Hominin Dispersal into the Nefud Desert and Middle Palaeolithic Settlement along the Jubbah Palaeolake, Northern Arabia
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{"title"=>"Hominin Dispersal into the Nefud Desert and Middle Palaeolithic Settlement along the Jubbah Palaeolake, Northern Arabia", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Michael D.", "last_name"=>"Petraglia", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003671891"}, {"first_name"=>"Abdullah", "last_name"=>"Alsharekh", "scopus_author_id"=>"6504770701"}, {"first_name"=>"Paul", "last_name"=>"Breeze", "scopus_author_id"=>"55496453700"}, {"first_name"=>"Chris", "last_name"=>"Clarkson", "scopus_author_id"=>"36885327100"}, {"first_name"=>"Rémy", "last_name"=>"Crassard", "scopus_author_id"=>"26535670100"}, {"first_name"=>"Nick A.", "last_name"=>"Drake", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003403258"}, {"first_name"=>"Huw S.", "last_name"=>"Groucutt", "scopus_author_id"=>"37120127600"}, {"first_name"=>"Richard", "last_name"=>"Jennings", "scopus_author_id"=>"26024778600"}, {"first_name"=>"Adrian G.", "last_name"=>"Parker", "scopus_author_id"=>"8209232100"}, {"first_name"=>"Ash", "last_name"=>"Parton", "scopus_author_id"=>"54785920500"}, {"first_name"=>"Richard G.", "last_name"=>"Roberts", "scopus_author_id"=>"7404281684"}, {"first_name"=>"Ceri", "last_name"=>"Shipton", "scopus_author_id"=>"24778858900"}, {"first_name"=>"Carney", "last_name"=>"Matheson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003292392"}, {"first_name"=>"Abdulaziz", "last_name"=>"al-Omari", "scopus_author_id"=>"55497877900"}, {"first_name"=>"Margaret Ashley", "last_name"=>"Veall", "scopus_author_id"=>"55497195400"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"366105243", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0049840", "sgr"=>"84869847355", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84869847355", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"23185454"}, "id"=>"1d1f3d15-3e86-3b6c-a27a-63026e83ebb2", "abstract"=>"The Arabian Peninsula is a key region for understanding hominin dispersals and the effect of climate change on prehistoric demography, although little information on these topics is presently available owing to the poor preservation of archaeological sites in this desert environment. 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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/289810", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/289981", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/290206", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/290399"], "description"=>"<div><p>The Arabian Peninsula is a key region for understanding hominin dispersals and the effect of climate change on prehistoric demography, although little information on these topics is presently available owing to the poor preservation of archaeological sites in this desert environment. Here, we describe the discovery of three stratified and buried archaeological sites in the Nefud Desert, which includes the oldest dated occupation for the region. The stone tool assemblages are identified as a Middle Palaeolithic industry that includes Levallois manufacturing methods and the production of tools on flakes. Hominin occupations correspond with humid periods, particularly Marine Isotope Stages 7 and 5 of the Late Pleistocene. The Middle Palaeolithic occupations were situated along the Jubbah palaeolake-shores, in a grassland setting with some trees. Populations procured different raw materials across the lake region to manufacture stone tools, using the implements to process plants and animals. To reach the Jubbah palaeolake, Middle Palaeolithic populations travelled into the ameliorated Nefud Desert interior, possibly gaining access from multiple directions, either using routes from the north and west (the Levant and the Sinai), the north (the Mesopotamian plains and the Euphrates basin), or the east (the Persian Gulf). The Jubbah stone tool assemblages have their own suite of technological characters, but have types reminiscent of both African Middle Stone Age and Levantine Middle Palaeolithic industries. Comparative inter-regional analysis of core technology indicates morphological similarities with the Levantine Tabun C assemblage, associated with human fossils controversially identified as either Neanderthals or <em>Homo sapiens</em>.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hominin", "dispersal", "nefud", "palaeolithic", "jubbah", "arabia"], "article_id"=>117062, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Hominin_Dispersal_into_the_Nefud_Desert_and_Middle_Palaeolithic_Settlement_along_the_Jubbah_Palaeolake_Northern_Arabia__/117062", "title"=>"Hominin Dispersal into the Nefud Desert and Middle Palaeolithic Settlement along the Jubbah Palaeolake, Northern Arabia", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 01:57:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/540202"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Shuttle Radar Topography Mission Digital Elevation Model of the Jubbah region, overlain with interpreted palaeolake extents in blue. (B) Landsat ETM false color composite (bands 7, 4 and 1 on red, green and blue) of the Jubbah region, with exposed paleolake sediments appearing as the lightest blue shades, the rock outcrops as black, and the sand dunes light yellow. Both figures show the locations of the Middle Paleolithic sites identified during reconnaissance and discussed within the text.