Detection of Appearing and Disappearing Objects in Complex Acoustic Scenes
Publication Date
September 27, 2012
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Francisco Cervantes Constantino, Leyla Pinggera, Supathum Paranamana, Makio Kashino, et al
Volume
7
Issue
9
Pages
e46167
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046167
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0046167
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23029426
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3459829
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/23029426
Web of Science
000309517500069
Scopus
84866954050
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/detection-appearing-disappearing-objects-complex-acoustic-scenes
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Detection of Appearing and Disappearing Objects in Complex Acoustic Scenes", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Cervantes Constantino", "last_name"=>"F."}, {"first_name"=>"Pinggera", "last_name"=>"L."}, {"first_name"=>"Paranamana", "last_name"=>"S."}, {"first_name"=>"Kashino", "last_name"=>"M."}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"23029426", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0046167"}, "keywords"=>["*acoustic analysis", "*brain function", "adaptation", "adult", "analysis of variance", "article", "association", "auditory response", "auditory stimulation", "controlled study", "female", "human", "human experiment", "loudness", "male", "memory", "normal human", "perception", "response time", "semantics", "vocalization"], "id"=>"76542e1e-c8cf-3ad6-b67f-31e5f38bd38c", "abstract"=>"The ability to detect sudden changes in the environment is critical for survival. Hearing is hypothesized to play a major role in this process by serving as an \"early warning device,\" rapidly directing attention to new events. Here, we investigate listeners' sensitivity to changes in complex acoustic scenes-what makes certain events \"pop-out\" and grab attention while others remain unnoticed? We use artificial \"scenes\" populated by multiple pure-tone components, each with a unique frequency and amplitude modulation rate. Importantly, these scenes lack semantic attributes, which may have confounded previous studies, thus allowing us to probe low-level processes involved in auditory change perception. Our results reveal a striking difference between \"appear\" and \"disappear\" events. Listeners are remarkably tuned to object appearance: change detection and identification performance are at ceiling; response times are short, with little effect of scene-size, suggesting a pop-out process. In contrast, listeners have difficulty detecting disappearing objects, even in small scenes: performance rapidly deteriorates with growing scene-size; response times are slow, and even when change is detected, the changed component is rarely successfully identified. We also measured change detection performance when a noise or silent gap was inserted at the time of change or when the scene was interrupted by a distractor that occurred at the time of change but did not mask any scene elements. Gaps adversely affected the processing of item appearance but not disappearance. However, distractors reduced both appearance and disappearance detection. Together, our results suggest a role for neural adaptation and sensitivity to transients in the process of auditory change detection, similar to what has been demonstrated for visual change detection. Importantly, listeners consistently performed better for item addition (relative to deletion) across all scene interruptions used, suggesting a robust perceptual representation of item appearance. © 2012 Cervantes Constantino et al.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/detection-appearing-disappearing-objects-complex-acoustic-scenes", "reader_count"=>13, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Master"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Master"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>3, "Psychology"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>3}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>6}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Italy"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/568678"], "description"=>"<p><a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0046167#s5\" target=\"_blank\"><b>Experiment 3</b></a><b>.</b> A loudness change in the form of a single upwards or downwards step in amplitude was introduced in all stimuli, at the nominal change time. A, B show results from <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0046167#s5\" target=\"_blank\">Experiment 3</a>A (randomized presentation). C shows d′ data obtained in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0046167#s5\" target=\"_blank\">Experiment 3</a>B where the same stimuli were presented in blocks according to change type (CA or CD). Error bars are 1 SE.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neurological disorders"], "article_id"=>239171, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Francisco Cervantes Constantino", "Leyla Pinggera", "Supathum Paranamana", "Makio Kashino", "Maria Chait"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046167.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_/239171", "title"=>"Results of", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 22:36:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/568235"], "description"=>"<p>A: ‘no-change’ (NC) stimulus with six components. B and C show the ‘change-disappear’ (CD) and ‘change-appear’ (CA) variations. Dashed lines show the nominal change time. The plots represent ‘auditory’ spectrograms, generated with a filterbank of 1/ERB wide channels <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0046167#pone.0046167-Moore1\" target=\"_blank\">[14]</a> equally spaced on a scale of ERB-rate. Channels are smoothed to obtain a temporal resolution similar to the Equivalent Rectangular Duration <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0046167#pone.0046167-Plack1\" target=\"_blank\">[41]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neurological disorders"], "article_id"=>238723, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Francisco Cervantes Constantino", "Leyla Pinggera", "Supathum Paranamana", "Makio Kashino", "Maria Chait"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046167.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Example_of_the_experimental_stimuli_/238723", "title"=>"Example of the experimental stimuli.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 22:34:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/568999"], "description"=>"<p>The introduction of gaps adversely affected performance on CA but not CD changes. Error bars are 1 SE.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["presented", "interpreting"], "article_id"=>239497, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Francisco Cervantes Constantino", "Leyla Pinggera", "Supathum Paranamana", "Makio Kashino", "Maria Chait"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046167.