Functional Similarities between Pigeon ‘Milk’ and Mammalian Milk: Induction of Immune Gene Expression and Modification of the Microbiota
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{"title"=>"Functional Similarities between Pigeon 'Milk' and Mammalian Milk: Induction of Immune Gene Expression and Modification of the Microbiota", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Meagan J.", "last_name"=>"Gillespie", "scopus_author_id"=>"53063844200"}, {"first_name"=>"Dragana", "last_name"=>"Stanley", "scopus_author_id"=>"35735158200"}, {"first_name"=>"Honglei", "last_name"=>"Chen", "scopus_author_id"=>"36703941800"}, {"first_name"=>"John A.", "last_name"=>"Donald", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102358473"}, {"first_name"=>"Kevin R.", "last_name"=>"Nicholas", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006767121"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert J.", "last_name"=>"Moore", "scopus_author_id"=>"24344554200"}, {"first_name"=>"Tamsyn M.", "last_name"=>"Crowley", "scopus_author_id"=>"36900103600"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84868112155", "pui"=>"365952312", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0048363", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "sgr"=>"84868112155", "pmid"=>"23110233"}, "id"=>"c928fd9f-f8f2-3e01-b030-f0f87171f900", "abstract"=>"Pigeon 'milk' and mammalian milk have functional similarities in terms of nutritional benefit and delivery of immunoglobulins to the young. Mammalian milk has been clearly shown to aid in the development of the immune system and microbiota of the young, but similar effects have not yet been attributed to pigeon 'milk'. Therefore, using a chicken model, we investigated the effect of pigeon 'milk' on immune gene expression in the Gut Associated Lymphoid Tissue (GALT) and on the composition of the caecal microbiota. Chickens fed pigeon 'milk' had a faster rate of growth and a better feed conversion ratio than control chickens. There was significantly enhanced expression of immune-related gene pathways and interferon-stimulated genes in the GALT of pigeon 'milk'-fed chickens. These pathways include the innate immune response, regulation of cytokine production and regulation of B cell activation and proliferation. The caecal microbiota of pigeon 'milk'-fed chickens was significantly more diverse than control chickens, and appears to be affected by prebiotics in pigeon 'milk', as well as being directly seeded by bacteria present in pigeon 'milk'. Our results demonstrate that pigeon 'milk' has further modes of action which make it functionally similar to mammalian milk. We hypothesise that pigeon 'lactation' and mammalian lactation evolved independently but resulted in similarly functional products.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/functional-similarities-between-pigeon-milk-mammalian-milk-induction-immune-gene-expression-modifica", "reader_count"=>30, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>16, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>16}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>1, "United States"=>1, "France"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/553037"], "description"=>"<p>The genus <i>Lactobacillus</i> was represented by only 2 species of bacteria in PM, whereas control and PM-fed chickens had a greater number of species that constitute the total population of <i>Lactobacillus</i>. PM-fed chickens had a more diverse <i>Lactobacillus</i> population than control chickens (16 species and 12 species, respectively), and the species abundance as a proportion of the total <i>Lactobacillus</i> population was also very different between the two groups.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pm-fed", "chickens"], "article_id"=>223528, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Developmental Biology", "Immunology", "Molecular Biology", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Meagan J. Gillespie", "Dragana Stanley", "Honglei Chen", "John A. Donald", "Kevin R. Nicholas", "Robert J. Moore", "Tamsyn M. Crowley"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048363.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Proportion_of_Lactobacillus_species_present_in_PM_PM_fed_chickens_and_control_chickens_/223528", "title"=>"Proportion of <i>Lactobacillus</i> species present in PM, PM-fed chickens and control chickens.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-10-26 00:58:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/553148"], "description"=>"<p>Genes up-regulated in PM-fed chicken (n = 6) gut which are known interferon-stimulated genes. No known interferon-stimulated genes were down-regulated.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stimulated", "genes", "up-regulated", "pm-fed"], "article_id"=>223636, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Developmental Biology", "Immunology", "Molecular Biology", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Meagan J. Gillespie", "Dragana Stanley", "Honglei Chen", "John A. Donald", "Kevin R. Nicholas", "Robert J. Moore", "Tamsyn M. Crowley"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048363.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Interferon_stimulated_genes_up_regulated_in_the_gut_of_PM_fed_chickens_/223636", "title"=>"Interferon stimulated genes up-regulated in the gut of PM-fed chickens.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-10-26 01:00:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/553229"], "description"=>"<p>Body measurements of control and PM-fed chickens were analysed statistically using an unpaired t-test and the results are presented as the mean ± standard deviation.</p>*<p>significantly different (<i>p</i><0.05)</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics and genomics", "immunology", "microbiology", "molecular biology", "developmental biology", "Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>223714, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Developmental Biology", "Immunology", "Molecular Biology", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Meagan J. Gillespie", "Dragana Stanley", "Honglei Chen", "John A. Donald", "Kevin R. Nicholas", "Robert J. Moore", "Tamsyn M. Crowley"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048363.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_chicken_body_measurements_by_group_/223714", "title"=>"Comparison of chicken body measurements by group.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-10-26 01:01:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/553109"], "description"=>"<p>OTUs (bacterial identifiers) present in PM and another group were classified to their closest cultured isolate using EZTaxon. The rarefied abundance is mean number of times a bacteria was present in a random sampling of 1000.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics and genomics", "immunology", "microbiology", "molecular biology", "developmental biology", "Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>223592, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Developmental Biology", "Immunology", "Molecular Biology", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Meagan J. Gillespie", "Dragana Stanley", "Honglei Chen", "John A. Donald", "Kevin R. Nicholas", "Robert J. Moore", "Tamsyn M. Crowley"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048363.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_OTUs_shared_with_PM_/223592", "title"=>"OTUs shared with PM.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-10-26 00:59:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/552914"], "description"=>"<p>PM-fed chickens (large red circles) and control chickens (large green circles) form distinct groups based on OTU (small black squares) abundance, although they still share many OTUs. PM (large yellow circles) was distinct from both groups of chickens. PM-fed chickens and PM shared six OTUs that were not present in control chickens. There were eight OTUs shared by all three groups. PM and control chickens shared only one OTU that was not present in PM-fed chickens.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["otus", "pm-fed", "chickens"], "article_id"=>223403, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Developmental Biology", "Immunology", "Molecular Biology", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Meagan J. Gillespie", "Dragana Stanley", "Honglei Chen", "John A. Donald", "Kevin R. Nicholas", "Robert J. Moore", "Tamsyn M. Crowley"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048363.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Network_analysis_of_OTUs_present_in_PM_PM_fed_chickens_and_control_chickens_/223403", "title"=>"Network analysis of OTUs present in PM, PM-fed chickens and control chickens.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-10-26 00:56:43"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/295610", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/295634", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/295710", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/295837", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/295930"], "description"=>"<div><p>Pigeon ‘milk’ and mammalian milk have functional similarities in terms of nutritional benefit and delivery of immunoglobulins to the young. Mammalian milk has been clearly shown to aid in the development of the immune system and microbiota of the young, but similar effects have not yet been attributed to pigeon ‘milk’. Therefore, using a chicken model, we investigated the effect of pigeon ‘milk’ on immune gene expression in the Gut Associated Lymphoid Tissue (GALT) and on the composition of the caecal microbiota. Chickens fed pigeon ‘milk’ had a faster rate of growth and a better feed conversion ratio than control chickens. There was significantly enhanced expression of immune-related gene pathways and interferon-stimulated genes in the GALT of pigeon ‘milk’-fed chickens. These pathways include the innate immune response, regulation of cytokine production and regulation of B cell activation and proliferation. The caecal microbiota of pigeon ‘milk’-fed chickens was significantly more diverse than control chickens, and appears to be affected by prebiotics in pigeon ‘milk’, as well as being directly seeded by bacteria present in pigeon ‘milk’. Our results demonstrate that pigeon ‘milk’ has further modes of action which make it functionally similar to mammalian milk. We hypothesise that pigeon ‘lactation’ and mammalian lactation evolved independently but resulted in similarly functional products.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["similarities", "pigeon", "mammalian", "induction", "modification", "microbiota"], "article_id"=>118227, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Developmental Biology", "Immunology", "Molecular Biology", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Meagan J. Gillespie", "Dragana Stanley", "Honglei Chen", "John A. Donald", "Kevin R. Nicholas", "Robert J. Moore", "Tamsyn M. Crowley"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048363.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048363.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048363.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048363.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048363.s005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>9, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Functional_Similarities_between_Pigeon_Milk_and_Mammalian_Milk_Induction_of_Immune_Gene_Expression_and_Modification_of_the_Microbiota__/118227", "title"=>"Functional Similarities between Pigeon ‘Milk’ and Mammalian Milk: Induction of Immune Gene Expression and Modification of the Microbiota", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-10-26 02:17:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/553191"], "description"=>"<p>The proportion of bacteria present in each phylum, by chicken group. Proportional abundance of bacteria in each phylum was calculated using Metastats and the results are presented as the mean ± the standard error.</p>*<p><i>p</i><0.05</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bacterial", "phyla", "pm-fed"], "article_id"=>223681, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Developmental Biology", "Immunology", "Molecular Biology", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Meagan J. Gillespie", "Dragana Stanley", "Honglei Chen", "John A. Donald", "Kevin R. Nicholas", "Robert J. Moore", "Tamsyn M. Crowley"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048363.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Proportions_of_bacterial_phyla_present_in_control_and_PM_fed_chickens_/223681", "title"=>"Proportions of bacterial phyla present in control and PM-fed chickens.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-10-26 01:01:21"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"53", "full-text"=>"68", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"40", "full-text"=>"58", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"40", "full-text"=>"58", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"42", "full-text"=>"58", "pdf"=>"22", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2012-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2012-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[322, 550, 671, 773, 864, 955, 1048, 1135, 1223, 1308, 1387, 1465, 1534, 1602, 1673, 1744, 1813, 1885, 1955, 2026, 2093, 2160, 2228, 2290, 2349]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Agriculture", "average_usage"=>[323, 536, 657, 751, 847, 939, 1032, 1114, 1201, 1279, 1355, 1431, 1516, 1582, 1656, 1719, 1791, 1848, 1919, 2000, 2068, 2127, 2208, 2281, 2359]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Anatomy and physiology", "average_usage"=>[307, 540, 660, 756, 847, 936, 1025, 1111, 1199, 1282, 1361, 1432]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Physiology", "average_usage"=>[307, 536, 653, 753, 839, 926, 1017, 1103, 1189, 1268, 1348, 1425, 1492, 1557, 1620, 1686, 1759, 1825, 1891, 1950, 2014, 2079, 2141, 2200, 2255]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[312, 547, 668, 769, 861, 953, 1046, 1135, 1224, 1307, 1388, 1464, 1536, 1606, 1676, 1744, 1812, 1882, 1954, 2020, 2089, 2155, 2218, 2282, 2344]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy and physiology", "average_usage"=>[308, 539, 659, 759, 852, 941, 1028, 1113, 1197, 1275, 1353, 1423]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Physiology", "average_usage"=>[308, 535, 653, 754, 847, 930, 1020, 1103, 1188, 1268, 1351, 1420, 1487, 1550, 1614, 1679, 1757, 1830, 1898, 1961, 2024, 2086, 2150, 2216, 2266]}]}
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