Virological and Serological Findings in Rousettus aegyptiacus Experimentally Inoculated with Vero Cells-Adapted Hogan Strain of Marburg Virus
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{"title"=>"Virological and Serological Findings in Rousettus aegyptiacus Experimentally Inoculated with Vero Cells-Adapted Hogan Strain of Marburg Virus", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Janusz T.", "last_name"=>"Paweska", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004330281"}, {"first_name"=>"Petrus", "last_name"=>"Jansen van Vuren", "scopus_author_id"=>"23092022200"}, {"first_name"=>"Justin", "last_name"=>"Masumu", "scopus_author_id"=>"13606646700"}, {"first_name"=>"Patricia A.", "last_name"=>"Leman", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005265630"}, {"first_name"=>"Antoinette A.", "last_name"=>"Grobbelaar", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006457897"}, {"first_name"=>"Monica", "last_name"=>"Birkhead", "scopus_author_id"=>"37036866800"}, {"first_name"=>"Sarah", "last_name"=>"Clift", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005539485"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert", "last_name"=>"Swanepoel", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004599740"}, {"first_name"=>"Alan", "last_name"=>"Kemp", "scopus_author_id"=>"57194513165"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84866438785", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0045479", "sgr"=>"84866438785", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"23029039", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"365675394"}, "id"=>"c10efe6b-804a-3feb-b611-d217e51496aa", "abstract"=>"The Egyptian fruit bat, Rousettus aegyptiacus, is currently regarded as a potential reservoir host for Marburg virus (MARV). However, the modes of transmission, the level of viral replication, tissue tropism and viral shedding pattern remains to be described. Captive-bred R. aegyptiacus, including adult males, females and pups were exposed to MARV by different inoculation routes. Blood, tissues, feces and urine from 9 bats inoculated by combination of nasal and oral routes were all negative for the virus and ELISA IgG antibody could not be demonstrated for up to 21 days post inoculation (p.i.). In 21 bats inoculated by a combination of intraperitoneal/subcutaneous route, viremia and the presence of MARV in different tissues was detected on days 2-9 p.i., and IgG antibody on days 9-21 p.i. In 3 bats inoculated subcutaneously, viremia was detected on days 5 and 8 (termination of experiment), with virus isolation from different organs. MARV could not be detected in urine, feces or oral swabs in any of the 3 experimental groups. However, it was detected in tissues which might contribute to horizontal or vertical transmission, e.g. lung, intestines, kidney, bladder, salivary glands, and female reproductive tract. Viremia lasting at least 5 days could also facilitate MARV mechanical transmission by blood sucking arthropods and infections of susceptible vertebrate hosts by direct contact with infected blood. All bats were clinically normal and no gross pathology was identified on post mortem examination. This work confirms the susceptibility of R. aegyptiacus to infection with MARV irrespective of sex and age and contributes to establishing a bat-filovirus experimental model. Further studies are required to uncover the mode of MARV transmission, and to investigate the putative role of R. aegyptiacus as a reservoir host.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/virological-serological-findings-rousettus-aegyptiacus-experimentally-inoculated-vero-cellsadapted-h", "reader_count"=>45, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>29, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>29}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Cameroon"=>1, "United States"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/576241"], "description"=>"<p>a =  intraperitoneal.</p><p>b =  subcutaneous.</p>†<p> =  lethal sampling.</p><p># =  non-lethal sampling.</p>*<p> =  three remaining bats from group A were later used as group C for s.c. inoculation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bats", "inoculated", "hogan"], "article_id"=>246727, "categories"=>["Virology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Janusz T. Paweska", "Petrus Jansen van Vuren", "Justin Masumu", "Patricia A. Leman", "Antoinette A. Grobbelaar", "Monica Birkhead", "Sarah Clift", "Robert Swanepoel", "Alan Kemp"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0045479.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Experimental_design_and_sample_collection_schedule_in_R_aegyptiacus_bats_inoculated_with_Hogan_strain_of_MARV_/246727", "title"=>"Experimental design and sample collection schedule in <i>R. aegyptiacus</i> bats inoculated with Hogan strain of MARV.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 23:18:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/575987"], "description"=>"<p>Correlation between MARV RNA copies versus TCID<sub>50</sub> on a logarithmic scale graph (R<sup>2</sup> = 0.999).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["marv", "rna", "copies", "logarithmic", "graph"], "article_id"=>246472, "categories"=>["Virology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Janusz T. Paweska", "Petrus Jansen van Vuren", "Justin Masumu", "Patricia A. Leman", "Antoinette A. Grobbelaar", "Monica Birkhead", "Sarah Clift", "Robert Swanepoel", "Alan Kemp"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0045479.