There Is No News Like Bad News: Women Are More Remembering and Stress Reactive after Reading Real Negative News than Men
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{"title"=>"There Is No News Like Bad News: Women Are More Remembering and Stress Reactive after Reading Real Negative News than Men", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Marie France", "last_name"=>"Marin", "scopus_author_id"=>"36007475300"}, {"first_name"=>"Julie Katia", "last_name"=>"Morin-Major", "scopus_author_id"=>"55387255900"}, {"first_name"=>"Tania E.", "last_name"=>"Schramek", "scopus_author_id"=>"9333230900"}, {"first_name"=>"Annick", "last_name"=>"Beaupré", "scopus_author_id"=>"55387613500"}, {"first_name"=>"Andrea", "last_name"=>"Perna", "scopus_author_id"=>"52164271400"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert Paul", "last_name"=>"Juster", "scopus_author_id"=>"22953706800"}, {"first_name"=>"Sonia J.", "last_name"=>"Lupien", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003958994"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84867352629", "pmid"=>"23071755", "sgr"=>"84867352629", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0047189", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"365833155"}, "id"=>"dac8e6f4-007a-3421-861a-69611ad95c85", "abstract"=>"With the advent of specialized television channels offering 24-hour coverage, Internet and smart phones, the possibility to be constantly in contact with the media has increased dramatically in the last decades. Despite this higher access to knowledge, the impact media exposure has on healthy individuals remains poorly studied. Given that most information conveyed in the media is negative and that upon perception of threat, the brain activates the stress system, which leads to cortisol secretion, we decided to determine how healthy individuals react to media information. Accordingly, we investigated whether reading real negative news (1) is physiologically stressful, (2) modulates one's propensity to be stress reactive to a subsequent stressor and (3) modulates remembrance for these news. Sixty participants (30 women, 30 men) were randomly assigned to either twenty-four real neutral news excerpts or to twenty-four real negative excerpts for 10 minutes. They were then all exposed to a well-validated psychosocial stressor, the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST), which consists of an anticipation phase of 10 minutes and a test phase of 10 minutes. A total of eight salivary cortisol samples were collected, at 10-minutes intervals, throughout the experimental procedure. One day later, a free recall of the news was performed. Results showed that although reading negative news did not lead to change in cortisol levels (p>0.05), it led to a significant increase in cortisol to a subsequent stressor in women only (p<0.001). Also, women in the negative news condition experienced better memory for these news excerpts compared to men (p<0.01). These results suggest a potential mechanism by which media exposure could increase stress reactivity and memory for negative news in women.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/news-like-bad-news-women-more-remembering-stress-reactive-after-reading-real-negative-news-men-1", "reader_count"=>48, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>6, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>19, "Social Sciences"=>7, "Computer Science"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>6}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>7}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>19}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Italy"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2, "France"=>1, "Russia"=>2}, "group_count"=>3}

Scopus | Further Information

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/561471"], "description"=>"<p>Adjusted means as a function of ‘emotionality’ and ‘concerned’ are presented. The error bars represent the standard error of the mean.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["salivary", "cortisol", "levels", "minutes", "men", "women"], "article_id"=>231947, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Neuroscience", "Mathematics", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Marie-France Marin", "Julie-Katia Morin-Major", "Tania E. Schramek", "Annick Beaupré", "Andrea Perna", "Robert-Paul Juster", "Sonia J. Lupien"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047189.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_salivary_cortisol_levels_in_response_to_the_newspaper_task_as_a_function_of_Time_1_8211_baseline_2_8211_immediately_following_the_newspaper_task_3_8211_ten_minutes_after_the_end_of_the_newspaper_task_and_Condition_neutral_negative_for_men_panel_A_an/231947", "title"=>"Mean salivary cortisol levels in response to the newspaper task as a function of Time (1– baseline, 2– immediately following the newspaper task, 3– ten minutes after the end of the newspaper task) and Condition (neutral, negative) for men (panel A) and women (panel B).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 21:58:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/561765"], "description"=>"<p>Adjusted means as a function of ‘emotionality’ and ‘concerned’ are presented. The error bars represent the standard error of the mean. The asterisk (*) means p<0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["delayed", "excerpts"], "article_id"=>232258, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Neuroscience", "Mathematics", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Marie-France Marin", "Julie-Katia Morin-Major", "Tania E. Schramek", "Annick Beaupré", "Andrea Perna", "Robert-Paul Juster", "Sonia J. Lupien"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047189.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_delayed_memory_performance_for_the_news_excerpts_as_a_function_of_Condition_neutral_negative_and_Sex_men_women_/232258", "title"=>"Mean delayed memory performance for the news excerpts as a function of Condition (neutral, negative) and Sex (men, women).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 21:59:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/561642"], "description"=>"<p>Adjusted means as a function of ‘emotionality’ and ‘concerned’ are presented. The error bars represent the standard error of the mean. The asterisk (*) means p<0.05 and the square (□) stands for trend towards significance (p = 0.072). Panel C depicts mean salivary cortisol levels in women in response to the Trier Social Stress Test as a function of Time (Time 3– pre-anticipation, Time 4– post-anticipation, Time 5, 6,7 and 8–0, 10, 20 and 30 minutes following the end of the TSST) and Study (current study – group of women neutral vs. comparative study – group of women). The raw means are presented. The error bars represent the standard error of the mean.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["salivary", "cortisol", "levels", "trier", "20", "30", "minutes", "men", "women"], "article_id"=>232123, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Neuroscience", "Mathematics", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Marie-France Marin", "Julie-Katia Morin-Major", "Tania E. Schramek", "Annick Beaupré", "Andrea Perna", "Robert-Paul Juster", "Sonia J. Lupien"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047189.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>40, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_salivary_cortisol_levels_in_response_to_the_Trier_Social_Stress_Test_as_a_function_of_Time_Time_3_8211_pre_anticipation_Time_4_8211_post_anticipation_Time_5_6_7_and_8_8211_0_10_20_and_30_minutes_following_the_end_of_the_TSST_and_Condition_neutral_ne/232123", "title"=>"Mean salivary cortisol levels in response to the Trier Social Stress Test as a function of Time (Time 3– pre-anticipation, Time 4– post-anticipation, Time 5, 6,7 and 8–0, 10, 20 and 30 minutes following the end of the TSST) and Condition (neutral, negative) for men (panel A) and women (panel B).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 21:59:10"}

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