Dogs' Social Referencing towards Owners and Strangers
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Dogs' Social Referencing towards Owners and Strangers", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Isabella", "last_name"=>"Merola", "scopus_author_id"=>"48461580200"}, {"first_name"=>"Emanuela", "last_name"=>"Prato-Previde", "scopus_author_id"=>"8527460100"}, {"first_name"=>"Sarah", "last_name"=>"Marshall-Pescini", "scopus_author_id"=>"23467537600"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pui"=>"365840880", "sgr"=>"84867425266", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0047653", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84867425266", "pmid"=>"23071828"}, "id"=>"0e889f46-a2cd-37ec-94b1-2080e1c78028", "abstract"=>"Social referencing is a process whereby an individual uses the emotional information provided by an informant about a novel object/stimulus to guide his/her own future behaviour towards it. In this study adult dogs were tested in a social referencing paradigm involving a potentially scary object with either their owner or a stranger acting as the informant and delivering either a positive or negative emotional message. The aim was to evaluate the influence of the informant's identity on the dogs' referential looking behaviour and behavioural regulation when the message was delivered using only vocal and facial emotional expressions. Results show that most dogs looked referentially at the informant, regardless of his/her identity. Furthermore, when the owner acted as the informant dogs that received a positive emotional message changed their behaviour, looking at him/her more often and spending more time approaching the object and close to it; conversely, dogs that were given a negative message took longer to approach the object and to interact with it. Fewer differences in the dog's behaviour emerged when the informant was the stranger, suggesting that the dog-informant relationship may influence the dog's behavioural regulation. Results are discussed in relation to studies on human-dog communication, attachment, mood modification and joint attention.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/dogs-social-referencing-towards-owners-strangers", "reader_count"=>122, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>20, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>30, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Other"=>10, "Student > Master"=>20, "Student > Bachelor"=>17, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>20, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>30, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Other"=>10, "Student > Master"=>20, "Student > Bachelor"=>17, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>12, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>49, "Philosophy"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>10, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Computer Science"=>2, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>3, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>6, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Psychology"=>30, "Social Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>6}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>30}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>12}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>3}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>49}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>10}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Austria"=>3, "Netherlands"=>1, "Hungary"=>2, "United States"=>2, "Italy"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>6}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84867425266"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84867425266?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84867425266&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84867425266&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84867425266", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84867425266", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84867425266", "dc:title"=>"Dogs' Social Referencing towards Owners and Strangers", "dc:creator"=>"Merola I.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"7", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"10", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2012-10-11", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"11 October 2012", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0047653", "citedby-count"=>"69", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Università degli Studi di Milano", "affiliation-city"=>"Milan", "affiliation-country"=>"Italy"}], "pubmed-id"=>"23071828", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e47653", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0047653", "share_count"=>13, "like_count"=>16, "comment_count"=>1, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>30}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"116", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"1094"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"40", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"248"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"125"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"97"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"103"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"162"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"118"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"22", "html_views"=>"106"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"8", "html_views"=>"102"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"89"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"73"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"94"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"107"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"137"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"88"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"176"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"136"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"204"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"104"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1892"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"83", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"12908"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"76", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"1293"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"390"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"124"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"113"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"63"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"103"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"143"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"148"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"115"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"134"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"2528"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"202"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"154"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"149"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"87"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"96"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"409"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"178"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"224"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"296"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"242"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"202"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"344"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"199"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"137"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"171"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"177"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"146"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"123"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"196"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"259"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"82"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"94"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"182", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"95"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"100"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"78"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"99"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"121", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"136", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/297513"], "description"=>"<div><p>Social