Whole-Body Cryostimulation - Potential Beneficial Treatment for Improving Antioxidant Capacity in Healthy Men - Significance of the Number of Sessions
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{"title"=>"Whole-Body Cryostimulation - Potential Beneficial Treatment for Improving Antioxidant Capacity in Healthy Men - Significance of the Number of Sessions", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Anna", "last_name"=>"Lubkowska", "scopus_author_id"=>"6505500697"}, {"first_name"=>"Barbara", "last_name"=>"Dołegowska", "scopus_author_id"=>"35581486000"}, {"first_name"=>"Zbigniew", "last_name"=>"Szyguła", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602926477"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84867546578", "pui"=>"365864393", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0046352", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84867546578", "pmid"=>"23077506"}, "id"=>"22c2d895-3232-3e4f-b62e-b9d7a28516ea", "abstract"=>"It is claimed that WBC (whole-body cryotherapy) enhances the resistance of the human body, also thanks to the beneficial effect on the antioxidant system. Accordingly, this research aimed to evaluate the effect of a series of whole-body cryostimulations on the level of non-enzymatic antioxidants and the activity of antioxidant enzymes in healthy men. The study was carried out on 30 young and healthy men aged 27.8±6.1 years with average body mass index and peak oxygen consumption (46.34±6.15 ml kg-1 •min-1). The participants were daily exposed for 3 minutes to cryogenic temperatures (-130°C). Blood samples were obtained in the morning before cryostimulation, again 30 min after exposure and the following day in the morning, during the 1st, 10th and 20th session. Analysis concerned changes in plasma concentrations of total protein, albumin, glucose, uric acid and ceruloplasmin, and the most important components of the antioxidant system in red blood cells: superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, reduced and oxidized glutathione. To assess the oxidative stress level the 8-isoprostane concentration in plasma was measured. The obtained results indicate that cryogenic temperatures in repeated daily treatments result in changes in the peroxidant and antioxidant status. These changes seem to depend on the number of cryostimulations. After 20 daily treatments there was an increase in SOD, SOD:CAT ratio, a decrease in the concentration of reduced and oxidized glutathione and in the activity of GPx. It could be possible that differences in the activity of GSSG-R after 20 treatments depended on the body mass index of participants. © 2012 Lubkowska et al.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/wholebody-cryostimulation-potential-beneficial-treatment-improving-antioxidant-capacity-healthy-men", "reader_count"=>8, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>3, "Other"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>3, "Other"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/557729"], "description"=>"<p>Legend <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0046352#pone-0046352-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2</a>: Median and 5%–95% confidence interval; * p≤0.05 statistically significant difference vs. before WBC; before WBC - A: before the first cryostimulation, after overnight fasting; 30 min - B: 30 min after the first cryostimulation; 24 h – C: 24 hours after the first cryostimulation, after overnight fasting; 10 session – F: 24 hours after the10<sup>th</sup> cryostimulation, after overnight fasting; 20 session – I: 24 hours after the 20<sup>th</sup> cryostimulation, after overnight fasting.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["catalase", "erythrocytes", "sessions"], "article_id"=>228227, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biochemistry", "Cell Biology", "Biotechnology", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Anna Lubkowska", "Barbara Dołęgowska", "Zbigniew Szyguła"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046352.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Changes_in_catalase_CAT_activity_in_erythrocytes_before_and_during_following_sessions_of_WBC_/228227", "title"=>"Changes in catalase (CAT) activity in erythrocytes before and during following sessions of WBC.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 21:38:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/558098"], "description"=>"<p>Legend <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0046352#pone-0046352-t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a>:</p>*<p>p≤0.05 statistically significant difference,</p>**<p>p≤0.01 statistically significant,</p>***<p>p≤0.001; A – after overnight fasting, in the morning before the first cryostimulation; B - 30 min after the first cryostimulation; C - the next morning after the first cryostimulation, after overnight fasting; D – after overnight fasting, in the morning before the 10<sup>th</sup> cryostimulation ; E - 30 min after the10<sup>th</sup> cryostimulation; F - the next morning after the10<sup>th</sup> cryostimulation, after overnight fasting; G - after overnight fasting, in the morning before the last (20<sup>th</sup>) cryostimulation; H - 30 min after the 20<sup>th</sup> cryostimulation; I - the next morning after the 20<sup>th</sup> cryostimulation, after overnight fasting. Values are expressed as means ± SD.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["plasma", "non-enzymatic", "components", "biochemical", "parameters", "10", "20", "sessions", "whole-body"], "article_id"=>228583, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biochemistry", "Cell Biology", "Biotechnology", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Anna Lubkowska", "Barbara Dołęgowska", "Zbigniew Szyguła"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046352.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_plasma_concentration_of_the_8_isoprostane_non_enzymatic_components_and_some_of_the_biochemical_parameters_before_A_and_in_response_to_a_one_B_C_10_D_E_F_and_20_G_H_I_sessions_of_whole_body_cryostimulation_/228583", "title"=>"The plasma concentration of the 8-isoprostane, non-enzymatic components and some of the biochemical parameters before(A) and in response to a one (B,C), 10 (D,E,F)and 20 (G,H,I) sessions of whole-body cryostimulation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 21:40:00"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/557612"], "description"=>"<p>Legend <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0046352#pone-0046352-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 1</a>: Median and 25%–75% confidence interval; **p≤0.01 statistically significant vs. before WBC; before WBC - A: before the first cryostimulation, after overnight fasting; 30 min - B: 30 min after the first cryostimulation; 24 h – C: 24 hours after the first cryostimulation, after overnight fasting; 10 session – F: 24 hours after the10<sup>th</sup> cryostimulation, after overnight fasting; 20 session – I: 24 hours after the 20<sup>th</sup> cryostimulation, after overnight fasting.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["superoxide", "dismutase", "erythrocytes", "sessions"], "article_id"=>228105, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biochemistry", "Cell Biology", "Biotechnology", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Anna Lubkowska", "Barbara Dołęgowska", "Zbigniew Szyguła"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046352.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Changes_in_superoxide_dismutase_SOD_activity_in_erythrocytes_before_and_during_following_sessions_of_WBC_/228105", "title"=>"Changes in superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in erythrocytes before and during following sessions of WBC.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 21:37:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/557798"], "description"=>"<p>Legend <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0046352#pone-0046352-g003\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 3</a>: Median and 5%–95% confidence interval; * p≤0.05 statistically significant difference vs. before WBC; before WBC - A: before the first cryostimulation, after overnight fasting; 30 min - B: 30 min after the first cryostimulation; 24 h – C: 24 hours after the first cryostimulation, after overnight fasting; 10 session – F: 24 hours after the10<sup>th</sup> cryostimulation, after overnight fasting; 20 session – I: 24 hours after the 20<sup>th</sup> cryostimulation, after overnight fasting.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["reduced", "glutathione", "erythrocytes", "sessions"], "article_id"=>228295, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biochemistry", "Cell Biology", "Biotechnology", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Anna Lubkowska", "Barbara Dołęgowska", "Zbigniew Szyguła"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046352.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Changes_in_reduced_glutathione_GSH_concentration_in_erythrocytes_before_and_during_following_sessions_of_WBC_/228295", "title"=>"Changes in reduced glutathione (GSH) concentration in erythrocytes before and during following sessions of WBC.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 21:38:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/557997"], "description"=>"<p>Legend <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0046352#pone-0046352-g006\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 6</a>: Median and 5%–95%; *p≤0.05 statistically significant difference vs. before WBC in subjects with BMI<25; ∧ p≤0.05 statistically significant difference BMI<25 vs. BMI>25; before WBC - A: before the first cryostimulation, after overnight fasting; 30 min - B: 30 min after the first cryostimulation; 24 h – C: 24 hours after the first cryostimulation, after overnight fasting; 10 session – F: 24 hours after the10<sup>th</sup> cryostimulation, after overnight fasting; 20 session – I: 24 hours after the 20<sup>th</sup> cryostimulation, after overnight fasting.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["glutathione", "reductase", "sessions"], "article_id"=>228495, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biochemistry", "Cell Biology", "Biotechnology", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Anna Lubkowska", "Barbara Dołęgowska", "Zbigniew Szyguła"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046352.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Changes_in_glutathione_reductase_GSSG_R_before_and_during_following_sessions_of_WBC_/228495", "title"=>"Changes in glutathione reductase (GSSG-R) before and during following sessions of WBC.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 21:39:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/558063"], "description"=>"<p>Legend <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0046352#pone-0046352-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>: BMI - body mass Index; VO<sub>2max</sub> - maximal oxygen uptake, SBP - systolic blood pressure; DBP - diastolic blood pressure; HR<sub>rest</sub> - heart rate; HR<sub>max</sub> - post exercise heart rate; WBC- White body cell; RBC - Red body cell; HGB - Hemoglobin; HCT - Hematocrit; PLT - platelets; SD - standard deviation. Values are expressed as means ± SD, Minimum and Maximum.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["physiological", "characteristics"], "article_id"=>228560, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biochemistry", "Cell Biology", "Biotechnology", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Anna Lubkowska", "Barbara Dołęgowska", "Zbigniew Szyguła"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046352.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Anthropometrical_and_physiological_characteristics_of_the_study_group_/228560", "title"=>"Anthropometrical and physiological characteristics of the study group.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 21:39:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/557926"], "description"=>"<p>Legend <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0046352#pone-0046352-g005\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 5</a>: Median and 5%–95%; * p≤0.05 statistically significant difference vs. before WBC; before WBC - A: before the first cryostimulation, after overnight fasting; 30 min - B: 30 min after the first cryostimulation; 24 h – C: 24 hours after the first cryostimulation, after overnight fasting; 10 session – F: 24 hours after the10<sup>th</sup> cryostimulation, after overnight fasting; 20 session – I: 24 hours after the 20<sup>th</sup> cryostimulation, after overnight fasting.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["glutathione", "peroxidase", "sessions"], "article_id"=>228425, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biochemistry", "Cell Biology", "Biotechnology", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Anna Lubkowska", "Barbara Dołęgowska", "Zbigniew Szyguła"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046352.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Changes_in_glutathione_peroxidase_GPx_before_and_during_following_sessions_of_WBC_/228425", "title"=>"Changes in glutathione peroxidase (GPx) before and during following sessions of WBC.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 21:39:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/557863"], "description"=>"<p>Legend <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0046352#pone-0046352-g004\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 4</a>: Median and 5%–95% confidence interval; * p≤0.05 statistically significant difference vs. before WBC; before WBC - A: before the first cryostimulation, after overnight fasting; 30 min - B: 30 min after the first cryostimulation; 24 h – C: 24 hours after the first cryostimulation, after overnight fasting; 10 session – F: 24 hours after the10<sup>th</sup> cryostimulation, after overnight fasting; 20 session – I: 24 hours after the 20<sup>th</sup> cryostimulation, after overnight fasting.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["oxidized", "glutathione", "erythrocytes", "sessions"], "article_id"=>228361, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Biochemistry", "Cell Biology", "Biotechnology", "Hematology"], "users"=>["Anna Lubkowska", "Barbara Dołęgowska", "Zbigniew Szyguła"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046352.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Changes_in_oxidized_glutathione_GSSG_concentration_in_erythrocytes_before_and_during_following_sessions_of_WBC_/228361", "title"=>"Changes in oxidized glutathione (GSSG) concentration in erythrocytes before and during following sessions of WBC.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 21:38:55"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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