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Correlation_between_MARV_RNA_copies_versus_TCID_50_on_a_logarithmic_scale_graph_R_2_8202_8202_0_999_/246472", "title"=>"Correlation between MARV RNA copies versus TCID<sub>50</sub> on a logarithmic scale graph (R<sup>2</sup> = 0.999).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 23:16:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/576319"], "description"=>"<p>PCR  =  PCR results.</p><p>VI  =  Virus isolation results.</p><p>(/)  =  Values in brackets indicate number of positive bats per number of animal tested at a specific time point by PCR and VI.</p><p>n.s.  =  Not sampled.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bats", "inoculated", "subcutaneously", "intraperitoneally", "hogan"], "article_id"=>246804, "categories"=>["Virology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Janusz T. Paweska", "Petrus Jansen van Vuren", "Justin Masumu", "Patricia A. Leman", "Antoinette A. Grobbelaar", "Monica Birkhead", "Sarah Clift", "Robert Swanepoel", "Alan Kemp"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0045479.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_PCR_and_virus_isolation_results_in_R_aegyptiacus_bats_inoculated_subcutaneously_and_intraperitoneally_with_Hogan_strain_of_MARV_/246804", "title"=>"PCR and virus isolation results in <i>R. aegyptiacus</i> bats inoculated subcutaneously and intraperitoneally with Hogan strain of MARV.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 23:18:43"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/576061"], "description"=>"<p>MARV RNA copies per ml of plasma in individual adult females (Δ), adult males (○) and pups (x), and mean copy numbers for females (-----), males (---) and pups (•••) are shown.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["levels", "inoculated", "intraperitoneal", "subcutaneous", "marv"], "article_id"=>246542, "categories"=>["Virology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Janusz T. Paweska", "Petrus Jansen van Vuren", "Justin Masumu", "Patricia A. Leman", "Antoinette A. Grobbelaar", "Monica Birkhead", "Sarah Clift", "Robert Swanepoel", "Alan Kemp"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0045479.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Viremia_levels_in_R_aegyptiacus_inoculated_by_intraperitoneal_and_subcutaneous_route_with_MARV_isolate_MHK_/246542", "title"=>"Viremia levels in <i>R. aegyptiacus</i> inoculated by intraperitoneal and subcutaneous route with MARV isolate MHK.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 23:17:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/575902"], "description"=>"<p>Custom-made experimental bat cage, which allows for housing 2–4 bats.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["allows"], "article_id"=>246391, "categories"=>["Virology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Janusz T. Paweska", "Petrus Jansen van Vuren", "Justin Masumu", "Patricia A. Leman", "Antoinette A. Grobbelaar", "Monica Birkhead", "Sarah Clift", "Robert Swanepoel", "Alan Kemp"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0045479.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Custom_made_experimental_bat_cage_which_allows_for_housing_2_8211_4_bats_/246391", "title"=>"Custom-made experimental bat cage, which allows for housing 2–4 bats.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 23:16:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/576269"], "description"=>"<p>PCR  =  PCR results.</p><p>VI  =  virus isolation results.</p><p>(/)  =  values in brackets indicate number of positive bats per number of animal tested at a specific time point by PCR and VI.</p><p>n.s.  =  not sampled.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bats", "inoculated", "subcutaneously", "hogan"], "article_id"=>246756, "categories"=>["Virology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Janusz T. Paweska", "Petrus Jansen van Vuren", "Justin Masumu", "Patricia A. Leman", "Antoinette A. Grobbelaar", "Monica Birkhead", "Sarah Clift", "Robert Swanepoel", "Alan Kemp"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0045479.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_PCR_and_virus_isolation_results_in_R_aegyptiacus_bats_inoculated_subcutaneously_with_Hogan_strain_of_MARV_/246756", "title"=>"PCR and virus isolation results in <i>R. aegyptiacus</i> bats inoculated subcutaneously with Hogan strain of MARV.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 23:18:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/575819"], "description"=>"<p><i>R. aegyptiacus</i> colony maintained in large flight cage allowing for housing 150–200 bats.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["maintained", "allowing"], "article_id"=>246305, "categories"=>["Virology", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["Janusz T. Paweska", "Petrus Jansen van Vuren", "Justin Masumu", "Patricia A. Leman", "Antoinette A. Grobbelaar", "Monica Birkhead", "Sarah Clift", "Robert Swanepoel", "Alan Kemp"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0045479.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_R_aegyptiacus_colony_maintained_in_large_flight_cage_allowing_for_housing_150_200_bats_/246305", "title"=>"<i>R. aegyptiacus</i> colony maintained in large flight cage allowing for housing 150–200 bats.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 23:15:53"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"29", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
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Relative Metric

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