A Rhinocerotid Skull Cooked-to-Death in a 9.2 Ma-Old Ignimbrite Flow of Turkey
Publication Date
November 21, 2012
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Pierre Olivier Antoine, Maeva J. Orliac, Gokhan Atici, Inan Ulusoy, et al
Volume
7
Issue
11
Pages
e49997
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049997
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0049997
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23185510
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3503723
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/23185510
Web of Science
000311821000160
Scopus
84869791487
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/rhinocerotid-skull-cookedtodeath-92-maold-ignimbrite-flow-turkey
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"A Rhinocerotid Skull Cooked-to-Death in a 9.2 Ma-Old Ignimbrite Flow of Turkey", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Pierre Olivier", "last_name"=>"Antoine", "scopus_author_id"=>"24170587400"}, {"first_name"=>"Maeva J.", "last_name"=>"Orliac", "scopus_author_id"=>"15760976400"}, {"first_name"=>"Gokhan", "last_name"=>"Atici", "scopus_author_id"=>"54792649600"}, {"first_name"=>"Inan", "last_name"=>"Ulusoy", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506286721"}, {"first_name"=>"Erdal", "last_name"=>"Sen", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603075789"}, {"first_name"=>"H. Evren", "last_name"=>"Çubukçu", "scopus_author_id"=>"22034213300"}, {"first_name"=>"Ebru", "last_name"=>"Albayrak", "scopus_author_id"=>"57196805023"}, {"first_name"=>"Neşe", "last_name"=>"Oyal", "scopus_author_id"=>"36560289400"}, {"first_name"=>"Erkan", "last_name"=>"Aydar", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603763294"}, {"first_name"=>"Sevket", "last_name"=>"Sen", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403696307"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84869791487", "pmid"=>"23185510", "sgr"=>"84869791487", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0049997", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"366113388"}, "id"=>"faef05d3-94c3-38dc-aeac-27d22a8fe474", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Preservation of fossil vertebrates in volcanic rocks is extremely rare. An articulated skull (cranium and mandible) of a rhinoceros was found in a 9.2±0.1 Ma-old ignimbrite of Cappadocia, Central Turkey. The unusual aspect of the preserved hard tissues of the skull (rough bone surface and brittle dentine) allows suspecting a peri-mortem exposure to a heating source. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here we describe and identify the skull as belonging to the large two-horned rhinocerotine Ceratotherium neumayri, well-known in the late Miocene of the Eastern Mediterranean Province. Gross structural features and microscopic changes of hard tissues (bones and teeth) are then monitored and compared to the results of forensic and archaeological studies and experiments focusing on heating effects, in order to reconstruct the hypothetical peri-mortem conditions. Macroscopic and microscopic structural changes on compact bones (canaliculi and lamellae vanished), as well as partial dentine/cementum disintegration, drastic enamel-dentine disjunctions or microscopic cracks affecting all hard dental tissues (enamel, cementum, and dentine) point to continued exposures to temperatures around 400-450°C. Comparison to other cases of preservation of fossil vertebrates within volcanic rocks points unambiguously to some similarity with the 79 AD Plinian eruption of the Vesuvius, in Italy. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: A 9.2±0.1 Ma-old pyroclastic density current, sourced from the Çardak caldera, likely provoked the instant death of the Karacaşar rhino, before the body of the latter experienced severe dehydration (leading to the wide and sustainable opening of the mouth), was then dismembered within the pyroclastic flow of subaerial origin, the skull being separated from the remnant body and baked under a temperature approximating 400°C, then transported northward, rolled, and trapped in disarray into that pyroclastic flow forming the pinkish Kavak-4 ignimbrite ∼30 km North from the upper Miocene vent.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/rhinocerotid-skull-cookedtodeath-92-maold-ignimbrite-flow-turkey", "reader_count"=>27, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>7, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>15}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>15}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>7}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>2, "Australia"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84869791487"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84869791487?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84869791487&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84869791487&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84869791487", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84869791487", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84869791487", "dc:title"=>"A Rhinocerotid Skull Cooked-to-Death in a 9.2 Ma-Old Ignimbrite Flow of Turkey", "dc:creator"=>"Antoine P.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"7", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"11", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2012-11-21", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"21 November 2012", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0049997", "citedby-count"=>"8", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution UMR 5554", "affiliation-city"=>"Montpellier", "affiliation-country"=>"France"}], "pubmed-id"=>"23185510", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e49997", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0049997", "share_count"=>1, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>1}