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_Experiment_6_presented_in_a_form_that_is_relevant_for_interpreting_the_interaction_of_change_type_CA_vs_CD_and_gap_continuous_vs_silence_gap_vs_noise_gap_/239497", "title"=>"Results of Experiment 6 presented in a form that is relevant for interpreting the interaction of change type (CA vs. CD) and gap (continuous, vs. silence gap, vs. noise gap).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 22:38:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/568519"], "description"=>"<p>\n <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0046167#s4\" target=\"_blank\"><b>Experiment 2</b></a><b>). Error bars are 1 SE.</b></p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["detection"], "article_id"=>239015, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Francisco Cervantes Constantino", "Leyla Pinggera", "Supathum Paranamana", "Makio Kashino", "Maria Chait"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046167.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_the_main_change_detection_task_/239015", "title"=>"Results of the main change detection task (", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 22:36:12"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/568836"], "description"=>"<p>Error bars are 1 SE.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["detection", "ca"], "article_id"=>239331, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Francisco Cervantes Constantino", "Leyla Pinggera", "Supathum Paranamana", "Makio Kashino", "Maria Chait"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046167.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_Experiment_5_change_detection_as_a_function_of_time_of_change_early_vs_late_for_CA_and_CD_/239331", "title"=>"Results of Experiment 5, change detection as a function of time of change (early vs. late) for CA and CD.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 22:37:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/568333"], "description"=>"<p><a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0046167#s3\" target=\"_blank\"><b>Experiment 1</b></a><b> which tested listener's ability to judge whether a probe (a single AM tone) is present within a NC scene.</b> Plotted are sensitivity scores as a function of scene size. Dark blue: probe presented before the scene; light blue: probe presented after the scene. Error bars are 1 standard error (SE).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neurological disorders"], "article_id"=>238830, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Francisco Cervantes Constantino", "Leyla Pinggera", "Supathum Paranamana", "Makio Kashino", "Maria Chait"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046167.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_/238830", "title"=>"Results of", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 22:35:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/568756"], "description"=>"<p>In <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0046167#s6\" target=\"_blank\">Experiment 4</a>A (left) the probe was identical to the changed component (frequency+AM). In <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0046167#s6\" target=\"_blank\">Experiment 4</a>B (right) the probe carrier frequency was fixed at 500 Hz and only the AM varied. Error bars are 1 SE.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["tested", "appeared", "disappeared", "ca", "cd"], "article_id"=>239246, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Francisco Cervantes Constantino", "Leyla Pinggera", "Supathum Paranamana", "Makio Kashino", "Maria Chait"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046167.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_Experiment_4_which_tested_listeners_ability_to_identify_the_component_that_appeared_or_disappeared_in_CA_and_CD_scenes_/239246", "title"=>"Results of Experiment 4 which tested listeners' ability to identify the component that appeared or disappeared in CA and CD scenes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 22:37:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/569242"], "description"=>"<p>Error bars are 1 SE. Note that the scenes sizes used here are different from the previous experiments. Reducing the maximum scene size to 10 (rather than 14) was necessary because ‘splash’ components and scene elements shared the same frequency pool.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["comparing", "non-interrupted", "scenes", "acoustic", "occurred"], "article_id"=>239734, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Francisco Cervantes Constantino", "Leyla Pinggera", "Supathum Paranamana", "Makio Kashino", "Maria Chait"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046167.g010", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_Experiment_7_comparing_performance_on_non_interrupted_scenes_and_those_where_a_brief_acoustic_splash_occurred_at_the_time_of_change_/239734", "title"=>"Results of Experiment 7, comparing performance on non-interrupted scenes and those where a brief acoustic ‘splash’ occurred at the time of change.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 22:40:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/568936"], "description"=>"<p>Error bars are 1 SE.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["comparing", "scenes", "noise-filled", "was", "inserted"], "article_id"=>239428, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Francisco Cervantes Constantino", "Leyla Pinggera", "Supathum Paranamana", "Makio Kashino", "Maria Chait"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046167.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_Experiment_6_comparing_performance_on_continuous_scenes_A_and_those_where_a_silence_B_or_noise_filled_C_gap_was_inserted_at_the_time_of_change_/239428", "title"=>"Results of Experiment 6, comparing performance on continuous scenes (A) and those where a silence (B) or noise-filled (C) gap was inserted at the time of change.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 22:38:22"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2012-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2012-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[322, 550, 671, 773, 864, 955, 1048, 1135, 1223, 1308, 1387, 1465, 1534, 1602, 1673, 1744, 1813, 1885, 1955, 2026, 2093, 2160, 2228, 2290, 2349]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Neuroscience", "average_usage"=>[325, 542, 658, 757, 836, 925, 1015, 1095, 1177, 1263, 1338, 1411, 1477, 1537, 1599, 1663, 1726, 1795, 1857, 1921, 1979, 2041, 2099, 2150, 2205]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Physics", "average_usage"=>[298, 476, 578, 665, 743, 821, 891, 962, 1036, 1108, 1174, 1240, 1312, 1371, 1430, 1494, 1551, 1609, 1673, 1736, 1795, 1857, 1913, 1976, 2035]}]}
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