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["topography", "Geomorphology", "jubbah"], "article_id"=>210678, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Location_topography_and_geomorphology_of_the_Jubbah_region_/210678", "title"=>"Location, topography and geomorphology of the Jubbah region.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:11:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/540406"], "description"=>"<p>A: Large sand dunes (MIS 4?); B: Upper palaesol (MIS 5a); C: Lower palaesol (MIS 5); D: Lower area; E: Base of Jebel Qattar footslope.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["looking"], "article_id"=>210889, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_JQ_1_site_looking_west_/210889", "title"=>"JQ-1 site looking west.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:14:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/540603"], "description"=>"<p>Note distribution of artefacts on palaeosol and those on the slope immediately beneath it (in red) and those on lower surface (in blue). Sand dune to the left, Jebel Qattar to the right.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["artefacts", "excavation", "trenches"], "article_id"=>211082, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Topographic_survey_of_surface_artefacts_and_excavation_trenches_at_JQ_1_/211082", "title"=>"Topographic survey of surface artefacts and excavation trenches at JQ-1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:18:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/540749"], "description"=>"<p>Stratigraphic log showing the locations of the palaeosols, calcretes and the OSL ages. The multiproxy record is also displayed, showing organic content (LOI<sub>550</sub>), magnetic susceptibility, δ<sup>13</sup>C and phytolith data. The bar to the left indicates that the OSL ages correspond to MIS 7 (211±16 ka), MIS 5c (95±7 ka), and MIS 5a (75±5 ka). The archaeological assemblage is associated with the upper palaeosol (Unit B, MIS 5a). The inter-stratifed sands between the palaeosols are interpreted as MIS 6, MIS 5d and MIS 5b deposits, and the overlying dune sands as MIS 4.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stratigraphic"], "article_id"=>211226, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_JQ_1_stratigraphic_section_/211226", "title"=>"JQ-1 stratigraphic section.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:20:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/540834"], "description"=>"<p>1–4: retouched tools on flakes; 5: preferential Levallois flake with centripetal preparation; 6: recurrent centripetal Levallois flake. Artefacts from MIS 7 deposit: 7–8: (trench 16): flakes; 9 (trench 3): flake; 10 (trench 6): (preferential?) Levallois flake with faceted platform and centripetal dorsal scar pattern.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["assemblages"], "article_id"=>211316, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Stone_tool_assemblages_from_JQ_1_/211316", "title"=>"Stone tool assemblages from JQ-1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:21:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/540986"], "description"=>"<p>Note the mound to the left. JKF-12 quartzite source is at the base of the jebel.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["looking"], "article_id"=>211469, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.g006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_JKF_1_site_looking_west_/211469", "title"=>"JKF-1 site looking west.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:24:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/541160"], "description"=>"<p>The location of trench 1 with buried artefacts (in red). Surface finds (in blue) mainly occur between the contour lines of 830–832 m, suggesting the presence of an extensively buried artefact surface. Refitted artefacts occur in buried and surface contexts, indicating a close relationship between surface and subsurface assemblages.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["artefacts", "jkf-1"], "article_id"=>211635, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.g007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Topographic_survey_of_surface_artefacts_at_JKF_1_and_location_of_trench_/211635", "title"=>"Topographic survey of surface artefacts at JKF-1 and location of trench.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:27:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/541308"], "description"=>"<p>Stratigraphic levels A–J. Stratum H is the exclusive artefact horizon.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stratigraphic"], "article_id"=>211789, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.g008"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_JKF_1_stratigraphic_section_/211789", "title"=>"JKF-1 stratigraphic section.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:29:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/541413"], "description"=>"<p>The multiproxy record is also displayed, showing organic content (LOI<sub>550</sub>), carbonate content (LOI<sub>950</sub>) and magnetic susceptibility.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["locations", "calcretes", "osl", "ages", "trench"], "article_id"=>211888, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.g009"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Stratigraphic_log_showing_the_locations_of_the_palaeosols_calcretes_and_the_OSL_ages_from_the_north_section_of_Trench_1_at_JKF_1_/211888", "title"=>"Stratigraphic log showing the locations of the palaeosols, calcretes and the OSL ages from the north section of Trench 1 at JKF-1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:31:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/541522"], "description"=>"<p>Ferruginous quartzite artefacts. 