Journal Comments | Further Information

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"287", "xml_views"=>"10", "html_views"=>"4434"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"93", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"5874"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"165"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"137"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"103"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"184"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"60"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"119"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"115"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"115"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"125"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"68"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"104"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"98"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"109"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"113"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"129"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"92"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"117"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"99"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"89"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"133", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"192", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"109"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"130", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"146"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"125", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"109"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"132", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"156", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"189", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"102", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"124", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"110", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"199", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"47", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"5"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"5"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"6"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"13"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/539816"], "description"=>"<p>Dimensions of the cranium HU-2011-1 (in mm).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["vallesian"], "article_id"=>210304, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Pierre-Olivier Antoine", "Maeva J. Orliac", "Gokhan Atici", "Inan Ulusoy", "Erdal Sen", "H. Evren Çubukçu", "Ebru Albayrak", "Neşe Oyal", "Erkan Aydar", "Sevket Sen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049997.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ceratotherium_neumayri_Osborn_1900_Karaca_ar_Late_Vallesian_of_South_Central_Anatolia_/210304", "title"=>"<i>Ceratotherium neumayri</i> (Osborn, 1900), Karacaşar, Late Vallesian of South Central Anatolia.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 20:01:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/539775"], "description"=>"<p>Dental measurements of HU-2011-1 (in mm). ant., anterior; ect, ectoloph; H, height; L, length; post, posterior; W, width.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["vallesian"], "article_id"=>210266, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Pierre-Olivier Antoine", "Maeva J. Orliac", "Gokhan Atici", "Inan Ulusoy", "Erdal Sen", "H. Evren Çubukçu", "Ebru Albayrak", "Neşe Oyal", "Erkan Aydar", "Sevket Sen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049997.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ceratotherium_neumayri_Osborn_1900_Karaca_ar_Late_Vallesian_of_South_Central_Anatolia_/210266", "title"=>"<i>Ceratotherium neumayri</i> (Osborn, 1900), Karacaşar, Late Vallesian of South Central Anatolia.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 20:00:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/538589"], "description"=>"<p>The skull (“rhino site”) was unearthed from the 9.2±0.1 Ma-old Kavak-4 subunit of the upper Miocene Kavak ignimbrite, ∼3 km east of Karacaşar. The pyroclastic matrix of the skull probably sourced from the Çardak caldera, ∼30 km more to the South <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0049997#pone.0049997-LePennec1\" target=\"_blank\">[11]</a>–<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0049997#pone.0049997-Froger1\" target=\"_blank\">[13]</a>. Modified after Aydar et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0049997#pone.0049997-Aydar1\" target=\"_blank\">[12]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rhinocerotine", "miocene"], "article_id"=>209064, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Pierre-Olivier Antoine", "Maeva J. Orliac", "Gokhan Atici", "Inan Ulusoy", "Erdal Sen", "H. Evren Çubukçu", "Ebru Albayrak", "Neşe Oyal", "Erkan Aydar", "Sevket Sen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049997.