. The red primary is fastest whereas the other two primaries are subject to luminance stepping. Therefore, the transition has a red color cast which disappears first during the third frame. The dispersion of the signals is illustrated by the coefficient of variation of the three color primary luminances. The color bar at the bottom sketches the color change of the display over time. Note that the appearance of the colors depends on the calibration of your display and is only a rough approximation to the true color of the transition on the BenQ monitor.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["shifts", "rising", "255", "uncalibrated", "benq", "v2400w"], "article_id"=>249988, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Tobias Elze", "Thomas G. Tanner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.g015"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Color_shifts_during_a_rising_0_rgb_255_rgb_transition_of_an_uncalibrated_BenQ_V2400W_monitor_/249988", "title"=>"Color shifts during a rising 0 rgb 255 rgb transition of an uncalibrated BenQ V2400W monitor.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-09-11 02:46:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/579552"], "description"=>"<p>–<b>tilt voltage.</b> The measurement of the Dell 2408 monitor, green primary, transition 0% 50% (10 frames) 0%, shows that the rising transition starts one frame earlier than expected.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["applying"], "article_id"=>250051, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Tobias Elze", "Thomas G. Tanner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.g016"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effect_of_applying_a_pre_/250051", "title"=>"Effect of applying a pre", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-09-11 00:00:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/579600"], "description"=>"<p>Types of LCD monitors.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["lcd"], "article_id"=>250109, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Tobias Elze", "Thomas G. Tanner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044048.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Types_of_LCD_monitors_/250109", "title"=>"Types of LCD monitors.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-09-11 00:01:49"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"18", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"44", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"13", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"77", "full-text"=>"80", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"47", "full-text"=>"54", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"24", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"45", "full-text"=>"47", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"39", "full-text"=>"47", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"46", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"63", "full-text"=>"80", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"17", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"56", "full-text"=>"75", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"54", "full-text"=>"59", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"49", "full-text"=>"54", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"40", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"47", "full-text"=>"45", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"92", "full-text"=>"100", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"55", "full-text"=>"68", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"83", "full-text"=>"93", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"48", "full-text"=>"52", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"53", "full-text"=>"61", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"45", "full-text"=>"51", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"69", "full-text"=>"80", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"66", "full-text"=>"79", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"77", "full-text"=>"88", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"40", "full-text"=>"45", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2012-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2012-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology/Instrumentation", "average_usage"=>[343, 548, 663, 769, 860, 927, 1027, 1109, 1220, 1306, 1384, 1456, 1535]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology/Signal processing", "average_usage"=>[341, 489, 598, 671, 741, 816, 898, 982, 1061, 1123, 1200, 1254, 1296, 1355, 1407, 1476, 1535, 1589, 1642, 1705, 1754, 1802, 1837, 1884, 1925]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Materials science", "average_usage"=>[314, 504, 614, 722, 798, 877, 957, 1055, 1131, 1207, 1278, 1350, 1430, 1503, 1570, 1640, 1694, 1774, 1844, 1915, 1971, 2046, 2104, 2175, 2251]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[354, 585, 710, 810, 904, 998, 1090, 1181, 1268, 1361, 1435, 1525, 1594, 1657, 1731, 1813, 1878, 1948, 2016, 2094, 2158, 2219, 2294, 2347, 2410]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts