Population, Behavioural and Physiological Responses of an Urban Population of Black Swans to an Intense Annual Noise Event
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{"title"=>"Population, Behavioural and Physiological Responses of an Urban Population of Black Swans to an Intense Annual Noise Event", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Catherine J.", "last_name"=>"Payne", "scopus_author_id"=>"55360740200"}, {"first_name"=>"Tim S.", "last_name"=>"Jessop", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003335516"}, {"first_name"=>"Patrick Jean", "last_name"=>"Guay", "scopus_author_id"=>"26667666900"}, {"first_name"=>"Michele", "last_name"=>"Johnstone", "scopus_author_id"=>"55360270700"}, {"first_name"=>"Megan", "last_name"=>"Feore", "scopus_author_id"=>"55360722700"}, {"first_name"=>"Raoul A.", "last_name"=>"Mulder", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101676687"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84866344102", "sgr"=>"84866344102", "pui"=>"365667814", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"23024783", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0045014"}, "id"=>"61775257-4fca-3fc8-97dd-2b75fd3ff299", "abstract"=>"Wild animals in urban environments are exposed to a broad range of human activities that have the potential to disturb their life history and behaviour. Wildlife responses to disturbance can range from emigration to modified behaviour, or elevated stress, but these responses are rarely evaluated in concert. We simultaneously examined population, behavioural and hormonal responses of an urban population of black swans Cygnus atratus before, during and after an annual disturbance event involving large crowds and intense noise, the Australian Formula One Grand Prix. Black swan population numbers were lowest one week before the event and rose gradually over the course of the study, peaking after the event, suggesting that the disturbance does not trigger mass emigration. We also found no difference in the proportion of time spent on key behaviours such as locomotion, foraging, resting or self-maintenance over the course of the study. However, basal and capture stress-induced corticosterone levels showed significant variation, consistent with a modest physiological response. Basal plasma corticosterone levels were highest before the event and decreased over the course of the study. Capture-induced stress levels peaked during the Grand Prix and then also declined over the remainder of the study. Our results suggest that even intensely noisy and apparently disruptive events may have relatively low measurable short-term impact on population numbers, behaviour or physiology in urban populations with apparently high tolerance to anthropogenic disturbance. Nevertheless, the potential long-term impact of such disturbance on reproductive success, individual fitness and population health will need to be carefully evaluated.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/population-behavioural-physiological-responses-urban-population-black-swans-intense-annual-noise-eve", "reader_count"=>47, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>11}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>11}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>1, "Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>12, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>26, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>26}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>12}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/576993"], "description"=>"<p>Behaviours recorded for black swan observations at Albert Park Lake.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["recorded", "swan", "observations", "albert"], "article_id"=>247487, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Catherine J. Payne", "Tim S. Jessop", "Patrick-Jean Guay", "Michele Johnstone", "Megan Feore", "Raoul A. Mulder"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0045014.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Behaviours_recorded_for_black_swan_observations_at_Albert_Park_Lake_/247487", "title"=>"Behaviours recorded for black swan observations at Albert Park Lake.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 23:22:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/576907"], "description"=>"<p>Panel a) shows plasma corticosterone concentration (ng/ml) of black swans captured before the Grand Prix (Pre GP; n = 20), during the Grand Prix (Grand Prix; n = 12), one week after the Grand Prix (Post GP1; n = 9) and two weeks after the Grand Prix (Post GP2; n = 14) periods. Filled circles represent basal corticosterone levels, filled squares corticosterone levels after 30 min of restraint (T30). Panel b) shows corticosterone stress responsiveness, estimated as T30/Basal corticosterone levels for each time perriod (filled circles) and corticosterone stress magnitude, estimated as T30-Basal corticosterone levels (open circles).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["basal", "stress-induced", "corticosterone", "captured", "swans"], "article_id"=>247395, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Catherine J. Payne", "Tim S. Jessop", "Patrick-Jean Guay", "Michele Johnstone", "Megan Feore", "Raoul A. Mulder"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0045014.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fluctuations_in_basal_and_stress_induced_T30_corticosterone_in_captured_black_swans_over_the_period_of_the_study_/247395", "title"=>"Fluctuations in basal and stress-induced (T30) corticosterone in captured black swans over the period of the study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 23:21:56"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/576637"], "description"=>"<p>Closed circles represent morning counts and open circles represent afternoon counts.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["counts", "swans", "albert"], "article_id"=>247130, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Catherine J. Payne", "Tim S. Jessop", "Patrick-Jean Guay", "Michele Johnstone", "Megan Feore", "Raoul A. Mulder"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0045014.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Population_counts_mean_177_SEM_of_black_swans_at_Albert_Park_over_the_experimental_period_n_8202_8202_8_for_all_periods_/247130", "title"=>"Population counts (mean±SEM) of black swans at Albert Park over the experimental period (n = 8 for all periods).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 23:20:31"}
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PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2012-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2012-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[322, 550, 671, 773, 864, 955, 1048, 1135, 1223, 1308, 1387, 1465, 1534, 1602, 1673, 1744, 1813, 1885, 1955, 2026, 2093, 2160, 2228, 2290, 2349]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Anatomy", "average_usage"=>[308, 530, 649, 751, 844, 933, 1021, 1107, 1194, 1277, 1357, 1426, 1501, 1572, 1634, 1702, 1768, 1838, 1910, 1976, 2046, 2114, 2181, 2241, 2298]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Biomechanics", "average_usage"=>[307, 515, 633, 733, 821, 912, 1008, 1100, 1202, 1281, 1363, 1425, 1481, 1569, 1644, 1721, 1788, 1842, 1913, 1975, 2020, 2087, 2135, 2175, 2228]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Physiology", "average_usage"=>[307, 536, 653, 753, 839, 926, 1017, 1103, 1189, 1268, 1348, 1425, 1492, 1557, 1620, 1686, 1759, 1825, 1891, 1950, 2014, 2079, 2141, 2200, 2255]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Zoology", "average_usage"=>[360, 554, 661, 756, 829, 913, 992, 1072, 1144, 1228, 1306, 1378, 1439, 1500, 1558, 1627, 1689, 1754, 1826, 1892, 1951, 2009, 2067, 2130, 2200]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences", "average_usage"=>[348, 541, 638, 730, 827, 907, 993, 1074, 1152, 1232, 1310, 1379, 1442, 1507, 1576, 1648, 1715, 1786, 1854, 1926, 1991, 2059, 2125, 2181, 2249]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Ecological environments", "average_usage"=>[323, 478, 601, 680, 753, 810, 873, 938, 1011, 1069, 1133, 1202, 1281]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy", "average_usage"=>[307, 529, 649, 751, 845, 936, 1025, 1113, 1197, 1284, 1360, 1432, 1501, 1570, 1632, 1697, 1765, 1834, 1904, 1972, 2041, 2107, 2170, 2231, 2292]}]}
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