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Location_map_of_the_Karaca_351_ar_rhinocerotine_skull_late_Miocene_of_Cappadocia_Central_Anatolia_Turkey_/209064", "title"=>"Location map of the Karacaşar rhinocerotine skull, late Miocene of Cappadocia, Central Anatolia, Turkey.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 19:54:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/539639"], "description"=>"<p>Temperatures the Karacaşar rhino skull HU-2011-1 was probably exposed to, as hypothesized by gross and microscopic analysis of organic elements.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rhino", "hu-2011-1", "was", "exposed", "hypothesized", "microscopic"], "article_id"=>210118, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Pierre-Olivier Antoine", "Maeva J. Orliac", "Gokhan Atici", "Inan Ulusoy", "Erdal Sen", "H. Evren Çubukçu", "Ebru Albayrak", "Neşe Oyal", "Erkan Aydar", "Sevket Sen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049997.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Temperatures_the_Karaca_351_ar_rhino_skull_HU_2011_1_was_probably_exposed_to_as_hypothesized_by_gross_and_microscopic_analysis_of_organic_elements_/210118", "title"=>"Temperatures the Karacaşar rhino skull HU-2011-1 was probably exposed to, as hypothesized by gross and microscopic analysis of organic elements.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 20:00:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/539451"], "description"=>"<p>a. Detail of the crown of the right p3, with large cracks running through the dentine and oblique cracks affecting the enamel, separation of the enamel-dentine junction (secondarily re-crystallized) and dense crack network affecting both the enamel and dentine, indicating direct exposure to a ∼400–450°C heat (scale bar, 1.0 mm). b. Control rhino tooth (unheated), without structural change (scale bar, 1.0 mm). c. Detail of the root of the right p3, with cracks passing across the cementum and dentine, and longitudinal cracks within the dentine, pointing to a ∼450°C heating exposure (scale bar, 1.0 mm). d. Thermal modification of cortical compact bone (right nasal bone): presence of linear and polygonal cracking between osteons (scale bar, 0.2 mm). e. Same thin section as in (d), but magnified twice (scale bar, 0.1 mm). Osteons, osteocyte lacunae, and haversian canals are preserved. Lamellae and canaliculi have vanished, thus pointing to short and controlled exposures at ≥300–400°C <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0049997#pone.0049997-Mastrolorenzo1\" target=\"_blank\">[8]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rhino", "revealed", "microphotographs"], "article_id"=>209935, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Pierre-Olivier Antoine", "Maeva J. Orliac", "Gokhan Atici", "Inan Ulusoy", "Erdal Sen", "H. Evren Çubukçu", "Ebru Albayrak", "Neşe Oyal", "Erkan Aydar", "Sevket Sen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049997.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Heating_effects_on_the_Karaca_351_ar_rhino_skull_as_revealed_by_light_microphotographs_of_hard_tissues_/209935", "title"=>"Heating effects on the Karacaşar rhino skull as revealed by light microphotographs of hard tissues.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 19:59:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/539686"], "description"=>"<p>Preservation of the Karacaşar rhino (submitted to a ∼400–450°C temperature) is most likely tied to a pyroclastic density current, reminiscent of that of Pompeii-Herculaneum-Oplontis, of Vesuvius origin (79 AD).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rocks", "embed", "fossil", "vertebrates", "morphological", "taphonomic", "sorted"], "article_id"=>210160, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Pierre-Olivier Antoine", "Maeva J. Orliac", "Gokhan Atici", "Inan Ulusoy", "Erdal Sen", "H. Evren Çubukçu", "Ebru Albayrak", "Neşe Oyal", "Erkan Aydar", "Sevket Sen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049997.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Volcanic_rocks_likely_to_embed_fossil_vertebrates_and_associated_morphological_and_or_taphonomic_features_sorted_by_increasing_temperature_range_/210160", "title"=>"Volcanic rocks likely to embed fossil vertebrates and associated morphological and/or taphonomic features, sorted by increasing temperature range.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 20:00:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/539731"], "description"=>"<p>Dimensions of the mandible HU-2011-1 (in mm). All measurements taken from the left ramus, except when mentioned. TD, transverse diameter.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["vallesian"], "article_id"=>210216, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Pierre-Olivier Antoine", "Maeva J. Orliac", "Gokhan Atici", "Inan Ulusoy", "Erdal Sen", "H. Evren Çubukçu", "Ebru Albayrak", "Neşe Oyal", "Erkan Aydar", "Sevket Sen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049997.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ceratotherium_neumayri_Osborn_1900_Karaca_ar_Late_Vallesian_of_South_Central_Anatolia_/210216", "title"=>"<i>Ceratotherium neumayri</i> (Osborn, 1900), Karacaşar, Late Vallesian of South Central Anatolia.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 20:00:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/539250"], "description"=>"<p>a. general view of the cranium and mandible. b. detail of the dorsal area of the cranium, with a broken rhino rib, trapped ‘upstream’ beside it. c. detail of baked dentine (brittle occlusal surface) and roots (hollow) of right P4-M2. d. labial detail of left p3-m1 showing deteriorated roots and intact enamel; note that p4 and m1 show mild enamel hypoplasia. Scale bar: 20 mm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["processes", "preservation"], "article_id"=>209742, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Pierre-Olivier Antoine", "Maeva J. Orliac", "Gokhan Atici", "Inan Ulusoy", "Erdal Sen", "H. Evren Çubukçu", "Ebru Albayrak", "Neşe Oyal", "Erkan Aydar", "Sevket Sen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049997.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Taphonomical_processes_involved_in_the_preservation_of_the_Karaca_351_ar_rhino_/209742", "title"=>"Taphonomical processes involved in the preservation of the Karacaşar rhino.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 19:58:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/538829"], "description"=>"<p>Detail of the exposure (a), showing the cerebellar section of the <i>Ceratotherium neumayri</i> cranium cropping out in the bank of the stream (b), and the right <i>angulus mandibulare</i> as later appearing during the extraction process (c). Note the presence of bone fragments to the left of the skull (i.e. South to it) and of centimetric whitish pumice clasts both within and around the cerebellar area (b, c).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>209316, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Pierre-Olivier Antoine", "Maeva J. Orliac", "Gokhan Atici", "Inan Ulusoy", "Erdal Sen", "H. Evren Çubukçu", "Ebru Albayrak", "Neşe Oyal", "Erkan Aydar", "Sevket Sen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049997.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Karaca_351_ar_exposure_Cappadocia_Central_Anatolia_Turkey_/209316", "title"=>"Karacaşar exposure, Cappadocia, Central Anatolia, Turkey.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 19:55:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/539084"], "description"=>"<p>Articulated cranium and mandible (HU-2011-1). a. Left lateral view, with upper/lower cheek teeth angle (ca. 26°) and tentative reconstruction of the lacking parts (maxillae, nasals, parietals, and occipital bone). b. Upper cheek tooth series, with left P2-M3, in occlusal view. c. lower cheek tooth series, with left p2-m3, in labial-occlusal view. The corrugated aspect of the bony surface (3a, 3c) is interpreted as resulting to a long exposure to warm volcaniclastics. Scale bar: 50 mm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["vallesian"], "article_id"=>209569, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Pierre-Olivier Antoine", "Maeva J. Orliac", "Gokhan Atici", "Inan Ulusoy", "Erdal Sen", "H. Evren Çubukçu", "Ebru Albayrak", "Neşe Oyal", "Erkan Aydar", "Sevket Sen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049997.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ceratotherium_neumayri_Osborn_1900_Karaca_ar_Anatolia_Turkey_late_Vallesian_9_2_0_1_Ma_/209569", "title"=>"<i>Ceratotherium neumayri</i> (Osborn, 1900), Karacaşar (Anatolia, Turkey), late Vallesian (9.2±0.1 Ma).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 19:57:11"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2012-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2012-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[322, 550, 671, 773, 864, 955, 1048, 1135, 1223, 1308, 1387, 1465, 1534, 1602, 1673, 1744, 1813, 1885, 1955, 2026, 2093, 2160, 2228, 2290, 2349]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Anatomy", "average_usage"=>[308, 530, 649, 751, 844, 933, 1021, 1107, 1194, 1277, 1357, 1426, 1501, 1572, 1634, 1702, 1768, 1838, 1910, 1976, 2046, 2114, 2181, 2241, 2298]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Anatomy and physiology", "average_usage"=>[307, 540, 660, 756, 847, 936, 1025, 1111, 1199, 1282, 1361, 1432]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Paleontology", "average_usage"=>[515, 808, 907, 1032, 1129, 1219, 1316, 1426, 1532, 1602, 1675, 1771, 1798, 1933, 2015, 2088, 2152, 2219, 2280, 2360, 2453, 2503, 2615, 2712, 2807]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences/Geology", "average_usage"=>[448, 650, 756, 859, 939, 1027, 1119, 1218, 1314, 1438, 1538, 1615, 1722, 1816, 1912, 1965, 2097, 2178, 2269, 2322, 2395, 2524, 2564, 2680, 2808, 2891]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences/Natural disasters", "average_usage"=>[443, 639, 781, 908, 1019, 1133, 1235, 1340, 1437, 1556, 1662, 1740, 1846, 1931, 2016, 2095, 2205, 2298, 2404, 2496, 2550, 2628, 2721, 2820, 2900, 2965]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences/Paleontology", "average_usage"=>[512, 778, 908, 1007, 1121, 1219, 1313, 1420, 1525, 1602, 1663, 1754, 1803, 1885, 1950, 2033, 2125, 2230, 2316, 2410, 2481, 2569, 2659, 2753, 2831]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy", "average_usage"=>[307, 529, 649, 751, 845, 936, 1025, 1113, 1197, 1284, 1360, 1432, 1501, 1570, 1632, 1697, 1765, 1834, 1904, 1972, 2041, 2107, 2170, 2231, 2292]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy and physiology", "average_usage"=>[308, 539, 659, 759, 852, 941, 1028, 1113, 1197, 1275, 1353, 1423]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts