FliC, a Flagellin Protein, Is Essential for the Growth and Virulence of Fish Pathogen Edwardsiella tarda
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{"title"=>"FliC, a Flagellin Protein, Is Essential for the Growth and Virulence of Fish Pathogen Edwardsiella tarda", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Yang", "last_name"=>"He", "scopus_author_id"=>"55360781500"}, {"first_name"=>"Tingting", "last_name"=>"Xu", "scopus_author_id"=>"49862242800"}, {"first_name"=>"Leif E.", "last_name"=>"Fossheim", "scopus_author_id"=>"6503972878"}, {"first_name"=>"Xiao Hua", "last_name"=>"Zhang", "scopus_author_id"=>"55881837100"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"365667804", "sgr"=>"84866371517", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0045070", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84866371517", "isbn"=>"1529-2908 (Print)", "pmid"=>"23024793"}, "id"=>"a3a9e3c9-346c-38f2-8264-6793442f92f2", "abstract"=>"Edwardsiella tarda is a flagellated gram-negative bacterium which causes edwardsiellosis in fish. FliC, as a flagellar filament structural protein, is hypothesized to be involved in the pathogenesis of infection. In this study, a fliC in-frame deletion mutant of a virulent isolate of E. tarda was constructed through double crossover allelic exchange by means of the suicide vector pRE112, and its virulence-associated phenotypes and pathogenicity were tested. It was found that the deletion of fliC significantly decreased the diameter of flagella filaments. In addition, the mutant showed reduced pathogenicity to fish by increasing the LD(50) value for 100-fold compared to the wild-type strain, as well as showed impaired bacterial growth, reduced motility, decreased biofilm formation and reduced levels of virulence-associated protein secretion involved in the type III secretion system (TTSS). The phenotypic characteristics of the fliC deletion mutant uncovered in this investigation suggest that fliC plays an essential role in normal flagellum function, bacterial growth, protein secretion by TTSS and bacterial virulence.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/flic-flagellin-protein-essential-growth-virulence-fish-pathogen-edwardsiella-tarda-3", "reader_count"=>4, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Master"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Master"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}}, "group_count"=>0}

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