1 (no. 504, surface), 2 (no. S-76, stratified in stratum H), 3 (no. 513, surface): Levallois sub-triangular preferential flakes (Levallois “points”) with faceted platform and unidirectional convergent dorsal scar pattern; 4 (no. 921, surface): Levallois sub-triangular preferential flake with faceted platform and unidirectional convergent scar pattern, with some retouch on lateral mesial edge; 5 (no. 502, surface): Levallois sub-triangular preferential flake with dihedral platform and unidirectional convergent scar pattern; 6 (no. 521, surface): flake with faceted platform, produced on a ventral face of a flake.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["assemblages"], "article_id"=>212003, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.g010"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Stone_tool_assemblages_from_JKF_1_/212003", "title"=>"Stone tool assemblages from JKF-1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:33:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/541655"], "description"=>"<p>1 (no. 940, stratified in stratum H): Levallois core for preferential flake with centripetal preparation; 2 (units K9/L9, stratified in stratum H): recurrent centripetal Levallois core; 3 (no. S-20, Stratum H): preferential quadrangular Levallois flake with dihedral platform and unidirectional convergent dorsal scar pattern; 4 (no. 873, surface): Levallois elongated flake (preferential?) with faceted platform; 5 (no. 847, surface): Levallois flake with faceted platform and unidirectional crossed dorsal scar pattern; 6 (no. 209, surface): blade with plain platform and unidirectional convergent dorsal scar pattern.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["quartzite", "artefacts"], "article_id"=>212139, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.g011"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ferruginous_quartzite_artefacts_except_2_and_4_on_white_quartz_/212139", "title"=>"Ferruginous quartzite artefacts (except 2 and 4 on white quartz).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:35:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/541786"], "description"=>"<p>Note that in situ artefacts occur in the middle of the mound. Artefacts occur on a palaeodune surface, situated above a lower-lying shallow lake.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["paleolake", "shoreline"], "article_id"=>212268, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.g012"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Proposed_paleolake_shoreline_at_JKF_1_/212268", "title"=>"Proposed paleolake shoreline at JKF-1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/541926"], "description"=>"<p>The seam is at the base of the jebel hillslope. The Jubbah palaeolake bed is in the background (where trees are located). Dune surround the lakebed (on right of photograph, view southeast). The JSM-1 site is off of the photograph, to the right.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["quartzite", "seam", "looking"], "article_id"=>212401, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.g013"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Location_of_yellow_quartzite_seam_at_JSM_1_looking_northeast_/212401", "title"=>"Location of yellow quartzite seam at JSM-1, looking northeast.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:40:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/542135"], "description"=>"<p>The Jebel Umm Sanman is the largest jebel in the area. The modern town of Jubbah is developing on the former lake bed. Note the location of yellow quartzite seam relative to artefact finds.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["jebel", "umm", "sanman", "excavation", "units"], "article_id"=>212605, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.g014"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_View_of_Jebel_Umm_Sanman_and_location_of_excavation_units_at_JSM_1_/212605", "title"=>"View of Jebel Umm Sanman and location of excavation units at JSM-1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:43:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/542282"], "description"=>"<p>Yellow fine-grained quartzite artefacts. 1 (Trench 1, spit 2): Levallois flake from centripetal recurrent debitage, with dihedral platform; 2 (no. 81, surface), 3 (no. 1, surface), 4 (no. 84, surface): Levallois core for preferential flake removal, with centripetal preparation; 5 (no. 82, surface): biface on a flat tabular slab.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["assemblages"], "article_id"=>212768, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.g015"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Stone_tool_assemblages_from_JSM_1_/212768", "title"=>"Stone tool assemblages from JSM-1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:46:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/542486"], "description"=>"<p>Key wadis are numbered and international borders displayed by dashed lines. Drainage network data (blue) is superimposed upon SRTM V.4 elevation data, overlain upon Natural Earth 2 data for the oceanic regions. Interpreted channel connections potentially active during recent wet phases are marked in grey. A: Simplified principal drainage networks for the Arabian peninsula. B: Detailed palaeodrainage networks for the Nefud region around the Jubbah sites, with palaeolakes identified through remote sensing displayed in light blue. Numbered widyan/rivers: 1- Wadi as Sirhan, 2-Wadi al Hamd, 3- Euphrates and widyan draining into the Euphrates basin, 4-Wadi al Batin, 5-Wadi Sabha, 6- Wadi ad Dawasir, 7- Wadi Hadramawt.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["networks", "arabia", "nefud"], "article_id"=>212966, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.g016"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Palaeodrainage_networks_of_Arabia_and_the_An_Nefud_Desert_/212966", "title"=>"Palaeodrainage networks of Arabia and the An Nefud Desert.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:49:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/542653"], "description"=>"<p>Note that the Jubbah artefacts are most similar to the Levantine Tabun C assemblage.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["patterns", "jubbah"], "article_id"=>213141, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.g017"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Discriminant_Function_Analysis_of_global_patterns_in_core_technology_and_placement_of_Jubbah_artefacts_/213141", "title"=>"Discriminant Function Analysis of global patterns in core technology and placement of Jubbah artefacts.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:52:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/542757"], "description"=>"<p>Artefact class by site (no., percent).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>213240, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Artefact_class_by_site_no_percent_/213240", "title"=>"Artefact class by site (no., percent).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:54:00"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/542799"], "description"=>"<p>+all cores produced from ferruginous quartzite, but for a single platform core from quartz.</p><p>++a single rhyolite core is a radial core (not included in tabulation).</p>*<p>all cores produced from the yellow fine-grained quartzite.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["types"], "article_id"=>213282, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.t003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Core_types_by_site_/213282", "title"=>"Core types by site.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:54:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/542847"], "description"=>"<p>+this calculation includes small numbers of quartzitic sandstone.</p><p>++primarily refers to fine grained siliceous materials (flint-like material).</p>*<p>yellow fine-grained quartzite.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>213327, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Raw_material_composition_by_site_no_percent_/213327", "title"=>"Raw material composition by site (no., percent).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:55:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/542886"], "description"=>"<p>Retouched tool types by site.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["types"], "article_id"=>213371, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.t005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Retouched_tool_types_by_site_/213371", "title"=>"Retouched tool types by site.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:56:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/542930"], "description"=>"<p>Debitage types by site.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["types"], "article_id"=>213414, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.t004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Debitage_types_by_site_/213414", "title"=>"Debitage types by site.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:56:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/542978"], "description"=>"<p>Structure matrix for Discriminant Functions Analysis of Middle Palaeolithic cores.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["matrix", "discriminant", "functions", "palaeolithic"], "article_id"=>213457, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.t007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Structure_matrix_for_Discriminant_Functions_Analysis_of_Middle_Palaeolithic_cores_/213457", "title"=>"Structure matrix for Discriminant Functions Analysis of Middle Palaeolithic cores.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:57:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/543026"], "description"=>"<p>Biochemical results for the JKF-1 artefacts.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["jkf-1"], "article_id"=>213507, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michael D. Petraglia", "Abdullah Alsharekh", "Paul Breeze", "Chris Clarkson", "Rémy Crassard", "Nick A. Drake", "Huw S. Groucutt", "Richard Jennings", "Adrian G. Parker", "Ash Parton", "Richard G. Roberts", "Ceri Shipton", "Carney Matheson", "Abdulaziz al-Omari", "Margaret-Ashley Veall"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049840.t006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Biochemical_results_for_the_JKF_1_artefacts_/213507", "title"=>"Biochemical results for the JKF-1 artefacts.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-11-19 00:58:27"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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