Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles Increase Sensitivity in the Next Generation of the Water Flea Daphnia magna
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{"title"=>"Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles Increase Sensitivity in the Next Generation of the Water Flea Daphnia magna", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Mirco", "last_name"=>"Bundschuh", "scopus_author_id"=>"26533951800"}, {"first_name"=>"Frank", "last_name"=>"Seitz", "scopus_author_id"=>"37361480200"}, {"first_name"=>"Ricki R.", "last_name"=>"Rosenfeldt", "scopus_author_id"=>"41561935700"}, {"first_name"=>"Ralf", "last_name"=>"Schulz", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402393106"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"366025075", "sgr"=>"84868687616", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0048956", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84868687616", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"23145038"}, "id"=>"5088542a-f6bc-390a-8078-0fec87362997", "abstract"=>"The nanoparticle industry is expected to become a trillion dollar business in the near future. Therefore, the unintentional introduction of nanoparticles into the environment is increasingly likely. However, currently applied risk-assessment practices require further adaptation to accommodate the intrinsic nature of engineered nanoparticles. Combining a chronic flow-through exposure system with subsequent acute toxicity tests for the standard test organism Daphnia magna, we found that juvenile offspring of adults that were previously exposed to titanium dioxide nanoparticles exhibit a significantly increased sensitivity to titanium dioxide nanoparticles compared with the offspring of unexposed adults, as displayed by lower 96 h-EC(50) values. This observation is particularly remarkable because adults exhibited no differences among treatments in terms of typically assessed endpoints, such as sensitivity, number of offspring, or energy reserves. Hence, the present study suggests that ecotoxicological research requires further development to include the assessment of the environmental risks of nanoparticles for the next and hence not directly exposed generation, which is currently not included in standard test protocols.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-increase-sensitivity-next-generation-water-flea-daphnia-magna", "reader_count"=>9, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Portugal"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/292780", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/292829", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/292879", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/292929", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/292985"], "description"=>"<div><p>The nanoparticle industry is expected to become a trillion dollar business in the near future. Therefore, the unintentional introduction of nanoparticles into the environment is increasingly likely. However, currently applied risk-assessment practices require further adaptation to accommodate the intrinsic nature of engineered nanoparticles. Combining a chronic flow-through exposure system with subsequent acute toxicity tests for the standard test organism <em>Daphnia magna</em>, we found that juvenile offspring of adults that were previously exposed to titanium dioxide nanoparticles exhibit a significantly increased sensitivity to titanium dioxide nanoparticles compared with the offspring of unexposed adults, as displayed by lower 96 h-EC<sub>50</sub> values. This observation is particularly remarkable because adults exhibited no differences among treatments in terms of typically assessed endpoints, such as sensitivity, number of offspring, or energy reserves. Hence, the present study suggests that ecotoxicological research requires further development to include the assessment of the environmental risks of nanoparticles for the next and hence not directly exposed generation, which is currently not included in standard test protocols.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["titanium", "dioxide", "nanoparticles", "flea"], "article_id"=>117632, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Mirco Bundschuh", "Frank Seitz", "Ricki R. Rosenfeldt", "Ralf Schulz"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048956.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048956.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048956.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048956.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048956.s005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Titanium_Dioxide_Nanoparticles_Increase_Sensitivity_in_the_Next_Generation_of_the_Water_Flea_Daphnia_magna__/117632", "title"=>"Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles Increase Sensitivity in the Next Generation of the Water Flea <em>Daphnia magna</em>", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-11-07 02:07:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/547814"], "description"=>"<p>An image of the size-homogenised, stable nTiO<sub>2</sub> suspension of the product P25 taken by an scanning electron microscope using 100,000-fold magnification (Hitachi SU8030).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["electron", "microscope"], "article_id"=>218309, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Mirco Bundschuh", "Frank Seitz", "Ricki R. Rosenfeldt", "Ralf Schulz"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048956.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Scanning_electron_microscope_image_/218309", "title"=>"Scanning electron microscope image.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-07 02:18:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/547985"], "description"=>"<p>The flow-through testing apparatus, showing four experimental units (volume, 500 mL) with five <i>D. magna</i> each. Approximately 40 mL of the test medium was introduced every other hour slightly below the surface of the water. The old test medium was passively discharged using hydrostatic pressure at the bottom of each vessel. A fine mesh screen (0.1 mm) prevented the loss of recently hatched juvenile daphnids.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biotechnology", "neuroscience"], "article_id"=>218485, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Mirco Bundschuh", "Frank Seitz", "Ricki R. Rosenfeldt", "Ralf Schulz"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048956.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_experimental_set_up_/218485", "title"=>"The experimental set-up.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-07 02:21:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/548211"], "description"=>"<p>(<i>A</i>) Schematic diagram illustrating the experimental procedure of each of the five sets of experiments conducted. (<i>B</i>) Visualised experimental procedure for the assessment of the “early exposure” hypothesis (second set of experiments).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biotechnology", "neuroscience"], "article_id"=>218716, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Mirco Bundschuh", "Frank Seitz", "Ricki R. Rosenfeldt", "Ralf Schulz"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048956.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Experimental_design_/218716", "title"=>"Experimental design.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-07 02:25:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/548359"], "description"=>"<p>The cumulative mean (±95% CIs) difference in sensitivity – in terms of 96 h-EC50 values – of the offspring (fifth brood) released by adults exposed to 0.02 or 2.00 mg nTiO2/L and offspring released by control (uncontaminated) daphnids is displayed using the standardised effect size Cohen’s <i>d</i>. (<i>A</i>) The cumulative effect sizes for all bioassays conducted (n = 7) with the fifth brood during the first and second set of experiments. (<i>B</i>) The cumulative effect sizes for acute toxicity experiments conducted with offspring released in the control medium by adults previously exposed to the above-mentioned nTiO2 concentrations during the second set of experiments (n = 3). The statistical significance of a cumulative effect is highlighted by an asterisk (*). Negative effect sizes indicate increased toxicity.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["juveniles", "released"], "article_id"=>218856, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Mirco Bundschuh", "Frank Seitz", "Ricki R. Rosenfeldt", "Ralf Schulz"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048956.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_sensitivity_of_juveniles_released_by_nTiO_2_exposed_adults_/218856", "title"=>"The sensitivity of juveniles released by nTiO<sub>2</sub>-exposed adults.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-07 02:27:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/548492"], "description"=>"<p>96 h- EC<sub>50</sub> values with respective 95% CIs of the fifth brood released by adults exposed to 0.00 and 2.00 mg/L P25-nTiO<sub>2</sub> during the third set of experiments, which considered exclusively potential implication of nTiO<sub>2</sub> exposure within the brood pouch. No statistically significant difference among treatments was observed.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["juveniles", "released"], "article_id"=>218987, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Mirco Bundschuh", "Frank Seitz", "Ricki R. Rosenfeldt", "Ralf Schulz"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048956.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_sensitivity_of_juveniles_released_during_the_third_set_of_experiments_/218987", "title"=>"The sensitivity of juveniles released during the third set of experiments.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-07 02:29:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/548555"], "description"=>"<p>Sensitivity, displayed as percent relative to the 96 h-EC<sub>50</sub> of the respective control, of the fifth brood released by adult <i>D. magna</i> exposed to different nTiO<sub>2</sub> treatments using the products P25 or A-100. The data displayed for P25 represent the weighted mean values of the seven experiments (first and second set of experiments), each with four replicates per treatment, whereas the 96 h-EC<sub>50</sub> for the offspring released from the control parents was 3.13 mg/L nTiO<sub>2</sub>. For the product A-100, the results of one experiment with four replicates of pre-treatment are displayed (fourth set of experiments). In this situation, the 96 h-EC<sub>50</sub> for the offspring released from the control parents was 1.98 mg/L nTiO<sub>2</sub>. The error bars and dashed lines indicate the standard error. The dashed lines are related to the control. Asterisks (*) denote significant differences between a treatment and the respective control.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["juveniles", "released", "adults", "exposed"], "article_id"=>219050, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Mirco Bundschuh", "Frank Seitz", "Ricki R. Rosenfeldt", "Ralf Schulz"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048956.g006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_sensitivity_of_juveniles_released_by_adults_exposed_to_different_nTiO_2_products_/219050", "title"=>"The sensitivity of juveniles released by adults exposed to different nTiO<sub>2</sub> products.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-07 02:30:50"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
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Relative Metric

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