referencing is a process whereby an individual uses the emotional information provided by an informant about a novel object/stimulus to guide his/her own future behaviour towards it. In this study adult dogs were tested in a social referencing paradigm involving a potentially scary object with either their owner or a stranger acting as the informant and delivering either a positive or negative emotional message. The aim was to evaluate the influence of the informant's identity on the dogs' referential looking behaviour and behavioural regulation when the message was delivered using only vocal and facial emotional expressions. Results show that most dogs looked referentially at the informant, regardless of his/her identity. Furthermore, when the owner acted as the informant dogs that received a positive emotional message changed their behaviour, looking at him/her more often and spending more time approaching the object and close to it; conversely, dogs that were given a negative message took longer to approach the object and to interact with it. Fewer differences in the dog's behaviour emerged when the informant was the stranger, suggesting that the dog-informant relationship may influence the dog's behavioural regulation. Results are discussed in relation to studies on human-dog communication, attachment, mood modification and joint attention.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["referencing", "owners", "strangers"], "article_id"=>118642, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Isabella Merola", "Emanuela Prato-Previde", "Sarah Marshall-Pescini"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047653"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Dogs_Social_Referencing_towards_Owners_and_Strangers/118642", "title"=>"Dogs' Social Referencing towards Owners and Strangers", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-10-11 02:24:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/560021"], "description"=>"<p>A fan with plastic green ribbons attached to it (and a curious subject).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience"], "article_id"=>230522, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Isabella Merola", "Emanuela Prato-Previde", "Sarah Marshall-Pescini"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047653.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Experimental_object_/230522", "title"=>"Experimental object.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-10-11 00:08:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/560075"], "description"=>"<p>The experimental room showing the Fan-zone (Zone 1: 230×85cm) and the Door-zone (Zone 2: 230×85cm). The dog is represented next to the informant (the standing person) in the location where it was first released (L1). Both the informant and the seated person remained in the same position throughout the test.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience"], "article_id"=>230572, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Isabella Merola", "Emanuela Prato-Previde", "Sarah Marshall-Pescini"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047653.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Experimental_set_up_/230572", "title"=>"Experimental set up.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-10-11 00:09:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/560124"], "description"=>"<p>Mean frequency of gazes directed towards the informant during Phase 1 for dogs in the owner-positive, owner-negative, stranger-positive and stranger-negative groups. The bar represents the standard error (SE).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience"], "article_id"=>230632, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Isabella Merola", "Emanuela Prato-Previde", "Sarah Marshall-Pescini"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047653.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Gaze_informant_/230632", "title"=>"Gaze informant.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-10-11 00:10:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/560168"], "description"=>"<p>Mean duration (in seconds) of time spent closest to the door (hence farthest from the fan) in Phase 1 for dogs in the owner-positive, stranger-positive and owner-negative, stranger-negative groups. The bar represents the standard error (SE); * p<0.05, **p<0.001.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience"], "article_id"=>230674, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Isabella Merola", "Emanuela Prato-Previde", "Sarah Marshall-Pescini"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047653.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Door_8211_zone_/230674", "title"=>"Door – zone.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-10-11 00:11:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/560211"], "description"=>"<p>Mean duration (in seconds) of time spent closest to the fan in Phase 2 for dogs in the owner-positive, stranger-positive, owner-negative and stranger-negative groups. The bar represents the standard error (SE); * p<0.05, **p<0.001.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience"], "article_id"=>230708, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Isabella Merola", "Emanuela Prato-Previde", "Sarah Marshall-Pescini"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047653.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fan_8211_zone_/230708", "title"=>"Fan – zone.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-10-11 00:11:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/560248"], "description"=>"<p>Three non-mutually exclusive categories were used: action, gaze and areas of the room used by the dogs; within each category mutually exclusive behaviours and their descriptions are outlined.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience"], "article_id"=>230748, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Isabella Merola", "Emanuela Prato-Previde", "Sarah Marshall-Pescini"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047653.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Behavioural_categories_/230748", "title"=>"Behavioural categories.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-10-11 00:12:28"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"23", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"19", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"70", "full-text"=>"76", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"73", "full-text"=>"88", "pdf"=>"20", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"95", "full-text"=>"120", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"44", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"19", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"37", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"40", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"20", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"50", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"25", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"42", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"114", "full-text"=>"117", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"46", "full-text"=>"49", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"47", "full-text"=>"54", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"45", "full-text"=>"45", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"39", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"42", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2012-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2012-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[322, 550, 671, 773, 864, 955, 1048, 1135, 1223, 1308, 1387, 1465, 1534, 1602, 1673, 1744, 1813, 1885, 1955, 2026, 2093, 2160, 2228, 2290, 2349]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Zoology", "average_usage"=>[360, 554, 661, 756, 829, 913, 992, 1072, 1144, 1228, 1306, 1378, 1439, 1500, 1558, 1627, 1689, 1754, 1826, 1892, 1951, 2009, 2067, 2130, 2200]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places", "average_usage"=>[330, 562, 680, 783, 875, 964, 1062, 1152, 1240, 1327, 1406, 1483, 1561, 1632, 1701, 1770, 1849, 1922, 1993, 2059, 2131, 2197, 2271, 2335, 2403]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts